Common Space

The City as Commons

Author: Associate Professor Stavros Stavrides

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.


Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 778

Space is both a product and a prerequisite of social relations, it has the potential to block and encourage certain forms of encounter. In Common Space, activist and architect Stavros Stavrides calls for us to conceive of space-as-commons – first, to think beyond the notions of public and private space, and then to understand common space not only as space that is governed by all and remains open to all, but that explicitly expresses, encourages and exemplifies new forms of social relations and of life in common. Through a fascinating, global examination of social housing, self-built urban settlements, street trade and art, occupied space, liberated space and graffiti, Stavrides carefully shows how spaces for commoning are created. Moreover, he explores the connections between processes of spatial transformation and the formation of politicised subjects to reveal the hidden emancipatory potential of contemporary, metropolitan life.

Planting Design Illustrated

Author: Gang Chen

Publisher: ArchiteG, Inc.


Category: Gardening

Page: 232

View: 952

This is one of the most comprehensive books on Planting Design. It is a Book of the Year Winner for ForeWord Magazine. It fills in the blank in this field and introduces poetry, painting and symbolism into Planting Design. It covers in detail the two major systems in Planting Design: Formal Planting Design and Naturalistic Planting Design. It has numerous line drawings and photos to illustrate the Planting Design concepts and principles. Through in-depth discussions of historical precedents and practical case studies, it uncovers the fundamental design principles and concepts as well as underpinning philosophy for Planting Design. It is an indispensable reference book for Landscape Architecture students, designers, architects, urban planners and ordinary garden lovers. You may be interested in other books I wrote: LEED GA Exam Guide. It is available at: Click here to view LEED GA Exam Guide Architectural Practice Simplified. It is available at: Click here to view Architectural Practice Simplified LEED BD&C Exam Guide. It is available at: Click here to view LEED BD&C Exam Guide Planting Design Illustrated (2nd edition) . It is available at: Click here to view Planting Design Illustrated (2nd edition) LEED AP Exam Guide. It is available at: Click here to view LEED AP Exam Guide

In Search of Common Space

Exploring University Continuing Education's Role in Civic Engagement

Author: Heather Ann McRae



Category: Community and college

Page: 402

View: 739

This qualitative case study explored the experiences and perceptions of community and university members relating to their participation in collaborations for the social good. A review of the literature on civic engagement provided the context for examining the ideas and issues of 15 representatives from three different professional groups: university continuing education (UCE), community-based research (CBR) and community organizations (CO). The theoretical views of two contemporary social theorists guided the development of this study. Habermas' theory of communicative action provided the framework for identifying the research questions, designing the data collection instruments and analyzing the data. Taylor's notion of common space offered a way to view community-university partnerships through providing a lens for understanding how different groups can collaborate to influence positive social change. The study findings suggest that currently only representatives from CBR and CO share common space in collaborations that support the social good. Based on my analysis of the data, the professional organizational model of UCE with its emphasis on cost-recovery vocational programming is one of the limiting factors affecting the involvement of UCE staff members in community-university partnerships. This research study offers new insights about the role of UCE practitioners in facilitating the civic engagement initiatives of the university. Strategies to reframe the role of UCE within the university include the development of a civic engagement model for UCE practitioners that incorporates aspects of their historical and current practices, provides a lens for initiating new discussions, and involves the use of social measurement tools to acknowledge their contributions to community-university partnerships. Expanding the concept of common space to include involvement from representatives of national service and funding organizations could increase opportunities for knowledge mobilization and encourage the development of partnerships and research collaborations that support the social good.

Common Security in Outer Space and International Law

Author: Detlev Wolter

Publisher: United Nations Publications UNIDIR


Category: Law

Page: 296

View: 986

This publication explores the concept of common security and the legal foundations for its application in outer space law, based on the premise that outer space is an internationalised common area beyond the national jurisdiction of individual states, and therefore security in space must be the common security of all states. Chapters cover a range of issues including: the principle of the peaceful use of outer space, passive military uses, and multilateral negotiations to prevent an arms race in outer space; structural change of international law and the common heritage of mankind principle; and proposals for a multilateral agreement and the creation of an International Organisation for Common Security in Outer Space.

