As virtual reality approaches mainstream consumer use, new research and innovations in the field have impacted how we view and can use this technology across a wide range of industries. Advancements in this technology have led to recent breakthroughs in sound, perception, and visual processing that take virtual reality to new dimensions. As such, research is needed to support the adoption of these new methods and applications. Cases on Immersive Virtual Reality Techniques is an essential reference source that discusses new applications of virtual reality and how they can be integrated with immersive techniques and computer resources. Featuring research on topics such as 3D modeling, cognitive load, and motion cueing, this book is ideally designed for educators, academicians, researchers, and students seeking coverage on the applications of collaborative virtual environments.
Virtual Reality (VR) is a three dimensional interactive world that gives users the impression of being somewhere other than where they actually are. Over the last decade, a wide range of VR applications have been developed, based on VR environments. Immersive VR environment is a type of VR environment that produces an interactive computer generated world of high ecological validity, in which the users can "immerse" themselves using a variety of 3D stimuli. On the other hand, non-immersive VR environment is the least immersive implementation of VR techniques in which the virtual environment is viewed through a portal or window by utilizing a standard high resolution monitor and interactions occur using 2D interaction devices such as keyboards and mice. A major limitation of non-immersive VR environments is the lack of immersive experience that not only provides content to users, but also enables them to interact in a completely 360 degree immersive environment. Furthermore, a knowledge gap exists in terms of what motivates individuals to utilize such systems. This thesis aims to fill these research gaps by first i) exploring whether there exists statistically significant differences in performance between users in immersive VR and non-immersive VR environments and then ii) proposing the use of video game design elements in non-game contexts (i.e., immersive VR environments) to motivate and increase user engagement, otherwise known as "gamification". A case study involving 54 individuals carrying out a product functional analysis task is used to test the hypothesis that immersive VR environments, such as those achievable through head-mounted displays, enhance performance outcomes when compared to non-immersive VR environments. A case study involving 60 games from the Android market is used to understand the fundamental aspects of video games that make them engaging and motivating. Seven game design elements (challenges, levels, win states, social graph, rewards, content unlocking and leaderboards) are found to motivate users and maintain user engagement for extended periods of time and could be potentially integrated into immersive VR environments to make them more engaging and motivating for users.
This book takes the practicality of other "Gems" series such as "Graphics Gems" and "Game Programming Gems" and provide a quick reference for novice and expert programmers alike to swiftly track down a solution to a task needed for their VR project. Reading the book from cover to cover is not the expected use case, but being familiar with the territory from the Introduction and then jumping to the needed explanations is how the book will mostly be used. Each chapter (other than Introduction) will contain between 5 to 10 "tips", each of which is a self-contained explanation with implementation detail generally demonstrated as pseudo code, or in cases where it makes sense, actual code. Key Features Sections written by veteran virtual reality researchers and developers Usable code snipits that readers can put to immediate use in their own projects. Tips of value both to readers entering the field as well as those looking for solutions that expand their repertoire.
Virtual and Augmented Reality have existed for a long time but were stuck to the research world or to some large manufacturing companies. With the appearance of low-cost devices, it is expected a number of new applications, including for the general audience. This book aims at making a statement about those novelties as well as distinguishing them from the complexes challenges they raise by proposing real use cases, replacing those recent evolutions through the VR/AR dynamic and by providing some perspective for the years to come.
Virtual reality techniques are increasingly becoming indispensable in many areas. This book looks at how to generate advanced virtual reality worlds. It covers principles, techniques, devices and mathematical foundations, beginning with basic definitions, and then moving on to the latest results from current research and exploring the social implications of these. Very practical in its approach, the book is fully illustrated in colour and contains numerous examples, exercises and case studies. This textbook will allow students and practitioners alike to gain a practical understanding of virtual reality concepts, devices and possible applications.
The increase in smartphone usage and new technologies embedded in smart devices have led to innovative developments and applications throughout a variety of industries. However, new techniques such as spatial augmented reality are becoming more affordable for business, allowing consumers to experience and interact with the world as they never have before. AR and VR have vast implications for management and can allow companies to increase their sustainability and reduce their CO2 footprint. Managerial Challenges and Social Impacts of Virtual and Augmented Reality is a pivotal reference source that provides vital research on the applications of VR, AR, and related technologies from the perspectives of managers and marketers in the industry and discusses the social impact of these technologies. While highlighting topics such as consumer analysis, privacy ethics, and relationship marketing, this book is ideally designed for managers, marketers, technology developers, managing directors, business professionals, academicians, students, and researchers seeking current studies on the evolution of interactive technology.
