Philosophical Reflections on the Modernization of Chinese Culture
Author: Li Zonggui
Publisher: Chartridge Books Oxford
This book discusses contemporary Chinese philosophy. It is the is the outcome of the author's own twenty year-long studies on the relationship between modernization and Chinese culture from the perspective of cultural reconstruction and philosophical reflection. The book highlights the author's opinions and research outcomes. Part I Culture 1 1 The Basic Spirit of Ancient Chinese Culture I. Schools of thought on the basic spirit of ancient Chinese culture II. The cultural spirit with humanism as its core 2 Types and Characteristics of Chinese Culture I. The culture of ethical politics that seeks good governance II. Characteristics of the studies of ancient Chinese culture 3 Thinkers and Cultural Traditions I. Thinkers and connotations of cultural traditions II. The major cultural tradition promoted by thinkers III. The main approaches taken by the thinkers to shaping cultural traditions IV. The relationship between thinkers and the cultural traditions V. Absorbing historic resources and reconstructing the cultural traditions 4 The Study of Ancient Chinese Culture and the Spirit of the Times I. The connotation, content and scope of studies of ancient Chinese culture II. The essence of the debate about ancient Chinese culture is how to achieve China’s modernization III. The interaction between ancient Chinese culture and the spirit of the times 5 Ancient Chinese Culture and the Chinese Spiritual Homeland I. What is the spiritual homeland? Anient Chinese culture III. Constructing the Chinese spiritual homeland 6 Traditional Chinese Thought on Humanism I. The indomitable spirit of observing the Way II. The ideal of worshipping the mean and valuing harmony III. The consciousness of tolerance of "cultural China" IV. The conservative and innovative consciousness of evolution V. The pursuit of morality and justice VI. The function of traditional Chinese humanism 7 Issues of the Chinese Culture and the Chinese Spirit I. The connotation and function of cultural spirit and national spirit II. The relationship between Chinese culture and the Chinese spirit III. The innovative study of the spirit of Chinese culture IV. The human spirit, cultural spirit and national spirit 8 The Developmental Direction of Chinese Culture and the Self-improvement of National Spirit: The Efforts of Chinese Cultural Modernization from the Perspective of Three "Cultural Declarations" I. The main content and the value themes of the three "Cultural Declarations" II. The value of the modern neo-Confucian "Cultural Declaration" III. The similarities and differences of the three "Cultural Declarations" IV. The enlightenment of the three "Cultural Declarations" for developmental directions of Chinese culture 9 Cultural Criticism and the Value Reconstruction: A prospective look at the future of Chinese culture I. Cultural critique, values reconstruction and civilization renaissance II. The cultural criticism and value reconstruction in the course of modern history III. The modern spiritual direction of reconstructing the values 10 National Cultural Qualities and Rebuilding the Humanistic Spirit I. The quality of national culture is a diverse and open system II. The value orientations of the human spirit III. The relationship between the cultural qualities of the nation and the spirit of humanity IV. How to rebuild the human spirit V. The main contents of the new humanistic spirit vi Between Tradition and Modernity 11 Economic Globalization and the Construction of National Culture I. Economic globalization cannot counteract cultural nationality II. A rational view of nationalism III. Adhering to and enhancing the cultural nationality 12 Cultural Globalization and Cultural Construction in Contemporary China I. "Cultural globalization" is a factual judgment II. Cultural globalization is subordinate to cultural diversity Part II Philosophy 13 Confucian Cultural Tradition and National Cohesion I. The specifi c meaning of the traditional Confucian culture and its spiritual values II. The cultural connotation of Chinese national cohesion and modern values III. The relationship between tradition of Confucian culture and Chinese national cohesion 14 Confucian Culture and the Construction of a Contemporary