Control of Bird Migration

Author: P. Berthold

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Nature

Page: 355

View: 722

Considers all aspects of research since experimentation began on the subject in 1925

Avian Migration

Author: Peter Berthold

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 610

View: 114

P. Berthold and E. Gwinnd Bird migration is an intriguing aspect of the living world - so much so that it has been investigated for as long, and as thoroughly, as almost any other natural phenomenon. Aristotle, who can count as the founder of scientific ornithology, paid very close attention to the migrations of the birds he ob served, but it was not until the reign of Friedrich II, in the first half of the 13th century, that reliable data began to be obtained. From then on, the data base grew rapidly. Systematic studies of bird migration were introduced when the Vogelwarte Rossitten was founded, as the first ornithological biological observation station in the world (see first chapter "In Memory of Vogelwarte Rossitten"). This area later received enormous impetus when ex perimental research on the subject was begun: the large-scale bird-ringing experiment initiated in Rossitten in 1903 by Johannes Thienemann (who was inspired by the pioneering studies of C. C. M. Mortensen), the experiments on photoperiodicity carried out by William Rowan in the 1920s in Canada and retention and release experiments performed by Thienemann in the 1930s in Rossitten, the first experimental study on the orientation of migratory birds. After the Second World War, migration research, while continuing in the previous areas, also expanded into new directions such as radar ornithology, ecophysiology and hormonal control mechanisms, studies of evolution, ge netics, telemetry and others.

Bird Migration

A General Survey

Author: Peter Berthold

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN:

Category: Nature

Page: 253

View: 989

Bird migration is a charismatic topic that has fascinated naturalists for centuries. This book, the only concise and accessible synthesis of the area, describes not only the migrations, the incredible stamina and navigational skills of the birds, the effects on their distributions, survival, and evolution, but also the scientific skills and studies that underlie the information that has been gleaned about migration.

Bird Migration

Physiology and Ecophysiology

Author: Eberhard Gwinner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 435

View: 605

E. GWINNER! The phenomenon of bird migration with its large scale dimensions has attracted the attention of naturalists for centuries. Worldwide billions of birds leave their breeding grounds every autumn to migrate to areas with seasonally more favor able conditions. Many of these migrants travel only over a few hundred kilo meters but others cover distances equivalent to the circumference of the earth. Among these long-distance migrants are several billion birds that invade Africa every autumn from their West and Central Palaearctic breeding areas. In the Americas and in Asia the scope of bird migration is of a similar magnitude. Just as impressive as the numbers of birds are their achievements. They have to cope with the enormous energetic costs of long-distance flying. particularly while crossing oceans and deserts that do not allow replenishment of depleted fat reserves. They have to appropriately time the onset and end of migrations. both on a daily and annual basis. And finally. they have to orient their migratory movements in space to reach their species- or population-specific wintering and breeding grounds, irrespective of the variable climatic conditions along their migratory routes.

The Migration Ecology of Birds

Author: Ian Newton

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 984

View: 116

This book presents an up-to-date, detailed and thorough review of the most fascinating ecological findings of bird migration. It deals with all aspects of this absorbing subject, including the problems of navigation and vagrancy, the timing and physiological control of migration, the factors that limit their populations, and more. Author, Ian Newton, reveals the extraordinary adaptability of birds to the variable and changing conditions across the globe, including current climate change. This adventurous book places emphasis on ecological aspects, which have received only scant attention in previous publications. Overall, the book provides the most thorough and in-depth appraisal of current information available, with abundant tables, maps and diagrams, and many new insights. Written in a clear and readable style, this book appeals not only to migration researchers in the field and Ornithologists, but to anyone with an interest in this fascinating subject. * Hot ecological aspects include: various types of bird movements, including dispersal and nomadism, and how they relate to food supplies and other external conditions * Contains numerous tables, maps and diagrams, a glossary, and a bibliography of more than 2,700 references * Written by an active researcher with a distinguished career in avian ecology, including migration research

The Problems of Birds as Pests

Proceedings of a Symposium Held at the Royal Geographical Society, London, on 28 and 29 September 1967

Author: R. K. Murton

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 268

View: 828

The Problems of Birds as Pests covers the proceedings of the symposium held at the Royal Geographical Society in London on 28 and 29 September 1967. The text focuses on the problems posed by birds on agriculture and air transport, as well as control of population, scaring techniques, and warning systems. The selection first discusses prospective considerations concerning bio-acoustics in relation to bird-scaring techniques and recent developments in bird scaring on airfields. Topics include system of behavior and hierarchy of signals, informative content of acoustic signals, and signal-noise ratio. The book also ponders on bird recognition by radar and bird warning system for aircrafts in flight. The publication reviews the rook issue in North-East Scotland and the problems brought by the oystercatchers, including availability of field crops and their utilization by rooks, rook population, and food intake of the birds and comparison with stock and fishing levels. The manuscript then surveys predator-prey relationships in bird damage and population control and the quelea problem in Africa. The selection is a valuable source of information for ornithologists and readers interested in the characteristic of birds as pests.

