WRIGHTMAN’S PSYCHOLOGY AND THE LEGAL SYSTEM shows you the critical importance of psychology’s concepts and methods to the functioning of many aspects of today’s legal system. Featuring topics such as competence to stand trial, the insanity defense, expert forensic testimony, analysis of eye witness identification, criminal profiling, and many others, this best-selling book gives you a comprehensive overview of psychology’s contributions to the legal system, and the many roles available to trained psychologists within the system. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
With the media spotlight on the recent developments concerning the Supreme Court, more and more people have become increasingly interested in the highest court in the land. Who are the justices that run it and how do they make their decisions? The Psychology of the Supreme Court by Lawrence S. Wrightsman is the first book to thoroughly examine the psychology of Supreme Court decision-making. Dr. Wrightsman's book seeks to help us understand all aspects of the Supreme Court's functioning from a psychological perspective. This timely and comprehensive work addresses many factors of influence including, the background of the justices, how they are nominated and appointed, the role of their law clerks, the power of the Chief Justice, and the day-to-day life in the Court. Dr. Wrightsman uses psychological concepts and research findings from the social sciences to examine the steps of the decision-making process, as well as the ways in which the justices seek to remain collegial in the face of conflict and the degree of predictability in their votes. Psychologists and scholars, as well as those of us seeking to unravel the mystery of The Supreme Court of the United States will find this book to be an eye-opening read.
Written by two of the leading authorities in the field, FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY, Third Edition introduces students to the practice of forensic psychology by showing how psychologists aid the legal system by serving as expert witnesses, criminal profilers, and trial consultants for jury selection and child custody hearings. Wrightsman and Fulero present the roles and responsibilities of forensic psychologists, and address both the opportunities and temptations inherent in those roles. Through this lens, the authors explore the ethical issues facing practicing forensic psychologists, such as promising clients too much, the possibility of becoming advocates rather than objective scientists, and the pitfalls associated with substituting one’s values for data. The authors provide students with an accurate and candid picture of the field, and the range of careers in forensic psychology. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Facts101 is your complete guide to Wrightsmans Psychology and the Legal System. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
Wahrnehmungspsychologie ist ein zentrales Prüfungsthema im Studiengang Psychologie – und Goldsteins Lehrbuchklassiker ist seit Jahren Marktführer. Die neue Auflage ist passgenau auf die Bachelor- und Master-Studiengänge zugeschnitten. Die Themenpalette dieses Lehrbuchs ist nicht nur prüfungsrelevant, sondern auch faszinierend – und für manchen Laien auch verständlich lesbar. In 16 Kapiteln beantwortet Goldstein die folgenden Fragen: Was ist Wahrnehmung? Was sind die neuronalen Mechanismen der Wahrnehmung? Inwieweit arbeitet das Gehirn ähnlich wie ein Computer? Wie wird das Netzhautbild verarbeitet? Wie nehmen wir Farbe wahr? Wie erkennen wir Objekte? Wie nehmen wir Tiefe und Größe von Objekten wahr? Wie erkennen wir Bewegung? Wie funktioniert unser Gehör? Wie nehmen wir Klänge und Lautstärken wahr? Wie erkennen und verstehen wir Sprache? Wie funktionieren unsere Sinne?
In the mid-1970s, as a social psychologist dedicated to the application of knowl edge, I welcomed our field's emerging interest in the legal system. I have al ways been fascinated by jury trials-something about the idea that two con ceptions of the truth were in irrevocable conflict and jurors could choose only one of them. More important, the criminal justice system is a major social force that has been ignored by social psychologists for most of the twentieth century. As I systematically began to explore the applications of social psycho logical concepts to the law 20 years ago, I experienced the delight of discovery similar to that of a child under a Christmas tree. It has been satisfying to be among the cohort of researchers who have studied the legal system, especially trial juries, from a psychological perspective. I believe we have learned much that would be useful if the system were to be revised. Hlf the system were to be revised" . . . there's the rub. As I have stated, my original motivation was the application of knowledge. Like other social scien tists, I believed-perhaps arrogantly-that the results of our research efforts could be used to make trial juries operate with more efficiency, accuracy, and satisfaction. Qver the last two decades, much knowledge has accumulated. How can we put this knowledge to work? Judges are the gatekeepers of the legal system.
This unique volume salutes the work of pioneering forensic psychologist Lawrence S. Wrightsman, Jr., by presenting current theorizing and research findings on issues that define the field of psychology and law. Ongoing topics in witness behaviors, suspect identification, and juror decision making illustrate how psychology and law complement and also conflict at various stages in legal processes. The book also sheds light on evolving areas such as DNA exonerations, professional trial consulting, and jury selection strategies, and the distinct challenges and opportunities these issues present. Noted contributors to the book include Wrightsman himself, who offers salient observations on the field that he continues to inspire. Featured among the topics: The credibility of witnesses. Psychological science on eyewitness identification and the U.S. Supreme Court. False confessions, from colonial Salem to today. Identifying juror bias: toward a new generation of jury selection research. Law and social science: how interdisciplinary is interdisciplinary enough? Race and its place in the American legal system. With its diverse mix of perspectives and methodologies, The Witness Stand and Lawrence S. Wrightsman, Jr. will interest forensic researchers in academic and applied settings, as well as individuals working in the legal system, such as attorneys, judges and law enforcement personnel.
