Assessment in Art Therapy gives a unique insight into the diverse contemporary practices that constitute assessment in art therapy, providing an overview of the different approaches employed in Britain and the USA today. This professional handbook comprises three parts. 'Sitting Beside' explores the discursive and the relational in art therapy assessments with adults and children in different settings. 'Snapshots from the Field' presents a series of short, practice-based reports which describe art therapists working in private practice, secure settings and community mental health centres. 'A More Distant Calculation' consists of chapters that describe the development and use of different kinds of art-based assessment procedures developed on both sides of the Atlantic, as well as different kinds of research about art therapy assessment. Both students and practitioners alike will benefit from the wealth of experience presented in this book, which demonstrates how art therapists think about assessment; the difficulties that arise in art therapy assessment; and the importance of developing the theory and practice of art therapy assessment, whilst taking into account the changing demands of systems and institutions.
This new edition with its revised title provides critical reviews of art therapy tests along with some new reviews of assessments and updated research in the field. It is comprehensive in its approach to considering reliability and validity evidence provided by test authors. Additionally, it reviews research on art therapy assessments with a variety of patient populations. The book contains helpful suggestions regarding the application of art therapy assessments. Specific areas covered include individual, group, family, and multicultural assessment techniques. The desirable and undesirable features of a variety of art therapy assessments are deliberated. The book critiques a series of art therapy assessments - from traditional art therapy approaches to current releases. The goal of this work is to assist mental health professionals in selecting assessments that yield reliable and valid clinical information regarding their clients. Of special interest is the author's approach to writing the results of a series of art therapy assessments in an effort to provide a more complete indication of client dynamics and issues. It will be a valuable resource for practitioners who use art therapy as an adjunct or primary therapy, and it will serve to enhance clinical skills, making therapy more effective for each patient who participates in the assessment process.
There is increasing pressure on therapists to provide details of structured assessments and to report therapy outcomes to funders, employers and co-workers. This edited volume provides a series of case studies, with varied client groups, giving arts therapists an accessible introduction to assessment and outcome measures that can be easily incorporated into their regular practice. The book provides demonstrations, within a practice-based evidence framework, of how measures can be tailored to the individual client's needs. The case studies show assessment and outcome models for music therapy, art therapy and dramatherapy used with a range of client groups including people with intellectual disabilities, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Multiple Sclerosis and Parkinson's Disease and those suffering from depression, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder or coping with bereavement.
A Clinical Guide to Writing Assessments, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Author: Ellen G. Horovitz
Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher
Doctor Ellen G. Horovitz shares over 40 years of experience as she transliterates evidence-based art therapy into medical terminology. This revised and updated Third Edition spells out the how-to's behind producing art therapy assessments, process notes, significant sessions, objectives and modalities, termination summaries and internet-based assessments into translatable documentation, designed to dovetail within an interdisciplinary medical model. In addition, this third edition emphasizes information on how to use psychological applications and art therapy based assessments to ensure best practices and efficacy of patient care. This step-by-step methodology fashions these reports, placing art therapy on equal footing with all mental health clinicians and generates records, which serve as points of departure for practitioners. This text is designed as a teaching tool that lays the foundation to enhance pertinent skills that are important to patient practice, including the armament to write up clinically-based reports that serve as a model for the field. Additionally, the practitioner is offered sample formats, legends and abbreviations of clinical and psychiatric terms, guidelines for recordable events, instructions of writing up objectives, modalities, and treatment goals as well as training on composing progress versus process notes. The Appendices provides a wealth of information and forms to use in one's clinical practice. This must-have reference manual amasses information that will serve as a companion guide for every art therapist to formulate clinical reports, and it will aid patients toward their trajectory of wellness, recovery and, above all, health.
