Academic Paper from the year 2017 in the subject Physics - Other, grade: 1, language: English, abstract: The surface of last scattering is regarded as a consequence of the Big Bang description of the origin of the observable universe. It is envisaged as a spherical surface from which all of the CMB photons emanate and centred on the Earth. Because of the opacity of the universe prior to the formation of this surface this taken to be the farthest redshift that may be observed. The discovery of the cosmic jerk was made, independently, by groups led by Schmidt and Perlmutter; the effect is shown clearly in their data as presented by Krauss, p85, . It was found that approximately five billion years bp the expansion of the universe appeared to change suddenly from a state of deceleration to one of acceleration and is attributed to the entity called dark energy. It is not known whether this acceleration will persist into the indefinite future. Indeed, the future of the universe is a subject of much discussion, not to say, controversy. In this work the vacuum of the universe is modelled as a very large set of conjugate pairs of bi-modal, frequency-quantised, simple quantum harmonic oscillators, one having positive energy, the other, negative energy. Further, each pair of oscillators occupies a cubical enclosure of side equal to the wavelength corresponding to their current frequency, and related through the relationship, νl=c. [...]
He shows that this theory can illuminate a wide variety of hitherto unresolved philosophical problems: these include the direction and flow of time, the nature of scientific laws, the interpretation of quantum mechanics, the definition of probability, counterfactual semantics, and the notions of identity, essential properties, deliberation, decision, and free will.
This book provides a completely new approach to understanding the universe. The main idea is that the principal objects in the universe form a spectrum unified by the presence of a massive or hypermassive black hole. These objects are variously called quasars, active galaxies and spiral galaxies. The key to understanding their dynamicsis angular momentum and the key tool, and main innovative idea of this work, is a proper formulation of "Mach's principle" using Sciama's ideas. The new approach provides an explanation for the observed dynamics of spiral galaxies without needing so called "dark matter" and gives a framework that fits the observations of Arp and others that show that quasars typically exhibit instrinsic redshift. These fantastic observations have no place in current mainstream cosmology and, to the lasting shame and discredit of the cosmological community, Arp himself was hounded out and denied observation time on the big telescopes.
This Model of the Universe concludes the universe to be a spherical region within a much larger region of primordial matter. Primordial Matter is determined to be an endless array of positroniums; matter (+) and antimatter (-) particles, stabilized in and by an equally spaced (.6 cm) hexahedron arrangement. When positron + and electron – particles come in contact they annihilate into photons; when photon concentrations become adequate, they precipitate into corporeal matter of the universe. The initial annihilation started a chain reaction from a single + & - pair which upset the positronium rotation synchronization. Photons from annihilations propagate in all directions and produce more continuing chain reaction annihilations. Outward flowing photon concentrations coalesce and precipitate into subatomic particles. Accretions of particles produce the objects and matter of the universe. The continuing process is called the deflagration wave, because a simple understandable analogy relates to a flame propagating through dry grass: matter is not created nor destroyed; it is only converted from one form of matter into another. All processes in this Model have been proven, and verified; all are consistent with the Laws of Physics.