Fresh new ways to create fabulous paintings with mixed media techniques! Acrylic Solutions provides the "hows" behind a multitude of effects you've admired in other artists' works--and then some! Based on the popular online teaching collaboration of Chris Cozen and Julie Prichard, this book illustrates a wealth of layering methods and techniques. Mix and match to achieve countless variations, building layer upon layer to create unique and wonderfully complex abstract art. • Learn more than 30 step-by-step techniques for developing texture and visual interest, including collage, monoprinting, carving, color blocking, paint skins, raised stencils, glazing and so much more. • Chapters explore the phases of a multi-layered painting, from surface preparation through adding structure, developing complexity and adding finishing touches. • Follow the development of two paintings as each layer adds to the finished result, with tons of additional artwork throughout. • Gain insight on how to make paints, mediums and grounds work for you. Embracing a spirit of freedom and spontaneity, Acrylic Solutions is a stimulating guide for contemporary artists of any skill level. Beginners will learn how to make visually compelling paintings from start to finish, while more experienced artists will find the tools and inspiration to take their work to the next level.
Macromolecular Solutions: Solvent-Property Relationships in Polymers is a collection of papers presented at a symposium on Macromolecular Solutions, held New York City on August 23-28, 1981, sponsored by the American Chemical Society at its 182nd national meeting. This book is composed of 19 chapters and begins with discussions on the concept, application, and analysis of solubility parameters of polymers. The succeeding chapters deal with the role of solubility parameters in polymer coating design and stress cracking of nylon. Considerable chapters are devoted to the preparation, properties, reactions, and analysis of various polymers and copolymers. These topics are followed by surveys of the polymer-surfactant interaction effect on polymer solution properties and the effects of methanol-gasoline mixtures on elastomers. The final chapters describe the residual solvent content effect on dissolution kinetics of polymers; the application of excimer fluorescence to measure polymer-solvent interactions; and a general procedure for the calculation of thermodynamic properties of polymer solutions. This book will be of great value to polymer chemists, manufacturers, and researchers.
Growing interest in the formulation of pressure-sensitive adhesives as described in the first edition of this book ( Pressure-Sensitive Formulation, VSP, 2000) required a new, enlarged edition including the design of pressure-sensitive adhesives as a separate volume. Developments in the understanding of pressure sensitivity were necessary to use ma
Energy efficient lighting is said to be one of the most cost-effective approaches to save energy and reduce C02 emissions. In order to stimulate the application of lighting retrofits of good quality, IEA Task 50, Subtask B “Daylighting and Electric Lighting solutions” has looked into the assessment of existing and new technical retrofit solutions in the field of façade and daylighting technology, electric lighting and lighting controls. The document provides information for those involved in the development of retrofit products or involved in the decision making process of a retrofit project, such as buildings owners, authorities, designers and consultants, as well as the lighting and façade industry. This source book addresses both electric lighting solu¬tions and daylighting solutions, and offers a method to compare these retrofit solutions on a common basis, including a wide range of quality criteria of cost-related and lighting quality aspects. Simple retrofits, such as replacing a lamp or adding interior blinds, are widely accepted, often applied because of their low initial costs or short payback periods. The work presented in this report aims at promoting state-of-the-art and new lighting retrofit approaches that might cost more but offer a further reduction of energy consumption while improving lighting quality to a greater extend. Energieeffiziente Beleuchtung ist eine der effektivsten Möglichkeiten, Energie zu sparen und damit die Emission von CO2 zu vermindern. Im Rahmen des IEA Task 50, Subtask B “Daylighting and Electric Lighting solutions” wurden daher neue und vorhandene technische Sanierungslösungen für Gebäude in den Bereichen Fassade, Tageslichttechnik, künstliche Beleuchtung sowie Lichtsteuerung bewertet, um die Anwendung hochwertiger Lösungen voranzutreiben. Die Informationen sind dabei für alle in den Sanierungsprozess einbezogenen Personen von großem Interesse, wie z. B. Gebäudeeigentümer, Behörden, Planer und Berater aber auch für Hersteller und Entwickler von Beleuchtungs- und Fassadenlösungen. Betrachtet werden sowohl künstliche als auch Beleuchtungslösungen mit Tageslicht, wobei eine Methode entwickelt wurde, die Sanierungslösungen grundlegend miteinander zu vergleichen. Hierbei werden zahlreiche Kriterien berücksichtigt, die energetische, lichttechnische, thermische und kostenbezogene Aspekte beinhalten. Einfache Sanierungsmaßnahmen wie der Austausch von Lampen oder die Montage innenliegender Jalousien werden weitgehend akzeptiert und oft verwendet, da sie kostengünstig sind und sich schnell amortisieren. Die vorliegende Arbeit hat es sich zum Ziel gesetzt, die Anwendung neuer und dem Stand der Technik entsprechender Beleuchtungslösungen für die Sanierung zu fördern. Diese verursachen zwar eventuell höhere Kosten, ermöglichen jedoch eine weitere Energieeinsparung bei gleichzeitiger Verbesserung der Beleuchtungsqualität.
