There's a great deal of excitement surrounding the use of Linux in embedded systems -- for everything from cell phones to car ABS systems and water-filtration plants -- but not a lot of practical information. Building Embedded Linux Systems offers an in-depth, hard-core guide to putting together embedded systems based on Linux. Updated for the latest version of the Linux kernel, this new edition gives you the basics of building embedded Linux systems, along with the configuration, setup, and use of more than 40 different open source and free software packages in common use. The book also looks at the strengths and weaknesses of using Linux in an embedded system, plus a discussion of licensing issues, and an introduction to real-time, with a discussion of real-time options for Linux. This indispensable book features arcane and previously undocumented procedures for: Building your own GNU development toolchain Using an efficient embedded development framework Selecting, configuring, building, and installing a target-specific kernel Creating a complete target root filesystem Setting up, manipulating, and using solid-state storage devices Installing and configuring a bootloader for the target Cross-compiling a slew of utilities and packages Debugging your embedded system using a plethora of tools and techniques Using the uClibc, BusyBox, U-Boot, OpenSSH, thttpd, tftp, strace, and gdb packages By presenting how to build the operating system components from pristine sources and how to find more documentation or help, Building Embedded Linux Systems greatly simplifies the task of keeping complete control over your embedded operating system.
Master the techniques needed to build great, efficient embedded devices on Linux About This Book Discover how to build and configure reliable embedded Linux devices This book has been updated to include Linux 4.9 and Yocto Project 2.2 (Morty) This comprehensive guide covers the remote update of devices in the field and power management Who This Book Is For If you are an engineer who wishes to understand and use Linux in embedded devices, this book is for you. It is also for Linux developers and system programmers who are familiar with embedded systems and want to learn and program the best in class devices. It is appropriate for students studying embedded techniques, for developers implementing embedded Linux devices, and engineers supporting existing Linux devices. What You Will Learn Evaluate the Board Support Packages offered by most manufacturers of a system on chip or embedded module Use Buildroot and the Yocto Project to create embedded Linux systems quickly and efficiently Update IoT devices in the field without compromising security Reduce the power budget of devices to make batteries last longer Interact with the hardware without having to write kernel device drivers Debug devices remotely using GDB, and see how to measure the performance of the systems using powerful tools such as perk, ftrace, and valgrind Find out how to configure Linux as a real-time operating system In Detail Embedded Linux runs many of the devices we use every day, from smart TVs to WiFi routers, test equipment to industrial controllers - all of them have Linux at their heart. Linux is a core technology in the implementation of the inter-connected world of the Internet of Things. The comprehensive guide shows you the technologies and techniques required to build Linux into embedded systems. You will begin by learning about the fundamental elements that underpin all embedded Linux projects: the toolchain, the bootloader, the kernel, and the root filesystem. You'll see how to create each of these elements from scratch, and how to automate the process using Buildroot and the Yocto Project. Moving on, you'll find out how to implement an effective storage strategy for flash memory chips, and how to install updates to the device remotely once it is deployed. You'll also get to know the key aspects of writing code for embedded Linux, such as how to access hardware from applications, the implications of writing multi-threaded code, and techniques to manage memory in an efficient way. The final chapters show you how to debug your code, both in applications and in the Linux kernel, and how to profile the system so that you can look out for performance bottlenecks. By the end of the book, you will have a complete overview of the steps required to create a successful embedded Linux system. Style and approach This book is an easy-to-follow and pragmatic guide with in-depth analysis of the implementation of embedded devices. It follows the life cycle of a project from inception through to completion, at each stage giving both the theory that underlies the topic and practical step-by-step walkthroughs of an example implementation.
