The author team for WRIGHTSMAN’S PSYCHOLOGY AND THE LEGAL SYSTEM, Seventh Edition combines complementary expertise, active research, writing careers, and real world experience (as consultants working within the legal system) to produce a comprehensive text that is unparalleled in scholarship and writing style. The authorship, research base and comprehensive coverage make this text popular with instructors and students. This text demonstrates the importance of psychology to understanding the legal system and the impact on individuals’ everyday lives through the use of real cases and questions formed to create discussions of these cases. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Lawrence S. Wrightsman,Michael T. Nietzel,William H. Fortune
Author: Lawrence S. Wrightsman,Michael T. Nietzel,William H. Fortune
Publisher: Thomson Brooks/Cole
Category: Forensic psychology
Examines the legal system through the use of psychological concepts, methods, and research results. The text seeks to clarify the basic dilemmas that persist in the legal system and looks at the ethical, moral, legal, and psychological gray areas of the law including coverage of such topics as: competence to stand trial; pretrial publicity and resulting changes in venue; criminal profiling; civil case law and civil procedures; the rights of children; capital punishment; the psychology of criminal trials; the insanity defense; expert forensic testimony; and analysis of eyewitness identification and lineup procedures. This edition balances discussion of the legal system with psychological theory, concepts, and research.
Written by two of the leading authorities in the field, FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY, Third Edition introduces students to the practice of forensic psychology by showing how psychologists aid the legal system by serving as expert witnesses, criminal profilers, and trial consultants for jury selection and child custody hearings. Wrightsman and Fulero present the roles and responsibilities of forensic psychologists, and address both the opportunities and temptations inherent in those roles. Through this lens, the authors explore the ethical issues facing practicing forensic psychologists, such as promising clients too much, the possibility of becoming advocates rather than objective scientists, and the pitfalls associated with substituting one's values for data. The authors provide students with an accurate and candid picture of the field, and the range of careers in forensic psychology. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Facts101 is your complete guide to Wrightsmans Psychology and the Legal System. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
In the mid-1970s, as a social psychologist dedicated to the application of knowl edge, I welcomed our field's emerging interest in the legal system. I have al ways been fascinated by jury trials-something about the idea that two con ceptions of the truth were in irrevocable conflict and jurors could choose only one of them. More important, the criminal justice system is a major social force that has been ignored by social psychologists for most of the twentieth century. As I systematically began to explore the applications of social psycho logical concepts to the law 20 years ago, I experienced the delight of discovery similar to that of a child under a Christmas tree. It has been satisfying to be among the cohort of researchers who have studied the legal system, especially trial juries, from a psychological perspective. I believe we have learned much that would be useful if the system were to be revised. Hlf the system were to be revised" . . . there's the rub. As I have stated, my original motivation was the application of knowledge. Like other social scien tists, I believed-perhaps arrogantly-that the results of our research efforts could be used to make trial juries operate with more efficiency, accuracy, and satisfaction. Qver the last two decades, much knowledge has accumulated. How can we put this knowledge to work? Judges are the gatekeepers of the legal system.
Written by two of the leading authorities in the field, FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY, Second Edition introduces students to the practice of forensic psychology by showing readers how psychologists aid the legal system by serving as expert witnesses, criminal profilers, and trial consultants for jury selection and child custody hearings. Wrightsman and Fulero present the roles and responsibilities of forensic psychologists, and addresses both the opportunities and temptations inherent in those roles. Through this lens, the authors explore the ethical issues facing practicing forensic psychologists, such as promising clients too much, the possibility of becoming advocates rather than objective scientists, and the pitfalls associated with substituting one's values for data. Wrightsman and Fulero provide students with an accurate and candid picture of the field, and the range of careers in forensic psychology.
Of all the steps in the Supreme Court's decision-making process, only one is visible to the public: the oral arguments. By carefully analyzing transcripts of all the oral arguments available to the public, Professor Wrightsman provides empirical answers to a number of questions about the operation of oral arguments. This book provides a model for understanding the dynamics of judicial decision making from an empirical perspective.
These stimulating companion volumes reflect an expansion of the coverage of Wrightsman's earlier book Personality Development in Adulthood. They encourage readers to look at the evolving nature of their own lives, and include case studies throughout to illustrate concepts in a thought-provoking, non-technical manner.
The causes of confessions, the acceptability of confessions extracted under duress and the interrogation procedures used by police are among the topics explored in this volume. The authors examine how the North American legal system has evolved in its treatment of confessions over the past 50 years, evaluate the process for determining the admissability of confession testimony and provide research findings on jurors' reactions to voluntary and coerced confessions.
Rape: The Misunderstood Crime is an excellent resource for professionals and students of psychology, sociology, education, social work, criminal justice, and law who seek to dispel "rape myths" and wish to better understand the nature and dynamics of both the rapist and the victim.
Much as we “select” computer settings by default—reflexively, without thinking, and sometimes without realizing there are other options—we often discriminate by default as well. And just as default computer settings tend to become locked in or entrenched as the standard, discrimination by default creates a situation in which disparate outcomes are expected, accepted, and taken for granted. The killing of Amadou Diallo, racial disparities in medical care, the dominance of Whites and men in certain professions, and even the uneven media attention paid to crimes depending on their victims’ race and class, all might be cases of discrimination by, or as, default. Wang contends that, today, most discrimination occurs by default and not design, making legal prohibitions that focus on those who discriminate out of ill will inadequate to redress the largest share of modern discrimination. She draws on social psychology to detail three ways in which unconscious assumptions can lead to discrimination, showing how they play out in a range of everyday settings. Wang then demonstrates how these dynamics interact in medical care to produce an invisible, self-fulfilling, and self-perpetuating prophecy of racial disparity. She goes on to suggest ways in which institutions and individuals might recognize, interrupt, and override the discriminatory default.
