White's Handbook of Chlorination and Alternative Disinfectants

Author: Black & Veatch Corporation

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118210557

Category: Science

Page: 1062

View: 5445

New edition covers the latest practices, regulations, and alternative disinfectants Since the publication of the Fourth Edition of White's Handbook of Chlorination and Alternative Disinfectants more than ten years ago, the water industry has made substantial advances in their understanding and application of chlorine, hypochlorite, and alternative disinfectants for water and wastewater treatment. This Fifth Edition, with its extensive updates and revisions, reflects the current state of the science as well as the latest practices. Balancing theory with practice, the Fifth Edition covers such important topics as: Advances in the use of UV and ozone as disinfectants Alternative disinfectants such as chlorine dioxide, iodine, and bromine-related products Advanced oxidation processes for drinking water and wastewater treatment New developments and information for the production and handling of chlorine Latest regulations governing the use of different disinfectants For each disinfectant, the book explains its chemistry, effectiveness, dosing, equipment, and system design requirements. Moreover, the advantages and disadvantages of each disinfectant are clearly set forth. References at the end of each chapter guide readers to the primary literature for further investigation. Authored and reviewed by leading experts in the field of water and wastewater treatment, this Fifth Edition remains an ideal reference for utilities, regulators, engineers, and plant operators who need current information on the disinfection of potable water, wastewater, industrial water, and swimming pools.

Handbook of Chlorination and Alternative Disinfectants

Author: Geo. Clifford White

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: 9780471292074

Category: Science

Page: 1592

View: 5529

The essential sourcebook on disinfectants for water purification For more than two decades, George Clifford White's handbook has been known as one of the most vital references on all aspects of chlorination, dechlorination, and the use of alternative disinfectants such as chloramines, ozone, bromine, and ultraviolet radiation. This latest edition features expanded and updated material in every chapter-crucial information for professionals in industries ranging from water treatment, toxicology, and food packaging to industrial hygiene, environmental engineering, and paper processing. White shows how to harness the possibilities of chlorine and other disinfectants for purification. He offers detailed coverage of chlorine hazards-including how to cope with major leaks-and provides insightful profiles of chlorine accidents as well as strategies for avoiding them. Handbook of Chlorination and Alternative Disinfectants, Fourth Edition also covers: * Biomedical and environmental effects of chlorine * New advances in equipment, facilities, and operations * The important problem of virus infiltration of water supplies * Chlorine supplies as critical resources, and the issue of their depletion * American and European chlorination practices Handbook of Chlorination and Alternative Disinfectants, Fourth Edition is a key resource for researchers, designers, and equipment manufacturers; an ideal reference for regulatory agencies; and a user-friendly operations manual for technicians.

White's Handbook of Chlorination and Alternative Disinfectants

Author: Black & Veatch Corporation

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780470180983

Category: Science

Page: 1062

View: 6165

New edition covers the latest practices, regulations, and alternative disinfectants Since the publication of the Fourth Edition of White's Handbook of Chlorination and Alternative Disinfectants more than ten years ago, the water industry has made substantial advances in their understanding and application of chlorine, hypochlorite, and alternative disinfectants for water and wastewater treatment. This Fifth Edition, with its extensive updates and revisions, reflects the current state of the science as well as the latest practices. Balancing theory with practice, the Fifth Edition covers such important topics as: Advances in the use of UV and ozone as disinfectants Alternative disinfectants such as chlorine dioxide, iodine, and bromine-related products Advanced oxidation processes for drinking water and wastewater treatment New developments and information for the production and handling of chlorine Latest regulations governing the use of different disinfectants For each disinfectant, the book explains its chemistry, effectiveness, dosing, equipment, and system design requirements. Moreover, the advantages and disadvantages of each disinfectant are clearly set forth. References at the end of each chapter guide readers to the primary literature for further investigation. Authored and reviewed by leading experts in the field of water and wastewater treatment, this Fifth Edition remains an ideal reference for utilities, regulators, engineers, and plant operators who need current information on the disinfection of potable water, wastewater, industrial water, and swimming pools.

40 Days of Dating

An Experiment

Author: Timothy Goodman,Jessica Walsh

Publisher: ABRAMS

ISBN: 1613127154

Category: Self-Help

Page: 304

View: 4895

“What would happen if Harry met Sally in the age of Tinder and Snapchat? . . . A field guide to Millennial dating in New York City” (New York Daily News). When New York–based graphic designers and long-time friends Timothy Goodman and Jessica Walsh found themselves single at the same time, they decided to try an experiment. The old adage says that it takes 40 days to change a habit—could the same be said for love? So they agreed to date each other for 40 days, record their experiences in questionnaires, photographs, videos, texts, and artworks, and post the material on a website they would create for this purpose. What began as a small experiment between two friends became an Internet sensation, drawing 5 million unique (and obsessed) visitors from around the globe to their site and their story. 40 Days of Dating: An Experiment is a beautifully designed, expanded look at the experiment and the results, including a great deal of material that never made it onto the site, such as who they were as friends and individuals before the 40 days and who they have become since.

