What Works in Corrections

Reducing the Criminal Activities of Offenders and Deliquents

Author: Doris Layton MacKenzie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139451472

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 7485

What Works in Corrections, first published in 2006, examines the impact of correctional interventions, management policies, treatment and rehabilitation programs on the recidivism of offenders and delinquents. The book reviews different strategies for reducing recidivism and describes how the evidence for effectiveness is assessed. Thousands of studies were examined in order to identify those of sufficient scientific rigor to enable conclusions to be drawn about the impact of various interventions, policies and programs on recidivism. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were performed to further examine these results. This book assesses the relative effectiveness of rehabilitation programs (e.g., education, life skills, employment, cognitive behavioral), treatment for different types of offenders (e.g. sex offenders, batterers, juveniles), management and treatment of drug-involved offenders (e.g., drug courts, therapeutic communities, outpatient drug treatment) and punishment, control and surveillance interventions (boot camps, intensive supervision, electronic monitoring). Through her extensive research, MacKenzie illustrates which of these programs are most effective and why.

Grundlagen

Author: Hans Joachim Schneider

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110248271

Category: Law

Page: 584

View: 6722

Das dreibändige Werk behandelt die Kriminologie in acht Teilen und bietet umfassende, präzise und straffe Information. Das sozialwissenschaftliche Konzept der internationalen kriminologischen Hauptrichtung ist prägend für das Gesamtwerk. Band 1 befasst sich mit den Grundlagen der Kriminologie.

Grundlagen der Kriminologie

Author: Hans Joachim Schneider

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110917262

Category: Law

Page: 1075

View: 5575

The International Handbook is to be published in two volumes. The first volume with 25 chapters is dedicated to the basic principles of criminology. The second volume with 35 articles is occupied with special criminological problems. The sixty chapters of the two volumes are dealt with by forty leading criminologists of ten countries. The International Handbook is providing information on all essential fields of criminology. It gives information on the level of the latest criminological research outcome. Comprehensive bibliographies lead the way to a deepening of criminological knowledge. The International Handbook can be used as basic literature in criminological research and as instrument of daily decision making for the practitioner of the criminal justice system. It places great emphasis on the international and interdisciplinary approaches of criminology. It focusses on theoretical and empirical research work of the sociological, psychological and socialpsychological criminology.

Besondere Probleme der Kriminologie

Author: Hans Joachim Schneider

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3899496620

Category: Law

Page: 1086

View: 6207

Das Internationale Handbuch der Kriminologie dient Lehr-, Forschungs- und Nachschlagezwecken und informiert über alle wesentlichen Bereiche der Kriminologie auf dem neuesten internationalen und nationalen Stand der Forschung. Dabei legt es besonderes Gewicht auf die europäische und internationale, sozialwissenschaftliche und empirische Kriminologie, ohne die deutschsprachige Kriminologie zu vernachlässigen. Praktiker der Strafrechtspflege werden über die neuesten kriminologischen Erkenntnisse informiert und erhalten so Hilfestellung bei der Lösung praktischer Probleme des strafrechtlichen, strafprozessualen und strafvollzuglichen Alltags. Durch seine internationale und europäische, sozialwissenschaftliche Ausrichtung will es der Bereicherung und Entwicklung der deutschsprachigen Kriminologie dienen. Vierzig führende Kriminologen aus zehn Ländern haben die Bearbeitung vorgenommen.

The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Research Methods

Author: David Gadd,Susanne Karstedt,Steven F Messner

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446254461

Category: Social Science

Page: 552

View: 8796

Conducting research into crime and criminal justice carries unique challenges. This Handbook focuses on the application of 'methods' to address the core substantive questions that currently motivate contemporary criminological research. It maps a canon of methods that are more elaborated than in most other fields of social science, and the intellectual terrain of research problems with which criminologists are routinely confronted. Drawing on exemplary studies, chapters in each section illustrate the techniques (qualitative and quantitative) that are commonly applied in empirical studies, as well as the logic of criminological enquiry. Organized into five sections, each prefaced by an editorial introduction, the Handbook covers: • Crime and Criminals • Contextualizing Crimes in Space and Time: Networks, Communities and Culture • Perceptual Dimensions of Crime • Criminal Justice Systems: Organizations and Institutions • Preventing Crime and Improving Justice Edited by leaders in the field of criminological research, and with contributions from internationally renowned experts, The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Research Methods is set to become the definitive resource for postgraduates, researchers and academics in criminology, criminal justice, policing, law, and sociology. David Gadd is Professor of Criminology at Manchester University School of Law where he is also Director of the Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice. Susanne Karstedt has a Chair in Criminology and Criminological Justice at the University of Leeds. Steven F. Messner is Distinguished Teaching Professor of Sociology, University at Albany, State University of New York.

