This book facilitates the VLSI-interested individuals with not only in-depth knowledge, but also the broad aspects of it by explaining its applications in different fields, including image processing and biomedical. The deep understanding of basic concepts gives you the power to develop a new application aspect, which is very well taken care of in this book by using simple language in explaining the concepts. In the VLSI world, the importance of hardware description languages cannot be ignored, as the designing of such dense and complex circuits is not possible without them. Both Verilog and VHDL languages are used here for designing. The current needs of high-performance integrated circuits (ICs) including low power devices and new emerging materials, which can play a very important role in achieving new functionalities, are the most interesting part of the book. The testing of VLSI circuits becomes more crucial than the designing of the circuits in this nanometer technology era. The role of fault simulation algorithms is very well explained, and its implementation using Verilog is the key aspect of this book. This book is well organized into 20 chapters. Chapter 1 emphasizes on uses of FPGA on various image processing and biomedical applications. Then, the descriptions enlighten the basic understanding of digital design from the perspective of HDL in Chapters 2-5. The performance enhancement with alternate material or geometry for silicon-based FET designs is focused in Chapters 6 and 7. Chapters 8 and 9 describe the study of bimolecular interactions with biosensing FETs. Chapters 10-13 deal with advanced FET structures available in various shapes, materials such as nanowire, HFET, and their comparison in terms of device performance metrics calculation. Chapters 14-18 describe different application-specific VLSI design techniques and challenges for analog and digital circuit designs. Chapter 19 explains the VLSI testability issues with the description of simulation and its categorization into logic and fault simulation for test pattern generation using Verilog HDL. Chapter 20 deals with a secured VLSI design with hardware obfuscation by hiding the IC's structure and function, which makes it much more difficult to reverse engineer.
This book facilitates the VLSI-interested individuals with not only in-depth knowledge, but also the broad aspects of it by explaining its applications in different fields, including image processing and biomedical. The deep understanding of basic concepts gives you the power to develop a new application aspect, which is very well taken care of in this book by using simple language in explaining the concepts. In the VLSI world, the importance of hardware description languages cannot be ignored, as the designing of such dense and complex circuits is not possible without them. Both Verilog and VHDL languages are used here for designing. The current needs of high-performance integrated circuits (ICs) including low power devices and new emerging materials, which can play a very important role in achieving new functionalities, are the most interesting part of the book. The testing of VLSI circuits becomes more crucial than the designing of the circuits in this nanometer technology era. The role of fault simulation algorithms is very well explained, and its implementation using Verilog is the key aspect of this book. This book is well organized into 20 chapters. Chapter 1 emphasizes on uses of FPGA on various image processing and biomedical applications. Then, the descriptions enlighten the basic understanding of digital design from the perspective of HDL in Chapters 2–5. The performance enhancement with alternate material or geometry for silicon-based FET designs is focused in Chapters 6 and 7. Chapters 8 and 9 describe the study of bimolecular interactions with biosensing FETs. Chapters 10–13 deal with advanced FET structures available in various shapes, materials such as nanowire, HFET, and their comparison in terms of device performance metrics calculation. Chapters 14–18 describe different application-specific VLSI design techniques and challenges for analog and digital circuit designs. Chapter 19 explains the VLSI testability issues with the description of simulation and its categorization into logic and fault simulation for test pattern generation using Verilog HDL. Chapter 20 deals with a secured VLSI design with hardware obfuscation by hiding the IC’s structure and function, which makes it much more difficult to reverse engineer.
This reference text presents statistical information, causes and impacts of coronavirus on populations, economics, and environment. The text includes machine learning and deep learning techniques to understand exponential behavior as well as predicting the future reachability of the COVID-19 outbreak. It discusses important concepts including smart sensors for early stage diagnosis, diagnosis of COVID-19 using low power IoT-enabled systems, biomedical imaging and sensor fusion, and electronic solutions for diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of diseases. Aimed at graduate students and professionals in the field of electrical engineering, electronics and communications engineering, biomedical engineering and nanomaterials, this book discusses fundamental aspects and latest research in the field of COVID-19 covers diagnostics techniques in detail provides overview of the symptoms, preventions, and treatments related to COVID-19 discusses android-based mobile applications helpful in spreading awareness of COVID-19
The increasing demand in home and industry for electronic devices has encouraged designers and researchers to investigate new devices and circuits using new materials that can perform several tasks efficiently with low IC (integrated circuit) area and low power consumption. Furthermore, the increasing demand for portable devices intensifies the search to design sensor elements, an efficient storage cell, and large-capacity memory elements. Electrical and Electronic Devices, Circuits and Materials: Design and Applications will assist the development of basic concepts and fundamentals behind devices, circuits, materials, and systems. This book will allow its readers to develop their understanding of new materials to improve device performance with even smaller dimensions and lower costs. Additionally, this book covers major challenges in MEMS (micro-electromechanical system)-based device and thin-film fabrication and characterization, including their applications in different fields such as sensors, actuators, and biomedical engineering. Key Features: Assists researchers working on devices and circuits to correlate their work with other requirements of advanced electronic systems. Offers guidance for application-oriented electrical and electronic device and circuit design for future energy-efficient systems. Encourages awareness of the international standards for electrical and electronic device and circuit design. Organized into 23 chapters, Electrical and Electronic Devices, Circuits and Materials: Design and Applications will create a foundation to generate new electrical and electronic devices and their applications. It will be of vital significance for students and researchers seeking to establish the key parameters for future work.