Due to the growing prevalence of artificial intelligence technologies, schools, museums, and art galleries will need to change traditional ways of working and conventional thought processes to fully embrace their potential. Integrating virtual and augmented reality technologies and wearable devices into these fields can promote higher engagement in an increasingly digital world. Virtual and Augmented Reality in Education, Art, and Museums is an essential research book that explores the strategic role and use of virtual and augmented reality in shaping visitor experiences at art galleries and museums and their ability to enhance education. Highlighting a range of topics such as online learning, digital heritage, and gaming, this book is ideal for museum directors, tour developers, educational software designers, 3D artists, designers, curators, preservationists, conservationists, education coordinators, academicians, researchers, and students.
Augmented Reality (AR) refers to the merging of a live view of the physical, real world with context-sensitive, computer-generated images to create a mixed reality. Through this augmented vision, a user can digitally interact with and adjust information about their surrounding environment on-the-fly. Handbook of Augmented Reality provides an extensive overview of the current and future trends in Augmented Reality, and chronicles the dramatic growth in this field. The book includes contributions from world expert s in the field of AR from academia, research laboratories and private industry. Case studies and examples throughout the handbook help introduce the basic concepts of AR, as well as outline the Computer Vision and Multimedia techniques most commonly used today. The book is intended for a wide variety of readers including academicians, designers, developers, educators, engineers, practitioners, researchers, and graduate students. This book can also be beneficial for business managers, entrepreneurs, and investors.
The Strategic Role of Persuasion in Violent Radicalization and Counter-Radicalization
Author: Kurt Braddock
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Strengthen your understanding of the persuasive mechanisms used by terrorist groups and how they are effective in order to defeat them. Weaponized Words applies existing theories of persuasion to domains unique to this digital era, such as social media, YouTube, websites, and message boards to name but a few. Terrorists deploy a range of communication methods and harness reliable communication theories to create strategic messages that persuade peaceful individuals to join their groups and engage in violence. While explaining how they accomplish this, the book lays out a blueprint for developing counter-messages perfectly designed to conquer such violent extremism and terrorism. Using this basis in persuasion theory, a socio-scientific approach is generated to fight terrorist propaganda and the damage it causes.
Understanding Virtual Reality: Interface, Application, and Design, Second Edition, arrives at a time when the technologies behind virtual reality have advanced dramatically in their development and deployment, providing meaningful and productive virtual reality applications. The aim of this book is to help users take advantage of ways they can identify and prepare for the applications of VR in their field, whatever it may be. The included information counters both exaggerated claims for VR, citing dozens of real-world examples. By approaching VR as a communications medium, the authors have created a resource that will remain relevant even as the underlying technologies evolve. You get a history of VR, along with a good look at systems currently in use. However, the focus remains squarely on the application of VR and the many issues that arise in application design and implementation, including hardware requirements, system integration, interaction techniques and usability. Features substantive, illuminating coverage designed for technical or business readers and the classroom Examines VR's constituent technologies, drawn from visualization, representation, graphics, human-computer interaction and other fields Provides (via a companion website) additional case studies, tutorials, instructional materials and a link to an open-source VR programming system Includes updated perception material and new sections on game engines, optical tracking, VR visual interface software and a new glossary with pictures
