This compelling book chronicles the most influential ideas that have shaped photography from the invention of the daguerreotype in the early 19th century up to the digital revolution and beyond. Entertaining and intelligent, it provides a fascinating resource to dip into. Arranged in a broadly chronological order to show the development of photography, the ideas that comprise the book include innovative concepts, cultural and social incidents, technologies, and movements. Each idea is presented through lively text and arresting visuals, and explores when the idea first evolved and its subsequent impact on photography.
An Introduction to the Theory and Meaning of Images
Author: Richard Salkeld
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Reading Photographs, 2nd edition introduces the key theories of representation and visual analysis and demonstrates how they can be applied to photography. Introducing the many different approaches to critical theory for photography, Richard Salkeld explores identity, gaze, psychoanalysis, voyeurism and aesthetics. As with all the books in the Basics Creative Photography series, Reading Photographs uses visual examples to illustrate the text and case studies to delve deeper into the theories and techniques raised within each chapter. In addition, each chapter includes box outs introducing influential photographers, theorists and critics as well as activities to help you apply relevant theories to your own practice. New to this edition: Exploration of the impact of digital and mobile photography and social media platforms on the interpretation of photographic images. Additional coverage of postmodernism and how it can inform photographic practice and the interpretation of visual imagery, as well as how feminist, post-structuralist and Marxist theories can offer alternative ways of analysing and understanding photographs.
Planning, Developing and Creating Original Photography
Author: Mike Simmons
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Highlighting the distinction between 'making,' rather than 'taking' photographs, Making Photographs introduces a structured way of developing creative solutions to the work you want to make, fusing personal ideas with knowledge, compositional elements and practical skills. Simmons explores a range of photographic practices, including portraiture, landscape, still life and abstract, and discusses techniques such as directorial photography, photomontage and camera-less photography. With practical exercises and additional reading suggested in each chapter, Making Photographs encourages you to tackle the challenges of the creative process on your own terms, enabling you to make informed choices about your development as a photographer.
Rethinking Photography is an accessible and illuminating critical introduction to the practice and interpretation of photography today. Peter Smith and Carolyn Lefley closely link critical approaches to photographic practices and present a detailed study of differing historical and contemporary perspectives on social and artistic functions of the medium, including photography as art, documentary forms, advertising and personal narratives. Richly illustrated full colour images throughout connect key concepts to real world examples. It also includes: Accessible book chapters on key topics including early photography, photography and industrial society, the rise of photography theory, critical engagement with anti-realist trends in the theory and practice of photography, photography and language, photography education, and photography and the creative economy Specific case studies on photographic practices include snapshot and portable box cameras, digital and mobile phone cultures, and computer-generated imagery Critical summaries of current photography theoretical studies in the field, displaying how critical theory has been mapped on to working practices of photographers and students In-depth profiles of selected key photographers and theorists and studies of their professional practices Assessment of photography as a key area of contemporary aesthetic debate Focused and critical study of the world of working photographers beyond the horizons of the academy. Rethinking Photography provides readers with an engaging mix of photographic case studies and an accessible exploration of essential theory. It is the perfect guide for students of Photography, Fine Art, Art History, and Graphic Design as well as practitioners from any background wishing to understand the place of photography in global societies today.
The fourth edition of this comprehensive history of photography has been thoroughly revised and updated. Spanning the entire history of the medium, from its early development to current practice, and providing a focused understanding of the cultural contexts in which photographers have lived and worked throughout, this remains an all-encompassing survey. Mary Warner Marien discusses photography from a truly global viewpoint and looks at a wide-ranging collection of images through the lenses of art, science, travel, war, fashion, the mass media and individual photographers. In addition to representing the established canon of Europe and the United States, key work from Latin America, Africa, India, Russia, China and Japan is also included. Professional, amateur and art photographers are all discussed, with Portrait boxes devoted to highlighting important individuals and Focus boxes charting particular cultural debates. New additions to this fourth edition include an overview of photographys involvement in conceptual art, a detailed review of the photographic work of artist Ed Ruscha and new material on European Worker Photography during the 1920s and 30s. Many new pictures have been added throughout the book, including superior versions of historical photographs and recent images from contemporary photographers, including Walead Beshty, Youssef Nabil, Lalla Essaydi and Ryan McGinley. A rich and vivid account of the history of photography placed in an essential cultural context, this indispensable book shows how photography has charted, shaped and sharpened our perception of the world.