Drinking Water and Health,

Author: Board on Toxicology and Environmental Health Hazards,Safe Drinking Water Committee,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council,Commission on Life Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309031982

Category: Science

Page: 299

View: 2804

Global Safety of Fresh Produce

A Handbook of Best Practice, Innovative Commercial Solutions and Case Studies

Author: Jeffrey Hoorfar

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 1782420274

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 472

View: 496

Continuing food poisoning outbreaks around the globe have put fresh produce safety at the forefront of food research. Global Safety of Fresh Produce provides a detailed and comprehensive overview of best practice for produce safety throughout the food chain, and unique coverage of commercial technologies for fresh produce safety. Part one covers the production and regulation of fresh produce on the agricultural level, including issues of niche farm fresh products, FDA regulation, and zoonotic transfer of pathogens from animals to farm products. Part two moves on to look at safety and environmental issues surrounding fresh produce processing, such as postharvest washing, alternative sanitizers, and using produce waste as animal feed. Part three focuses on current and emerging commercial solutions for fresh produce safety, like ionizing radiation and edible coatings, and part four covers methods of laboratory testing and related legislation. The final section of the book covers a series of case studies of fresh produce safety breaches, including European E. coli outbreaks in sprouts and leafy greens, and the illegal use of fluorescent whitening agents (FWAs) in China. This book is an essential text for R&D managers in the fresh produce industry, quality control professionals working with fresh produce throughout the food chain, postgraduate students, and academic researchers with an interest in fresh produce safety. Provides a comprehensive overview of best practice for produce safety Examines the production and regulation of fresh agricultural produce Looks at safety and environmental issues surrounding fresh produce processing

Manual of Environmental Microbiology

Author: Christon J. Hurst,Ronald L. Crawford,Jay L. Garland,David A. Lipson

Publisher: American Society for Microbiology Press

ISBN: 1555813798

Category: Science

Page: 1293

View: 4236

The most definitive manual of microbes in air, water, and soil and their impact on human health and welfare. • Incorporates a summary of the latest methodology used to study the activity and fate of microorganisms in various environments. • Synthesizes the latest information on the assessment of microbial presence and microbial activity in natural and artificial environments. • Features a section on biotransformation and biodegradation. • Serves as an indispensable reference for environmental microbiologists, microbial ecologists, and environmental engineers, as well as those interested in human diseases, water and wastewater treatment, and biotechnology.

The Humanure Handbook

A Guide to Composting Human Manure

Author: Joseph C. Jenkins

Publisher: Jenkins Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Gardening

Page: 255

View: 2329

The Science and Technology of Industrial Water Treatment

Author: Zahid Amjad

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420071459

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 530

View: 4784

Mineral scale deposits, corrosion, suspended matter, and microbiological growth are factors that must be controlled in industrial water systems. Research on understanding the mechanisms of these problems has attracted considerable attention in the past three decades as has progress concerning water treatment additives to ameliorate these concerns. The Science and Technology of Industrial Water Treatment provides a comprehensive discussion on the topic from specialists in industry and academia. The book begins with an overview of water chemistry and covers the characteristics of commonly encountered mineral scales. It addresses the formation and control of different scales in various systems and examines new developments in membrane-based separation processes. Next, it provides a detailed account on the operational challenges of reverse osmosis systems and scale control in thermal distillation processes. The text explores corrosion control in cooling, boiler, geothermal, and desalination systems and it discusses the interactions of polyelectrolytes with suspended matter. Includes coverage of a range of bacterial species, including Legionella The book examines bacterial species commonly encountered in water supplies, the mechanisms of biofouling, approaches to control it, and criteria for selecting biocides for water treatment applications. An entire chapter is devoted to Legionella in water systems. Contributors describe various analytical techniques for identifying mineral scales and deposits. They also examine applications of polymers for treating industrial and wastewater systems and give an account of analytical approaches for monitoring various operational parameters and chemicals used to treat industrial water systems. A valuable addition to the library of academic researchers, this volume will also prove useful to those working not only in the water treatment industry, but also to those in petroleum, textiles, pharmaceuticals, and other areas where purity processes are a significant concern.