Übergangsmanagement und der Ausstieg aus Straffälligkeit

Wiedereingliederung als gemeinschaftliche Aufgabe

Author: Eduard Matt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3862269604

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 6313

Unter dem Begriff Übergangsmanagement ist in den letzten Jahren ein Erfolg versprechendes Konzept zur sozialen und beruflichen Wiedereingliederung von (Ex )Strafgefangenen und Straffälligen entwickelt und in ersten Ansätzen umgesetzt worden. Es basiert auf der Erkenntnis, dass erst ein strukturierter, übergreifender und systematischer Weg, der die Arbeit in den Justizvollzugsanstalten, den Übergang selbst (die Entlassungsvorbereitung) sowie die Zeit nach Haftentlassung als einen einheitlich zu gestaltenden Prozess behandelt, entsprechende Erfolge zeigt. Der Band vermittelt einen ersten Überblick über die theoretischen Hintergründe des Konzeptes des Übergangsmanagements. Dargelegt wird die Situation besonders belasteter Straffälliger, geprägt durch lange Karrieren, Rückfälle sowie vielfältiger Problemlagen. Marginalisierungsprozesse und gesellschaftliche Stigmata kommen hinzu. Die Situation wird sowohl aus Sicht der Forschung, als auch aus Sicht von Betroffenen beschrieben. Straffälligkeit wird hierbei in einer lebenslauforientierten Perspektive eingebettet. Beispiele praktischer Umsetzungsformen des Übergangsmanagements ergänzen das Bild. Die sich aus dem Konzept des Übergangsmanagements ergebenen Anforderungen an die jeweiligen Akteure werden offengelegt. Für die Straffälligen steht die Arbeit am Ausstieg aus Straffälligkeit an, mit Veränderungen der Lebenssituation oder gar der Person. An das Personal stellen sich die Aufgaben der Veränderungen der Arbeitsweisen und Handlungskonzepte (z.B. Case Management). Gefordert ist besonders die Vernetzungsarbeit der beteiligten verschiedenen Institutionen. Und in der Gesellschaft ist die Bereitschaft zu fördern, Ex-Straffällige wieder aufzunehmen. Wiedereingliederung wird zu einer gemeinschaftlichen Aufgabe.

The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

Author: Barry C. Feld,Donna M. Bishop

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019020883X

Category: Social Science

Page: 960

View: 5325

Over the last two decades, researchers have made significant discoveries about the causes and origins of delinquency. Specifically, we have learned a great deal about adolescent development and its relationship to decision-making, about multiple factors that contribute to delinquency, and about the processes and contexts associated with the course of delinquent careers. Over the same period, public officials have made sweeping jurisprudential, jurisdictional, and procedural changes in our juvenile justice systems. The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice presents a timely compilation of state-of-the-art critical reviews of knowledge about causes of delinquency and their significance for justice policy, and about developments in the juvenile justice system to prevent and control youth crime. The first half of the handbook focuses on juvenile crime and examines trends and patterns in delinquency and victimization, explores causes of delinquency-at the individual, micro-social, and macro-social levels, and from natural and social science perspectives-and their implications for structuring a youth justice system. The second half of the handbook concentrates on juvenile justice and examines a range of issues-including the historical origins and re-invention of the juvenile court; juvenile offenders' mental health status and considerations of trial competence and culpability; intake, diversion, detention, and juvenile courts; and transfer/waiver strategies-and considers how the juvenile justice system itself influences delinquency. The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice provides a comprehensive overview of juvenile crime and juvenile justice administration by authors who are all leading scholars involved in cutting-edge research, and is an essential resource for scholars, students, and justice officials.

Corrections: A Text/Reader

Author: Mary K. Stohr,Anthony Walsh,Craig Hemmens

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452289921

Category: Social Science

Page: 728

View: 6824

Corrections: A Text/Reader, Second Edition is designed for undergraduate and/or graduate corrections courses. Organized like a traditional corrections text, it offers brief authored introductions in a mini-chapter format for each key Section, followed by carefully selected and edited original articles by leading scholars. This hybrid format – ensuring coverage of important material while emphasizing the significance of contemporary research - offers an excellent alternative which recognizes the impact and importance of new directions and policy in this field, and how these advances are determined by research.

Das Gefängnis auf dem Prüfstand

Zustand und Zukunft des Strafvollzugs

Author: Bernd Maelicke,Stefan Suhling

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658201479

Category: Social Science

Page: 588

View: 2759

Dieses Buch liefert eine Zwischenbilanz über die Situation des Strafvollzugs. Ziel des Behandlungsvollzugs ist die Befähigung der Gefangenen zu einem straffreien Leben. Die Autoren dieses Sammelbandes beleuchten deshalb unter anderem die Fragen: Wie leistungsfähig ist der Behandlungsvollzug? Welche Sicherheitsrisiken müssen bewältigt werden? Wie gestaltet sich die Zusammenarbeit mit anderen Akteuren der stationären und ambulanten Resozialisierung? Und welche weiteren Reformen sind mittel- und langfristig zu realisieren?