This comprehensive reference text discusses concepts of intelligence communication and automation system in a single volume. The text discusses the role of artificial intelligence in communication engineering, the role of machine learning in communication systems, and applications of image and video processing in communication. It covers important topics including smart sensing systems, intelligent hardware design, low power system design using AI techniques, intelligent signal processing for biomedical applications, intelligent robotic systems, and network security applications. The text will be useful for senior undergraduate and graduate students in different areas including electrical engineering, and electronics and communications engineering.
This book is a comprehensive guide to new DFT methods that will show the readers how to design a testable and quality product, drive down test cost, improve product quality and yield, and speed up time-to-market and time-to-volume. Most up-to-date coverage of design for testability. Coverage of industry practices commonly found in commercial DFT tools but not discussed in other books. Numerous, practical examples in each chapter illustrating basic VLSI test principles and DFT architectures.
This book provides broad and comprehensive coverage of the entire EDA flow. EDA/VLSI practitioners and researchers in need of fluency in an "adjacent" field will find this an invaluable reference to the basic EDA concepts, principles, data structures, algorithms, and architectures for the design, verification, and test of VLSI circuits. Anyone who needs to learn the concepts, principles, data structures, algorithms, and architectures of the EDA flow will benefit from this book. Covers complete spectrum of the EDA flow, from ESL design modeling to logic/test synthesis, verification, physical design, and test - helps EDA newcomers to get "up-and-running" quickly Includes comprehensive coverage of EDA concepts, principles, data structures, algorithms, and architectures - helps all readers improve their VLSI design competence Contains latest advancements not yet available in other books, including Test compression, ESL design modeling, large-scale floorplanning, placement, routing, synthesis of clock and power/ground networks - helps readers to design/develop testable chips or products Includes industry best-practices wherever appropriate in most chapters - helps readers avoid costly mistakes
In today's era, job seekers keep looks for an efficient way to explore the career opportunities and if the question is about government jobs then this matter becomes even more concerned. Because Government sector in India is always being the very first choice for employment and career. The reason is the luxury, reputation, job security and high salary of these jobs. This book is a complete developed package for job seekers who look their career in the stable government services of India. This book will allow them to explore all the public sector opportunities announced by Government of India and will help to learn how to navigate the appropriate process for different government job applications. Each chapter in this book pinpoint the complete guidelines for the government jobs in a particular public sector. It is not only a path guide for the job seekers to explore the government jobs but it is also a smart tool that will help them to enhance their career in a broadened way. Time to time Government of India announces different public sector jobs at central and state level including Civil Services, Central and States' Public Sector Companies, Banks Autonomous Bodies, Defence Services, Indian Civil Services, Public administration services and other organisations. So it becomes very difficult for an individual to be aware of about all the jobs and get information about how to explore all those jobs. But with the help of this book it will be very easy for him to be informed about all the jobs possibilities in a single bundle. So in this book the reader will learn to find meaningful government jobs in different public sectors that fit to them, and how to best get there. This book has been prepared in such a way that it will be helpful for both the students and faculty.
"This reference text discusses intelligent robotic and drone technology with embedded Internet of Things (IoT) for smart applications. The text discusses future directions of optimization methods with various engineering and science fundamentals used in robotics and drone-based applications. Its emphasis is on covering deep learning and similar models of neural network-based learning techniques employed in solving optimization problems of different engineering and science applications. It covers important topics including sensors and actuators in the internet of things (IoT), internet-of-robotics-things (IoRT), IoT in agriculture and food processing, routing challenges in flying Ad-hoc networks, and smart cities. The book will serve as a useful text for graduate students and professionals in the fields of electrical engineering, electronics engineering, computer science, and mechanical engineering"--
Deep Sub-Micron (DSM) processes present many changes to Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) circuit designers. One of the greatest challenges is crosstalk, which becomes significant with shrinking feature sizes of VLSI fabrication processes. The presence of crosstalk greatly limits the speed and increases the power consumption of the IC design. This book focuses on crosstalk avoidance with bus encoding, one of the techniques that selectively mitigates the impact of crosstalk and improves the speed and power consumption of the bus interconnect. This technique encodes data before transmission over the bus to avoid certain undesirable crosstalk conditions and thereby improve the bus speed and/or energy consumption.