Up-to-the-Minute, Complete Guidance for Developing Embedded Solutions with Linux Linux has emerged as today’s #1 operating system for embedded products. Christopher Hallinan’s Embedded Linux Primer has proven itself as the definitive real-world guide to building efficient, high-value, embedded systems with Linux. Now, Hallinan has thoroughly updated this highly praised book for the newest Linux kernels, capabilities, tools, and hardware support, including advanced multicore processors. Drawing on more than a decade of embedded Linux experience, Hallinan helps you rapidly climb the learning curve, whether you’re moving from legacy environments or you’re new to embedded programming. Hallinan addresses today’s most important development challenges and demonstrates how to solve the problems you’re most likely to encounter. You’ll learn how to build a modern, efficient embedded Linux development environment, and then utilize it as productively as possible. Hallinan offers up-to-date guidance on everything from kernel configuration and initialization to bootloaders, device drivers to file systems, and BusyBox utilities to real-time configuration and system analysis. This edition adds entirely new chapters on UDEV, USB, and open source build systems. Tour the typical embedded system and development environment and understand its concepts and components. Understand the Linux kernel and userspace initialization processes. Preview bootloaders, with specific emphasis on U-Boot. Configure the Memory Technology Devices (MTD) subsystem to interface with flash (and other) memory devices. Make the most of BusyBox and latest open source development tools. Learn from expanded and updated coverage of kernel debugging. Build and analyze real-time systems with Linux. Learn to configure device files and driver loading with UDEV. Walk through detailed coverage of the USB subsystem. Introduces the latest open source embedded Linux build systems. Reference appendices include U-Boot and BusyBox commands.
Looking to port Android to other platforms such as embedded devices? This hands-on book shows you how Android works and how you can adapt it to fit your needs. You’ll delve into Android’s architecture and learn how to navigate its source code, modify its various components, and create your own version of Android for your particular device. You’ll also discover how Android differs from its Linux roots. If you’re experienced with embedded systems development and have a good handle on Linux, this book helps you mold Android to hardware platforms other than mobile devices. Learn about Android’s development model and the hardware you need to run it Get a quick primer on Android internals, including the Linux kernel and Dalvik virtual machine Set up and explore the AOSP without hardware, using a functional emulator image Understand Android’s non-recursive build system, and learn how to make your own modifications Use evaluation boards to prototype your embedded Android system Examine the native user-space, including the root filesystem layout, the adb tool, and Android’s command line Discover how to interact with—and customize—the Android Framework
Leverage the power of Linux to develop captivating and powerful embedded Linux projects About This Book Explore the best practices for all embedded product development stages Learn about the compelling features offered by the Yocto Project, such as customization, virtualization, and many more Minimize project costs by using open source tools and programs Who This Book Is For If you are a developer who wants to build embedded systems using Linux, this book is for you. It is the ideal guide for you if you want to become proficient and broaden your knowledge. A basic understanding of C programming and experience with systems programming is needed. Experienced embedded Yocto developers will find new insight into working methodologies and ARM specific development competence. What You Will Learn Use the Yocto Project in the embedded Linux development process Get familiar with and customize the bootloader for a board Discover more about real-time layer, security, virtualization, CGL, and LSB See development workflows for the U-Boot and the Linux kernel, including debugging and optimization Understand the open source licensing requirements and how to comply with them when cohabiting with proprietary programs Optimize your production systems by reducing the size of both the Linux kernel and root filesystems Understand device trees and make changes to accommodate new hardware on your device Design and write multi-threaded applications using POSIX threads Measure real-time latencies and tune the Linux kernel to minimize them In Detail Embedded Linux is a complete Linux distribution employed to operate embedded devices such as smartphones, tablets, PDAs, set-top boxes, and many more. An example of an embedded Linux distribution is Android, developed by Google. This learning path starts with the module Learning Embedded Linux Using the Yocto Project. It introduces embedded Linux software and hardware architecture and presents information about the bootloader. You will go through Linux kernel features and source code and get an overview of the Yocto Project components available. The next module Embedded Linux Projects Using Yocto Project Cookbook takes you through the installation of a professional embedded Yocto setup, then advises you on best practices. Finally, it explains how to quickly get hands-on with the Freescale ARM ecosystem and community layer using the affordable and open source Wandboard embedded board. Moving ahead, the final module Mastering Embedded Linux Programming takes you through the product cycle and gives you an in-depth description of the components and options that are available at each stage. You will see how functions are split between processes and the usage of POSIX threads. By the end of this learning path, your capabilities will be enhanced to create robust and versatile embedded projects. This Learning Path combines some of the best that Packt has to offer in one complete, curated package. It includes content from the following Packt products: Learning Embedded Linux Using the Yocto Project by Alexandru Vaduva Embedded Linux Projects Using Yocto Project Cookbook by Alex Gonzalez Mastering Embedded Linux Programming by Chris Simmonds Style and approach This comprehensive, step-by-step, pragmatic guide enables you to build custom versions of Linux for new embedded systems with examples that are immediately applicable to your embedded developments. Practical examples provide an easy-to-follow way to learn Yocto project development using the best practices and working methodologies. Coupled with hints and best practices, this will help you understand embedded Linux better.