A Secular Age

Author: Charles TAYLOR

Publisher: Harvard University Press


Category: Philosophy

Page: 874

View: 543

Presents an analysis of secularism in the modern age.

Tokyo Vernacular

Common Spaces, Local Histories, Found Objects

Author: Jordan Sand

Publisher: Univ of California Press


Category: History

Page: 208

View: 305

Preserved buildings and historic districts, museums and reconstructions have become an important part of the landscape of cities around the world. Beginning in the 1970s, Tokyo participated in this trend. However, repeated destruction and rapid redevelopment left the city with little building stock of recognized historical value. Late twentieth-century Tokyo thus presents an illuminating case of the emergence of a new sense of history in the city’s physical environment, since it required both a shift in perceptions of value and a search for history in the margins and interstices of a rapidly modernizing cityscape. Scholarship to date has tended to view historicism in the postindustrial context as either a genuine response to loss, or as a cynical commodification of the past. The historical process of Tokyo’s historicization suggests other interpretations. Moving from the politics of the public square to the invention of neighborhood community, to oddities found and appropriated in the streets, to the consecration of everyday scenes and artifacts as heritage in museums, Tokyo Vernacular traces the rediscovery of the past—sometimes in unlikely forms—in a city with few traditional landmarks. Tokyo's rediscovered past was mobilized as part of a new politics of the everyday after the failure of mass politics in the 1960s. Rather than conceiving the city as national center and claiming public space as national citizens, the post-1960s generation came to value the local places and things that embodied the vernacular language of the city, and to seek what could be claimed as common property outside the spaces of corporate capitalism and the state.

The European Union and Russia

Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords. European Union Committee

Publisher: The Stationery Office


Category: Political Science

Page: 315

View: 313

The relationship between the European Union and Russia has been going through a difficult phase with disputes over energy supplies, foreign policy issues, and tension between Russia and individual Member States. The change of presidency in Russia provides an opportunity to take stock and to consider whether this deterioration can and should be reversed. Russian politicians emphasise the importance of the relationship. This report discusses how the relationship might be developed in practice. The report examines Russia as a European country, its recent history, and the current economic situation in Russia. It then considers the institutional framework for Russia-EU relations, including the Partnership and Co-operation Agreement. The Committee believes closer co-operation should be fostered in several areas of common interest: economic, freedom, security and justice, research and education and culture. Energy is an important subject: there are concerns about whether Russia can supply sufficient gas and oil to meet its current and foreseeable domestic demand and international commitments. The security of energy supply to the EU is vital. The Russian view of international security issues is also very different from that of the West, and developments in the near neighbourhood of Russia are a very sensitive geopolitical area. Russian support for Serbia is contrasted with their co-operation on Iran. The two sides work together usefully on the Middle East, terrorism, non-proliferation, and other issues. The EU should continue and strengthen its efforts to reach common ground with the Russians on such international issues, but should also speak out if the Russian government falls short of the standards it has formally accepted in a number of international agreements.

