How do experts spot masterpieces? Paintings are not always signed or noted in historical records, so how can we tell an obscure gem from an altered image? Scientists, conservators and art historians use a range of methods to examine the physical nature of pictures and unravel their hidden histories. Through a series of intriguing examples and clearly explained processes, this guide will draw the reader into the complex issues ù not all of them fully resolved ùconfronted by gallery professionals.
The Extreme Ceramics of William Weston Young (1776-1847)
Author: Howell G.M. Edwards
Category: Technology & Engineering
The title of this book describes the two extremes of ceramic invention from aesthetically beautiful and decorative works of art that graced the tables of the aristocracy to the functional silica brick that lined the smelting furnaces of industrialised nations in the 19th century designed to produce iron, copper and glass. Both of these ceramics are linked to one man, William Weston Young (1776-1847) and with his contemporaries both of these ceramic extremes became world leaders in their own right. The book traces the history of Young and his ambitions, his interactions with numerous associates and the influence these ceramics attained in 19th century society. The book provides a sequel to the two preceding texts on Nantgarw and Swansea porcelains (also published by Springer), which cover one extreme and extends the discourse onto the other extreme, which until now has been relatively ignored despite its scientific and engineering importance. The trilogy has now therefore been completed. This book examines the historical documentation along with scientific analytical data from the last 100 years up to the present in a novel holistic forensic approach. It will be of interest to porcelain collectors, ceramics analysts, museum ceramic curators, ceramic historians, analytical scientists, cultural heritage preservation, industrial archaeologists and industrial museums.
Insights into the Scientific Detection of Forgery in Paintings
Author: Ragai Jehane
Publisher: World Scientific
'The scientific techniques described encompass relevant examples of forgery detection and of authentication. The book deals, to name a few, with the Chagall, the Jackson Pollock and the Beltracchi affairs and discusses the Isleworth Mona Lisa as well as La Bella Principessa both thought to be a Leonardo creation. The authentication, amongst others, of two van Gogh paintings, of Vermeer's St Praxedis, of Leonardo's Lady with an Ermine and of Rembrandt's Old Man with a Beard are also described.'Over the last few decades there has been a disconcerting increase in the number of forged paintings. In retaliation, there has been a rise in the use, efficiency and ability of scientific techniques to detect these forgeries. The scientist has waged war on the forger.The Scientist and the Forger describes the cutting-edge and traditional weapons in this battle, showing how they have been applied to the most notorious cases. The book also provides fresh insights into the psychology of both the viewer and the forger, shedding light on why the discovery that a work of art is a forgery makes us view it so differently and providing a gripping analysis of the myriad motivations behind the most egregious incursions into deception.The book concludes by discussing the pressing problems faced by the art world today, stressing the importance of using appropriate tools for a valid verdict on authenticity. Written in an approachable and amenable style, the book will make fascinating reading for non-specialists, art historians, curators and scientists alike.
Ten years after the first volume, this book highlights the important contribution Raman spectroscopy makes as a non-destructive method for characterising the chemical composition of objects with archaeological and historical importance. The original book was ground-breaking in its concept, but the past ten years have seen some advancement into new areas, consolidation of some of the older ones and novel applications involving portable instrumentation, on site in museums and in the field. This new volume maintains the topic at the cutting edge, the Editors have approached prominent contributors to provide case-studies sorted into themes. Starting with a Foreword from the British Museum Director of Scientific Research and an Introduction from the Editors, which offer general background information and theoretical context, the contributions then provide global perspectives on this powerful analytical tool. Aimed at scientists involved in conservation, conservators and curators who want to better understand their collections at a material level and researchers of cultural heritage.
The National Gallery, London possesses an important collection of paintings by 16th-century Netherlandish artists, including Joachim Beuckelaer, Hieronymus Bosch, Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Jean Gossart, and Quinten Massys. They are grouped here with a small number of French paintings, some by artists who came from the Low Countries (Corneille de Lyon, probably Jean Hey, and perhaps the Master of Saint Giles). Lorne Campbell’s catalogue is a model of scholarship; he examined all the pictures with conservators and rigorously researched their histories, subjects, and styles. New discoveries about artists’ techniques and practices have led to many reattributions, and the rescue from anonymity of over twenty paintings. The identities of several patrons are established or suggested, while an introductory essay explains how contemporaries regarded these paintings. Generously illustrated, with many details and technical photographs, and beautifully produced, this comprehensive catalogue is essential reading for scholars, while also introducing general readers to a vital part of the Gallery’s collection.
Frames often catch the eye of visitors to galleries, yet labels & catalogues rarely comment on them. In this elegant survey, Nicholas Penny conveys his passionate interest in the history of frames, the design & techniques of frame-making, what frames do for paintings & the part they play in an interior.
"The Sabbath," the first in the "Journey of Discovery" series, will guide you through the scriptures with a perspective that you have not likely seen before. Taking a closer look at some doctrinal issues that have been long accepted as truths throughout mainstream Christianity. The question is; do they really line up with scripture? Find out what the infallible word of God truly says in areas such as; The "Seventy Weeks" of Daniel the Prophet, and Passion Week. Looking at the topics of: The explanation of a 490 year probationary period to accomplish repentance. The precise time Christ began His ministry. The year of Christ's birth. The day of Christ's crucifixion. The year of Christ's crucifixion. The confirming of the New Covenant. The times of the Gentiles. Deception in the Church and Sabbath Perception. Obedience to God's Law and the understanding of God's rest. The Lord's Day and an examination of the history of Sunday Worship. As we travel through these inspiring topics we find ourselves in question. Could our lack of personal study and our dependence on our shepherds for guidance have allowed an open door for deception? Can we make the discovery for ourselves that answer, why we believe what we believe?....... With an original answer? To challenge our beliefs when the truth as we understand it, has been proven wrong by the Bible can cut to the core of our foundations, disrupting what we have always accepted as truth and effect what we perceive as our spiritual comfort. You are invited to join in on this exploration of truth, to go deeper and to go farther than you may have before, below the surface of man to the underlying truth of God. "To embark on a Journey of Discovery"
Moral Agency and Representations of Consciousness in Fiction
Author: Linda Schermer Raphael
Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Using narrative, philosophical, and psychoanalytic theory, Linda S. Raphael investigates the development of skepticism in narrative. She argues that as authors explore more deeply the inner life of characters, their narratives become more skeptical about pinning down what it means to lead a good life. This argument is buttressed through a close examination of Jane Austen's 'Persuasion', George Eliot's 'Middlemarch', Henry James's 'The Wings of the Dove', Virginia Woolf's 'Mrs. Dalloway', and Karzo Ishiguro's 'The Remains of the Day.'