"This thesis aim to test the effectiveness of an immersive virtual reality set-up by using an embodied virtual body in neurorehabilitation, specifically for motor and chronic pain disorders. More specifically, my first study entitled: Motor-cognitive training through Immersive Virtual Reality during the immobilization period in distal radius fracture patients, aims to investigate whether an upper limb immersive virtual reality (IVR) training program, may improve the motor and functional ability of a fractured arm in 54 distal radius fracture (DRF) patients during the immobilization period. With this intention, we compared 6 weeks of our IVR training group (n=20), with 6 weeks of a non-IVR training group (n=20), and with another conventional rehabilitation group (n=14), during the immobilization period. We observed that through our training program patients in the IVR training group reached a better motor-functional ability of the fractured arm after cast removal, compared to the patients in the control groups: non-immersive virtual reality group and conventional rehabilitation group. Finally, patients in the IVR training group presented better results in the follow-up (6 weeks later) compared to the control groups, especially in the wrist range of motion. Secondly, we wanted to investigate the effects of the upper limb IVR training program in chronic stroke patients without arm mobility with a case study: Using immersive virtual reality to rehabilitate the paretic upper limb in chronic stroke patients. In that case study, we tested the IVR program in three chronic stroke patients. To this aim all three chronic stroke patients, underwent two IVR training periods during 5 weeks every day, with a 3 weeks period of pause between the two training periods. After the first training period we found improvements in motor recovery of the paretic arm, as well as in the cognitive capability and quality of life of all three chronic stroke patients. Further, we observe that the motor-cognitive improvements obtained after the first IVR training period remained over time, during the period of pause. However, the second IVR training period was not effective to further enhance motor and cognitive improvements. Further, a pre-post brain imaging analysis by using resting state and diffusor tension imaging (DTI) techniques, allowed us to identify the underpinning neuroplastic changes following the first IVR training, that were mainly found at the cerebellum from a functional connectivity point of view, and in the primary motor cortex from an structural point of view, in all three chronic stroke patients. Finally, the last study of this thesis entitled: Immersive virtual reality reliefs pain in patients with complex regional pain syndrome type I but not with peripheral nerve injury, aimed to investigate whether varying properties of a virtual arm co-located with the real arm modulated pain ratings in patients with chronic arm/hand pain due to complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) type I (without nerve injury) or peripheral nerve injury (PNI). CRPS (n=9) and PNI (n=10) patients were immersed in VR and the virtual arm was shown at four transparency levels (transparency test) and three sizes (size test). We evaluated pain ratings throughout the conditions and assessed the virtual experience, finding that patients with chronic pain can achieve levels of ownership and agency over a virtual arm similar to healthy participants. All seven conditions globally decreased pain ratings to half. Increasing transparency decreased pain in CRPS but did the opposite in PNI, while increasing size slightly increased pain ratings only in CRPS. In overall my doctoral thesis pave the way to the use of embodiment through an IVR set-up in neurorehabilitation following the principles of body illusions for rehabilitation." -- TDX.
Author: de Miranda, Guilhermina Maria Lobato Ferreira
Publisher: IGI Global
There has been an evolution of the explanations on the results of research on human learning and how digital technologies have supported the design of more efficient learning environments. Previous theories such as Richard Mayer’s cognitive theory of multimedia learning and John Sweller’s cognitive load theory have gained signification attention and remain the two main theories within the multimedia learning field. However, there has not yet been a book compiled of several investigations on the specific 4C-ID model that covers different domains of knowledge. The 4C-ID model combines the two main theories of Richard Mayer and John Sweller to advance the field of learning and instruction. 4C-ID Model and Cognitive Approaches to Instructional Design and Technology: Emerging Research and Opportunities explores the behavioral and constructivist approaches to learning and instruction and focuses mainly on the particular cognitive approach and resulting theories and insights of the 4C-ID model. The chapters present the results of three experimental studies applied to the teaching of electrical circuits, initiation to computer programming using the Alice microworld, and computer programming using Python textual language. This book is a valuable resource tool for computer programmers, computer scientists, teachers, educational psychologists, practitioners, researchers, academicians, and students interested in the various approaches to learning and instruction in terms of the 4C-ID instructional model.
