This book is the result of research and teaching over a period of years. The method used to examine the teaching of History in secondary schools draws on the authors experience as a system analyst where detailed observations of current practice were undertaken and then compared what academic research indicated was best practice for teachers. The author worked as a teacher of History in ten secondary schools in metropolitan, regional, rural and remote schools in the Government, Catholic and Independent school sectors. Planning to Teach History is designed to provide pre-service and early career teachers with a bridge that takes them from their academic training to the classroom. It aims to: · Examine the links between academic research and what happens in the classroom, · Model the teaching of historical knowledge, historical concepts, historical skills in engaging ways integrating technology seamlessly into the classroom , · Provide insights into the professional life of a teacher with emphasis on communicating with parents through student reports, report comments and preparing for parent-teacher interviews, and · Provide Heads of Departments with a resource that offers innovative and engaging ideas on teaching and learning, assessment and reporting. The text covers the classroom environment exploring the characteristics of teachers and students, diversity within the student body and approaches to teaching that cater for this diversity. Content knowledge is a key factor in teaching successfully. The text asks the questions teachers need to be able to answer to teach the options within the curriculum. Productive pedagogy which was based on authentic pedagogy developed by Newman & other is reviewed as is the importance of developing relationships in the classroom. A range of teaching strategies is also examined. Technological knowledge involves knowing what options are available and how they can be used in the classroom. Integrating teacher content knowledge, pedagogical knowledge and technological knowledge into their classroom practice is important in producing students who have the work skills and abilities for the knowledge era. Mapping the curriculum is an important part of designing teaching and learning programs. Understanding what questions students need to explore and how they will demonstrate their knowledge and understanding are important precursors to designing units of work. The text maps the 7-10 History curriculum. Teaching and learning activities and evidence of learning are not in included for two reasons. Firstly, every class and school are different (resources, teacher abilities and technology) so choices of teaching and learning activities are best left to the teacher. Secondly, without access to a resource including a historical narrative, historical sources and links to online resources the teaching and learning activities would be meaningless.
3D Printing in Medicine examines the emerging market of 3D-printed biomaterials and its clinical applications. With a particular focus on both commercial and premarket tools, the book looks at their applications within medicine and the future outlook for the field. The book begins with a discussion of the fundamentals of 3D printing, including topics such as materials, and hardware. Chapters go on to cover applications within medicine such as computational analysis of 3D printed constructs, personalized 3D printing and 3D cell and organ printing. The concluding chapters in the book review the applications of 3D printing in diagnostics, drug development, 3D-printed disease models and 3D printers for surgical practice. With a strong focus on the translation of 3D printing technology to a clinical setting, this book is a valuable resource for scientists and engineers working in biomaterial, biomedical, and nanotechnology based industries and academia. Provides a comprehensive and authoritative overview of all the medical applications of 3D printing biomaterials and technologies Focuses on the emerging market of 3D printed biomaterials in clinical applications Reviews both commercial and under development materials, tools, their applications, and future evolution
This book describes the fundamentals of three-dimensional (3D) printing, addresses the practical aspects of establishing a 3D printing service in a medical facility, and explains the enormous potential value of rendering images as 3D printed models capable of providing tactile feedback and tangible information on both anatomic and pathologic states. Individual chapters also focus on selected areas of applications for 3D printing, including musculoskeletal, craniomaxillofacial, cardiovascular, and neurosurgery applications. Challenges and opportunities related to training, materials and equipment, and guidelines are addressed, and the overall costs of a 3D printing lab and the balancing of these costs against clinical benefits are discussed. Radiologists, surgeons, and other physicians will find this book to be a rich source of information on the practicalities and expanding medical applications of 3D printing.
Publisher: Publications Division Ministry of Information & Broadcasting
This volume is a collection of 80 speeches of the Prime Minister in his second year in office (from May 2015 to April 2016). Divided in five sections, the speeches in this volume invoke the concept of good governance; lay down the dream for making India prosperous and proficient in various fields; they hail the contributions of soldiers, farmers and scientists; they raise the hope for respect and better life for all our countrymen and they present a clear commitment for Rising India.
Author: Congress (U S ) Joint Committee on Printing
Publisher: Government Printing Office
This handy guide provides a color photograph of each Member of the House of Representatives and the Senate of the 114th Congress and details each Member's length of service, political party affiliation, and congressional district. The Pictorial Directory also contains pictures of the President, Vice President, and House and Senate officers and officials.
How to Reduce Military Spending While Keeping Our Nation Safe
Author: Laurence J. Korb
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. Restoring America¿s economic health will require dealing with our federal budget deficit over the long term. Reducing that deficit will require reducing the projected level of defense spending over the next 5 years. The defense budget can and should be reduced without harming national security for 3 reasons: (1) The portion of the world¿s military expend. the U.S. consumes compared to our potential adversaries has grown from 60% to 250%, so even if the U.S. were to cut its spending in half it would still be spending more than its adversaries; (2) The global security environment has changed, so we can reduce the overall size and deployment posture of our armed forces; (3) Significant tech. advances make our fighting forces far more efficient than even in the near past.
Request for a Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility: Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Category: Business & Economics
This paper discusses a request from the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe for a three-year arrangement under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). The economic outlook for 2009 is broadly favorable, but subject to significant risks. The program spans a period including major elections; the authorities’ ability to meet fiscal objectives and implement monetary policy will be key to the success of the program. IMF staff recommends approval of the new PRGF arrangement based on the country’s policy commitments.