Humanistic Spirit I. A rational pursuit of Confucian culture II. The practical needs of contemporary culture building III. The positive value of Confucian culture and the construction of contemporary humanistic spirit 15 Approaches to Promoting Economic Development through Confucian Culture I. Dual roles of Confucian culture in economic development II. A practical approach to promoting economic development through Confucian culture 16 Modernization and Marginalization of Confucianism I. The origin and connotation of modernization and marginalization of Confucianism II. On the modernization of Confucianism III. On the marginalization of Confucianism IV. The tension between the modernization and marginalization of Confucianism 17 Confucianism and Schools of Thoughts in Modern China. I. Tripartite situation of culture: Conservatives, reformists and revolutionaries II. Academic schools of thought: Marxism, Western schools and Neo-Confucianism III. Approaches to cultural reconstruction: Seeking gradual improvement through radical means IV. The contemporary fate of Confucianism 18 Formation of Ruling by Rites in the Han dynasty and its Ideological Features I. The embryonic stage of ruling by rites: The establishment of the country by the Emperor Gaozu of Han to the period of Emperors Wendi and Jingdi of the Han dynasty II. The establishment stage of ruling by rites: the periods from Emperor Wudi to Emperors Zhaodi and Xuandi of the Han dynasty III. The mature stages: During the period of Emperor Zhangdi of the Eastern Han dynasty IV. The ideological characteristics of the Han dynasty 19 The Political Philosophy of Dong Zhongshu I. The political theory of benevolent governance with morality given priority over penalty II. The theory of the historical cycle of three unities III. The theory of political order of "Heaven changeth not, likewise the Way changeth not" 20 Dong Zhongshu’s Thought on Heaven and Man and its Signifi cance in Cultural History I. The theory of mutual interaction between Heaven and humanity II. The theory of harmony between man and nature III. The theory of the unity of nature and mankind with the ruler in the center IV. The signifi cance of Dong Zhongshu’s theory of nature and mankind in cultural history 21 Dong Zhongshu’s Way of Thinking I. The integrated logical approach of analogy and alignment II. The holistic, intuitive and experiential way of thinking III. The reform principles of respecting Heaven and the practice of the ancient times viii Between Tradition and Modernity 22 The Cultural Interpretation of Dong Zhongshu’s ideal I. The great aspiration and noble ideal of the unity of the country II. The pursuit of harmony and fairness III. The strategic vision of long-term stability 23 The Confucian Orientation and Characteristics of the New School in Kang Youwei’s "On Dong Zhongshu’s Study of Spring-Autumn" I. The structure of On Dong Zhongshu’s Study of Spring-Autumn 330 II. The content and themes of "On Dong Zhongshu’s Study of Spring-Autumn" III. "On Dong Zhongshu’s Study of Spring-Autumn" and the Reformation Movement IV. The Guangdong fl avor of "On Dong Zhongshu’s Study of Spring-Autumn" 24 Challenges and Issues of Developing Contemporary Neo-Confucianism I. The dilemma between openness and conservatism II. The gap between the ambition of reviving Confucianism and the desolate reality of the Confucian school III. The confl ict between the traditional values and norms of "Back to Basics" and the modern concept of openness IV. The divorce between the spirit of criticism and the consciousness of self-refl ection V. The paradox between the intentions of modernizing Confucianism and the reality of its marginalization VI. The total lack of an ideal carrier of Confucian values and ideals 25 A Close Examination of the Study of Chinese Philosophy in the 20th Century and a Prospective Look at its Development in the New Century I. The fi rst half of the twentieth century II. The second half of the twentieth century III. Achievements and shortcomings in the century IV. A look into the new century The Postscript of the English version
Presenting a discussion of the political culture of Iran that has been largely overlooked in the West, this volume seeks to analyse a 'fragmented self' refracted through the institutions, market forces & modern thought of Iran.