Migrating Birds Know No Boundaries

Proceedings of the International Seminar on Birds and Flight Safety in the Middle East Israel, April 25-29, 1999

Author: Yossi Leshem

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 307

View: 556

This is an interdisciplinary conference. Topics include applying bird migration research to bird strike avoidance, development of NEXPAD-based Aircraft Hazard Advisory System, the U.S. Bird Avoidance Model (BAM), birds and flight safety. Table of Contents: Developing a real time warning system in the Middle East - from vision to reality; The Royal Netherlands Air Force: Two decades of bird strike prevention 'En Route'; Bird flight forecast and information system; Next generation satellite-based technology for conservation and bird strike science; The Avian Hazard Advisory System; Three decades of tracking radar studies on bird migration in Europe and the Middle east; Review of 100 years of military; Aerodrome bird hazard prevention: case study at John F. Kennedy International Airport; The role and value of awareness programs in reducing bird hazards to aircraft; Conflict in the Royal Jordanian Air Force; Bird strikes and flight safety in the Turkey Air Force; Avifauna management policy of the Hellenic Air Force; United States Air Force Europe bird strike hazard reduction; Bird Remains Identification System (BRIS) - from a bi-national to a global database; From a local to regional ground survey network and its application in flight safety; Twenty-eight years of birdstrike damage in the Israel Air Force (IAF) 1972-1999; The United States Avoidance Model (HAM); Development of a GIS-based birds model migration model for the Middle East; A new technique for studying nocturnal bird migration; WSR-88D/98 Doperational capabilities and applications. Weather and biological targets; Factors affecting bird hazards in and around Israeli aerodromes; Factors affecting bird hazards in and around Israeli aerodromes; Pigeon and crow population control by trapping; Summary and action plan.

Animal Migration, Navigation, and Homing

Symposium Held at the University of Tübingen August 17–20, 1977

Author: K. Schmidt-Koenig

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 206

Held as Internationale wissenschaftliche Fachkonferenz der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft

Bird Strike in Aviation

Statistics, Analysis and Management

Author: Ahmed F. El-Sayed

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 201

Groundbreaking Handbook Offers Detailed Research and Valuable Methodology to Address Dangerous and Costly Aviation Hazard Though annual damages from bird and bat collisions with aircraft have been estimated at $400 million in the United States and up to $1.2 billion in commercial aviation worldwide and despite numerous conferences and councils dedicated to the issue, very little has been published on this expensive and sometimes-lethal flying risk. Bird Strike in Aviation seeks to fill this gap, providing a comprehensive guide to preventing and minimizing damage caused by bird strike on aircraft. Based on a thorough and comprehensive examination of the subject, Dr. El-Sayed offers different approaches to reducing bird strikes, including detailed coverage of the three categories necessary for such reduction, namely, awareness/education, bird management (active and passive control), and aircraft design. In addition, the text discusses the importance of cooperation between airplanes, airports and air traffic authorities as well as testing methods necessary for certification of both aircraft frame and engine. Other notable features include: Statistics and analyses for bird strikes with both civil and military helicopters as well as military fixed wing aircrafts, including annual costs, critical flight altitudes, critical parts of aircraft, distance from air base and specifics of date and timing Thorough review and analysis all fatal bird strike accidents and most non-fatal accidents since 1905, the first book to provide such a reference The use of numerical methods in analyzing historic data (ex. probability functions, finite element methods for analyzing impact on aircraft structure, experimental measurement technique for displacement, vibration, component distortion, etc.) Instruction on identification of bird species (using visual, microscopic, and DNA evidence) and details of bird migration to aid air traffic control in avoiding scenarios likely to result in collision With its wealth of statistical data, innovative research, and practical suggestions, Bird Strike in Aviation will prove a vital resource for researchers, engineers and graduate students in aerospace engineering/manufacturing or ornithology, as well as for military and civilian pilots and flight crew or professionals in aviation authorities and air traffic control.

