Studies in Ancient Israelite and Ancient Near Eastern Historiography
Author: Hans M. Barstad
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
In this collection of essays, Hans M. Barstad deals thoroughly with the recent history debate, and demonstrates its relevancy for the study of ancient Israelite history and historiography. He takes an independent stand in the heated maximalist/minimalist debate on the historicity of the Hebrew Bible. Vital to his understanding is the necessity to realize the narrative nature of the ancient Hebrew and of the Near Eastern sources. Equally important is his claim that stories, too, may convey positivistic historical "facts." The other major topic he deals with in the book is the actual history of ancient Judah in the Neo-Babylonian and Persian periods. Here, the author makes extensive use of extant ancient Near Eastern sources, both textual and archaeological, and he puts much weight on economic aspects. He shows that the key to understanding the role of Judah in the 1st millennium lays in the proper evaluation of Judah and its neighbouring city states within their respective imperial contexts. A proper understanding of the history of Judah during the 6th century BCE, consequently, can only be obtained when Judah is studied as a part of the much wider Neo-Babylonian imperial policy.
Uses of the Names Jew, Hebrew, and Israel in Ancient Jewish and Early Christian Literature
Author: Graham Harvey
This study of the use of the names 'Jew', 'Hebrew' and 'Israel' in ancient Jewish and early Christian literature - especially the Bible, Philo, Josephus, Dead Sea Scrolls, New Testament and Mishnah - defines the nature of Israel and Judaism in Antiquity. This publication has also been published in hardback, please click here for details.
Four respected scholars of the Hebrew Bible and early Judaism provide a clear portrait of the family in ancient Israel. Important theological and ethical implications are made for the family today. The Family, Culture, and Religion series offers informed and responsible analyses of the state of the American family from a religious perspective and provides practical assistance for the family's revitalization.
In From Epic to Canon, Frank Moore Cross discusses specific issues that illuminate central questions about the Hebrew Bible and those who created and preserved it. He challenges the persistent attempt to read Protestant theological polemic against law into ancient Israel. Cross uncovers the continuities between the institutions of kinship and of covenant, which he describes as "extended kinship." He examines the social structures of ancient Israel and reveals that beneath its later social and cultural accretions, the concept of covenant—as opposed to codified law—was a vital part of Israel's earliest institutions. He then draws parallels between the expression of kinship and covenant among the Israelites and that practiced by other ancient societies, as well as in primitive societies.
A significant achievement, this book moves our understanding of the history of Israel forward as dramatically as John Bright's A History of Israel, Martin Noth's History of Israel, and William F. Albright's From the Stone Age ot Cristianity did at an earlier period.
Sociological, Anthropological and Political Perspectives
Author: Society for Old Testament Study
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The World of Ancient Israel is especially concerned to explore in greater depth than comparable studies the areas and degrees of overlap between approaches to the subject of Old Testament research adopted by scholars and students of theology and the social sciences. Increasing numbers of scholars have recognized the valuable insights that can be gained from a cross-disciplinary approach, and it is becoming clear that the early Biblical traditions must be examined in the light of comparative anthropology if useful historical conclusions are to be drawn from them.
In this collection, an international group of specialists considers the nature of wisdom in relation to the thought world of the ancient Near East and its impact on the rest of the Old Testament. In addition to full coverage of the wisdom books and other literature most frequently thought to have been influenced by them, thematic studies also introduce the principal comparative sources among Israel's neighbors and discuss the place of wisdom in Israelite religion, theology and society.
Studies in Ancient Israelite and Moabite Historiography
Author: K. A. D. Smelik
This book contains partly sections that have never previously been published, and partly earlier contributions that have been thoroughly revised. They are concerned with the use of texts from the Hebrew Bible for historical research. The first chapter offers a general introduction, in which a new method of establishing the historical value of biblical texts is described and elucidated. The second chapter concerns the Ark narrative (I Sam. 4-6; II Sam. 6) in its historical context. In the third chapter, the relationship between the literary structure and the historical value of the Moabite inscription of king Mesha is investigated. In the fourth chapter, problems relating to the Hezekiah narratives (Isa. 36-39; II Kings 18-20) are discussed, to wit, the primacy of the Isaiah version, the literary unity and historicity of the story; the theological purpose of the speeches and Sennacherib's letter. The last chapter focuses on the representation of king Manasseh in II Kings 21 and II Chronicles 33.
"The authors have done a great service to their fellow-scholars in producing this volume, which will surely prove to be a central and enduring tool in research on the Hebrew Bible, the Dead Sea Scrolls and early Judaism." -- Susan E. Docherty, Journal for the Study of the New Testament Using new search capabilities of electronic databases this volume presents a comprehensive list of allusions to and quotations of the books collected in the Hebrew Bible in the Jewish literature from the Second Temple period. It is therefore an indispensable tool for everyone interested in ancient Judaism, the Hebrew Bible and its reception. In order to use it easier the quotations and allusions are listed twice: One list follows the sequence of the biblical books by chapter and verse according to their Masoretic Text. The second list groups it in the sequence in which they are employed by the quoting or alluding literature.