In Interconnect-centric Design for Advanced SoC and NoC, we have tried to create a comprehensive understanding about on-chip interconnect characteristics, design methodologies, layered views on different abstraction levels and finally about applying the interconnect-centric design in system-on-chip design. Traditionally, on-chip communication design has been done using rather ad-hoc and informal approaches that fail to meet some of the challenges posed by next-generation SOC designs, such as performance and throughput, power and energy, reliability, predictability, synchronization, and management of concurrency. To address these challenges, it is critical to take a global view of the communication problem, and decompose it along lines that make it more tractable. We believe that a layered approach similar to that defined by the communication networks community should also be used for on-chip communication design. The design issues are handled on physical and circuit layer, logic and architecture layer, and from system design methodology and tools point of view. Formal communication modeling and refinement is used to bridge the communication layers, and network-centric modeling of multiprocessor on-chip networks and socket-based design will serve the development of platforms for SoC and NoC integration. Interconnect-centric Design for Advanced SoC and NoC is concluded by two application examples: interconnect and memory organization in SoCs for advanced set-top boxes and TV, and a case study in NoC platform design for more generic applications.
Modern electronics testing has a legacy of more than 40 years. The introduction of new technologies, especially nanometer technologies with 90nm or smaller geometry, has allowed the semiconductor industry to keep pace with the increased performance-capacity demands from consumers. As a result, semiconductor test costs have been growing steadily and typically amount to 40% of today's overall product cost. This book is a comprehensive guide to new VLSI Testing and Design-for-Testability techniques that will allow students, researchers, DFT practitioners, and VLSI designers to master quickly System-on-Chip Test architectures, for test debug and diagnosis of digital, memory, and analog/mixed-signal designs. Emphasizes VLSI Test principles and Design for Testability architectures, with numerous illustrations/examples. Most up-to-date coverage available, including Fault Tolerance, Low-Power Testing, Defect and Error Tolerance, Network-on-Chip (NOC) Testing, Software-Based Self-Testing, FPGA Testing, MEMS Testing, and System-In-Package (SIP) Testing, which are not yet available in any testing book. Covers the entire spectrum of VLSI testing and DFT architectures, from digital and analog, to memory circuits, and fault diagnosis and self-repair from digital to memory circuits. Discusses future nanotechnology test trends and challenges facing the nanometer design era; promising nanotechnology test techniques, including Quantum-Dots, Cellular Automata, Carbon-Nanotubes, and Hybrid Semiconductor/Nanowire/Molecular Computing. Practical problems at the end of each chapter for students.
With the advance of semiconductors and ubiquitous computing, the use of system-on-a-chip (SoC) has become an essential technique to reduce product cost. With this progress and continuous reduction of feature sizes, and the development of very large-scale integration (VLSI) circuits, addressing the harder problems requires fundamental understanding of circuit and layout design issues. Furthermore, engineers can often develop their physical intuition to estimate the behavior of circuits rapidly without relying predominantly on computer-aided design (CAD) tools. Introduction to VLSI Systems: A Logic, Circuit, and System Perspective addresses the need for teaching such a topic in terms of a logic, circuit, and system design perspective. To achieve the above-mentioned goals, this classroom-tested book focuses on: Implementing a digital system as a full-custom integrated circuit Switch logic design and useful paradigms that may apply to various static and dynamic logic families The fabrication and layout designs of complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) VLSI Important issues of modern CMOS processes, including deep submicron devices, circuit optimization, interconnect modeling and optimization, signal integrity, power integrity, clocking and timing, power dissipation, and electrostatic discharge (ESD) Introduction to VLSI Systems builds an understanding of integrated circuits from the bottom up, paying much attention to logic circuit, layout, and system designs. Armed with these tools, readers can not only comprehensively understand the features and limitations of modern VLSI technologies, but also have enough background to adapt to this ever-changing field.
A Comprehensive Listing of Electronic and Other Media-assisted Courses
Author: William E. Burgess
Category: Distance education
Provides informative descriptions of 4,200 media-assisted courses offered by 420 accredited postsecondary institutions in the United States. The courses are organized by state, and then by institution. Each entry includes institution address, telephone and fax numbers, geographic access area, descriptions of the courses and delivery methods, and information about accreditation, admission requirements, tuition, credit awarded, grade/exam system, and library services. New to the second edition are 130 new institutions, World Wide Web URLs, e-mail addresses, and subject index cross-references. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR