The December 2015 issue, Number 2, features these contents: • Article, "Intra-Agency Coordination," by Jennifer Nou • Book Review, "Body Banking from the Bench to the Bedside," by Natalie Ram • Note, "'A Prison Is a Prison Is a Prison': Mandatory Immigration Detention and the Sixth Amendment Right to Counsel" • Note, "Bundled Systems and Better Law: Against the Leflar Method of Resolving Conflicts of Law" The issue also includes In Memoriam essays honoring the legacy of Professor Daniel J. Meltzer, with contributions by Judge David J. Barron, Richard H. Fallon, Jr., Vicki C. Jackson, Robert S. Taylor, Justice Elena Kagan, David F. Levi, Martha Minow, and Donald B. Verrilli, Jr. In addition, student commentary analyzes Recent Cases on retroactive application of Dodd-Frank, whether the first-to-file rule of the False Claims Act is jurisdictional, ancillary jurisdiction to expunge a criminal conviction, and First Amendment issues raised by a court-ordered apology. Student comments on Recent Legislation discuss state laws prohibiting local units from creating protected classes, and state laws prohibiting local units from regulating fracking. Further, a student comment analyzes a Recent Adjudication in the EEOC defining discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation as protected sexual discrimination. Finally, the issue includes several comments on Recent Publications. The Harvard Law Review is offered in a quality digital edition, featuring active Contents, linked footnotes, active URLs, legible tables, and proper ebook and Bluebook formatting. The Review is a student-run organization whose primary purpose is to publish a journal of legal scholarship. It comes out monthly from November through June and has roughly 2500 pages per volume. Student editors make all editorial and organizational decisions. This is the second issue of academic year 2015-2016.
Advances in Immunology, a long-established and highly respected publication, presents current developments as well as comprehensive reviews in immunology. Articles address the wide range of topics that comprise immunology, including molecular and cellular activation mechanisms, phylogeny and molecular evolution, and clinical modalities. Edited and authored by the foremost scientists in the field, each volume provides up-to-date information and directions for the future. Contributions from leading authorities Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field
Although thousands of articles and hundreds of books on aging have been published, only a small percentage of this material has dealt with anatomy, particularly at the fine structural level. It was with this in mind that Aging and Cell Structure was conceived. Volume 1 of Aging and Cell Structure was published in 1981 and represented a current compilation of information, concentrating at the electron microscopic level, on morphological changes which occur in cells and tissues as they age. The present volume completes the two-volume set. While Volume 1 highlighted structural changes occurring in the aging nervous system, Volume 2 centers its efforts on studies of in vitro aging. Chapters on other subjects are included as well. These include age-related changes seen in neuromuscular junctions, oral tissues, and the pancreas. Although these two volumes represent a very small part of the published infor mation on experimental gerontology, their approach is rather unique because they focus on anatomy, perhaps the most basic of all the biomedical sciences. Because many dif ferent tissue types are examined, we begin to see recurrent, definitive patterns in the aging cell which may not be fully apparent from studies taking one cell type at a time. This becomes even more evident in the present volume where changes seen in popula tions of cells grown in culture-isolated from hormones or nervous impulses from other body areas-are found to be similar to those changes found in vivo.
This groundbreaking resource offers you exclusive coverage of the latest techniques in diagnostic and therapeutic 3-D ultrasound imaging instrumentation and techniques. Providing a solid overview of potential applications in clinical practice, you find need-to-know details on major diseases, including vascular diseases, breast cancer, cardiac abnormalities and prostate cancer.
Now in its second decade of publication, this landmark series draws together and critically reviews all the existing research in specific areas of nursing practice, nursing care delivery, nursing education, and the professional aspects of nursing.
