The European Commission is at the center of the European Union's political system. Within its five-year terms each Commission proposes up to 2000 binding legal acts and therefore crucially shapes EU policy, which in turn impacts on the daily lives of more than 500 million European citizens. However, despite the Commissions key role in setting the agenda for European decision making, little is known about its internal dynamics when preparing legislation. This book provides a problem-driven, theoretically-founded, and empirically rich treatment of the so far still understudied process of position-formation inside the European Commission. It reveals that various internal political positions prevail and that the role of power and conflict inside the European Commission is essential to understanding its policy proposals. Opening the 'black box' of the Commission, the book identifies three ideal types of internal position-formation. The Commission is motivated by technocratic problem-solving, by competence-seeking utility maximization or ideologically-motivated policyseeking. Specifying conditions that favor one logic over the others, the typology furthers understanding of how the EU system functions and provides novel explanations of EU policies with substantial societal implications.
This book examines the multitude of challenges which the European Commission faces: once the centre of political gravity in Europe’s integration process, the growth of Euroscepticism and the emergence of new institutional rivals threaten to undermine its status as an institution. Tracing the roots of the Commission’s decline from the early 1990s through to the Eurozone and refugee crises, Stuart A Brown draws on new evidence to illustrate why the EU’s executive now faces a battle for its future, and asks whether in the reforms of Jean-Claude Juncker the Commission may be facing its last chance. This study will appeal to students and scholars in EU institutions, politics, and public policy.
This book challenges the assumption that policy makers' work with advisory committees is emblematic of technocratic governance. Analyzing how and why the European Commission uses expert groups in the policy process, it shows that experts not only solve technical problems, but also function as political devices and negotiators in modern governance.
This book considers the interactions between Africa, Asia and Europe, analysing the short and long term strategies various states have adopted to external relations. The urgency attached to the agenda of international terrorism and human and drugs- trafficking has forced the European Union into new cooperation with Africa and Asia. These inter-regional relations have taken on new dimensions in the context of contemporary international politics framed by new security challenges, and new competitive forces particularly from Asia. This book provides both conceptual and empirical arguments to offer an innovative perspective on the EU as a global actor. It demonstrates how these three regions interact politically and economically to address global challenges as well as global opportunities, and thus provides an assessment of the multilateralism which the EU clearly stated in its Security Strategy paper. Addressing a broad range of topical issues, the book features chapters on European Security; European Migration Policy; African Union and its peace and security policy; Terrorism and international security; China and its fast growing global role; India, the biggest democracy in the world; and the impact of the Asian economic growth on the global economy. Further it compares the different backgrounds, forms and priorities of regional integrations. A Global Security Triangle will be of interest to all scholars of European politics, security studies, African and Asian studies, and International Relations.
Die partizipative Demokratie, also das Regieren gemeinsam mit der Zivilgesellschaft, ist ein Kernpunkt der europäischen Verfassung. Die Autorinnen untersuchen diesen Anspruch auf Bürgernähe empirisch, analysieren, auf welche Weise die zivilgesellschaftliche Einbindung tatsächlich erfolgt, und prüfen, inwieweit die politische Praxis das Qualitätsmerkmal "partizipative Demokratie" verdient.
By comparing and contrasting the EU to another union of States across the Atlantic, the United States, this text introduces readers to the historical, legal, economic, and political foundations of European integration, while focusing extensively on the effects of the EU on its own citizens and on the outside world.
An assessment of the capacity of the EU to coordinate actors and policies with regards to global development. The authors argue that the EU and its member states have the potential to act for global development when they are able to improve policy and actor coherence, such as through better linking of bilateral and community programmes.
Co-authored by an international team of researchers, this book draws on original data from the largest attitudinal survey ever conducted by independent researchers inside the Commission, as well as a structured programme of interviews with senior officials. It provides an authoritative account of the European Commission of the twenty-first century and tests, challenges and refutes many widely held myths about the Commission and the people who work for it.
Small States in and outside the European Union offers a broad overview of the small states problematic in Europe. It touches upon definition issues, history, security policy, neutrality, EU institutional aspects and also includes contributors from Central and Eastern European countries. It presents a thorough analysis of different scenarios for EU institutional reform and their repercussions on the influence of small member states. The comparative results are visualized in tables. The work contains several contributions from practitioners who give insight into policy games and issues of national sensitivity not usually covered by purely scholarly publications. The European environment has changed dramatically through the processes of regional integration and rising interdependence. Relations between European states both inside and outside the EU are governed as never before by rules, norms, and fixed procedures. The book investigates the consequences of these developments on the foreign and security policy of small states. Academics and professionals from Austria, Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Slovenia, Sweden, and Switzerland, as well as from the European Commission and the Council of Ministers, elaborate on these issues. Institutional regulations and traditional power politics as well as the foreign and security policy traditions of the states concerned, including the question of neutrality, are investigated. In addition, the book identifies the main interests of small states in today's Europe and offers an overview of different strategies these states apply in the realm of foreign and security policy. The book is interesting for the case studies it offers as well as for the reflections it contains regarding fundamental questions of the essence of statehood in today's Europe.