Thermodynamic data form the basis for separation processes used in different fields of science and industry, from specialty chemicals to foods and pharmaceuticals. One obstacle to developing new production processes, products, or optimization is the lack, or inaccessibility, of experimental data related to phase equilibrium. Access More Than 1200 Data Sets, Including 810 Binary Systems, 325 Ternary Systems, and 25 Quaternary (or Higher) Systems The CRC Handbook of Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium Data of Polymer Solutions provides a thorough and up-to-date compilation of experimental liquid-liquid equilibrium (LLE) data and their original sources. Arranged in a consistent format, the handbook provides convenient access to cloud-point and coexistence data as well as upper and lower critical solution temperatures and important demixing data for each system. An Excellent Companion to the Author’s Previous Collections of Thermodynamic Data! While the author’s previous data compilations center around specific types of polymer systems, Wohlfharth’slatest work distinguishes itself by focusing instead on representing LLE data for all types of polymer systems in a single source.
Water soluble polymers cover a wide range of highly varied families of products of natural or synthetic origin, and have numerous uses. A water soluble polymer is a polymer that can be diluted in water, with or without the assistance of co solvents and neutralizing agents, to form transparent solutions. They may be classified into two types, totally synthetic polymers and natural products together with their chemically modified derivatives and further can be grouped into three main headings; naturally occurring, semi synthetic and completely synthetic polymers. The water based polymers are quick drying non inflammable, having mild odour and more environmentally acceptability than any other polymers. Most conventional coating polymers at present can be produced in a form that will allow them to be solubilized in water. These include alkydes, polyesters, acrylics epoxies. There are various types of polymerization methods of water soluble polymers such as bulk polymerization, solution polymerization, copolymerization, emulsion polymerization and suspension polymerization. Water soluble polymers are used widely as stabilizers or protective colloids in emulsion polymerization. Its most common use are gum acacia, starch either etherified or in its degraded form, dextrin, polyvinyl alchohol and hydroxyethyl cellulose. Polymers find many applications in oil recovery and production, including areas such as; drilling fluids, cementation of well bore, reservoir fracturing, controlling fluid flow in the reservoir and multistage processes of oil production and refining. The water soluble polymers market encompasses several categories, including starch, cellulose ethers, polyvinylacetate, polyvinyl alcohol and other synthetic water soluble polymers. The starch market is the largest. This book basically deals with flow characteristics of water soluble polymer solutions, emulsion polymerization, water reducible resins, silicone modified alkyds and polyesters, cross linking of water soluble coatings, formulation of water soluble coatings, trouble shooting with water soluble polymers, acrylic solution resins, polyvinylpyrrolidone, commercial uses: compounding and formulating adhesives, methods of polymerization, methods for polymerization of acrylamide, fabrication of water soluble polymers, excluded volume interactions of neutral polymers etc. The book covers classification of water soluble polymers, processes, properties, uses and applications of water soluble polymers with lot of other information. This book will be very resourceful for new entrepreneurs, existing units, technocrats, researchers and technical libraries.
Surface coating is the application of decorative or protective materials in liquid or powder form to substrates. These coatings normally include general solvent type paints, varnishes, lacquers, and water thinned paints. Surface coating involves different types of products for example paints, varnishes, resins, polyesters, pigments etc. Alkyd resin is complex oil modified polyester that serves as the film coating agent in some paints and clear coatings. Varnish is one of the important parts of surface coating industry. They are used as clear, transparent coatings or as vehicles for a wide variety of pigmented, opaque coatings for architectural and industrial purposes. India’s strong economic growth has propelled the paint industry to double digit growth over the past few years and has made it Asia Pacific fastest growing paint market. The spurt in the economic growth over the past few years has caused a tremendous increase in the size of the industry. The field of surface coatings is now so extensive, and is developing rapidly. This handbook covers all aspects of coating technology including composition, preparation, application, manufacturing process and photographs of plant & machinery with supplier’s contact details. The major contents of the book are oleoresinous media, varnishes: composition, manufacture & use, alkyd resin technology, manufacture of alkyd resins, polyesters, amino resins, phenolic resins, polyurethane resins, epoxy resins, silicone resins, acrylic solution resins, emulsion polymerization theory, emulsion polymers, water reducible resins, water soluble polymers, solvents, inorganic pigments, titanium dioxide pigments, organic pigments, paint driers and architectural paints etc. It will be a standard reference book for professionals, entrepreneurs, food technologists, those studying and researching in this important area and others interested in the field of resins, paints, varnishes, pigments & additive industry.
