Considerable evidence exists that visual sensory information is analyzed simultaneously along two or more independent pathways. In the past two decades, researchers have extensively used the concept of parallel visual channels as a framework to direct their explorations of human vision. More recently, basic and clinical scientists have found such a dichotomy applicable to the way we organize our knowledge of visual development, higher order perception, and visual disorders, to name just a few. This volume attempts to provide a forum for gathering these different perspectives.
IIZUKA '96, the 4th International Conference on Soft Computing, emphasized the integration of the components of soft computing to promote the research work on post-digital computers and to realize the intelligent systems. At the conference, new developments and results in soft computing were introduced and discussed by researchers from academic, governmental, and industrial institutions.This volume presents the opening lectures by Prof. Lotfi A. Zadeh and Prof. Walter J. Freeman, the plenary lectures by seven eminent researchers, and about 200 carefully selected papers drawn from more than 20 countries. It documents current research and in-depth studies on the conception, design, and application of intelligent systems.
13th International Conference on Industrial and Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems, IEA/AIE 2000 New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, June 19-22, 2000 Proceedings
Author: Rasiah Logananthara
The focus of the papers presented in these proceedings is on employing various methodologies and approaches for solving real-life problems. Although the mechanisms that the human brain employs to solve problems are not yet completely known, we do have good insight into the functional processing performed by the human mind. On the basis of the understanding of these natural processes, scientists in the field of applied intelligence have developed multiple types of artificial processes, and have employed them successfully in solving real-life problems. The types of approaches used to solve problems are dependant on both the nature of the problem and the expected outcome. While knowledge-based systems are useful for solving problems in well-understood domains with relatively stable environments, the approach may fail when the domain knowledge is either not very well understood or changing rapidly. The techniques of data discovery through data mining will help to alleviate some problems faced by knowledge-based approaches to solving problems in such domains. Research and development in the area of artificial intelligence are influenced by opportunity, needs, and the availability of resources. The rapid advancement of Internet technology and the trend of increasing bandwidths provide an opportunity and a need for intelligent information processing, thus creating an excellent opportunity for agent-based computations and learning. Over 40% of the papers appearing in the conference proceedings focus on the area of machine learning and intelligent agents - clear evidence of growing interest in this area.
Real-world problems and modern optimization techniques to solve them Here, a team of international experts brings together core ideas for solving complex problems in optimization across a wide variety of real-world settings, including computer science, engineering, transportation, telecommunications, and bioinformatics. Part One—covers methodologies for complex problem solving including genetic programming, neural networks, genetic algorithms, hybrid evolutionary algorithms, and more. Part Two—delves into applications including DNA sequencing and reconstruction, location of antennae in telecommunication networks, metaheuristics, FPGAs, problems arising in telecommunication networks, image processing, time series prediction, and more. All chapters contain examples that illustrate the applications themselves as well as the actual performance of the algorithms.?Optimization Techniques for Solving Complex Problems is a valuable resource for practitioners and researchers who work with optimization in real-world settings.
The rapid advance of Internet of Things (IoT) technologies has resulted in the number of IoT-connected devices growing exponentially, with billions of connected devices worldwide. While this development brings with it great opportunities for many fields of science, engineering, business and everyday life, it also presents challenges such as an architectural bottleneck – with a very large number of IoT devices connected to a rather small number of servers in Cloud data centers – and the problem of data deluge. Edge computing aims to alleviate the computational burden of the IoT for the Cloud by pushing some of the computations and logics of processing from the Cloud to the Edge of the Internet. It is becoming commonplace to allocate tasks and applications such as data filtering, classification, semantic enrichment and data aggregation to this layer, but to prevent this new layer from itself becoming another bottleneck for the whole computing stack from IoT to the Cloud, the Edge computing layer needs to be capable of implementing massively parallel and distributed algorithms efficiently. This book, Advances in Edge Computing: Massive Parallel Processing and Applications, addresses these challenges in 11 chapters. Subjects covered include: Fog storage software architecture; IoT-based crowdsourcing; the industrial Internet of Things; privacy issues; smart home management in the Cloud and the Fog; and a cloud robotic solution to assist medical applications. Providing an overview of developments in the field, the book will be of interest to all those working with the Internet of Things and Edge computing.
With the increasing availability of parallel machines and the raising of interest in large scale and real world applications, research on parallel processing for Artificial Intelligence (AI) is gaining greater importance in the computer science environment. Many applications have been implemented and delivered but the field is still considered to be in its infancy. This book assembles diverse aspects of research in the area, providing an overview of the current state of technology. It also aims to promote further growth across the discipline. Contributions have been grouped according to their subject: architectures (3 papers), languages (4 papers), general algorithms (6 papers), and applications (5 papers). The internationally sourced papers range from purely theoretical work, simulation studies, algorithm and architecture proposals, to implemented systems and their experimental evaluation. Since the book is a second volume in the parallel processing for AI series, it provides a continued documentation of the research and advances made in the field. The editors hope that it will inspire readers to investigate the possiblities for enhancing AI systems by parallel processing and to make new discoveries of their own!