Phenological Synchrony and Bird Migration

Changing Climate and Seasonal Resources in North America

Author: Eric M. Wood

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Nature

Page: 246

View: 937

Bird migration is a well-researched phenological event. However, few studies in North America have investigated the effects of climate change and extreme weather on the relationships of migratory avian species and their seasonal resources. This is a critical gap in knowledge that limits our ability to prioritize management and conservation applications throughout the annual cycle. Phenological Synchrony and Bird Migration: Changing Climate and Seasonal Resources in North America explores critical linkages between migratory birds, their seasonal resources, and shifts in climate change and weather events. Gathered from projects conducted during spring or fall migration, the book covers topics such as: Conservation and management considerations for migratory birds throughout the United States with respect to climate change The relation of climate on the wintering grounds to spring migration of short- and long-distance migratory birds The relationships of migratory birds and their seasonal resources, and the nature of these relationships in the face of climate change and extreme weather events at stopover habitats in both spring and fall migration With contributions from over 40 researchers, the book will help readers understand the effects of climate change on migratory birds and will provide a solid basis for further inquiry and research in this area.

Bird Ringing Station Manual

Author: Przemyslaw Busse

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN:

Category: Nature

Page: 230

View: 921

In an attempt to standardize elements of the station routine, the book describes the procedures used in passerine and wader ringing stations. It offers a comparative analysis of versatile evaluation techniques such as measurements, orientation experiments and monitoring. The authors meticulously analyze different methods used to track birds, including catching passerines with mist-nets in land and wetland habitat, as well as the use of the Heligoland trap. The monograph, as a successful bid to establish a bird station routine that is favourable to both birds and ringers, will benefit all professional and amateur ringers.

Avian Navigation: Pigeon Homing as a Paradigm

Author: Hans G. Wallraff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 229

View: 749

How migratory birds can navigate home from their wintering grounds to their breeding sites over hundreds and thousands of kilometres has been an admired mystery over more than a century. Profound advances towards a solution of this problem have been achieved with a model bird, the homing pigeon. This monograph summarizes our current knowledge about pigeon homing, about the birds' application of a sun compass and a magnetic compass, of a visual topographical map within a familiar area and -- most surprisingly -- of an olfactory map using atmospheric chemosignals as indicators of position in distant unfamiliar areas.

Bird Hazard in Aviation

Author: Rashid Ahmed

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page:

View: 526

Now honestly think about it my reading friends, who out there really doesn't love reading great rhyming poems about diverse subjects such as faith, fantasy and not to mention even fiction. I know that I do and that is why I have written this here book, Intricate emotion! This is my first of several books that I will write for Authorhouse, and yes I anxiously await and look forward to each book that I write! I want to thank you so very much for purchasing this book and may it pleasure you according to the intensity of the merits of euphoria! Much of Intricate Emotion is based on the key word, as I would call it....fidelity. to some of you, this may be a new word or a word that you are unclear of what the exact meaning actually is. I will give you a hand with the meaning. Fidelity is the quality or state of being faithful. Now the secondary definition is as follows.....The attention to accuracy in details. There you go. That explains it! But this book also covers the huge exciting subject matter of fantasy. Sounds cools, huh? But, what exactly does it mean. I suppose If I were to ask that question to 20 people, I might just get 20 different answers. According to my reputable source being this here old dictionary, it says accordingly that fantasy is the free play of creative imagination. So, let your spirits run wild! Never....I repeat....NEVER SHOULD YOU STOP DREAMING! I hope that you enjoy the fantasy based poems in this book and I hope that they may help to positively inspire EVEN you! the last item in Intricate Emotion would have to be the section non chronologically ordered about fiction. Now, I would estimate that most of you know what fiction is. Right? If not here goes with an explanation. Fiction is, well, nothing more than something created and or made up. There you have it. I hope these poems in this here book cause you to truly think, hit an emotional tie, or maybe even possibly cause or make you think about past events or to have nostalgia. I hope to enter into your world just so you may be able to enter into mine! I hope that Intricate Emotion is breathtaking, page turning with anticipation, and even joyful as well as creates a mental journey into intricacy. Enjoy the faith, and the fantasy and not to mention the fiction . Enjoy, and may God continue to guide and bless you. Sincerely – Brian Moilanen

Bird Migration

Physiology and Ecophysiology

Author: Eberhard Gwinner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 435

View: 646

E. GWINNER! The phenomenon of bird migration with its large scale dimensions has attracted the attention of naturalists for centuries. Worldwide billions of birds leave their breeding grounds every autumn to migrate to areas with seasonally more favor able conditions. Many of these migrants travel only over a few hundred kilo meters but others cover distances equivalent to the circumference of the earth. Among these long-distance migrants are several billion birds that invade Africa every autumn from their West and Central Palaearctic breeding areas. In the Americas and in Asia the scope of bird migration is of a similar magnitude. Just as impressive as the numbers of birds are their achievements. They have to cope with the enormous energetic costs of long-distance flying. particularly while crossing oceans and deserts that do not allow replenishment of depleted fat reserves. They have to appropriately time the onset and end of migrations. both on a daily and annual basis. And finally. they have to orient their migratory movements in space to reach their species- or population-specific wintering and breeding grounds, irrespective of the variable climatic conditions along their migratory routes.

