The revised edition of the highly successful Nelson Advanced Science series for A Level Chemistry - Transition Metals, Quantitative Kinetics and Applied Organic Chemistry provides full content coverage of Unit 5 of the AS and A2 specifications.
Reaction Mechanisms and Experimental Procedures in Medicinal Chemistry
Author: Surya K. De
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
An indispensable guide for all synthetic chemists who want to learn about the most relevant reactions and reagents employed to synthesize important heterocycles and drugs! The synthesis of natural products, bioactive compounds, pharmaceuticals, and drugs is of fundamental interest in modern organic chemistry. New reagents and reaction methods towards these molecules are being constantly developed. By understanding the mechanisms involved and scope and limitations of each reaction applied, organic chemists can further improve existing reaction protocols and develop novel efficient synthetic routes towards frequently used drugs, such as Aspirin or Penicillin. Applied Organic Chemistry provides a summary of important (name) reactions and reagents applied in modern organic chemistry and drug synthesis. It covers rearrangement, condensation, olefination, metathesis, aromatic electrophilic substitutions, Pd-catalyzed C-C bond forming reactions, multi-component reactions, as well as oxidations and reductions. Each chapter is clearly structured, providing valuable information on reaction details, step-by-step mechanism, experimental procedures, applications, and (patent) references. By providing mechanistic information and representative experimental procedures, this book is an indispensable guide for researchers and professionals in organic chemistry, natural product synthesis, pharmaceutical, and medicinal chemistry, as well as post-graduates preparing themselves for a job in the pharmaceutical industry. Hot Topic: Reviews important classes of organic reactions (incl. name reactions) and reagents in medicinal chemistry. Useful: Provides information on reaction details, common reagents, and functional group transformations used to synthesize natural products, bioactive compounds, drugs, and pharmaceuticals, e.g. Aspirin, Penicillin. Unique: For every reaction the mechanism is explained step by step, and representative experimental procedures are given, unlike most books in this area. User-friendly: Chapters are clearly structured making it easy for the reader to compare different reactions. Applied Organic Chemistry is an indispensable guide for researchers and professionals in organic chemistry, natural product synthesis, pharmaceutical, and medicinal chemistry, as well as post-graduates preparing themselves for a job in the pharmaceutical industry.
'Ideal for getting an overview of applied organic chemistry' This bestselling standard, now in its 3rd completely revised English edition, is an excellent source of technological and economic information on the most important precursors and intermediates used in the chemical industry. Right and left columns containing synopsis of the main text and statistical data, and numerous fold-out flow diagrams ensure optimal didactic presentation of complex chemical processes. The translation into eight languages, the four German and three English editions clearly evidence the popularity of this book. '... it is where I look first to get a quick overview of the manufacturing process of a product... Weissermel/Arpe has been serving me for years as an indispensable reference work.' (Berichte der Bunsengesellschaft für Physikalische Chemie) 'Whether student or scientist, theorist or practician - everyboby interested in industrial organic chemistry will appreciate this work.' (farbe + lack) '...it should be ready to hand to every chemist or process engineer envolved directly or indirectly with industrial organic chemistry . It should be in the hand of every higher-graduate student, especially if chemical technology is not part of the study, like in many college universities...' (Tenside-Surfactants-Detergents)
Environmental Organic Chemistry focuses on environmental factors that govern the processes that determine the fate of organic chemicals in natural and engineered systems. The information discovered is then applied to quantitatively assessing the environmental behaviour of organic chemicals. Now in its 2nd edition this book takes a more holistic view on physical-chemical properties of organic compounds. It includes new topics that address aspects of gas/solid partitioning, bioaccumulation, and transformations in the atmosphere. Structures chapters into basic and sophisticated sections Contains illustrative examples, problems and case studies Examines the fundamental aspects of organic, physical and inorganic chemistry - applied to environmentally relevant problems Addresses problems and case studies in one volume
This book provides state-of-the-art information on how studies in applied theoretical organic chemistry are conducted. It highlights the many approaches and tools available to those interested in using computational chemistry to predict and rationalize structures and reactivity of organic molecules. Chapters not only describe theoretical techniques in detail, but also describe recent applications and offer practical advice. Authored by many of the world leaders in the field of applied theoretical chemistry, this book is perfect for both practitioners of computational chemistry and synthetic and mechanistic organic chemists curious about applying computational techniques to their research.