Handbook of Pharmaceutical Excipients

Author: Raymond C. Rowe,Paul J. Sheskey,Marian E. Quinn

Publisher: Amer Pharmacists Assn

ISBN: 9781582121352

Category: Medical

Page: 888

View: 6336

An internationally acclaimed reference work recognized as one of the most authoritative and comprehensive sources of information on excipients used in pharmaceutical formulation with this new edition providing 340 excipient monographs. Incorporates information on the uses, and chemical and physical properties of excipients systematically collated from a variety of international sources including: pharmacopeias, patents, primary and secondary literature, websites, and manufacturers' data; extensive data provided on the applications, licensing, and safety of excipients; comprehensively cross-referenced and indexed, with many additional excipients described as related substances and an international supplier's directory and detailed information on trade names and specific grades or types of excipients commercially available.

Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations

Author: Frank R. Spellman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203489837

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 696

View: 987

Water and wastewater treatment plant operators must have a breadth of knowledge that encompasses more than scientific theory. They need to be generalists with knowledge bridging several scientific, academic, and engineering disciplines. Unfortunately, until now, many of the existing texts in the field were too limited in scope and narrow in focus. Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations is the first complete resource manual exclusively for water and wastewater plant operators. It is a thorough compilation of water science, treatment information, process control procedures, problem-solving techniques, safety and health information, and administrative and technological trends. The manual examines numerous real-world operating scenarios, including the intake of raw sewage and the treatment of water via residual management. Each scenario includes a comprehensive problem-solving practice set, which enables readers to integrate relevant math with theory and practical applications. The systematic layout of this hands-on technical aid accelerates the learning of both current and future plant operators.

Choosing Disinfection Alternatives for Water/Wastewater Treatment Plants

Author: Frank R. Spellman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566767576

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 128

View: 6364

Safe drinking water and effluent have long been dependent on the large-scale use of chlorine. Process Safety Management (PSM) and the Risk Management Program (RMP), safety regulations now enforced by OSHA and EPA are leading to serious reconsideration of chlorination as the preferred disinfection method. Renewed concern about the safety of chlorination by-products is also driving water and wastewater specialists and plant personnel to consider alternatives to traditional chlorine application. Choosing Disinfection Alternatives for Water/Wastewater Treatment is a practical explanation of all available disinfection technologies in light of management criteria: legal compliance, plant safety, effuent quality, and cost. This text is designed for all who must understand and act on the challenge of finding safe and equally effective methods of wastwater and water disinfection besides traditional chlorination.

Acute Respiratory Infections

Author: Wei Shen Lim

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199588082

Category: Medical

Page: 144

View: 4226

This pocketbook is a concise companion for health care professionals who manage patients with acute lung infections.

Handbook of Toxicology of Chemical Warfare Agents

Author: Ramesh C. Gupta

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128004940

Category: Science

Page: 1198

View: 3534

Handbook of Toxicology of Chemical Warfare Agents, Second Edition covers every aspect of deadly toxic chemicals used in conflicts, warfare and terrorism. Including findings from experimental as well as clinical studies, this essential reference offers in-depth coverage of individual toxicants, target organ toxicity, major incidents, toxic effects in humans, animals and wildlife, biosensors and biomarkers, on-site and laboratory analytical methods, decontamination and detoxification procedures, and countermeasures. Expanding on the ground-breaking first edition, Handbook of Toxicology of Chemical Warfare Agents has been completely updated, presenting the most recent advances in field. Brand new chapters include a case study of the Iran-Iraq war, an overview of chemical weapons of mass destruction, explosives, ricin, the human respiratory system, alternative testing methods, brain injuries, and more. Unites world-leading experts to present cutting-edge, agent-specific information on chemical warfare agents and their adverse effects on human and animal health and the environment. Covers all aspects of chemical warfare agent modes of action, detection, prevention, therapeutic treatment and countermeasures. Features a full update on the first edition to reflect the most recent advances in the field as well as nine new chapters.

Handbook of Vegetable Preservation and Processing, Second Edition

Author: Y. H. Hui,E. Özgül Evranuz

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482212293

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 970

View: 880

The second edition of a bestseller, Handbook of Vegetable Preservation and Processing compiles the latest developments and advances in the science and technology of processing and preservation of vegetables and vegetable products. It includes coverage of topics not found in similar books, such as nutritive and bioactive compounds of vegetables; vegetable flavors and sensory properties; genetic engineering; vegetable pests and diseases; active and intelligent packaging; additives and preservatives; quality preservation and/or improvement; computer and control applications; specialties like winter squash and pumpkin, seed sprouts and shalgam; GAP and food safety, among others. New Topics in the Second Edition include: Flavors and sensory perception Waste and by-products Genetic engineering HACCP Traceback Quality assurance Food processing and agro-industries face the scientific and technical challenges of increasing the production of vegetables. This extensively revised, reorganized, and expanded second edition brings together the expertise of almost 70 scientists and product experts from around the world to give you unparalleled coverage in terms of depth and breadth.