The versatility of the emulsion copolymerization reaction and the ability to control the properties of the final latices have led to rapid expansion both in the quantity of polyvinylacetate and vinyl acetate-acrylic copolymer latices and in their applications. Vinyl Acetate Emulsion Polymerization and Copolymerization with Acrylic Monomers provides a collection and logical organization of the published data - much of it formerly found fragmented throughout various journals and little of it referenced in general emulsion polymerization books. To date, no one source has offered chemists and polymer, surface, or colloid specialists the "big picture" of polyvinylacetate-based latices. Integrating established knowledge with the latest research developments, this book provides the background for understanding the mechanism and kinetics of emulsion polymerization initiated in the aqueous phase and some of the practical problems of latex production. The author presents an overview of industrial practices, new applications, and all of the fundamental material - avoiding theoretical controversies. With in-depth discussion of the ingredients found in most industrial recipes, Vinyl Acetate Emulsion Polymerization and Copolymerization with Acrylic Monomers helps eliminate costly and time-consuming "trial and error" practices. It serves not only as an introduction for those new to the field, but also as a valuable reference for researchers and applied scientists in both industry and academia.
Radical Solutions For Exploiting The World's Most Versatile Medium
Author: Patti Brady
Have you ever walked into an art supply store, stood in front of the amazing array of acrylic products and just thrown up your hands in confusion, leaving the store without buying something new to experiment with? If you've ever wondered what to do with all those products, then this book is for you. If you've been using acrylic in traditional painting forms, in this book you'll find grand, wild and inventive manipulations of acrylic that will get your creative juices flowing. Compared to more traditional art mediums such as oil and watercolor, acrylic is still in its infancy. But what it lacks in years, it makes up for in its range of use. Acrylics appeared on the market for artists in the late 1940s as a quick-drying alternative to oil paint. In its early manifestations, it dried so quickly that more than a few brushes stuck immediately to the canvas! Although acrylic has been around for more than fifty years, incredible advances continue to be made in the research and development of acrylic polymers and pigments. These advancements are attributable not only to the efforts of a few dedicated chemists, but also to the work of an entire community devoted to acrylic. There are a lot of brilliant minds taking these minute molecules very seriously.
This work examines the science and technology used in the manufacture of acrylic fibre for both mass-produced commodity products and premium products. It elucidates the chemistry and fibre production techniques of speciality acrylics such as flame-retardant, water-reversible bicomponent, producer dyed and others. Capacity figures for developing cou
Painting Techniques for Expressing Your Artistic Voice
Author: Chris Cozen
Discover your true color voice! Acrylic Color Explorations will have you seeing the world around you in a new way as color theory becomes engaging, easy-to-understand and fun. Not only will you achieve a basic understanding of color and pigments, but author Chris Cozen will also guide you through a personal exploration of color in 30 exercises using acrylic paint. Go beyond the red-yellow-blue understanding of the color wheel by exploring the work of several artists who work with color in unique ways. Determining when to introduce a calming color or when to turn the color volume up is a skill that can be developed through practice and intention, and with Acrylic Color Explorations you will learn how to do both! • Learn 33 techniques for incorporating and developing color in your paintings. • Explore practical color basics with exercises and color challenges that will help you determine your color "voice." • Discover secrets to mastering any creative color situation with 9 contributing artists! Embrace your true color voice today!
Presenting a completely new approach to examining how polymers move in non-dilute solution, this book focuses on experimental facts, not theoretical speculations, and concentrates on polymer solutions, not dilute solutions or polymer melts. From centrifugation and solvent dynamics to viscosity and diffusion, experimental measurements and their quantitative representations are the core of the discussion. The book reveals several experiments never before recognized as revealing polymer solution properties. A novel approach to relaxation phenomena accurately describes viscoelasticity and dielectric relaxation and how they depend on polymer size and concentration. Ideal for graduate students and researchers interested in the properties of polymer solutions, the book covers real measurements on practical systems, including the very latest results. Every significant experimental method is presented in considerable detail, giving unprecedented coverage of polymers in solution.
The behaviour of polymers in multi-component and multiphase systems such as solutions, blends and interfaces derived from both natural and synthetic sources and the subsequent influence of this on their physical properties is the theme of this book. Important new material on multiphase polymer systems such as block copolymers and liquid crystalline polymers is provided, and the solution and surface properties of enzymes and surface active polymers is described both theoretically and experimentally. The application of theory to the development of new cellulosic materials is particularly noteworthy. The relationship between end-use properties, such as adhesion, wetting, and colloidal stability, and molecular structure at the interface is addressed. Examples include the capillary pressure of nylon microporous membranes, a new technique for characterizing the adhesion between incompatible polymers, and the influence of the glass transition temperature at the fiber/matrix interface on interfacial shear strength. Characterization of polymer films, both electrochemically and via optical techniques is covered and the interactions of amphiphilic ions with polyacrylate polymer are described. The final two chapters introduce the topic of enzyme mobility at an interface and show how this may affect their role as biological catalysts.