Build Complete Embedded Linux Systems Quickly and Reliably Developers are increasingly integrating Linux into their embedded systems: It supports virtually all hardware architectures and many peripherals, scales well, offers full source code, and requires no royalties. The Yocto Project makes it much easier to customize Linux for embedded systems. If you’re a developer with working knowledge of Linux, Embedded Linux Systems with the Yocto Project™ will help you make the most of it. An indispensable companion to the official documentation, this guide starts by offering a solid grounding in the embedded Linux landscape and the challenges of creating custom distributions for embedded systems. You’ll master the Yocto Project’s toolbox hands-on, by working through the entire development lifecycle with a variety of real-life examples that you can incorporate into your own projects. Author Rudolf Streif offers deep insight into Yocto Project’s build system and engine, and addresses advanced topics ranging from board support to compliance management. You’ll learn how to Overcome key challenges of creating custom embedded distributions Jumpstart and iterate OS stack builds with the OpenEmbedded Build System Master build workflow, architecture, and the BitBake Build Engine Quickly troubleshoot build problems Customize new distros with built-in blueprints or from scratch Use BitBake recipes to create new software packages Build kernels, set configurations, and apply patches Support diverse CPU architectures and systems Create Board Support Packages (BSP) for hardware-specific adaptations Provide Application Development Toolkits (ADT) for round-trip development Remotely run and debug applications on actual hardware targets Ensure open-source license compliance Scale team-based projects with Toaster, Build History, Source Mirrors, and Autobuilder
Author John Lombardo has devoted several years to developing highly functional and easy to use embedded systems using Linux. Provides expert instruction on designing, developing, and debugging an embedded system based on Linux. 'Embedded Linux' provides t
An annotated guide to program and develop GNU/Linux Embedded systems quickly About This Book Rapidly design and build powerful prototypes for GNU/Linux Embedded systems Become familiar with the workings of GNU/Linux Embedded systems and how to manage its peripherals Write, monitor, and configure applications quickly and effectively, manage an external micro-controller, and use it as co-processor for real-time tasks Who This Book Is For This book targets Embedded System developers and GNU/Linux programmers who would like to program Embedded Systems and perform Embedded development. The book focuses on quick and efficient prototype building. Some experience with hardware and Embedded Systems is assumed, as is having done some previous work on GNU/Linux systems. Knowledge of scripting on GNU/Linux is expected as well. What You Will Learn Use embedded systems to implement your projects Access and manage peripherals for embedded systems Program embedded systems using languages such as C, Python, Bash, and PHP Use a complete distribution, such as Debian or Ubuntu, or an embedded one, such as OpenWrt or Yocto Harness device driver capabilities to optimize device communications Access data through several kinds of devices such as GPIO's, serial ports, PWM, ADC, Ethernet, WiFi, audio, video, I2C, SPI, One Wire, USB and CAN Practical example usage of several devices such as RFID readers, Smart card readers, barcode readers, z-Wave devices, GSM/GPRS modems Usage of several sensors such as light, pressure, moisture, temperature, infrared, power, motion In Detail Embedded computers have become very complex in the last few years and developers need to easily manage them by focusing on how to solve a problem without wasting time in finding supported peripherals or learning how to manage them. The main challenge with experienced embedded programmers and engineers is really how long it takes to turn an idea into reality, and we show you exactly how to do it. This book shows how to interact with external environments through specific peripherals used in the industry. We will use the latest Linux kernel release 4.4.x and Debian/Ubuntu distributions (with embedded distributions like OpenWrt and Yocto). The book will present popular boards in the industry that are user-friendly to base the rest of the projects on - BeagleBone Black, SAMA5D3 Xplained, Wandboard and system-on-chip manufacturers. Readers will be able to take their first steps in programming the embedded platforms, using C, Bash, and Python/PHP languages in order to get access to the external peripherals. More about using and programming device driver and accessing the peripherals will be covered to lay a strong foundation. The readers will learn how to read/write data from/to the external environment by using both C programs or a scripting language (Bash/PHP/Python) and how to configure a device driver for a specific hardware. After finishing this book, the readers will be able to gain a good knowledge level and understanding of writing, configuring, and managing drivers, controlling and monitoring applications with the help of efficient/quick programming and will be able to apply these skills into real-world projects. Style and approach This practical tutorial will get you quickly prototyping embedded systems on GNU/Linux. This book uses a variety of hardware to program the peripherals and build simple prototypes.