Lithographs A Prosperous City that Never Sleeps and Moon Over Huangpu River, were created by 20th century Chinese artist Yuan Xiutang in the 1930s. These lithographic prints portray young Chinese women wearing non-traditional clothing. They wear short permed hair and lipstick, while their hands appear to be manicured. These reflect the iconic fashions of the 1930s. This fashionable style also visually defined China's "Modern Girl." In China, the Modern Girl marks women's social transition in the years between the imperial and republican eras. In Europe and the United States, the modern girl was a look and identity that young women adopted to demonstrate their modernity. For western women, this look helped to separate the new generation from their Victorian parents. Similarly, for Chinese women, this look separated them from previous Confucian generations. The Modern Girl was a look, an identity, and an image. Around the world, this look identified new generations of women as independent, free spirited, and decidedly modern. But in China, being modern was also understood in terms of being "western." This paper examines the visual culture of early 20th century Shanghai to analyze the tensions between Chinese traditions and modernity in images of the Modern Girl.
This issue of the Berliner Chinahefte/Chinese History and Society deals with cultural exchanges between China and the outside world and with their impact, mostly in terms of questions regarding tradition and modernity. China is understood more as an area composed of certain cultural elements which may include the Chinese (and Taiwanese) diaspora, where a sense of belonging still exists, and which exerts influence on everyday culture and habits.
This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press's mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1990.
"Most of the problems visible in the Muslim world stem from the gap created by a commitment to tradition and a wariness of modernity. Islam has the resources to bridge this gap. As a religion it is generally misunderstood not only by non-Muslims but, perhaps surprisingly, by Muslims as well. This book outlines the defining beliefs of Islam and the devotional practices of Muslims. It explains how and why the Islamic mood and the Muslim mind competes and, at times, conflicts with the promotion of modern popular culture and the propagation of contemporary liberal values. The author, well-known Muslim theologian and writer Mehmet Özalp, is adamant that constructive and respectful dialogue across religious traditions is possible and that a clash of civilisations can be avoided. He writes with sensitivity and insight about Islamic theology, history and social engagement, seeking to identify the major fault lines in relations between the Muslim World and the West while offering creative suggestions to relieve tension and restore goodwill. This book will educate and enlighten a very broad readership and will help to fashion a future that neither rejects tradition nor resists modernity."--Publisher.
This anthology documents the search of Indian intellectuals, politicians, and writers to forge a cultural identity despite and because of colonialism. The first part brings together major voices in India's struggle against colonialism; the second presents interpretive essays on the legacy of the great nationalist leaders; modernization and its discontents; the communal, ethnic, and interfaith relationships; and the future course of life in post-colonial India. No index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
The Middle East is a key geopolitical strategic region in the international system but its distinctive cultural and political divisions present a mosaic of states that do not lend themselves to simplistic interpretations. A thoughtful analysis of the Middle East requires an understanding of the synergism between tradition and modernity in the region as it adapts to a globalizing world. Religious education and activism continue to remain a significant factor in the modernization process and the development of modern governance in the states of the Middle East. This interdisciplinary book explores the historical and contemporary role of religious tradition and education on political elites and governing agencies in several major states as well as generally in the region. The relationship between democracy and authority is examined to provide a better understanding of the complexity underlying the emergence of new power configurations. As the region continues to respond to the forces of change in the international system it remains an important and intriguing area for analysts.
The Native American Novel Between Tradition and Modernity
Author: Giorgio Mariani
Publisher: Edwin Mellen Press
Category: Literary Criticism
This volume analyses some of the most important and influential Native American novels published between 1969 and 1992 (Momaday's House Made of Dawn; Silko's Ceremony and Almanac of the Dead; Welch's Winter in the Blood and The Death of Jim Loney; Vizenor's Bearheart; etc.), examining them as post-tribal epics. It frames current discussions of the importance and originality of Native American literature, and especially of the American Indian Novel, within the context of classical debate over distinction between epic and novel.