Our suppositions about human nature colour everything from the way we bargain with a used-car dealer to our expectations about further conflict in the Middle East. Our assumptions about human nature underlie our reactions to specific events. Wrightsman designed this second edition of his book to enhance our understanding of many significant issues about human nature, including the relationship of attitudes to behaviour, the unidimensionality of attitudes and the influence of social movements on beliefs.
Lawrence S. Wrightsman,Angela L. Batson,Vanessa A. Edkins
Author: Lawrence S. Wrightsman,Angela L. Batson,Vanessa A. Edkins
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
Intended to help make material on criminal cases and law relevant and personal for students, THE MEASURE OF LEGAL ATTITUDES is a workbook-style supplement that features 31 scales that measure attitudes relevant to the legal system. Gathered from active researchers in the field, each chapter covers a different scale or topic, and includes scale items and scoring instructions. Each scale is consistently organized to include the following: the title of the scale, author of the scale, author contact info, purpose of the scale, relevant publications list pertaining to the scale, scale items and directions, a scoring key, and a summary of contents. Among the high interest topics covered by this text: legal attitudes of prospective jurors, attitudes about medical malpractice, attitudes towards physician-assisted suicide, acceptance of rape myths, attitudes toward the death penalty, knowledge of eyewitness testimony, attitudes about spouse abuse and battered women, and political correctness.
Author: Irving B. Weiner,John A. Schinka,Wayne F. Velicer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This book provides a comprehensive overview of methods of data collection and analysis in psychological science. Chapter address basic considerations in research design-such as formulating hypothesis, selecting participant samples, identifying independent and dependent variables, and determining appropriate procedures-and alternative techniques for statistical treatment of data, such as categorical and factorial methods, path analysis and logistic regression, and meta-analysis.
Wahrnehmungspsychologie ist ein zentrales Prüfungsthema im Studiengang Psychologie – und Goldsteins Lehrbuchklassiker ist seit Jahren Marktführer. Die neue Auflage ist passgenau auf die Bachelor- und Master-Studiengänge zugeschnitten. Die Themenpalette dieses Lehrbuchs ist nicht nur prüfungsrelevant, sondern auch faszinierend – und für manchen Laien auch verständlich lesbar. In 16 Kapiteln beantwortet Goldstein die folgenden Fragen: Was ist Wahrnehmung? Was sind die neuronalen Mechanismen der Wahrnehmung? Inwieweit arbeitet das Gehirn ähnlich wie ein Computer? Wie wird das Netzhautbild verarbeitet? Wie nehmen wir Farbe wahr? Wie erkennen wir Objekte? Wie nehmen wir Tiefe und Größe von Objekten wahr? Wie erkennen wir Bewegung? Wie funktioniert unser Gehör? Wie nehmen wir Klänge und Lautstärken wahr? Wie erkennen und verstehen wir Sprache? Wie funktionieren unsere Sinne?
Nancy E. Walker,Catherine M. Brooks,Lawrence S. Wrightsman
Author: Nancy E. Walker,Catherine M. Brooks,Lawrence S. Wrightsman
The authors of this volume provide discussion on vital issues related to the rights of children in the United States, including: the historical and contextual perspective on the rights of children; the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child; the differing views on children's rights and competencies; and the rights of children within the family, the social service system, the health care system, the educational system, the juvenile justice system and in employment.
With the media spotlight on the recent developments concerning the Supreme Court, more and more people have become increasingly interested in the highest court in the land. Who are the justices that run it and how do they make their decisions? The Psychology of the Supreme Court by Lawrence S. Wrightsman is the first book to thoroughly examine the psychology of Supreme Court decision-making. Dr. Wrightsman's book seeks to help us understand all aspects of the Supreme Court's functioning from a psychological perspective. This timely and comprehensive work addresses many factors of influence including, the background of the justices, how they are nominated and appointed, the role of their law clerks, the power of the Chief Justice, and the day-to-day life in the Court. Dr. Wrightsman uses psychological concepts and research findings from the social sciences to examine the steps of the decision-making process, as well as the ways in which the justices seek to remain collegial in the face of conflict and the degree of predictability in their votes. Psychologists and scholars, as well as those of us seeking to unravel the mystery of The Supreme Court of the United States will find this book to be an eye-opening read.
This is the first book for professionals who seek an integrated, up-to-date review of psychological research and recent court cases dealing with children as witnesses in court. It is organized around four issues: the competence of children as witnesses, the credibility of children, the rights of children and the rights of the accused. Child and adolescent development is reviewed from a psychological perspective. Recent research on issues of comprehension, memory and communication skills of children are described alongside the reactions of various audiences - lawyers, judges and juries - to the children's credibility. Procedures designed to reduce the traumatization of children who testify in court are described and evaluated.
This volume examines diverse jury systems in nations around the world. These systems are marked by unique features having critical implications for jury selection, composition, functioning, processes, and ultimately, trial outcomes. These unique features are examined by applying relevant social psychological research, models and concepts to the central issues and characteristics of jury systems in those nations using a wide variety of jury procedures. Traditionally, research that has been conducted on juries has almost exclusively targeted the North-American jury. Psychologically-based research on European, Asian and Australian juries has been almost non-existent in the past decade or more. Yet, the incidence of jury trials outside of North America has been steadily increasing as more nations (e.g., Japan, Spain, Russia, and Poland) adopt, revise, or expand their use of juries in their legal system. Accordingly, research has been appearing in the scientific literature on new developments in world juries (particularly in Spain, Japan, and Australia). This volume fulfils the dual purpose of understanding the diverse practices in world juries in light of existing social psychological knowledge and applied research on juries in each nation, and outlining new research in the context of the issues raised by jury practices beyond those of North America.