Lessons from a Birdbrain

Migration Celebration

Author: Laura McDermott

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 86

View: 767

Lessons from a Birdbrain, Migration Celebration introduces you to 21 birds that can be found migrating through Ohio during spring and fall. I took the photos in various locations, largely central Ohio from late September to December. You will notice a wide variation in the quality of the photos because I am a novice photographer. And like the birds migrating through, I'm still growing and transforming and let's face it, some phases of my transformation are lovelier than others. Along with each bird, I include a "birdbrain" lesson that introduces a concept that resonated with me and I associated with the bird and photo mentioned. These are simple things that for whatever reason, I didn't really learn until later in life when I learned to slow my mind a bit using techniques of mindfulness. Or I need to learn again (and again) to catch on. Birding and mindfulness go hand in hand for me because when I am out birding with my camera and binocs I am focused. I am present and intently tuned in to the world around me. And the moment I go to take a photo, I am 100% dedicated to the task at hand quite literally focusing (well attempting to focus...I'm a very novice photographer so sometimes it works better than others.) I imagine it similar to an athlete in a critical moment of a game, where time slows briefly, I still my breath and zoom in for the win. Too corny? Maybe...but it works for me. In my attempts to get great pictures of birds, I also learn repeatedly the lessons of attachment, expectations, success and failure. I can't control what birds will be around when I go out, what the light will be when the perfect bird lands in my range or even if my camera battery is about to konk out. I can prepare, I can plan but I can't force outcomes. And I can learn to take the failures in stride OR I can brood, crank, stomp and whine. This ability to allow brief moments of disappointment or elation to pass has been a key for me to rise above the tendency I have to get caught up in a thought groove, good or bad. The greatest gift I've received from birding is that ability to step aside and "see" my thoughts and feelings from a distance, so to speak. I have specifically selected 21 chapters to coincide with the number of days it takes us humans to have a habit begin to take hold. During the course of 21 days, I encourage you to read a chapter and reflect on the lesson at hand. Can you step aside and let a worry pass because worrying is just wasted energy? Can you mindfully experience a precious moment more fully by recognizing its impermanence? Spring and fall are particularly transitional in Ohio and the birds who travel through at the time are fleeting in every sense of the word. More important than finding a warbler you've never seen before, I hope you find a "birdbrained" lesson or two or ten that speak to you. In other words, you hear the right idea at the right time in your life that allows you to step aside from your thoughts, get untangled from a feeling and regain balance and serenity from the lesson that bird(s) bring(s).

Ecology and Management of Neotropical Migratory Birds

A Synthesis and Review of Critical Issues

Author: Deborah M. Finch

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN:

Category: Birds

Page: 489

View: 893

The apparent decline in numbers among many species of migratory songbirds is a timely subject in conservation biology, particularly for ornithologists, ecologists, and wildlife managers. This book presents a full discussion of the problem.

Migration : The Biology of Life on the Move

The Biology of Life on the Move

Author: Davis Hugh Dingle Professor in the Department of Entomology and Center for Population Biology University of California

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN:

Category: Nature

Page: 480

View: 601

Migration is one of the most fascinating and dramatic of all animal behaviors. Historically, however, the study of migration has been fragmented, with ornithologists, entomologists, and marine biologists paying little attention to work outside their own fields. This treatment of the subject shows how comparisons across taxa can in fact illuminate migratory life cycles and the relation of migration to other movements. The book thus takes an integrated ecological perspective, focusing on migration as a biological phenomenon. The work is divided into four parts, each with a brief introductory section. Part I defines migration, gives examples, and places migration in the spectrum of movement behaviors, concluding with a chapter on methods for its study. Part II focuses on proximate mechanisms, including physiology and morphology (and the constraints associated with them), the interactions between migration and wind and current patterns, and the various orientation and navigation mechanisms by which migrants find their way about. Part III on the evolution of migratory life histories addresses the evolutionary and ecological basis for migration and the roles of migration not only in the lives of organisms, but also in the ecological communities in which they live. Part IV is devoted to a brief consideration of migration and its relation to pest management and conservation. As a major contribution to a vital subject, this work will be valued by all researchers and students in the field of animal behavior, ecology, and zoology.