The organic chemists of Russia during the pre-revolutionary period included some of the most creative and talented chemists of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Indeed, this is attested by the number of reactions and empirical rules bearing their names. This volume is of interest for both historians of chemistry and organic chemists wishing to discover more about the historical development of their discipline in Russia. From the founding of the Russian Academy of Sciences by Peter the Great in 1725 to the early years of the nineteenth century, Russian organic chemistry was largely in the hands of foreign scientists. However, the Russification of organic chemistry in Russia had begun before the middle of the nineteenth century, and reached its zenith during the last half of the same century, by which time vibrant schools of chemistry had arisen in the eastern city of Kazan', at Moscow and at St. Petersburg. By the end of the century, the Chairs of organic chemistry at universities throughout the Russian empire were occupied by Russian chemists, almost half of them trained at Kazan'. This volume discusses the contributions of these organic chemists which include: the structural theory of organic chemistry, empirical rules for addition and elimination, reactions involving carbon nucleophiles, such as the aldol reaction and alcohol synthesis using organozinc nucleophiles, the discovery of sulfoxides and sulfonium salts, and a range of important redox reactions.
The application of biocatalysis in organic synthesis is rapidly gaining popularity amongst chemists. Compared to traditional synthetic methodologies biocatalysis offers a number of advantages in terms of enhanced selectivity (chemo-, regio-, stereo-), reduced environmental impact and lower cost of starting materials. Together these advantages can contribute to more sustainable manufacturing processes across a wide range of industries ranging from pharmaceuticals to biofuels. The biocatalytic toolbox has expanded significantly in the past five years and given the current rate of development of new engineered biocatalysts it is likely that the number of available biocatalysts will double in the next few years. This textbook gives a comprehensive overview of the current biocatalytic toolbox and also establishes new guidelines or rules for “biocatalytic retrosynthesis”. Retrosynthesis is a well known and commonly used technique whereby organic chemists start with the structure of their target molecule and generate potential starting materials and intermediates through a series of retrosynthetic disconnections. These disconnections are then used to devise a forward synthesis, in this case using biocatalytic transformations in some of the key steps. Target molecules are disconnected with consideration for applying biocatalysts, as well as chemical reagents and chemocatalysts, in the forward synthesis direction. Using this textbook, students will be able to place biocatalysis within the context of other synthetic transformations that they have learned earlier in their studies. This additional awareness of biocatalysis will equip students for the modern world of organic synthesis where biocatalysts play an increasingly important role. In addition to guidelines for identifying where biocatalysts can be applied in organic synthesis, this textbook also provides examples of current applications of biocatalysis using worked examples and case studies. Tutorials enable the reader to practice disconnecting target molecules to find the ‘hidden’ biocatalytic reactions which can be applied in the synthetic direction. The book contains a complete description of the current biocatalyst classes that are available for use and also suggests areas where new enzymes are likely to be developed in the next few years. This textbook is an essential resource for lecturers and students studying synthetic organic chemistry. It also serves as a handy reference for practicing chemists who wish to embed biocatalysis into their synthetic toolbox.
Chemical nomenclature is used to identify a chemical species by means of written or spoken words and enables a common language for communication amongst chemists. Nomenclature for chemical compounds additionally contains an explicit or implied relationship to the structure of the compound, in order that the reader or listener can deduce the structure from the name. This purpose requires a system of principles and rules, the application of which gives rise to a systematic nomenclature. Of course, a wide range of traditional names, semisystematic or trivial, are also in use for a core group of common compounds. Detailing the latest rules and international practice, this new volume can be considered a guide to the essential organic chemical nomenclature, commonly described as the "Blue Book". An invaluable source of information for organic chemists everywhere and the definitive guide for scientists working in academia or industry, for scientific publishers of books, journals and databases, and for organisations requiring internationally approved nomenclature in a legal or regulatory environment.