Participatory Governance in Sustainable Communities
Author: Frank Fischer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Can contemporary democratic governments tackle climate crisis? Some argue that democracy has to be a central part of a strategy to deal with climate change. Others argue that experience shows it not to be up to the challenge in the time frame available-that it will require a stronger hand, even a form of eco-authoritarianism. A question that does not lend itself to an easy assessment, this volume seeks to out and assess the competing answers. While the book supports the case for environmental democracy, it argues that establishing and sustaining democratic practices will be difficult during the global climate turmoil ahead, especially in the face of state of emergencies. This inquiry undertakes a search for an appropriate political-ecological strategy for preserving a measure of democratic governance during hard times. Without ignoring the global dimensions of the crisis, the analysis finds an alternative path in the theory and practices participatory environmental governance embodied in a growing relocalization movement, and global eco-localism generally. Although such movements largely operate under the radar of the social sciences, the media and the political realm generally, these vibrant socio-ecological movements not only speak to the crisis ahead, but are already well established and thriving on the ground, including ecovillages, eco-communes, eco-neighborhoods, and local transition initiatives. With the help of these ideas and projects, the task is to influence the discourse of environmental political theory in ways that can be of assistance to those who will face climate crisis in its full magnitude.
For years, intellectuals have argued that, with the triumph of capitalist, liberal democracy, the Western World has reached “the end of history.” Recently, however, there has been a rise of authoritarian politics in many countries. Concepts of post-democracy, anti-politics, and the like are gaining currency in theoretical and political debate. Now that capitalist democracies are facing seismic and systemic challenges, it becomes increasingly important to investigate not only the inherent antagonism between liberalism and the democratic process, but also socialism. Is socialism an enemy of democracy? Could socialism develop, expand, even enhance democracy? While this volume seeks a reappraisal of existing liberal democracy today, its main goal is to help lay the foundation for new visions and practices in developing a real socialist democracy. Amid the contradictions of neoliberal capitalism today, the responsibility to sort out the relationship between socialism and democracy has never been greater. No revival of socialist politics in the twenty-first century can occur without founding new democratic institutions and practices.
How Conflict and Collaboration Strengthen the Environmental Justice Movement
Author: Michael Méndez
Publisher: Yale University Press
An urgent and timely story of the contentious politics of incorporating environmental justice into global climate change policy Although the science of climate change is clear, policy decisions about how to respond to its effects remain contentious. Even when such decisions claim to be guided by objective knowledge, they are made and implemented through political institutions and relationships—and all the competing interests and power struggles that this implies. Michael Méndez tells a timely story of people, place, and power in the context of climate change and inequality. He explores the perspectives and influence low‑income people of color bring to their advocacy work on climate change. In California, activist groups have galvanized behind issues such as air pollution, poverty alleviation, and green jobs to advance equitable climate solutions at the local, state, and global levels. Arguing that environmental protection and improving public health are inextricably linked, Mendez contends that we must incorporate local knowledge, culture, and history into policymaking to fully address the global complexities of climate change and the real threats facing our local communities.
Is protecting the environment enough? Ecological activists aim for more, Roussopoulos argues. How can new communities, new lifestyles, and new ways of doing politics bring about an ecological society? This revised and expanded edition of the highly readable classic Political Ecology highlights the relevance of environmental politics.
This timely and accessible book explores the links between politics, learning and sustainability. Its central focus is the future of people and the planet itself. The challenges that we face in combatting climate change and building a more sustainable world are complex and the book argues that if we are to successfully meet these challenges we need a fundamental change in the way we do politics and economics, embedding a lifelong commitment to sustainability in all learning. We have no option but to make things work for the better. After all, planet earth is the only home we have! The book will be important reading for academics and students in a variety of related subjects, including politics, public policy, education, sustainable development, geography, media, international relations and development studies. It will also be a valuable resource for NGOs and policy makers.
This book looks at the principal consequences of climate change and its possible impact on conflict and security. It clarifies the impact of climate change on natural resources, on the frequency and expansion of natural disasters, and, as a consequence, the repercussions that can be foreseen on environmentally-induced migration.