Field Manual of Wildlife Diseases - General Field Procedures and Diseases of Birds

Author: Milton Friend,J. Christian Franson,U.S. Geological Survey

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781479177721

Category: Science

Page: 438

View: 307

DO WILDLIFE DISEASES REALLY MATTER? The waterfowl manager who wakes up one morning to find ten thousand dead and dying birds in the marsh would think so. Yet virtually every wild bird and mammal harbors at least a few parasites seemingly without obvious adverse consequences. Parasites, viruses, bacteria, and fungi are component parts of the ecosystems in which wildlife are found, but do not necessarily cause disease. Millennia of coevolution have engendered a modus vivendi that assures the survival of both host and parasite populations. Then why the ten thousand sick and dying birds? Ecosystems are changing. Waterfowl are concentrated on shrinking wetlands and remain there for longer periods of time, facilitating bird-to-bird spread of the bacteria that cause avian cholera. Or permitting the buildup of parasites in their hosts from a small, relatively benign number to massive numbers that cause disease and death. Water quality of wetlands changes, favoring the production of deadly botulinum toxin by bacteria and its mobilization up the food chain to waterfowl. New, totally artificial habitats are created with unpredictable results. The extreme temperature, salinity, and other conditions of the Salton Sea have created an unusual ecosystem in which botulism occurs in fish and in birds through biological cycles that are not yet understood. Wetland loss in southern California leaves few alternative places for waterbirds to go, so they are attracted to the Salton Sea. Behavior changes. Mallard ducks take up residence on the ponds and lakes of city parks and lose their migratory habits. They share these bodies of water with exotic species, such as Muscovy ducks that have also taken up residence there after introduction by people, setting the scene for outbreaks of duck plague, and creating the risk of spread to migratory waterfowl that also use these areas. Raccoons and skunks become well adapted to urban life, bringing rabies and canine distemper with them into the city. The environment changes the physiology of wild animals. Human activity introduces into wildlife habitats chemical compounds that adversely affect physiological processes such as reproduction and immune responsiveness. These compounds become incorporated into the ecosystems, often becoming more concentrated as they move up food chains. Their effects can influence wildlife populations. Some of these endocrine-disrupting chemicals, such as chlorinated hydrocarbons (DDE, PCBs), interfere with normal endocrine function by mimicking natural hormones, with resulting eggshell thinning and breakage. Effects of these chemical compounds on immune-system responses to infectious and parasitic agents are less well understood. What to do? Incorporating disease-prevention measures into wildlife management practices requires more information than is usually available. The information-gathering process must begin in the field. Field biologists must monitor disease occurrence. This Field Manual is a valuable aid in identifying the diseases that are likely to be present, and in giving guidance on the gathering and treatment of specimens needed to establish the diagnosis in the laboratory. But the wildlife field biologist is in a position to provide valuable information that goes beyond the collection of samples from sick and dead individuals. Although diseased individuals are the basic unit of surveillance, the occurrence of disease must be put into ecological perspective. A careful description of the ecological setting in which the disease is occurring, and any changes that have occurred over time, are ultimately as important as a careful description of the lesions observed in the individual, if the epidemiology of that disease is to be understood, and the disease prevented through sound wildlife-management practices.

Nanotechnology for Water Treatment and Purification

Author: Anming Hu,Allen Apblett

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319065785

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 373

View: 584

This book describes the latest progress in the application of nanotechnology for water treatment and purification. Leaders in the field present both the fundamental science and a comprehensive overview of the diverse range of tools and technologies that have been developed in this critical area. Expert chapters present the unique physicochemical and surface properties of nanoparticles and the advantages that these provide for engineering applications that ensure a supply of safe drinking water for our growing population. Application areas include generating fresh water from seawater, preventing contamination of the environment and creating effective and efficient methods for remediation of polluted waters. The chapter authors are leading world-wide experts in the field with either academic or industrial experience, ensuring that this comprehensive volume presents the state-of-the-art in the integration of nanotechnology with water treatment and purification.

Water Treatment and Pathogen Control

Process Efficiency in Achieving Safe Drinking-water

Author: LeChevallier M.W.,Kwok-Keung A.

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241562552

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 112

View: 1162

Annotation This publication provides a critical analysis of the literature on removal and inactivation of pathogenic microbes in water to aid the water quality specialist and design engineer in making decisions regarding microbial water quality.