Methods and Principles for Crafting Immersive Narratives
Author: John Bucher
Publisher: Focal Press
Category: Performing Arts
Storytelling for Virtual Reality serves as a bridge between students of new media and professionals working between the emerging world of VR technology and the art form of classical storytelling. Rather than examining purely the technical, the text focuses on the narrative and how stories can best be structured, created, and then told in virtual immersive spaces. Author John Bucher examines the timeless principles of storytelling and how they are being applied, transformed, and transcended in Virtual Reality. Interviews, conversations, and case studies with both pioneers and innovators in VR storytelling are featured, including industry leaders at LucasFilm, 20th Century Fox, Oculus, Insomniac Games, and Google. For more information about story, Virtual Reality, this book, and its author, please visit StorytellingforVR.com
The world is witnessing a media revolution similar to the birth of the film industry from the early 20th Century. New forms of media are expanding the human experience from passive viewership to active participants, surrounding and enveloping us in ways film or television never could. New immersive media forms include virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR), mixed reality (XR), fulldome, CAVEs, holographic characters, projection mapping, and mixed experimental combinations of old and new, live, and generated media. With the continued expansion beyond the traditional frame, practitioners are crafting these new media to see how they can influence and shape the world. The Handbook of Research on the Global Impacts and Roles of Immersive Media is a collection of innovative research that provides insights on the latest in existing and emerging immersive technologies through descriptions of case studies, new business models, philosophical viewpoints, and scientific findings. While highlighting topics including augmented reality, interactive media, and spatial computing, this book is ideally designed for media technologists, storytellers, artists, journalists, designers, programmers, developers, manufacturers, entertainment executives, content creators, industry professionals, academicians, researchers, and media students.
Unprecedented changes in consumer shopping habits pose major challenges for retailers who need to consider the multidimensional nature of shopping in order to design and provide engaging consumer experiences. The intersection between in-store and online shopping is also fundamental to meet the fast-changing consumer behavior. Comprehending how environmental and sensory dimensions, leisure, entertainment, and social interactions influence shopper emotions may enhance the shopping experience. Emotional, Sensory, and Social Dimensions of Consumer Buying Behavior is an essential reference source that discusses methods for enhancing the shopping experience in an era of competition among shopping offline- and online-destinations, as well as predicting emerging changes in consumer behavior and shopping destinations and new technologies in retailing. Featuring research on topics such as consumer dynamics, experimental marketing, and retail technology, this book is ideally designed for retail managers, designers, advertisers, marketers, customer service representatives, merchandisers, industry professionals, academicians, researchers, students, and practitioners.
IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Rome, Italy, September 12-16, 2005, Proceedings
Author: Maria Francesca Costabile
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
We will be, sooner or later, not only handling personal computers but also mul- purpose cellular phones, complex personal digital assistants, devices that will be context-aware, and even wearable computers stitched to our clothes...we would like these personal systems to become transparent to the tasks they will be performing. In fact the best interface is an invisible one, one giving the user natural and fast access to the application he (or she) intends to be executed. The working group that organized this conference (the last of a long row!) tried to combine a powerful scientific program (with drastic refereeing) with an entertaining cultural program, so as to make your stay in Rome the most pleasant one all round: I do hope that this expectation becomes true. July 2005 Stefano Levialdi, IEEE Life Fellow INTERACT 2005 General Chairman  Peter J. Denning, ACM Communications, April 2005, vol. 48, N° 4, pp. 27-31. Editors’ Preface INTERACT is one of the most important conferences in the area of Human-Computer Interaction at the world-wide level. We believe that this edition, which for the first time takes place in a Southern European country, will strengthen this role, and that Rome, with its history and beautiful setting provides a very congenial atmosphere for this conference. The theme of INTERACT 2005 is Communicating Naturally with Computers.
Networked Graphics equips programmers and designers with a thorough grounding in the techniques used to create truly network-enabled computer graphics and games. Written for graphics/game/VE developers and students, it assumes no prior knowledge of networking. The text offers a broad view of what types of different architectural patterns can be found in current systems, and readers will learn the tradeoffs in achieving system requirements on the Internet. It explains the foundations of networked graphics, then explores real systems in depth, and finally considers standards and extensions. Numerous case studies and examples with working code are featured throughout the text, covering groundbreaking academic research and military simulation systems, as well as industry-leading game designs. Everything designers need to know when developing networked graphics and games is covered in one volume - no need to consult multiple sources. The many examples throughout the text feature real simulation code in C++ and Java that developers can use in their own design experiments. Case studies describing real-world systems show how requirements and constraints can be managed.
Computer graphics and digital design have come a long way in recent years, and it is difficult to keep up with the latest trends in software development and output.Innovative Design and Creation of Visual Interfaces: Advancements and Trends offers the cutting-edge in research, development, technologies, case studies, frameworks, and methodologies within the field of visual interfaces. The book has collected research from around the world to offer a holistic picture of the state of the art in the field. In order to stay abreast of the latest trends, this volume offers a vital resource for practitioners and academics alike.