Optical Fiber Telecommunications VB

Systems and Networks

Author: Ivan Kaminow

Publisher: Elsevier


Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 928

View: 894

Optical Fiber Telecommunications V (A&B) is the fifth in a series that has chronicled the progress in the research and development of lightwave communications since the early 1970s. Written by active authorities from academia and industry, this edition not only brings a fresh look to many essential topics but also focuses on network management and services. Using high bandwidth in a cost-effective manner for the development of customer applications is a central theme. This book is ideal for R&D engineers and managers, optical systems implementers, university researchers and students, network operators, and the investment community. Volume (A) is devoted to components and subsystems, including: semiconductor lasers, modulators, photodetectors, integrated photonic circuits, photonic crystals, specialty fibers, polarization-mode dispersion, electronic signal processing, MEMS, nonlinear optical signal processing, and quantum information technologies. Volume (B) is devoted to systems and networks, including: advanced modulation formats, coherent systems, time-multiplexed systems, performance monitoring, reconfigurable add-drop multiplexers, Ethernet technologies, broadband access and services, metro networks, long-haul transmission, optical switching, microwave photonics, computer interconnections, and simulation tools. Biographical Sketches Ivan Kaminow retired from Bell Labs in 1996 after a 42-year career. He conducted seminal studies on electrooptic modulators and materials, Raman scattering in ferroelectrics, integrated optics, semiconductor lasers (DBR , ridge-waveguide InGaAsP and multi-frequency), birefringent optical fibers, and WDM networks. Later, he led research on WDM components (EDFAs, AWGs and fiber Fabry-Perot Filters), and on WDM local and wide area networks. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a recipient of the IEEE/OSA John Tyndall, OSA Charles Townes and IEEE/LEOS Quantum Electronics Awards. Since 2004, he has been Adjunct Professor of Electrical Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley. Tingye Li retired from AT&T in 1998 after a 41-year career at Bell Labs and AT&T Labs. His seminal work on laser resonator modes is considered a classic. Since the late 1960s, He and his groups have conducted pioneering studies on lightwave technologies and systems. He led the work on amplified WDM transmission systems and championed their deployment for upgrading network capacity. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a foreign member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. He is a recipient of the IEEE David Sarnoff Award, IEEE/OSA John Tyndall Award, OSA Ives Medal/Quinn Endowment, AT&T Science and Technology Medal, and IEEE Photonics Award. Alan Willner has worked at AT&T Bell Labs and Bellcore, and he is Professor of Electrical Engineering at the University of Southern California. He received the NSF Presidential Faculty Fellows Award from the White House, Packard Foundation Fellowship, NSF National Young Investigator Award, Fulbright Foundation Senior Scholar, IEEE LEOS Distinguished Lecturer, and USC University-Wide Award for Excellence in Teaching. He is a Fellow of IEEE and OSA, and he has been President of the IEEE LEOS, Editor-in-Chief of the IEEE/OSA J. of Lightwave Technology, Editor-in-Chief of Optics Letters, Co-Chair of the OSA Science & Engineering Council, and General Co-Chair of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics.

Wireless Communications Infrastructure for Collaboration in Common Space





Page: 67

View: 998

Modern technology is making virtual environments a part of daily life. However, some constraints about the usage of virtual environments, such as the need for high performance and well-configured computers, prevent users from accessing virtual environments in some places other than special computer rooms. Mobile devices may be used to solve this limitation in a virtual environment. The remote-control approach to access virtual worlds on the Internet or on a corporate network is a new concept that opens new doors to users. First step of this approach is already in use, such as games implemented for mobile devices using the screen of a mobile device as display, and has given satisfying results for some users. This research will take the user, who not only wants to be mobile but also does not want to sacrifice high resolution textures and complex models, closer to his/her goal. Mobile devices provide mobility to the user, but sacrifice not only the reality of the virtual environments but also screen size, which is very important for visibility of complex virtual environments. The hybrid approach with wireless internet connection by using mobile devices as remote control gives the user the advantages of mobility over desktop PCs. On the other hand, the realism provided by high-quality PCs on the server side exceeds the capabilities of mobile devices.

Sovereignty and Jurisdiction in Airspace and Outer Space

Legal Criteria for Spatial Delimitation

Author: Gbenga Oduntan

Publisher: Routledge


Category: Law

Page: 408

View: 770

"The issues surrounding sovereignty and jurisdiction are likely to become ever more pressing as globalisation, growing pressure on resources and the need for energy and national security become acute, and the resolution of special delimitation disputes seems likely to become a vital question in the 21st century. This book will focus primarily on the issues of sovereignty jurisdiction and control in airspace and outer space, but will also look at related issues pertaining to the Seas and Antarctica. As well as considering the matters in public international law the book will also explore aspects of private international law that are central to the understanding of sovereignty and jurisdiction over territories. The book goes on to consider the distinction between airspace and outer space and puts forward legal criteria which would allow for the resolution of the spatial delimitation dispute. These criteria would determine where in spatial terms the exclusive sovereignty of airspace ends and where outer space - the province of all mankind begins, and contribute to the jurisprudence of territorial sovereignty and jurisdiction"--