The increasingly important topic of comparative criminal justice is examined from an original and insightful perspective by one of the top scholars in the field. Addressing the need for a globalized criminology, David Nelken looks at why we should study crime and criminal justice in a comparative and international context, and the difficulties we encounter when we do. Evaluating 'global' trends in crime, risk and security, the book draws upon the author’s experience of working in a number of settings around the world. A range of case studies are included to illustrate the discussion, covering areas such as white collar crime, juvenile delinquency, and organized crime.
Despite illustrious origins dating to the 1920s, qualitative crime research has long been overshadowed by quantitative inquiry. After decades of limited use, there has been a notable resurgence in crime ethnography, naturalistic inquiry, and related forms of fieldwork addressing crime and related social control efforts. The Routledge Handbook of Qualitative Criminology signals this momentum as the first major reference work dedicated to crime ethnography and related fieldwork orientations. Synthesizing the foremost topics and issues in qualitative criminology into a single definitive work, the Handbook provides a "first-look" reference source for scholars and students alike. The collection features twenty original chapters on leading qualitative crime research strategies, the complexities of collecting and analyzing qualitative data, and the ethical propriety of researching active criminals and incarcerated offenders. Contributions from both established luminaries and talented emerging scholars highlight the traditions and emerging trends in qualitative criminology through authoritative overviews and "lived experience" examples. Comprehensive and current, The Routledge Handbook of Qualitative Criminology promises to be a sound reference source for academics, students and practitioners as ethnography and fieldwork realize continued growth throughout the 21st Century.
This book is an anthology of 14 esteemed scholars who have made significant contributions to criminology, criminal justice, and international law within a comparative and international context. In this lively collection of â??storiesâ?, the authors share of themselves in ways we seldom learn about in textbooks. By inviting us into their lives, we find out about the pitfalls, opportunities, and gut-wrenching decisions they faced during their careers. Pat Mayhew frankly warns students that â??international comparative work is not for the faint heartedâ?, Peter Grabosky encourages students to â??keep their eyes openâ?, and David Farrington advises us to â??choose our collaborators carefullyâ?. Yet, what resonates throughout their lessons is that truly successful people are those who keep trying. Students in particular will find the stories inspirational and insightful. This text provides us with practical, real life examples of how following oneâ??s passion can genuinely impact crime prevention, criminal justice, and social ills around the world.
Truly global in perspective and unique in the field of criminology, this collection of essays from the scholars of many lands draws upon the talents of diverse disciplines as it seeks to form a basis for our understanding of crime in terms of the political, social, and economic forces that shape human behavior. “Comparative criminology is the historical and cross-cultural study of crime and criminal justice,” according to Louise I. Shelley. “It analyzes the dynamics of criminality and the social response to criminality among different regions and cultures within one country and across countries and historical periods. It studies crime as a social phenomenon determined by the legal norms and customs of each society.” Essays included in the first section of this anthology are “American Women and Crime,” Rita J. Simon; “Affluence and Adolescent Crime,” Jackson Toby; “Youth Crime in Post-Industrial Societies,” Paul C. Friday and Jerald Hage; “A Comparative Study of Youth Culture and Delinquency in Upper-Middle-Class Canadian and Swiss Boys,” Edmund W. Vaz and J. Casparis; and “Homicide in 110 Nations: The Development of the Comparative Crime Data File,” Dane Archer and Rosemary Gartner. Essays in the second part of the book are “Contemporary Crime in Historical Perspective: A Comparative Study of London, Stockholm, and Sydney,” T. R. Gurr; “The Modernization of Crime in Germany and France, 1830–1913,” Howard Zehr; “Urbanization and Crime: The Soviet Case in Cross-Cultural Perspective,” Louise I. Shelley; “A Cross-Cultural Study of Correlates of Crime,” Margaret K. Bacon, Irvin L. Child, and Herbert Barry III; “The Case of August Sangret,” Wolf Middendorf; “Subcultures in Correctional Institutions in Poland and the United States,” Maria Los and Palmer Anderson; and “Crime and Delinquency Research in Selected European Countries,” Eugene Doleshal.
Using a non-technical approach, this book covers the full range of statistics topics-from descriptive statistical techniques to tests of significance and measures of association for two- and k- variable combinations for different measurement levels, multiple regression and multivariate analysis, collinearity, ordinary least squares regression, part and partial correlation, error, parsimony, and robustness. Chapters are filled with examples and illustrations from contemporary criminal justice and criminology literature with an emphasis on how statistics fits into the research process and how causality is established. This edition devotes a full chapter to SPSS, includes interpretive statistical tables with explanatory headnotes and footnotes, and offers step-by-step formulae to heighten the meaningfulness of statistics for criminal justice and social science majors.
* What are community sentences for?* How has the theory and practice of community supervision developed?* What kind of impact has research evidence had on policy and practice?* Can community sentencing help offenders and protect the public at the same time?
Delinquency and Justice: A Cultural Perspective takes a humanistic perspective and offers insights about the cultures at work within the juvenile justice system. This book provides knowledge of issues, policies, and rationales of the juvenile court essential for anyone working in the criminal justice field. Entire chapters are devoted to gender and ethnicity; other chapters include coverage of religion, policy, and international juvenile justice. For anyone interested criminal justice, social workers, lawyers, sociologists.
This textbook has been specially written to meet the demands of students who may be studying sociology on a variety of different levels, but who all need to understand the fundamentals of sociological thought to make sense of the society around them. rather than learn by rote, and the material in the book has been designed to be as interactive as possible. Up-to-date case studies and data are used wherever appropriate. Each chapter contains a chapter outline, learning objectives, activities, boxed material (case studies, comparative material and definitions), a summary and suggestions for further reading.