Evidenzorientierte Kriminalprävention in Deutschland

Ein Leitfaden für Politik und Praxis

Author: Maria Walsh,Benjamin Pniewski,Marcus Kober,Andreas Armborst

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658205067

Category: Social Science

Page: 932

View: 1442

Dieser Band stellt die gegenwärtige Entwicklung, Merkmale und Praxisbeispiele evidenzorientierter Kriminalprävention vor. Er umfasst die Beiträge von 76 renommierten Experten und vermittelt dadurch einen umfassenden Eindruck von der Präventionswissenschaft in Deutschland. Dabei kommen Kritiker und Befürworter der evidenzorientierten Prävention von Kriminalität zu Wort, um dem Leser ein ausgewogenes Gesamtbild über deren Möglichkeiten und Grenzen zu vermitteln. Darauf aufbauend benennt der Band 70 Handlungsempfehlungen u.a. für die Kriminalitäts- und Präventionsbereiche: Behandlung von Sexualstraftätern, Extremismusprävention, (De-)radikalisierung im Strafvollzug, Wohnungseinbruchdiebstahl, Menschenhandel und Einsatz der elektronischen Fußfessel. Der Band schließt an den aktuellen Stand der Forschung und der politischen Diskussion an und füllt eine bestehende Lücke innerhalb der deutschsprachigen Literatur.

Addicted to Incarceration

Corrections Policy and the Politics of Misinformation in the United States

Author: Travis C. Pratt

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483343413

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 6448

In Addicted to Incarceration, author Travis Pratt uses an evidence-based approach to explore the consequences of what he terms America's "addiction to incarceration," highlighting the scope of the problem, the nature of the political discussions surrounding criminal justice policy in general and corrections policy in particular, and the social cost of incarceration. Pratt demonstrates that the United States' addiction to incarceration has been fueled by American citizens' opinions about crime and punishment, the effectiveness of incarceration as a means of social control, and perhaps most important, by policies legitimized by faulty information (e.g.,fear of crime is objectively linked to victimization, petty offenders mature into violent predators, and persistent offending can be accurately predicted over the life course). Analyzing crime policies as they relate to crime rates and U.S. society's ability to both lower the crime rate and address the role of incarceration in preventing future crime, the book shows students how ineffective our rush to incarcerate has been in the last decade, as well as offering recommendations and insights into the future of this problem. Features Real world examples that put a human face on the issues open each chapter Race, ethnicity, and gender issues underlie all discussions and address key aspects of incarceration rates and crime trends The social costs of incarceration are explored, including the heightened inmate risk of personal victimization, incarceration's effect as a barrier to successful offender reintegration into society, and its role in exacerbating existing racial inequalities The final chapter contains conclusions and recommendations for future policy makers Written in an informal and accessible style, Addicted to Incarceration is appropriate for criminal justice policy or corrections courses at the undergraduate level and can also be used as a supplementary text in introductory criminal justice, criminology, and critical issues in criminal justice courses.

Special Problems in Corrections

Author: Jeffrey Ian Ross

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780131138742

Category: Law

Page: 259

View: 9817

Sets out to identify the most pressing issues affecting the correctional system today. Maintaining a solutions-focus, the book organizes problems into two distinct categories: those impacting the convicts and correctional facilities and those impacting the correctional officers and administrators. It examines long-standing, and emerging issues from a critical perspective, grounding discussion in empirical research and current events. Using the consistent voice of a single author, the book offers a no nonsense approach to explaining the problems of correctional officers, correctional managers, prisoners, and the public.

Crime Control in America

An Assessment of the Evidence

Author: John L. Worrall

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: 9780205418794

Category: Law

Page: 424

View: 4626

Crime Control in America introduces readers to the many methods of crime control and reviews the research concerning their effectiveness. The text covers policing, prosecution and courts, and legislative methods of crime control. It also moves beyond the justice system and examines the effectiveness of crime control at the individual, family, school, and community levels. Finally, it covers environmental criminology, juvenile crime control, and explanations of large-scale crime trends, particularly the reductions witnessed during the 1990s.

The Essential Handbook of Offender Assessment and Treatment

Author: Clive R. Hollin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 285

View: 1099

This ""Essential Handbook"" provides the critical elements from its companion volume, the successful "Handbook of Offender Assessment and Treatment." A comprehensive review of assessment and treatment, it covers the major offender groups: sex offenders, violent offenders, offenders with mental and personality disorders, and property offenders. A range of treatment approaches are also included, incorporating behavioural, cognitive, skills-based, anger management, school programmes, and family-based approaches. Whilst retaining its international, high quality appeal, "The Essential Handbook of Offender Assessment and Treatment" is a concise, portable edition for all clinicians, academics and researchers working with offenders across a range of settings.

Reauthorization of the U.S. Parole Commission

hearing before the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Tenth Congress, second session, July 16, 2008

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 59

View: 4276