Well known throughout the Islamic world as the foundational thinker for a significant portion of the contemporary Muslim intelligentsia, Sayyid Qutb (1906–1966) was a member of the Muslim Brotherhood and was jailed by Gamal Abdul Nasser’s government in 1954. He became one of the most uncompromising voices of the movement we now call Islamism and is perhaps best known for his book, Ma`lam fi al-tariq. A Child from the Village was written just prior to Qutb’s conversion to the Islamist cause and reflects his concerns for social justice. Interst in Qutb’s writing has increased in the West since Islamism has emerged as a power on the world scene. In this memoir, Qutb recalls his childhood in the village of Musha in Upper Egypt. He chronicles the period between 1912 and 1918, a time immensely influential in the creation of modern Egypt. Written with much tenderness toward childhood memories, it has become a classic in modern Arabic autobiography. Qutb offers a clear picture of Egyptian village life in the early twentieth century, its customs and lore, educational system, religious festivals, relations with the central government, and the struggle to modernize and retain its identity. Translators John Calvert and William Shepard capture the beauty and intensity of Qutb’s prose.
Can the Integrated Child Development Services be More Effective?
Author: Monica Das Gupta
Publisher: World Bank Publications
"Levels of child malnutrition in India fell only slowly during the 1990s, despite significant economic growth and large public spending on the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) program, of which the major component is supplementary feeding for malnourished children. To unravel this puzzle, the authors assess the program's placement and its outcomes using National Family Health Survey data from 1992 and 1998. They find that program placement is clearly regressive across states. The states with the greatest need for the program - the poor northern states with high levels of child malnutrition and nearly half of India's population - have the lowest program coverage and the lowest budgetary allocations from the central government. Program placement within a state is more progressive: poorer and larger villages have a higher probability of having an ICDS center, as do those with other development programs or community associations. The authors also find little evidence of program impact on child nutrition status in villages with ICDS centers. "--World Bank web site.
The Masnavi of Jalal al-Din Rumi (1207-1273), a massive poem of some 25,000 rhyming couplets, by common consent ranks among the world's greatest masterpieces of religious literature. The material which makes up the Masnavi is divisible into two different categories: theoretical discussion of the principal themes of Sufi mystical life and doctrine, and stories of fables intended to illustrarte those themes as they arise. This selection of tales is the most accessible introduction to this giant epic for the non-perisan reader.
This book should be read by every adult American, especially parents of school-aged children, and all those concerned about the reality of public education in the United States. It is a concise, quick and compelling read. Because of her unique perspectives from both inside and outside the classroom, Mrs. Hayden offers a very poignant and insightful comment on the American public education system, inspired by her disagreements with the conclusions drawn by Hillary Rodham Clinton in her own book, "It Takes A Village: And Other Lessons Children Teach Us". In fact, Mrs. Hayden emphatically demonstrates that Mrs. Clinton's "village" is, and may have always been, non-existent. She asserts that we are all "waiting for Superman", and that we wait to the detriment of our children, our future and the very fabric of our nation.
