Alfred Wiener and the Making of the Holocaust Library combines the biography of Alfred Wiener and the history of the distinguished library and research institution he founded. From 1919, when he joined Germany's largest Jewish civil rights organisation, Wiener worked against the rising tide of right-wing extremism. With the coming to power of Hitler in 1933 he fled with his family to Amsterdam. There he set up the Jewish Central Information Office, which collected, collated and disseminated detailed information about events in Nazi Germany on a scale matched by no other organisation anywhere in the world. Moving his collection to London in 1939, Wiener made his resources available to the British government, thus providing Britain with a range and depth of intelligence about the enemy which could have come from nowhere else. Known by British civil servants as 'Dr Wiener's Library', the Jewish Central Information Office adopted the name Wiener Library after the war when Wiener recast it as an academic institution. The book explores how, in the 1950s and 1960s the Library played a pioneering role in founding the serious academic study of the Nazi era and the Holocaust. The author traces the Library's financial plight during the 1970s and the remarkable revival of its fortunes in the 1980s.
This authoritative and comprehensive guide to key people and events in Anglo-Jewish history stretches from Cromwell's re-admittance of the Jews in 1656 to the present day and contains nearly 3000 entries, the vast majority of which are not featured in any other sources.
Nearly one hundred thousand German Jews fought in World War I, and some twelve thousand of these soldiers lost their lives in battle. This book focuses on the multifaceted ways in which these soldiers have been remembered, as well as forgotten, from 1914 to the late 1970s. By examining Germany's complex and continually evolving memory culture, Tim Grady opens up a new approach to the study of German and German-Jewish history. In doing so, he draws out a narrative of entangled and overlapping relations between Jews and non-Jews, a story that extends past the Holocaust and into the Cold War.
For the last decade scholars have been questioning the idea that the Holocaust was not talked about in any way until well into the 1970s. After the Holocaust: Challenging the Myth of Silence is the first collection of authoritative, original scholarship to expose a serious misreading of the past on which, controversially, the claims for a ‘Holocaust industry’ rest. Taking an international approach this bold new book exposes the myth and opens the way for a sweeping reassessment of Jewish life in the postwar era, a life lived in the pervasive, shared awareness that Jews had narrowly survived a catastrophe that had engulfed humanity as a whole but claimed two-thirds of their number. The chapters include: an overview of the efforts by survivor historians and memoir writers to inform the world of the catastrophe that had befallen the Jews of Europe an evaluation of the work of survivor-historians and memoir writers new light on the Jewish historical commissions and the Jewish documentation centres studies of David Boder, a Russian born psychologist who recorded searing interviews with survivors, and the work of philosophers, social thinkers and theologians theatrical productions by survivors and the first films on the theme made in Hollywood how the Holocaust had an impact on the everyday life of Jews in the USA and a discussion of the different types, and meanings, of ‘silence’. A breakthrough volume in the debate about the ‘Myth of Silence’, this is a must for all students of Holocaust and genocide.
Jewish Holocaust Documentation in Early Postwar Europe
Author: Laura Jockusch
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This title tells the story of Jewish survivors who pioneered Holocaust research in the immediate aftermath of World War II. Just liberated from Nazi terror, amidst political turmoil and privation, physically exhausted and traumatized women and men founded historical commissions and documentation centers throughout Europe to chronicle the Nazi Final Solution.
Kristallnacht revealed to the world the intent and extent of Nazi Judeophobia. However, it was seen essentially as the work of the Nazi leadership. Now, Alan Steinweis counters that view in his vision of Kristallnacht as a veritable pogrom - a popular cathartic convulsion of anti-Semitic violence that was manipulated from above but executed from below by large numbers of ordinary Germans rioting in the streets, heckling and taunting Jews, cheering Stormtroopers' hostility, and looting Jewish property on a massive scale.
Philipp Manes was an average, well-to-do middle-class Berlin merchant, who considered himself first and foremost a German, and then a Jew. In 1942 he was deported to Theresienstadt, together with his wife Gertud. Theresienstadt, initially intended for the Jews of Czechoslovakia, later became the "showpiece"ghetto of the Third Reich to show the world that the Jews were being treated humanely. It was controlled by the SS but run by a council of Jewish elders, and presented to the Red Cross as an idyllic utopia with shops, cafes, concerts and theatre groups. Manes himself organized over 500 evening lectures. But in reality, Theresienstadt was a holding post for Jews being shipped to certain death, chiefly in Treblinka and Auschwitz. Manes wrote his first-hand account in the ghetto before his deportation to Auschwitz, where he and his wife were killed. Manes' account is filled with careful and fascinating details of everyday life in those years, and delivers an accurate portrait of the ghetto, its inmates and practices, offering a new understanding of one of the most painful periods in the history of mankind.