United States. Congress. Senate. Select Committee on Intelligence
For a transition to democracy in Central Asia 3 The Tajik experience of a multiparty system - exception or norm? 21 Tajikistan at the crossroads of democracy and authoritarianism 25 Democracy and political stability in Kyrgyzstan 41 The blocked road to Turkmen democracy 59 On the problem of revival and survival of ethnic minorities in post-Soviet Central Asia 69 The Karakalpaks and other language minorities under Central Asia state rule 81 Russia and Central Asia security 97 Turkey and post-Soviet Eurasia : seeking a regional power status 117 US security policy in Central Asia after the 9/11 attack 129 Dividing the Caspian : conflicting geopolitical agendas among littoral states 147 Water politics and management of trans-boundary water resources in post-Soviet Central Asia 169 People, environment, and water security in the Aral Sea area 185 Poetry and political dissent in Central Asia from a historical perspective : the Chaghatay Poet Turdi 197 Democratization as a global process and democratic culture at Central Asia elite and grass-roots levels 215 Post-Soviet paternalism and personhood : why culture matters to democratization in Central Asia 225 Uzbek and Uyghur communities in Saudi Arabia and their role in the development of Wahhabism in present-day Central Asia 239 Turkish Islamist entrepreneurs in Central Asia 253 Epilogue : reflections on recent elections 265.
Without resolute counteraction, climate change will overstretch many societies' adaptive capacities within the coming decades. This could result in destabilization and violence, jeopardizing national and international security to a new degree. However, climate change could also unite the international community. This is provided that we recognize climate change as a threat to humankind and so set the course for adopting a dynamic and globally coordinated climate policy. If we fail to do so, climate change will draw ever-deeper lines of division and conflict in international relations, triggering numerous conflicts between and within countries over the distribution of resources - especially water and land, and over the management of migration, or over compensation payments between the countries mainly responsible for climate change and those countries most affected by its destructive effects. With Climate Change as a Security Risk, WBGU has compiled a flagship report on an issue that quite rightly is rising rapidly up the international political agenda. The authors pull no punches on the likelihood of increasing tensions and conflicts in a climatically constrained world and spotlight places where possible conflicts may flare up in the 21st century unless climate change is checked. The report makes it clear that climate policy is preventative security policy.
The Perils and Prospects of Southern Black Leadership fills an important gap in uncovering the history of southern black leaders between the death of Booker T. Washington and the rise of Martin Luther King, Jr. Originally published to critical acclaim in 1977 (Duke University Press), and now available in paperback with a new preface by the author, this book provides an intellectual biography of Gordon Blaine Hancock, a Virginia educator, journalist, and minister whose writings and speeches on race relations were widely influential in the South in the thirty years prior to the Brown decision of 1954. In showing how Hancock faced his generation's main dilemma—how to end Jim Crow and ensure integration without abandoning ideals of black identity, independence, and solidarity—Raymond Gavins's biography illuminates the history of African Americans and race relations in America.
Macroeconomic Policies and Structural Reforms Since the Kosovo Conflict
Author: Dimitri G. Demekas
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Category: Political Science
Before the Kosovo conflict, the countries of South East Europe were at different stages of economic development and transition towards a market economy. This paper considers the impact of the crisis in Kosovo in 1999 and the subsequent progress made by the region in terms of economic growth and government reform. It acknowledges the positive impact of the donor community upon this progress, and points out that ongoing progress depends upon effective governance and policy development in order to attract private investment into the region.
This book explains why science and politics collide, why this is an especially critical problem at this precise time in U.S. history, and what should be done to ensure that science and politics coincide. * Shows the contentious science/policy relationship through examples of current controversies * Argues that America's historic commitment to scientific progress, human rights, and democracy is at risk * Emphasizes the importance of science to intelligent public policymaking * Offers suggestions for how to improve the communication between science and politics
Discusses the legacies of five Democratic politicians and organizations, analyzing their strengths and weaknesses in order to argue that a lack of political courage is at the heart of the failings within the Democratic Party.