The analyses of German and Brazilian cultures found in this book offer a much-needed rethinking of the intercultural paradigm for the humanities and literary and cultural studies. This collection examines cultural interactions between Germany and Brazil from the Early Modern period to the present day, especially how authors, artists and other intellectuals address the development of society, intervene in the construction and transformation of cultural identities, and observe the introduction of differing cultural elements in and beyond the limits of the nation. The contributors represent various academic disciplines, including German Studies, Luso-Afro-Brazilian Studies, Cultural Studies, Linguistics, Art History and the social sciences. Their essays cover a wide range of works and media, and the issues they address are relevant not only for each of the scholarly disciplines involved, but also in discussions of current cultural practices in connection to all forms of media. The collection thus serves as a model for further intercultural research, since it calls into question the very terms through which we understand the relationships between cultures, as well as their products, practices, and perspectives.
Textile Inscriptions on Royal Garments from Norman Sicily
Author: Isabelle Dolezalek
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Roger II’s famous mantle and other royal garments from twelfth- and thirteenth-century Sicily prominently display Arabic inscriptions. While the phenomenon is highly unusual in the context of Latin Christian kingship, the use of inscriptions as a textile ornament was common and imbued with political functions in the Islamic courts of the medieval Mediterranean. This case study of the inscribed garments from Norman Sicily draws attention to the diverse functions of Arabic textile inscriptions using various contextual frames. Such a contextual approach not only highlights the specificities of the Norman textile inscriptions and emphasises the practical and political choices underlying their use at the Sicilian court, it also pinpoints the flaws of universalising approaches to transcultural ornamental in circulation in the medieval Mediterranean. This new perspective on the royal garments from Norman Sicily draws from a variety of disciplines, including Islamic and European art history, the history of textiles, epigraphy, legal history and historiography, and aims to challenge established notions of cultural and disciplinary boundaries.
Publisher: Akademische Verlagsgemeinschaft München
Die Vortragsreihe „Sommerakademie Herrenhausen" wird gemeinsam von den Freunden der Herrenhäuser Gärten e.V., der Wilhelm-Busch-Gesellschaft e.V., den Herrenhäuser Gärten der Landeshauptstadt Hannover und dem Zentrum für Gartenkunst und Landschaftsarchitektur (CGL) der Leibniz Universität Hannover durchgeführt. Die Vorträge werden in der Schriftenreihe der „Freunde", den Herrenhäuser Schriften, publiziert. Der Titel „Gartenkultur im Spannungsfeld zwischen Arkadien und Soldatenfriedhöfen" umreißt die Bandbreite an Themen zur Geschichte der Gartenkultur und zu aktuellen Aspekten der Naturaneignung, die 2014 im Rahmen der Sommerakademie Herrenhausen in zehn Vorträgen behandelt wurden.Eröffnet wurde die Sommerakademie mit dem Vortrag des Leibniz-Stiftungsprofessors Wenchao Li zu „Natur und Gärten bei Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz", mit dem erstmals ein Einblick in den Garten dieses Universalgelehrten geboten wurde. Die Gartenschriftstellerin Renate Hücking vermittelte ein Bild der bürgerlichen Gartenkultur der Goethezeit. Deutsch-indische Beziehungen in der Gartenkultur waren Gegenstand des Vortrags des ersten Herrenhausen-Fellows der „Freunde", Sumangala Holakere vom Indian Institute of Horticultural Research in Bangalore. Sie sprach über Werk und Wirken des Gartenbauwissenschaftlers und Landschaftsarchitekten Gustav Hermann Krumbiegel (1865-1956), der über viele Jahrzehnte in Indien tätig war. Perspektivische Vorstellungen zur Entwicklung von Hannovers kommunalen Gärten und Parks wurden vom Oberbürgermeister der Landeshauptstadt Hannover, Stefan Schostok, skizziert. Rolf Wernstedt, Vorsitzender des Landesverbands Niedersachsen des Volksbundes Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge, widmete sich dem Thema „Kriegsgräber – Ästhetik und Funktion des Massentodes".
The Relic Book in Late-Medieval Religiosity and Early Modern Aesthetics
Author: Livia Cárdenas
Textures of Images presents for the first time a fundamental analysis and synopsis of the printed relic-book genre. The author brings into focus the specific mediality and aesthetics of this kind of printed books between the Late Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period.
The collection presents the proceedings of the international colloquium held in Sankt Augustin in 1997 and additional materials. The articles are written in English, German or Chinese (with English abstracts). The volume includes a general index with glossary.
The European Engravings of George Perkins Marsh and the Role of Prints in the U.S. National Museum
Author: Helena E. Wright
Publisher: Smithsonian Institution
Outstanding Academic Title, Choice, 2015 Winner, Ewell Newman Award of the American Historical Print Collectors Society, 2016 In 1849 the Smithsonian purchased the Marsh Collection of European engravings. Not only the first collection of any kind to be acquired by the new Institution, it was also the first public print collection in the nation, and it presented an important symbol of cultural authority. The prints formed part of the library of Vermont Congressman George Perkins Marsh (1801-1882), a member of the Smithsonian’s Board of Regents. The uncertainty of the Smithsonian's mission in the early years complicated its motivation for purchasing the collection, especially given Marsh’s position as a Regent in financial difficulty. After a serious fire in 1865, portions of the collection were deposited at the Library of Congress and the Corcoran Gallery of Art. Efforts to reclaim it began in the 1880s, as a new generation of Smithsonian staff expanded the National Museum, but they achieved only mixed success. Through the story of the Marsh Collection, the book explores the cultural values attributed to prints in the 19th century, including their prominent role in expositions and their influence on visual culture at a time when collecting styles were moving from an individual’s private contemplation of artworks to wider public venues of exposition in museums and reception by multiple audiences. The history of this first Smithsonian collection enlivens an important stage in the development of American cultural identity and in the formation of the Smithsonian as a national institution.
While so many books on technology look at new advances and digital technologies, The Routledge Companion to Media Technology and Obsolescence looks back at analog technologies that are disappearing, considering their demise and what it says about media history, pop culture, and the nature of nostalgia. From card catalogs and typewriters to stock tickers and cathode ray tubes, contributors examine the legacy of analog technologies, including those, like vinyl records, that may be experiencing a resurgency. Each essay includes a brief history of the technology leading up to its peak, an analysis of the reasons for its decline, and a discussion of its influence on newer technologies.
Forgetting Machines. Knowledge Management Evolution in Early Modern Europe investigates the evolution of scholarly practices and the transformation of cognitive habits in the early modern age, focussing on the development of note-taking systems and data storage devices.
Science and Art Department of the Committee of Council on Education, South Kensington