The disease of alcoholism has long been a major health problem which affects significant proportions of the populations of various countries. It is now apparent that legal and moral sanctions have not provided a sufficient impetus to arrest this rampant problem. Therefore, it is evident that the approach to this international health problem must rely on the development of efficacious prevention and treatment techniques. If the treatment and prevention of alcoholism is to be based on the rational assessment of the disease, it is imperative that we understand the complex determinants of this disease. The elements that initiate and perpetuate this addictive process must be examined and elucidated. Because this disease appears to involve biological, psychological and sociological factors, the need for multidisciplinary research is of the utmost importance. Indeed it is imperative that research findings obtained in one area or discipline be made available to researchers in other disciplines. A better understanding of the factors which contribute to alcohol-related problems can be achieved by studying the agent that is essential for the expression of the disease process. This can be accomplished by examining the acute or chronic effects of that agent upon a number of biochemical, physiological or behavioral systems. This international conference was organized to enhance communication among investigators from different disciplines working on different aspects of alcohol-related problems and alcoholism. The proceedings of this international symposium represent the most recent findings in these areas of research. The topics range from biophysical processes to complex cognitive processes. It is hoped that findings from each discipline can challenge and stimulate the others. Many papers in this publication present new data and novel contributions to the alcoholism literature. Indeed the high qualities of the papers are tributes to the dedication and high scientific standards manifested by the outstanding participants. I wish to express my gratitude to the individuals who chaired the various sessions. These scientists played a most critical role in the selection of participants and in the conduct of the symposium. These international symposia have been going on since 1972 and have always been part of the meetings sponsored by the International Council of Alcoholism and Addictions.
This volume of Advances in Nutritional Research focuses on colostrum and milk as agents of defense against infection both for the suckling offspring and for the lactating mammary gland. The scope of the volume includes positive and negative influences of the consumption of mother's milk on the risk of infec tion, immunobiological roles of individual milk components, activities of milk and its components in promoting development of neonatal immunocompetence, the potential of milk and its components as therapeutic agents and as functional foods that support immune competence, and external influences that determine the immunological activity of milk. The volume is intended to provide a critical assessment of the limits of available information pertaining to humans and animals, together with authoritative comment regarding newer directions and unproven ideas. Part I provides a foundation for the volume. Readers unfamiliar with immunology will find, in Chapter 1, a selective outline of the anatomy and ontogeny of the mammalian immune system and of the types and regulation of immune defenses in mammals. Some emphasis is given to the place of the mammary gland within the common mucosal defense system, and to important species peculiarities in this regard. Chapter 2 is an authoritative and forward looking perspective on the development of knowledge pertaining to the immuno biology of milk as a fluid with both anti-infectious and anti-inflammatory roles. The chapter poses the provocative possibility of a tolerogenic role for milk.
The science of nutrition has advanced beyond expectation since Antoine La voisier as early as the 18th century showed that oxygen was necessary to change nutrients in foods to compounds which would become a part of the human body. He was also the first to measure metabolism and to show that oxidation within the body produces heat and energy. In the two hundred years that have elapsed, the essentiality of nitrogen-containing nutrients and of proteins for growth and maintenance of tissue has been established; the ne cessity for carbohydrates and certain types of fat for health has been docu mented; vitamins necessary to prevent deficiency diseases have been identified and isolated; and the requirement of many mineral elements for health has been demonstrated. Further investigations have defined the role of these nutrients in metabolic processes and quantitated their requirements at various stages of development. Additional studies have involved their use in the possible prevention of, and therapy for, disease conditions.
The International Textbook of Diabetes Mellitus has been a successful, well-respected medical textbook for almost 20 years, over 3 editions. Encyclopaedic and international in scope, the textbook covers all aspects of diabetes ensuring a truly multidisciplinary and global approach. Sections covered include epidemiology, diagnosis, pathogenesis, management and complications of diabetes and public health issues worldwide. It incorporates a vast amount of new data regarding the scientific understanding and clinical management of this disease, with each new edition always reflecting the substantial advances in the field. Whereas other diabetes textbooks are primarily clinical with less focus on the basic science behind diabetes, ITDM's primary philosophy has always been to comprehensively cover the basic science of metabolism, linking this closely to the pathophysiology and clinical aspects of the disease. Edited by four world-famous diabetes specialists, the book is divided into 13 sections, each section edited by a section editor of major international prominence. As well as covering all aspects of diabetes, from epidemiology and pathophysiology to the management of the condition and the complications that arise, this fourth edition also includes two new sections on NAFLD, NASH and non-traditional associations with diabetes, and clinical trial evidence in diabetes. This fourth edition of an internationally recognised textbook will once again provide all those involved in diabetes research and development, as well as diabetes specialists with the most comprehensive scientific reference book on diabetes available.
Advances in Biological and Medical Physics, Volume II highlights the application of nuclear physics to biological and medical problems. This volume is composed of nine chapters, and start with survey on the biological effects of radiation exposure. The succeeding chapters deal with the mechanisms of molecular exchange and blood transfusion; the use of carbon isotopes in in vivo and in vitro animal studies; and the principles and applications of radioautographic technique. These topics are followed by discussions on the carcinogenic potential of ionizing radiation and the detection or measurement of radioisotopes in intact tissues of animals. The remaining chapters focus on some applications of nuclear physical and biophysical approaches in medicine. This book is of value to biologists, radiation scientists, and medical practitioners.