The causes of confessions, the acceptability of confessions extracted under duress and the interrogation procedures used by police are among the topics explored in this volume. The authors examine how the North American legal system has evolved in its treatment of confessions over the past 50 years, evaluate the process for determining the admissability of confession testimony and provide research findings on jurors' reactions to voluntary and coerced confessions.
These stimulating companion volumes reflect an expansion of the coverage of Wrightsman's earlier book Personality Development in Adulthood. They encourage readers to look at the evolving nature of their own lives, and include case studies throughout to illustrate concepts in a thought-provoking, non-technical manner.
Rape: The Misunderstood Crime is an excellent resource for professionals and students of psychology, sociology, education, social work, criminal justice, and law who seek to dispel "rape myths" and wish to better understand the nature and dynamics of both the rapist and the victim.
Kassin and Wrightsman's book concentrates on the single most important determinant of verdicts -- the evidence and court procedure. It is divided into four parts: (1) an overview and historical perspective; (2) seven substantive topics like eyewitness accounts, confessions, and character evidence; (3) an examination of the major stages of trial procedure; and (4) a provocative discussion of the role that psychology does, and should, play in the judicial process. Written in non-technical language, this book should have a broad appeal to students, researchers and litigants alike. `Chapters are extremely well written and documented. The work is highly recommended for advanced undergraduates, graduate students and legal professionals.' -- Choice, March 1986
Much as we “select” computer settings by default—reflexively, without thinking, and sometimes without realizing there are other options—we often discriminate by default as well. And just as default computer settings tend to become locked in or entrenched as the standard, discrimination by default creates a situation in which disparate outcomes are expected, accepted, and taken for granted. The killing of Amadou Diallo, racial disparities in medical care, the dominance of Whites and men in certain professions, and even the uneven media attention paid to crimes depending on their victims’ race and class, all might be cases of discrimination by, or as, default. Wang contends that, today, most discrimination occurs by default and not design, making legal prohibitions that focus on those who discriminate out of ill will inadequate to redress the largest share of modern discrimination. She draws on social psychology to detail three ways in which unconscious assumptions can lead to discrimination, showing how they play out in a range of everyday settings. Wang then demonstrates how these dynamics interact in medical care to produce an invisible, self-fulfilling, and self-perpetuating prophecy of racial disparity. She goes on to suggest ways in which institutions and individuals might recognize, interrupt, and override the discriminatory default.
Of all the steps in the Supreme Court's decision-making process, only one is visible to the public: the oral arguments. By carefully analyzing transcripts of all the oral arguments available to the public, Professor Wrightsman provides empirical answers to a number of questions about the operation of oral arguments. This book provides a model for understanding the dynamics of judicial decision making from an empirical perspective.
Our suppositions about human nature colour everything from the way we bargain with a used-car dealer to our expectations about further conflict in the Middle East. Our assumptions about human nature underlie our reactions to specific events. Wrightsman designed this second edition of his book to enhance our understanding of many significant issues about human nature, including the relationship of attitudes to behaviour, the unidimensionality of attitudes and the influence of social movements on beliefs.
Lawrence S. Wrightsman,Angela L. Batson,Vanessa A. Edkins
Author: Lawrence S. Wrightsman,Angela L. Batson,Vanessa A. Edkins
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
Intended to help make material on criminal cases and law relevant and personal for students, THE MEASURE OF LEGAL ATTITUDES is a workbook-style supplement that features 31 scales that measure attitudes relevant to the legal system. Gathered from active researchers in the field, each chapter covers a different scale or topic, and includes scale items and scoring instructions. Each scale is consistently organized to include the following: the title of the scale, author of the scale, author contact info, purpose of the scale, relevant publications list pertaining to the scale, scale items and directions, a scoring key, and a summary of contents. Among the high interest topics covered by this text: legal attitudes of prospective jurors, attitudes about medical malpractice, attitudes towards physician-assisted suicide, acceptance of rape myths, attitudes toward the death penalty, knowledge of eyewitness testimony, attitudes about spouse abuse and battered women, and political correctness.
Author: Irving B. Weiner,John A. Schinka,Wayne F. Velicer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This book provides a comprehensive overview of methods of data collection and analysis in psychological science. Chapter address basic considerations in research design-such as formulating hypothesis, selecting participant samples, identifying independent and dependent variables, and determining appropriate procedures-and alternative techniques for statistical treatment of data, such as categorical and factorial methods, path analysis and logistic regression, and meta-analysis.
Author: Nancy E. Walker,Catherine M. Brooks,Lawrence S. Wrightsman
The authors of this volume provide discussion on vital issues related to the rights of children in the United States, including: the historical and contextual perspective on the rights of children; the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child; the differing views on children's rights and competencies; and the rights of children within the family, the social service system, the health care system, the educational system, the juvenile justice system and in employment.