This researcher asked the question, "How are different Art Therapists currently using and conceptualizing art therapy assessments?" This question was examined through a qualitative phenomenological study in which two art therapists were interviewed and data was analyzed through thematic analysis. Data analysis resulted in the identification of three major themes including, art therapy assessment current use as flexible and adaptive, adapted over the course of clinical practice, and perceptions of wider use are varied. Five additional subthemes included uses are conditional, conducted informally, axial factors assessed, value in treatment, and limitations in treatment. Participants used assessment based on factors such as their educational histories, work settings, and client populations. Composite responses from the two participants described how their approaches and formats for art therapy assessment were overall informal, as well as that the factors they assessed in clients were adaptive to key areas and needs in their treatment settings and therapeutic approaches. Due to the limited number of participants, this study established preliminary themes for much needed, further investigative research. The themes and subthemes demonstrated how two art therapists were using and thinking about art therapy assessments, and why. This study suggested that when developing further informative approaches to assessment for clinical practices, art therapists may consider how multiple impacts such as research, graduate education experiences, treatment settings and populations, and treatment team approaches influence their use. This study also discussed the need for research to further investigate how intersectional cultural identity and therapist bias may impact the current use of art therapy assessment.
A Guide to the History, Theoretical Approaches, Assessment, and Work with Special Populations of Art, Play, Dance, Music, Drama, and Poetry Therapies
Author: Stephanie L. Brooke
Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher
The Creative Arts Therapies Manual: A Guide to the History, Theoretical Approaches, Assessment, and Work with Special Populations of Art, Play, Dance, Music, Drama, and Poetry Therapies, edited by Stephanie L. Brooke, Ph.D. NCC, a nationally and internationally known author, is a unique contribution to the field of the creative arts therapies. It covers art, play, dance/movement, music, drama, and poetry therapies. Specifically, each of these creative disciplines is broken down into the following categories: history of the field, theoretical approaches, assessments, and work with special populations. No such book exists to this date which covers these critical areas in the creative arts therapies. The most well known, famous therapists in these creative arts therapies fields have contributed chapters to this manual. This distinctive handbook will be useful for creative arts therapists, mental health professionals, psychologists, counselors, educators, and students who are interested in these fields or use these disciplines as their main or their adjunct approach to working with clients.
The Silver Drawing Test of Cognition and Emotion, Draw a Story, Screening for Depression, and Stimulus Drawing Techniques
Author: Rawley A. Silver
Publisher: Psychology Press
Art can be an invaluable means of communication. It can bypass language and impairment and allow for the expression of thoughts or feelings too difficult to communicate with words. In The Silver Drawing Test and Draw a Story, Rawley Silver draws on her years of experience using therapeutic art with hearing-impaired children, stroke patients, and others with learning disabilities or emotional disturbances. The book's original art assessments use stimulus drawings to elicit responses that provide access to a patient's emotions and attitudes toward themselves and others, while also testing for the ability to solve problems and convey ideas. Offering tools to assess cognitive skills that often escape detection on verbal tests of intelligence or achievement, the book helps in identifying those at risk for violent behavior or masked depression. Thoroughly updated from Silver's earlier works, this new book includes techniques to assess aggression and depression that may lead to violence in schools and suicide among children and adolescents. It also addresses important gender and age differences, incorporating new information and updated studies, and it offers an in-depth look at the developmental procedures involved in these art assessments. As education for mental health professionals now includes art therapy more regularly, Silver has provided an invaluable resource for assessing emotional and cognitive content.
Drawing is a language, projected by children and adults, reflecting their joy and pain. It is used extensively by clinical psychologists, art therapists, social workers, and other mental health professionals in the assessment and treatment of children, adolescents, adults, and couples. This book brings together a renowned group of professionals to analyze the research and application of the most popular assessment and treatment tools. Tests discussed include the Draw-a-Person Test, the House-Tree-Person Test, the Kinetic Family Drawing Test, the Art Therapy-Projective Imagery Assessment, and the Wartegg Drawing Completion Test. Working with sexually and physically abused children, assessing clients with anorexia nervosa, and the influence of osteopathic treatment on drawings are some of the special topics considered. Numerous case studies are also included.
