Birds of Melanesia

Bismarcks, Solomons, Vanuatu and New Caledonia

Author: Guy Dutson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 471

This new Helm Field Guide covers the species-rich Melanesia region of the south-west Pacific, from New Caledonia and the Solomons through the Bismarks to Vanuatu, a popular destination for tours and travellers and one that has never before had field-guide coverage. The cover star is the Kagu, the region's most iconic bird species and a highly sought-after endemic of New Caledonia. Superb colour plates illustrate the 650 species that occur in the region, allied with concise identification text and a series of distribution colour bars. For anyone travelling to this far-flung Pacific region, this book is indispensible.

Birds of Melanesia

The Bismarcks, Solomons, Vanuatu and New Caledonia

Author: Guy Dutson

Publisher: Christopher Helm Publishers, Incorporated

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 447

View: 283

This new Helm Field Guide covers the species-rich Melanesia region of the south-west Pacific, from New Caledonia and the Solomons through the Bismarks to Vanuatu, a popular destination for tours and travellers and one that has never before had field-guide coverage. The cover star is the Kagu, the region's most iconic bird species and a highly sought-after endemic of New Caledonia. Superb colour plates illustrate the 650 species that occur in the region, allied with concise identification text and a series of distribution colour bars. For anyone travelling to this far-flung Pacific region, this book is indispensible.

The Birds of Northern Melanesia

Speciation, Ecology, and Biogeography

Author: Ernst Mayr

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 548

View: 251

Speciation is the process by which co-existing daughter species evolve from one ancestral species - e.g., humans, chimpanzees, and gorillas arising from a common ancestor around 5,000,000 years ago. However, many questions about speciation remain controversial. The Birds of Northern Melanesia provides by far the most comprehensive study yet available of a rich fauna, composed of the 195 breeding land and fresh-water bird species of the Bismarck and Solomon Archipelagoes east of New Guinea. This avifauna offers decisive advantages for understanding speciation, and includes famous examples of geographic variation discussed in textbooks of evolutionary biology. The book results from 30 years of collaboration between the evolutionary biologist Ernst Mayr and the ecologist Jared Diamond. It shows how Northern Melanesian bird distributions provide snapshots of all stages in speciation, from the earliest (widely distributed species without geographic variation) to the last (closely related, reproductively isolated species occurring sympatrically and segregating ecologically). The presentation emphasizes the wide diversity of speciation outcomes, steering a middle course between one-model-fits-all simplification and ungeneralizable species accounts. Questions illuminated include why some species are much more prone to speciate than others, why some water barriers are much more effective at promoting speciation than others, and whether hypothesized taxon cycles, faunal dominance, and legacies of Pleistocene land bridges are real. These years of study have resulted in a huge database, complete with distributions of all 195 species on 76 islands, together with their taxonomy, colonization routes, ecological attributes, abundance, and overwater dispersal. Color plates depict 88 species and allospecies, many of which have never been seen before. For students of speciation, Northern Melanesian birds now constitute a model system against which other biotas can be compared. For population biologists interested in other problems besides speciation, this rich database can now be mined for insights.

Ornithology, Evolution, and Philosophy

The Life and Science of Ernst Mayr 1904-2005

Author: Jürgen Haffer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 474

View: 682

This book is the first detailed biography of Ernst Mayr. He was an ‘architect’ of the Synthetic Theory of Evolution, and the greatest evolutionary biologist since Charles Darwin. He is one of the most widely known biologists of the 20th century.

A Dictionary of Owa

A Language of the Solomon Islands

Author: Greg Mellow

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 838

View: 989

The Solomon Islands has a rich linguistic heritage of over 60 languages, many of which have not been described in detail. This first dictionary of Owa, a South East Solomonic Language, contains over 3900 entries, which are typically illustrated with examples of natural language. An overview of the phonology, morphology, and syntax is supplemented by notes on discourse features.

Extinction and Biogeography of Tropical Pacific Birds

Author: David W. Steadman

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 594

View: 207

This book is a study of the land birds of tropical Pacific islands—especially those from Fiji eastward to Easter Island. The author reconstructs the birdlife of tropical Pacific islands as it existed before the arrival of humans. By synthesizing data from the distant past, Steadman hopes to inform present conservation programs.

Birds of Seychelles

Author: Adrian Skerrett

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Nature

Page: 176

View: 889

This compact field guide, based on Birds of Seychelles by Adrian Skerrett, Ian Bullock and Tony Disley (Helm 2000), is the only field guide to cover every species recorded in Seychelles. It covers more than 250 species, including all residents, migrants and vagrants. Concise text on facing pages highlights key identification features, including habitat, distribution, status and voice. The plates are based on the authors' previous work, but with the addition on many new images. The text has been completely re-written and revised for this edition, and the plates are been re-worked to accommodate a number of new additions to the country's list. There are now 12 more plates than in the first edition.

Birds of New Guinea

Second Edition

Author: Thane K. Pratt

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN:

Category: Nature

Page: 528

View: 741

This is the completely revised edition of the essential field guide to the birds of New Guinea. The world's largest tropical island, New Guinea boasts a spectacular avifauna characterized by cassowaries, megapodes, pigeons, parrots, cuckoos, kingfishers, and owlet-nightjars, as well as an exceptionally diverse assemblage of songbirds such as the iconic birds of paradise and bowerbirds. Birds of New Guinea is the only guide to cover all 780 bird species reported in the area, including 366 endemics. Expanding its coverage with 111 vibrant color plates—twice as many as the first edition—and the addition of 635 range maps, the book also contains updated species accounts with new information about identification, voice, habits, and range. A must-have for everyone from ecotourists to field researchers, Birds of New Guinea remains an indispensable guide to the diverse birds of this remarkable region. 780 bird species, including 366 found nowhere else 111 stunning color plates, twice the number of the first edition Expanded and updated species accounts provide details on identification, voice, habits, and range 635 range maps Revised classification of birds reflects the latest research