An AltaMira Press Book The process of modernization poses a profound challenge to societies. Nowhere is this more true than in India where cultural memories have been severely tested by colonial domination but have been loyally preserved nonetheless. This anthology documents the intellectual struggle of Indian writers and philosophers in the twentieth century to articulate the meaning of "India" and thereby establish an identity which bridges indigenous tradition and Western-style modernity. The book focuses on the existential dimension of India's encounter with the West-its role as a catalyst in the process of self-scrutiny and in the search for self-rule and cultural identity. As a whole, the anthology constitutes not so much an objective travellogue but rather a 'sentimental journey' reflecting the experiences of prominent Indians, thereby revealing that the process of modernization and development is really a struggle over the heart and soul of India and, by extension, over the sense and direction of humanity or humankind. It provides a timely perspective on self-understanding or self-interpretation in India's fiftieth year of independence.
Haim Zhitlowski, Simon Dubnow, Ahad Ha-Am, and the Shaping of Modern Jewish Identity
Author: David H. Weinberg
Publisher: Holmes & Meier Pub
During the late nineteenth century, Russian Jews faced the opportunity and challenge of participating in society at large. Haim Zhitlowski, Simon Dubnow, and Ahad Ha-Am (pen name of Asher Ginsberg) are leading representatives of that "transitional generation" who struggled to articulate the issues of national identity and culture as the Jewish community experienced the ideological and political process of modernization and secularization. Rejecting the pragmatic activism of the political Zionists and militant socialists who would eventually triumph over them, Ahad Ha-Am, Dubnow, and Zhitlowski attempted to reaffirm in secular form the spiritual and ethical ideas of traditional Judaism. Weinberg emphasizes their roles as secular prophets who called for the revitalization of Jewish society's fundamental values and ideals. They were influenced by the ideas and attitudes of Central and East European nationalism, whose leaders saw themselves as moral teachers and guides to spark the cultural reawakening of oppressed ethnic groups. Weinberg's lively narrative explores the history of their proposed solutions to crises of Jewish self-definition, communal authority, and survival: for Zhitlowski, through Yiddish language and culture, Jewish socialism, and Diaspora nationalism; for Dubnow, the first modern historian of the Diaspora, through an understanding of Jewish history and the autonomous communal structure of the Jews in Russia and Poland; and for Ahad Ha-Am, through "cultural Zionism," the renewal in Palestine of the Hebrew language, land, and spiritual values.
This research thesis is about the traditional steps before and during the wedding ceremonies in Morocco, with a focus on women s role in these preparations. A part of this thesis in consacrced to the position of woman in Islam and in Moroccan society. A wedding ceremony in Fez is studied as an example to show how Moroccan keep their tradition in their modern life. the text was realised with a documentary film, showing the steps included in the text.
The Contemporary Traditional Art of Anita Yan Wong
Author: Anita Yan Wong
Between Tradition & Modernity features over 70 "Contemporary Traditional" paintings by Asia American artist Anita Yan Wong, one of today's most Internationally celebrated "Contemporary Lingnan" artists by the Millennial Art media. Known for her "Contemporary Traditional" painting. The body of work in this book is organized in three sections by their medium: pure ink, color ink and non-ink, different subjects such as animals and portraits; themes such as current events and conceptual works are featured under each of the 3 sections. Over 70 Contemporary Traditional paintings, drawn from both the private collection and the artist's own collection, dating from 2016 to the present, the finest and representational are selected and presented in this art book. Between Tradition & Modernity is the first in-depth exploration of the artist' s "Contemporary Traditional" Lingnan style Chinese ink painting and the most comprehensive of its kind.Between Tradition & Modernity blurs the boundaries between traditional and contemporary, East and West.These extraordinary paintings demonstrate the reinvigoration of classical techniques and materials, fine art with a blend of west and east, with distinctly contemporary perspectives. Illuminating inspirational statements situate these new works within the rich history of Lingnan school of painting, revealing the development of the unique " Contemporary Traditional" arts and reveals the new trends of Lingnan art by leading artist Anita Yan Wong. With artist biographies and handsome reproductions of many previously unpublished paintings, this book is essential for scholars and collectors of Asian art as well as for participants in the increasingly globalized contemporary art scene.