Many-body interactions have been successfully described through models based on classical or quantum physics. More recently, some of the models have been related to cognitive science by researchers who are interested in describing brain activity through the use of artificial neural networks (ANNs). Biological and Quantum Computing for Human Vision: Holonomic Models and Applications presents an integrated model of human image processing up to conscious visual experience, based mainly on the Holonomic Brain Theory by Karl Pribram. This work researches possibilities for complementing neural models of early vision with the new preliminary quantum models of consciousness in order to construct a model of human image processing.
In this introduction to vision models and their use in image and video processing applications, prominent authors take on an engineering and signal processing approach. It is intended for an engineering audience that wants to use and become familiar with vision models.
Similar to the way in which computer vision and computer graphics act as the dual fields that connect image processing in modern computer science, the field of image processing can be considered a crucial middle road between the vision and graphics fields. Research Developments in Computer Vision and Image Processing: Methodologies and Applications brings together various research methodologies and trends in emerging areas of application of computer vision and image processing. This book is useful for students, researchers, scientists, and engineers interested in the research developments of this rapidly growing field.
The ability of parallel computing to process large data sets and handle time-consuming operations has resulted in unprecedented advances in biological and scientific computing, modeling, and simulations. Exploring these recent developments, the Handbook of Parallel Computing: Models, Algorithms, and Applications provides comprehensive coverage on a
6th International Workshop, HIPS 2001 San Francisco, CA, USA, April 23, 2001 Proceedings
Author: Frank Mueller
On the 23rd of April, 2001, the 6th Workshop on High-Level Parallel P- gramming Models and Supportive Environments (LCTES’98) was held in San Francisco. HIPShas been held over the past six years in conjunction with IPDPS, the Internation Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium. The HIPSworkshop focuses on high-level programming of networks of wo- stations, computing clusters and of massively-parallel machines. Its goal is to bring together researchers working in the areas of applications, language design, compilers, system architecture and programming tools to discuss new devel- ments in programming such systems. In recent years, several standards have emerged with an increasing demand of support for parallel and distributed processing. On one end, message-passing frameworks, such as PVM, MPI and VIA, provide support for basic commu- cation. On the other hand, distributed object standards, such as CORBA and DCOM, provide support for handling remote objects in a client-server fashion but also ensure certain guarantees for the quality of services. The key issues for the success of programming parallel and distributed en- ronments are high-level programming concepts and e?ciency. In addition, other quality categories have to be taken into account, such as scalability, security, bandwidth guarantees and fault tolerance, just to name a few. Today’s challenge is to provide high-level programming concepts without s- ri?cing e?ciency. This is only possible by carefully designing for those concepts and by providing supportive programming environments that facilitate program development and tuning.
21st Iberoamerican Congress, CIARP 2016, Lima, Peru, November 8–11, 2016, Proceedings
Author: César Beltrán-Castañón
This book constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the 21st Iberoamerican Congress on Pattern Recognition, CIARP 2016, held in Lima, Peru, in November 2016. The 69 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 131 submissions. The papers feature research results in the areas of pattern recognition, biometrics, image processing, computer vision, speech recognition, and remote sensing. They constitute theoretical as well as applied contributions in many fields related to the main topics of the conference.
Workshop Proceedings Barcelona, Spain, September 1991
Author: Eduard Montseny
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Computer vision falls short of human vision in two respects: execution time and intelligent interpretation. This book addresses the question of execution time. It is based on a workshop on specialized processors for real-time image analysis, held as part of the activities of an ESPRIT Basic Research Action, the Working Group on Vision. The aim of the book is to examine the state of the art in vision-oriented computers. Two approaches are distinguished: multiprocessor systems and fine-grain massively parallel computers. The development of fine-grain machines has become more important over the last decade, but one of the main conclusions of the workshop is that this does not imply the replacement of multiprocessor machines. The book is divided into four parts. Part 1 introduces different architectures for vision: associative and pyramid processors as examples of fine-grain machines and a workstation with bus-oriented network topology as an example of a multiprocessor system. Parts 2 and 3 deal with the design and development of dedicated and specialized architectures. Part 4 is mainly devoted to applications, including road segmentation, mobile robot guidance and navigation, reconstruction and identification of 3D objects, and motion estimation.
