This book presents a study and catalogue of the early Christian stone architectural decorations from the Negev Desert (Israel). This work is based on the largest sample of decorated architectural elements from the Byzantine Negev (4th–7th century CE) to have been comparatively studied. The analysis provides a key for the characteristics of these aniconic, carved decorations, and an in-depth examination of their symbolic meaning.
This volume explores Sassanian, Central Asian, Byzantine, Coptic, and early Arab stylistic sources of Umayyad sculpture and architectural decoration, and discusses the way in which the Umayyad artisans melded motifs, composi-tions, and styles adopted from various sources into an innovative whole. This sophisticated orchestration of the various stylistic sources lends a fascinating dimension to the appreciation of Umayyad art. The simultaneous processes of transformation and continuity are evident in the works of many Umayyad artists, whose individual stylistic origins remain distinctive despite the great degree of flexibility and experimentation embodied in their art.The method used in this study places the focus on the artistic styles prevalent in Umayyad art. Case studies of three late Umayyad palaces - Khirbat alMafjar, Mshatta, and Qasr alHayr West - provide an indepth, multifaceted, and accurate account of the evolution and formation of Islamic art.
The papers in this book present, for the first time, the world of warfare, both defensive and offensive, from the Classical periods to end of the Middle Ages in one collection. These scholarships have attracted ancient writers and generals and nowadays historians, archaeologists and researchers poliorcetics. Military historiography and ancient manuals are well familiar from the Classical period throughout the Hellenistic great battlefields until the end of the Middle Ages, the chronological scope of this codex. The current book is the first to encompass this long array of time while trying to enrich the reader with the continuity, development and regression in the different periods and spheres of the ancient poliorcetics and beyond; the papers presented here are focusing on the physical fortifications, besieging and defense techniques, development and efficiency of ancient projectiles and sieging machinery, battlefields and the historiographical evidence. The X papers of the book, are written by some of the best scholars in their field, presenting here for the first time the results of their research, in the west and in the east.
This study is a re-assessment of the impact of Christian art and architecture on synagogues in Late Antique Palestine, focussing on features common to both churches and synagogues. Why did radical changes appear in Jewish art and architecture during a period of competition with Christians?
Contents: Konstantinos D. Politis: Prologue; Norman Lewis: The Rediscovery of Petra, 1807-1818; Robert Wenning: The Nabataeans in History (Before AD 106); John F. Healey: Nabataeans Inscriptions: Language and Script; John R. Bartlett: Nabataean Religion; Joseph Patrich: Nabataean Art between East and West: A methodical Assessment; Laurent Tholbecq: Nabataean Monumental Architecture; Bernhard Kolb: Nabataean Dwellings: Domestic Architecture and Interior Decoration; David Graf: Nabataeans under Roman Rule (After AD 106); Konstantinos D. Politis: Nabataean Cultural Continuity into the Byzantine Period; Fazwi Zayadine: The Spice Trade from South Arabia and India to Nabataea and Palestine; John P. Oleson: Nabataean Water Supply, Irrigation and Agriculture; Jacqueline Studer: Animal Exploitation in the Nabataean World; Peter J. Parr: The Urban Development of Petra; Hero Granger-Taylor: Textiles of the Graeco-Roman Period from the Dead Sea Region; Stephan G. Schmid: Nabataean Fine-ware Pottery; James R. B. Mason: Experimenting the Manufacture of Nabataean Fine-ware Pottery; Julian M. C. Bowsher: Monetary Interchange in Nabataean Petra; Steven Rosen: The Nabataeans as Pastoral Nomads. An Archaeological Perspective; Zaki Aslan: The Cultural and Heritage Management of Petra; Glen W. Bowersock: Conclusion.
The excavations conducted in Tiberias from 1989 to 1994 focused on two main sites within the boundaries of the ancient city. Part one of this excavation report deals with the first site - that in the area of the Sewage Processing Plant at the foot of Mount Berenice, 200m west of the Sea of Galilee. Part two deals with the second site, which comprises the two hills crowning the summit of Mount Berenice. The Sewage Processing Plant site yielded finds dating from the Late Roman Period to the Crusader Period and Middle-Ages. The main finds include a large structure from the Roman-Byzantine periods, situated below remains of dwellings from the Abbasid-Fatimid periods. Chapters are set out to include the mosaics; the pottery and small finds; numismatic finds; glass and metal objects; and a bone figurine. The reports from Site Two include a section of the city wall of Tiberias and the remains of hospice and monastery buildings. Further chapters again present the architectural remains; pottery and small finds; the numismatic finds; the marble finds; the Early Bronze Age 1 pottery; and the anthropological remains.
Excavation of the Petra Church site was more than just an excavation, it was a complete project that included the excavation, publication, conservation, and presentation of the site. This beautiful book, published in 2001, was a milestone of the work of ACOR in the Petra Park that continues until today. This hardcover volume offers a wealth of detail and scholarship about not only the excavations but also the historical environment of the communities living in the Petra area. The contents of the book touch on the ecclesiastical history of Petra and of this specific church, the architecture, marble furnishings and mosaics of the church, and great details concerning the myriad of finds unearthed in the excavations, such as storage jars, lamps, coins and figurines. Excavations began in 1991, soon revealing important mosaics in the two aisles of the Petra Church. In order to preserve the mosaics after excavation, a competition was held to solicit architectural designs for a permanent shelter over the archaeological site. After much discussion and debate, a shelter designed by American architect Rob Shutler was chosen and funding for its construction was secured from USAID. The shelter was completed in 1997.
"This comprehensive five-volume work analyzes the archaeological and linguistic data that pertain to the broad cultural milieu of the ancient Near East, the crossroads of three of the world's most influential religions -- Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Ranging from prehistoric times up to the early centuries of the rise of Islam, the work covers the civilizations of Syria-Palestine, Mesopotamia, Anatolia, Iran, Arabia, Cyprus, Egypt, and the coastal regions of North and East Africa. It includes 1,125 alphabetically arranged entries on sites, languages, material culture, archaeological methods, organizations and institutions, and major excavators and scholars of the field. This one-of-a-kind, accessibly written reference brings new breadth to the study of archaeology in the biblical world, making it a valuable resource not only to scholars and students of archaeology, but also to those with an interest in ancient art and architecture, languages, history, and religion." -- Alibris.com.