From Village Boy to Global Citizen (Volume 2): The Travels of a Journalist is the last of my autobiographical trilogy. The 74 chapters in this volume attempt to describe and dramatize the most memorable places I visited, often accompanied by my family, since I left the country of my birth in 1966. After my retirement in 2007, I found the time to compile this travelogue using the notes in my diaries and updating the material through online research, with particular help from the constantly revised Wikipedia entries. In this process, I learned to make each travel essay an evergreen that would not perish soon after its publication as in the case of newspaper travel pieces. Travel has shaped my personality. Global travel to get to know culturally diverse people was one of my childhood ambitions. Moreover, travel is an essential aspect of a journalists life. Therefore, my travels constitute a very important part of my autobiography. I included detail in the hope that the reader would keep this volume for long-term reference. My explorations of U.S. national parks and my camping expeditions should be of particular interest to family- oriented travelers. Each of the essays in this volume appeared in the Lankaweb starting December 6, 2009. It carried the latest (but not the last) story (chapter 109) on December 4, 2011. Reacting to the essay (chapter 106) on our mule ride in Mexican territory during the Big Bend adventure, a reader commented, As always it was very well written and visually engaging, which made us feel we were there too. [We] particularly liked the reference to Yankee Doodles [that] made us smile! Thank you for posting it and await the next in the series (May 15, 2011). Another reader reacted to the essay (chapter 92) on our visit to the botanic gardens in Portland, Ore., Please do continue with your articles, Shelton. They are getting better all the time, as you reveal to your readers more of your own thoughts, emotions, and reactions (February 9, 2011). From Village Boy to Global Citizen (Volume 1): The Journey of a Journalist is the second of my autobiographical trilogy. It traces my life as a journalist and a journalism educator in three countries. Village Life in the Forties: Memories of a Lankan Expatriate (published by iUniverse) is the first of the trilogy. This is a collection of 28 sketches of folks in the village of my birth. Each sketch depicts the drama of life relating to the famous and infamous characters who defined the ethos of Pathegama in the 1940s. They range from the amusing and comical to the grave and somber. The trilogy is inextricably interconnected, interdependent and interactive. You are unlikely to grasp what systems theorists call the emergence of the whole if you read only parts of this trilogy.
Following Survival of Newborns in a In-land Village in Sardinia (1866-2006)
Author: Luisa Salaris
Publisher: Presses univ. de Louvain
Category: Business & Economics
The scientific debate on longevity and its determinants is lively and involves researchers from different some people live longer than others is not an easy task. Variables that are shown to be significant for longer survival in certain populations are not always relevant to individuals of other populations. Recently, researchers have identified in Sardinia the Blue Zone (BZ), thus denominated due to the significant number of cases of centenarians recorded as well as a low sex ratio value. A village located in this area was selected for the carrying out of a more detailed analysis at individual level and socio-demographic determinants of longevity were examined. A family reconstructed database was created using a multi-source approach. Historical data was therefore used to study today's population, establishing a unique bridge between historical demography and the current level of longevity. The study focused on survival of newborns in the selected village during a period of 50 years – from 1866 to 1915 – and also took into consideration information on related family members. Each individual included in the database was followed from birth to death, as he/she went through marriage and family formation. Complete survival of all newborns was observed until the present. Based on careful review of the existing literature, the empirical model considered factors such as sex differential, the contribution of familial transmission both in terms of genes, biological, and shared environment, and the role played by environment operationalised considering early-life conditions. Concepts were organized into a life-course approach for survival analysis. The analysis of the data enabled to the estimation of mortality trajectories, which in turn confirmed the exceptional longevity of the population understudy and in particular of males. The investigation of differential survival among members of the same community brought to light the relevance of certain familial variables on survival, which are not exclusively genetic. The results achieved open the way to further studies.
This book examines the relationship between partisan activities and Nazi-fascist massacres (during which over one thousand civilians were killed ) in the Italian province of Arezzo during the spring and summer of 1944. It traces the growth of the partisan movement and the widening of its activities, beginning with the disarming of the Carabinieri and the cutting of telegraph wires and ending not only with attacks on German convoys but with actual battles with the German troops and their fascist supportersThe clamorous massacres of Vallucciole, Partina, Civitella in Valdichiana, San Pancrazio, Castelnuovo dei Sabbioni, San Giustino and San Polo are described as are all other instances when smaller numbers of civilians were killed in reprisalsSources include partisans' and survivors' individual testimonies, memorial tablets and monuments,accounts written by village priests, local historians and British soldiers, and German and Allied War Diaries
Mental prowess, for sure, can push any man to go a long way; take it along with sheer inner motivation, bush-and-street survival instinct, a lot of wit and charm, and a dose of encompassing humanity and you have a foolproof formula for success in any endeavor. The Life of a Village Child: An Autobiography of a Medical Doctor, by Francis Saa-Gandi, is one such tale, making life in Sierra Leone leap off the pages with the blood and veins of the people who inhabit this country, while chronicling the story of the author who went through life by the grace of people outside of his own immediate family. From the humble abodes of Sierra Leone, to the strict regimens of the schools and their unique administrators, Francis paints a picture that strikingly takes life at face value, making the best of it, making even a name for himself in his chosen field.