and by the Librarians and Staffs of the University and the Public Libraries at Southampton. Finally, we wish to thank Mrs H. G. Jerrard and Miss A. J. Tutte for typing the manuscript. Department of Physics H. G. JERRARD D. B. McNEILL University of Southampton 1963 Preface to the fifth ed ition Since the publication of the fourth edition in 1980 advances in technology have led to more precise values of the fundamental physical constants and a movement towards definitions of the fundamental units of mass, length and time based on atomic parameters. More precise definitions of some other units such as the candela have been approved by the international committees. These changes, together with the definitions of several new units have been included in this edition, the text of which has been revised and which now contains over 850 units and dimensionless numbers. The authors wish to thank all those who have helped in this latest compilation by suggestion and kindly criticism and Margaret Wainwright who has had the difficult and tedious task oftyping, retyping and copying the fragmented parts that arise from a text revision. At the time of going to press we believe this book to provide the most complete and up-to-date information of its kind available.
This best-selling dictionary contains 9,200 entries on all aspects of chemistry, physics, biology (including human biology), earth sciences, and astronomy. This new edition includes expanded coverage of global warming, forensic science, astrophysics, quantam theory, and the solar system.Supported by over 200 diagrams and illustrations the dictionary features recommended web links for many entries, accessed and kept up-to-date via the Dictionary of Science companion website.Other features include short biographies of leading scientists, full page illustrated features on subjects such as the Solar System and Genetically Modified Organisms, and chronologies of specific scientific subjects including plastics, electronics, and cell biology.Both concise and wide-ranging, this dictionary is an ideal reference work for students and a great introduction for non-scientists.
Comprising Astronomy, Chemistry, Dynamics, Electricity, Heat, Hydrodynamics, Hydrostatics, Light, Magnetism, Mechanics, Meteorology, Pneumatics, Sound and Statics; Preceded by an Essay on the History of the Physical Sciences
Widely recognized as the most comprehensive and authoritative single-volume dictionary of it's kind, The Chambers Dictionary of Science and Technology has been in print (under various titles) for 59 years. This new edition has been completely revised, updated, and expanded with 500 new entries and 100 in-depth panel entries. From astronomy to zoology, and genetics to general relativity, the Chambers Dictionary of Science and Technology encompasses all fields of science and technology and is an excellent resource for professionals, students, or casual browsers. Over 49,000 entries and 500 schematic diagrams provide carefully researched information and unrivalled coverage of scientific and technological language, including the most recent terms such as applet, false memory syndrome, and ozone depletion. New panel entries present detailed coverage of 20 major scientific and technical fields, and areas of special interest including genetics, space, and climate. The new and revised appendices give easy access to commonly consulted information including computing and Internet related acronyms, SI units, the plant and animal kingdoms, and a chronology of inventions and discoveries.
This Dictionary Of Science Is An Attempt To Put The Terms And Definitions Used In Various Branches Of Science, In A Compact Form For Ready Reference. Most Of The Terms Commonly Used Have Been Listed And An Attempt Has Been Made To Make The Terms As Much Clear As Possible. Very Simple Language Has Been Used In Most Of The Terms Except Where It Has Been Possible Due To The Scientific Definitions Of The Terms. S.I. Units Have Been Used But At Some Places Other Measurement Units Have Also Been Included. Some Terms Included In This Dictionary Might Have Become Obsolete But These Have Been Included For Their Historical Importance.An Attempt Has Been Made To Make A Balance Between The Space Available While Explaining A Term. A Number Of Diagrams And Pictorial Representations Have Been Used To Make The Terms Very Clear Or To Help In Understanding A Term.
This dictionary provides writers and editors from all fields of science with a clear and concise style guide for preparing scientific material for publication. It contains A-Z entries of preferred spellings, punctuation, abbreviations, symbols, biological nomenclature, tables, prefixes and suffixes, spellings of names of scientists, and much more.
units have been included. References, which now number approximately 650, have been brought up to date. The most recently accepted values of the physical constants have been provided. Our thanks go to all those who, since the fifth edition, have helped in this revision by suggestions. In particular the authors express their gratitude to Jane M. Jerrard who, with enthusiasm, put the text into a computer and eliminated the editorial scissors and paste and simplified the onerous and long task of producing a text from the fragmented material of the revision. In the preface to the fifth edition it was suggested that the book provided at that time the most complete and up-to-date information of its kind available. The authors again make the same claim for this sixth edition. H. G. JERRARD D. B. McNEILL Warsash Newtownards Southampton Northern Ireland England Preface to the first edition The intense specialization that occurs in science today has meant that scientists working in one field are often not familiar with the nomenclature used by their colleagues in other fields. This is particularly so in physics. This dictionary is designed to help overcome this difficulty by giving information about the units, dimensionless numbers and scales which have been used, or are still being used, throughout the world. Some four hundred entries are provided and these are supplemented by about five hundred references. The definition of each entry is given together with relevant historical facts.
This dictionary provides scientists, science writers, and all who work in scientific publishing with a clear and concise style guide for the presentation of scientific information. Reflecting widely accepted usage and following the recommendations of such international scientific bodies as IUPAC and IUPAP, the dictionary offers guidance on spelling (UK and US), punctuation, abbreviations, prefixes and suffixes, units and quantities, symbols, biological nomenclature, and the spelling of scientists' names. There are over 9,500 entries covering a wide range of scientific subjects including physics, chemistry, botany, zoology, genetics, biochemistry, immunology, microbiology, astronomy, mathematics, and computer science. The extensive tables at the end of the dictionary cover the electromagnetic spectrum, graphic and letter symbols in electronics, geological timescales, mathematical symbols, the periodic table of the elements, SI units, and the Greek alphabet. It will ensure up-to-date and consistent style for all scientific material intended for publication.
This comprehensive and authoritative dictionary provides clear definitions of units, prefixes, and styles of weights and measures within the Système International (SI), as well as traditional, and industry-specific units. It also includes general historical and scientific background, covering the development of the sequential definitions and sizing of units. This new reference work will prove invaluable to professional scientists, engineers, technicians as well as to students and the general user. · Over 1,600 clear and concise entries complete with historical background · Covers a broad range of disciplines, including astronomy, electromagnetics, geology, photography, mathematics, meteorology, physics, and temperature · Notes on associated terminology · Numerous tables, including the geochronologic scale and the equation of time · Comprehensive coverage of the whole Système International
This book will sell because everything that people do is measured in units of one type or another. Scientists use them all the time but they are also important in the study of history, geography and other academic disciplines as well as in the daily life of the more general reader.
A cross-referenced volume provides concise definitions of more than two thousand words and concepts while offering examples of how each word is used in context, enabling young readers to become familiar with the fundamental principles of science
New Scientist magazine was launched in 1956 "for all those men and women who are interested in scientific discovery, and in its industrial, commercial and social consequences". The brand's mission is no different today - for its consumers, New Scientist reports, explores and interprets the results of human endeavour set in the context of society and culture.