This book covers parallel algorithms and architectures and VLSI chips for a range of problems in image processing, computer vision, pattern recognition and artificial intelligence. The specific problems addressed include vision and image processing tasks, Fast Fourier Transforms, Hough Transforms, Discrete Cosine Transforms, image compression, polygon matching, template matching, pattern matching, fuzzy expert systems and image rotation. The collection of papers gives the reader a good introduction to the state-of-the-art, while for an expert this serves as a good reference and a source of some new contributions in this field. Contents:ENPASSANT: An Environment for Evaluating Massively Parallel Array Architectures for Spatially Mapped Applications (M C Herbordt & C C Weems)A Reconfigurable Architecture for Image Processing and Computer Vision (S M Bhandarkar et al.)A Design Methodology for Very Large Array Processors — Part 1: GIPOP Processor Array (N Venkateswaran et al.)A Design Methodology for Very Large Array Processors — Part 2: PACUBE VLSI Arrays (N Venkateswaran et al.)A VLSI Implementation of Inverse Discrete Cosine Transform (A K Bhattacharya & S S Haider)Systolic Merging and Ranking of Votes for the Generalized Hough Transform (M Albanesi & M Ferretti)High Speed Parallel VLSI Architectures for Image Decorrelation (T Acharya & A Mukherjee)PMAC: A Polygon Matching Chip (R Sastry & N Ranganathan)Quadtree Algorithms for Template Matching on Mesh Connected Computer (H Senoussi & A Saoudi)Fast Pattern-Matching Algorithm on Modular Mesh-Connected Computers with Multiple Buses (K L Chung)A VLSI Parallel Architecture for Fuzzy Expert Systems (V Catania & G Ascia)VLSI Implementation of an Efficient ASIC Architecture for Real-Time Rotation of Digital Images (I Ghosh & B Majumdar) Readership: Computer scientists and electrical engineers. keywords:
International Joint Conference, VISIGRAPP 2010, Angers, France, May 17-21, 2010. Revised Selected Papers
Author: Paul Richard
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference, VISIGRAPP 2010, the Joint Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications (VISAPP), on Imaging Theory and Applications (IMAGAPP), and on Computer Graphics Theory and Applications (GRAPP), held in Angers, France, in May 2010. The 19 revised full papers presented together with two invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected. The papers are organized in topical sections on computer vision theory and applications; imaging theory and applications; computer graphics theory and applications; and information visualization theory and applications.
A multicore platform uses distributed or parallel computing in a single computer, and this can be used to assist image processing algorithms in reducing computational complexities. By implementing this novel approach, the performance of imaging, video, and vision algorithms would improve, leading the way for cost-effective devices like intelligent surveillance cameras. Multi-Core Computer Vision and Image Processing for Intelligent Applications is an essential publication outlining the future research opportunities and emerging technologies in the field of image processing, and the ways multi-core processing can further the field. This publication is ideal for policy makers, researchers, technology developers, and students of IT.
5th International Euro-Par Conference Toulouse, France, August 31–September 3, 1999 Proceedings
Author: Patrick Amestoy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Euro-Parisaninternationalconferencededicatedtothepromotionandadvan- ment of all aspects of parallel computing. The major themes can be divided into the broad categories of hardware, software, algorithms and applications for p- allel computing. The objective of Euro-Par is to provide a forum within which to promote the development of parallel computing both as an industrial te- nique and an academic discipline, extending the frontier of both the state of the art and the state of the practice. This is particularly important at a time when parallel computing is undergoing strong and sustained development and experiencing real industrial take-up. The main audience for and participants in Euro-Parareseenasresearchersinacademicdepartments,governmentlabora- ries and industrial organisations. Euro-Par’s objective is to become the primary choice of such professionals for the presentation of new results in their specic areas. Euro-Par is also interested in applications which demonstrate the e - tiveness of the main Euro-Par themes. There is now a permanent Web site for the series http://brahms. fmi. uni-passau. de/cl/europar where the history of the conference is described. Euro-Par is now sponsored by the Association of Computer Machinery and the International Federation of Information Processing. Euro-Par’99 The format of Euro-Par’99follows that of the past four conferences and consists of a number of topics eachindividually monitored by a committee of four. There were originally 23 topics for this year’s conference. The call for papers attracted 343 submissions of which 188 were accepted. Of the papers accepted, 4 were judged as distinguished, 111 as regular and 73 as short papers.
5th International Conference, PaCT-99, St. Petersburg, Russia, September 6-10, 1999 Proceedings
Author: Victor Malyshkin
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Congress on Parallel Computing Technologies, PaCT-99, held in St. Petersburg, Russia in September 1999. The 47 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from more than 100 submissions. The papers address all current issues in parallel processing ranging from theory, algorithms, programming, and software to implementation, architectures, hardware, and applications.