In this exceptional new third edition, the author has retained the intent to animate the spiritual dimension that exists within all of us and embrace its resource for growth and change. Tapping into a person's belief system and spiritual dimension provides clinicians with information that can impact both assessment and treatment. By drawing on sources in the literature of religion, psychodynamics, systems theory, sociology, art, and ethics, the author lays a foundation for discovering and measuring clients’ spiritual sensibilities and search for personal meaning of their relationship to God. Chapter 1 discusses the evolution of the book and how the author embarked upon the inclusion of the spiritual dimension in assessment and treatment. Chapter 2 reviews the literature that encircles art therapy, mental health, and spirituality and explores its impact. Chapter 3 examines the Belief Art Therapy Assessment (BATA). Chapter 4 highlights the interviews and use of the BATA with clergy, while Chapter 5 explores its use with a “normal” adult artist population. Chapter 6 looks at spiritual art therapy with emotionally disturbed children and youth in residential treatment. Chapter 7 offers a case vignette of spiritual art therapy with a suicidal anorectic bulimic. Chapter 8 discusses phototherapy applications regarding the issue of mourning and loss. Academic and clinical applications are presented. Chapter 9 explores humankind’s search for inner and outer meaning after the tragedy of September 11. The final chapter offers an extensive discussion on the pathway for life and the body in treatment. The role of yoga and art therapy, including the importance of moving forward into life with greater resiliency and independence, is examined. An excellent resource for increased knowledge and sensitivity, the book is designed for art therapists, mental health workers, social workers, educational therapists, pastoral counselors, psychologists, psychiatrists, and other creative arts therapists.
This second edition follows the tradition of the first edition as both an introductory text and a handbook in evaluation and assessment in the creative arts therapies. It was written to be useful both for graduate students in the arts therapies training programs, doctoral programs, and for practitioners in the field who want guidelines for developing and implementing evaluation programs. The first section deals with fundamentals and principles that apply to all evaluation, qualitative as well as quantitative. This general treatment is followed by chapters that deal with specific approaches to evaluation: psychometric, clinical or intuitive, and behavioral. The implications for evaluation of the three major philosophical orientations (psychodynamic, existential, and behavioral) are discussed. The last section focuses on evaluation procedures in art therapy, dance/movement therapy, and music therapy, contributed by individuals who have specific expertise in those areas. Existing procedures are reviewed and emerging trends are examined. The basic theme of the book is the interrelationship between the creative and the scientific approaches to evaluation. The book's purpose is not to provide formulas or recipes but rather to help therapists relate their evaluation program to their goals, to identify what they are interested in evaluating, and to design the kind of evaluation program that can do what the therapist wants it to do. -- Publisher.
What are the core concepts of art therapy? What can you learn from a drawing of a bird's nest, a collage or some scribbles? Why become an art therapist and how do you do it? What happens in the therapy room? In the style of a graphic novel, A Graphic Guide to Art Therapy answers these questions and more. Art therapy and its key concepts, theory and practice are introduced through illustrations and text. Beginning with an overview of art therapy as both a practice and a career, it shows the routes to becoming an art therapist and what the role entails. The essential approaches, frameworks, techniques and assessment styles of art therapy are visualised and discussed, making this book the perfect companion on your journey as an art therapist.
Over the years, art therapy pioneers have contributed towards the informal and formal beginnings of this fascinating and innovative profession. The development of the art therapy profession concerns a special breed of person who discovered the profound and unique power of the integration of art and psychology and had the energy and drive to create the new field. Important movements and milestones are highlighted including the dilemmas and crucial events of art therapy's evolution. Unique features include: the early days and influence; the United States at the time of the formation of the art therapy profession; Florence Cane and the Walden School; Margaret Naumberg's theory of psychodynamic art therapy; Edith Kramer's theory of art as therapy; the Menninger Foundation, art therapy in Ohio and the Buckeye Art Therapy Association; Elinor Ulman and the first art therapy journal; Hanna Yaxa Kwiatkowska and the invention of family art therapy; a brief history of art therapy in Great Britain and Canada; the 1960s and their influence on the development of art therapy; Myra Levick and the establishment of the American Art Therapy Association; the pioneer art therapists and their qualities and patterns; the definition and expansion of art therapy; the development of master's-level art therapy; art therapists of color and influence; the history of humanistic psychology and art therapy; the expressive arts therapy; Jungian art therapy; and the art therapists that began in the 1970s. Chronologies and study questions for discussion appear at the end of most chapters. Finally, the book presents issues essential to the field today such as art therapy registration, certification and licensing, art therapy assessment procedures, research, multiculturalism and art therapy as an international phenomenon. This text will be of primary interest to art therapists and students, to art educators and historians, and to those interested in how mental health disciplines evolve.