The vast growth of knowledge in recent years concerning the functional role of serotonergic systems in central nervous system function prompted the organization of the symposium. The organiz ing committees felt at the onset that the field of serotonin research had grown so rapidly that it would be impossible to cover every aspect of it in individual symposia. Thus it was felt that certain areas of research had to be omitted due to time constraints, and we extend an apology to the researchers in areas not included in these proceedings. Rather it was hoped to provide a balance overview of the field, starting with the anatomy of serotonergic systems and proceeding to the level of the serotonergic receptors at the cell membrane, and then inside the neuron to discuss the regulation of serotonin bisynthesis and integration within indole mine systems. The functional aspects of serotonergic transmission focused on the emerging role of this amine in the processing of nociceptive information, singly or in tandem with other neurotran smitters or neuromodulators. A separate symposium dealt with a variety of animal models suitable for the analysis of the role of serotonin in behavior, and finally led to the evaluation of serotonin metabolism in the study of abnormal human behavior. The editors would like to dedicate these proceedings on /Serotonin - Current Aspects of Neurochemistry and Function/ to two pioneers in this field, Dr. Irving Page and Dr. Maurice Rapport.
Relationships among Different Levels of Organization
Author: Kunio Oota
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The problem of senescence, as reflected in the history of reli gion and philosophy, has long been one of the greatest concerns of humankind. In contrast, gerontology as a branch of science is still comparatively young. During the past decade, concomitant with rapid progress in our understanding of the basic life sciences, vast stores of knowledge about biological aging have been accumulated. This knowledge, however, arising from many scientific disciplines and focused on varying levels of biologic organization, seems almost random and covers everything from molecules to human societies. Theories advanced to interpret the facts and to understand the mech anisms involved in senescence have remained in individual, rather than general, territories. It has long been felt by some gerontologists that it was time for the various specialists to step back and take a generalist view of gerontology, to reconsider and reevaluate the fruits of their analyt ical pursuits at different levels within a broader context. Some others may think it still premature. It seemed, however, that the majority of those who gathered in Tokyo on the occasion of the XIth International Congress of Gerontology were of the opinion that there was much to be gained in looking for interrelationships among the facts and theories originated in the different levels of investiga tion in an attempt to observe and appreciate the biological drama of senescence as an entity.
As traced by Uichael Bradbury in his recently published monograph, The Concept of a BZood-Brain Barrier, the idea of a scientific challenge is just about as old as the twentieth century. Curiously, it remains undefined. Is it a structure or structures as some use the term, or is it a reciprocal per meability, a force-flow relationship, as do others, or is it a group of processes, some more specialized than others? Depend ing upon the observer, the method, and what is observed, it seems to be each of these or all. This Symposium takes as its focus of interest the micro vasculature of the brain and includes considerations of blood flow, the properties of vessel walls and the control of flow and permeability. In addition perturbations that change the characteristics of the flow of materials are given attention. By changing the usual focus of interest, the organizers, Drs. Suddith and Eisenberg, have given a fresh outlook to the subject and now, by publication of the Proceedings, have arranged for wide availability of these interesting papers. Keasley Welch v PREFACE A symposium on the cerebral microvasculature and its function in the blood-brain barrier was held at The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, in the summer of 1979. Investigators from the United States and Europe met to discuss their recent work.
This monograph contains papers which resulted from an international workshop on the effects of lithium on the hematopoietic and immunologic systems. The meeting was held at the John L. and Beatrice Keeshin International Biomedical Systems Planning Center of Rush University in Eagle River, Wisconsin from June 6 through June 9, 1979. The object of this conference was to bring together scientists from around the world with an interest in the effects of lithium and its potential use in human disease to bolster and stimulate the hematologic and immune systems. These topics seemed to us to be important and the time seemed right for bringing together the workers in these fields to exchange ideas and recent research results. We sought to bring together basic research scientists trying to uncover the mechanism of action of lithium in the stimulation of granulo poiesis and in its immunologic effects, together with those involved in clinical care and the use of lithium as a therapeutic tool in neoplastic and non-neoplastic disorders. This was the first use of the Keeshin Center for such a program. The sessions were conducted in a relaxed atmosphere with a good deal of give-and-take by all the participants. The editors of this book hope that it will be useful as the first volume completely devoted to these applications of lithium in these new and, as yet, incompletely developed fields.