History's Greatest Breakthroughs, Inventions, and Theories
Author: The Editors of TIME
Category: Social Science
From the light bulb, automobile and computer to vaccinations and tectonic theory, TIME reports on the most significant scientific and technological breakthroughs — in the form of ideas, inventions and discoveries — that have driven human progress. This book is both mentally and visually stimulating, showcasing beautiful and illuminating photographs, illustrations and graphics. Taking a look back through the most influential ideas that have changed the course of history, this book will take readers on an inspiring journey. From the early telescopes of Galileo to the forefront of American industry with Henry Ford's assembly line, TIME explores the worlds of those bright thinkers that shaped the future.
Nothing ensures the rapid development of new technology like the involvement of the military. From the trebuchet and the cannon to the tank and the ballistic missile, military research programmes have produced the most devastating weapons imaginable, but military masterminds are responsible for a number of surprises along the way as well. Radar, walkie-talkies and the jet engine are more obvious examples of military inventions that are now in everyday use around the world, but there are plenty of items with which all of us come into contact on a daily basis that have been developed from military technology. Rod Green describes how the microwave oven in your kitchen, the sat-nav in your car or the Internet that you use every day all owe their existence to the military as he takes us on a highly entertaining voyage of discovery through the world of military inventions ancient and modern.
Big Ideas : 100 Modern Inventions that Have Changed Our Lives
Author: Alex Hutchinson
Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.
Category: Technology & Engineering
From the polio vaccine to the Post-It, the personal computer to Prozac, these are the scientific and technological innovations that have transformed our world. Award-winning author Alex Hutchinson unveils the 100 greatest inventions of the modern era--starting with the discovery of the transistor in 1947--complete with original photographs and anecdotes about their creation. For example, a candy bar melting in a scientist’s pocket during an experiment led to the invention of the microwave oven. Hutchinson consulted 25 experts at 17 museums and universities; their collective expertise spans aeronautics, automobiles, biology, computers, medicine, physics, and a host of other fields. The result includes some well-known breakthroughs (the laser, in-vitro fertilization) as well as a host of surprises (waffle-sole running shoes, the pull-top can). This charming book will delight, fascinate, and educate.
Every day, we use our computers to perform remarkable feats. A simple web search picks out a handful of relevant needles from the world's biggest haystack: the billions of pages on the World Wide Web. Uploading a photo to Facebook transmits millions of pieces of information over numerous error-prone network links, yet somehow a perfect copy of the photo arrives intact. Without even knowing it, we use public-key cryptography to transmit secret information like credit card numbers; and we use digital signatures to verify the identity of the websites we visit. How do our computers perform these tasks with such ease? This is the first book to answer that question in language anyone can understand, revealing the extraordinary ideas that power our PCs, laptops, and smartphones. Using vivid examples, John MacCormick explains the fundamental "tricks" behind nine types of computer algorithms, including artificial intelligence (where we learn about the "nearest neighbor trick" and "twenty questions trick"), Google's famous PageRank algorithm (which uses the "random surfer trick"), data compression, error correction, and much more. These revolutionary algorithms have changed our world: this book unlocks their secrets, and lays bare the incredible ideas that our computers use every day.
This mind-blowing volume explores the fascinating stories behind innovations that play an integral part in our lives. From cement to LEDs and the alphabet to 3D printing, the book explains the science behind ground-breaking inventions while emphasizing the evolution of the scientific method. The book is packed with full-color photographs, interesting facts, and important vocabulary terms.