An innovative guide to the practice of art therapy Since 1978, Judith Aron Rubin's Child Art Therapy has become the classic text for conducting art therapy with children. Twenty-five years later, the book still stands as the reference for mental health professionals who incorporate art into their practice. Now, with the publication of this fully updated and revised Twenty-Fifth Anniversary Edition, which includes a DVD that illustrates art therapy techniques in actual therapy settings, this pioneering guide is available to train, inform, and inspire a new generation of art therapists and those seeking to introduce art therapy into their clinical practice. The text illustrates how to: Set the conditions for creative growth, assess progress, and set goals for therapy Use art in individual, group, and family situations, including parent-child pairings, mothers' groups, and adolescent groups Work with healthy children and those with disabilities Guide parents through art and play Talk about art work and encourage art production Decode nonverbal messages contained in art and the art-making process Use scribbles, drawings, stories, poems, masks, and other methods to facilitate expression Understand why and how art therapy works Along with the useful techniques and activities described, numerous case studies taken from Rubin's years of practice add a vital dimension to the text, exploring how art therapy works in the real world of children's experience. Original artwork from clients and the author illuminate the material throughout. Written by an internationally recognized art therapist, Child Art Therapy, Twenty-Fifth Anniversary Edition is a comprehensive guide for learning about, practicing, and refining child art therapy.
This expanded new edition reflects the author's efforts to explore the crucial components of the education of the creative arts therapist. The text reflects significant developments in the profession of art therapy, important modifications in the educational standards of the American Art Therapy Association, and profound changes in health care. The book is an expression of the author's belief that the most essential element of art therapy is art as the core of the profession. It is art making that undergirds the profession and is also the key element that art therapists bring to the client-therapist and educator-student relationships. Central, too, to the author's approach is the manner in which mentor and beginning art therapist come together in their efforts to learn and grow. The concern for authentic engagement in the training relationship enhances the beginner's ability to use the self to help clients learn to use art and artistic expression to identify and integrate new insights in their lives. Topics presented include The Image, Making Art, Beginner's Chaos, Journey Metaphor in Education, Mentor/Supervisor, The Art Experience, Core Curriculum, Practical Experience, Science and Soul in the Clinical Setting, The Work of Art Therapy, The Young Student, Gifts of the Male and Female Student, Role of Philosophy, Therapy and Holidays, Metaverbal Therapy, Role of Metaphor, Role of Love, Role of Assessment, and Role of Work. The book is ultimately concerned with the use of art and the artistic relationship to promote human growth. The author's deep understanding of both art and existentialism makes this book a high point in the ever-evolving fields of existential psychotherapy and art therapy.
Assessing Depression, Aggression, and Cognitive Skills
Author: Rawley Silver
Art can be an invaluable means of communication. It can bypass language and impairment and allow for the expression of thoughts or feelings too difficult to communicate with words. In The Silver Drawing Test and Draw a Story, Rawley Silver draws on her years of experience using therapeutic art with hearing-impaired children, stroke patients, and others with learning disabilities or emotional disturbances. The book s original art assessments use stimulus drawings to elicit responses that provide access to a patient s emotions and attitudes toward themselves and others, while also testing for the ability to solve problems and convey ideas. Offering tools to assess cognitive skills that often escape detection on verbal tests of intelligence or achievement, the book helps in identifying those at risk for violent behavior or masked depression. Thoroughly updated from Silver s earlier works, this new book includes techniques to assess aggression and depression that may lead to violence in schools and suicide among children and adolescents. It also addresses important gender and age differences, incorporating new information and updated studies, and it offers an in-depth look at the developmental procedures involved in these art assessments. As education for mental health professionals now includes art therapy more regularly, Silver has provided an invaluable resource for assessing emotional and cognitive content."
This revised edition presents a comprehensive overview of drawing methods used in evaluation and treatment. Providing a blend of assessment techniques and therapeutic uses of drawing, this text is a practical resource for clinicans working in a variety of treatment settings.