Author: Bart Van Vooren,Steven Blockmans,Jan Wouters
Publisher: OUP Oxford
For years the European Union has been looked on as a potential model for cosmopolitan governance, and enjoyed considerable influence on the global stage. The EU has a uniquely strong and legally binding mission statement to pursue international relations on a multilateral basis, founded on the progressive development of international law. The political vision was for the EU to export its values of the rule of law and sophisticated governance mechanisms to the international sphere. Globalization and the financial crisis have starkly illustrated the limits of this vision, and the EU's dependence on global forces partially beyond the control of traditional provinces of law. This book takes stock of the EU's role in global governance. It asks: to what extent can and does the EU shape and influence the on-going re-ordering of legal processes, principles, and institutions of global governance, in line with its optimistic mission statement? With this ambitious remit it covers the legal-institutional and substantive aspects of global security, trade, environmental, financial, and social governance. Across these topics 23 contributors have taken the central question of the extent of the EU's influence on global governance, providing a broad view across the key areas as well as a detailed analysis of each. Through comparison and direct engagement with each other, the different chapters provide a distinctive contribution to legal scholarship on global governance, from a European perspective.
Grundlagen und Anwendungen zwischen qualitativer und quantitativer Diskursanalyse
Author: Matthias Lemke,Gregor Wiedemann
Category: Social Science
Die Analyse von Sprache ermöglicht Rückschlüsse auf Gesellschaft und Politik. Im Zeitalter digitaler Massenmedien liegt Sprache als maschinenlesbarer Text in einer Menge vor, die ohne Hilfsmittel nicht mehr angemessen zu bewältigen ist. Die maschinelle Auswertung von Textdaten kann in den Sozialwissenschaften, die Text bislang in der Regel qualitativ und weniger quantitativ, also sprachstatistisch, analysieren, wertvolle neue Erkenntnisse liefern. Vor diesem Hintergrund führt der Band in die Verwendung von Text Mining in den Sozialwissenschaften ein. Anhand exemplarischer Analysen eines Korpus von 3,5 Millionen Zeitungsartikeln zeigt er für konkrete Forschungsfragen, wie Text Mining angewandt werden kann.
Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords. European Union Committee
Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords. European Union Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
Category: European Union
When Bulgaria and Romania join in January 20097, the EU will have grown from an original 6 to 27 countries. This report looks at the impact of the various enlargements; current attitudes to further enlargement; the concept of absorption capacity and the debate concerning the borders of Europe. It also takes a detailed look at candidates and potential candidates for membership and considers possible alternatives to enlargement and probable costs of not enlarging.
Offering a clear and logical analysis of the panoply of European Union aid policies and a theoretically informed evaluation of their operation, Patrick Holden contends that the major thrust of EU aid policy is an effort to augment the EU's structural power through targeted political and economic liberalization. Although historically grounded, this book concentrates on EU aid to key world regions in the 21st century. As such, it provides a comprehensive and thought-provoking account of EU aid policy and will be of interest to a wide range of academics, students and policy makers.
Die europäische Integration führte insbesondere seit den 1990er Jahren zu einer grundlegenden Transformation der sozialen Beziehungen und der Lebenssituation der Menschen in Europa. Während sich das Leben der Menschen in der Nachkriegszeit vorrangig im Rahmen von Nationalstaaten abspielte, geht die Öffnung nationalstaatlicher Räume mit einer zunehmenden grenzüberschreitenden Verflechtung und einer stärkeren transnationalen Integration sozialer Interaktionen, Einstellungen und Deutungen einher. Nicht nur Politik und Wirtschaft, sondern auch die europäischen Gesellschaften sind in den letzten Jahrzehnten sehr eng zusammengewachsen. Dieses transnationale Vergesellschaftungsmuster ist eine der Ursachen für die spezifische Form der Finanzmarkt- und Währungskrise, die Europa seit 2008 erschüttert. In diesem Sammelband präsentieren 12 der profiliertesten Europaforscher aus dem In- und Ausland ihre aktuellen Arbeiten zur Krise innerhalb Europas und entwickeln dabei eigenständige soziologische Perspektiven.
How successful was the EU's Lisbon Strategy? This volume provides the first comprehensive assessment of the Strategy and reflects on its key developments during its 10-year cycle. The volume contains both theoretical and empirical contributions by some of the leading scholars of EU studies across the social sciences.