Author: Mary Daly

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745644716

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 6008

Short introductory overview of the diverse theories and applications of the concept of ‘welfare' across the social sciences. Defines ‘welfare' in a broad sense, taking in issues such as well-being, social rights, etc. , rather than just looking at the welfare state or economic welfare.


Author: Ruth Lister

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745625649

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 9630

Poverty remains one of the most urgent issues of our time. This text provides an introduction to the meaning and experience of poverty in the contemporary world.

Human Rights

An Interdisciplinary Approach

Author: Michael Freeman

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745639666

Category: Political Science

Page: 241

View: 5717

Introducing readers to the theory and practice of human rights, this text emphasises how the experiences of the victims of human rights violations are related to legal, philosophical and social-scientific approaches to human rights.


Author: Judith Phillips

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745629768

Category: Medical

Page: 213

View: 4342

This highly accessible introduction to the concept of care maps out and unravels the complex debates that surround the theory and practice of care in today's world. Practice scenarios and case studies appear throughout to encourage the reader to reflect on professional issues.


Author: Gill Jones

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 074564094X

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 4286

This accessible book takes a fresh and original approach to the concept of youth, placing changes in the social construction of ‘youth’ within a more general story of the rise and fall of grand theory in social science. Gill Jones evaluates the current relevance of these wider social theories to understanding youth in late modernity in the light of key examples of empirical work on young people. Individual chapters are organized around the themes of action, identity, transition, inequality and dependence – conceptual themes which cross-cut young people’s lives. The book considers the validity of youth as a social concept and examines ways of identifying what is specific to young people without resorting to seeing them as a homogeneous group defined by their age; in so doing, it uncovers notions which are erroneously attributed to young people. Youth represents a thought-provoking challenge to a new generation of social science students, youth researchers and practitioners to distance themselves from the politically- and emotively-charged issue of youth in contemporary society and move further towards re-theorizing the concept of youth in ways which are relevant to young people’s lives today.

Beyond the Welfare State?

The New Political Economy of Welfare

Author: Chris Pierson

Publisher: Polity Press

ISBN: 9780745635217

Category: Fiction

Page: 273

View: 4375

Over the past decade, Beyond the Welfare State? has become established as the key text on the emergence and development of welfare states. It offers a comprehensive and remarkably well–informed introduction to the ever more intense debates that surround the history and, still more importantly, the future of welfare in advanced industrialised states. Comprehensively revised and re–written, this third edition of the book embraces all of the most important theoretical and empirical developments in welfare state studies of recent years. Working within an explicitly comparative framework, the book draws on a wealth of international evidence to survey what are now the most pressing issues surrounding the future of welfare: among them, globalisation, demographic change, declining fertility, postindustrialism and immigration. It draws extensively on the explosion of work on welfare states that has emerged within the North American political science community over the past ten years as well as giving detailed attention to developments with the UK, continental and northern Europe and beyond. Beyond the Welfare State? remains the most comprehensive and up–to–date guide to the complex of issues that surround welfare reform. It is required reading for anyone who wants to come to terms with what is really at stake in arguments about the future of welfare.

Development and Welfare Policy in South Asia

Author: Gabriele Koehler,Deepta Chopra

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136731059

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 248

View: 314

This book sheds light on social policies in six South Asian countries introduced between 2003 and 2013, examining the ways in which these policies have come about, and what this reflects about the nature of the state in each of these countries. It offers a detailed analysis of the nature of these policies introduced in recent years in Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, and illustrates the similarities and differences in policy approaches amongst the six countries. Through this analysis, the book explores the thesis of whether there is a particular type of ‘developmental welfare state’ that can be observed across South Asia. The focus is on social policies or policies designed to address poverty and deliver welfare at the level of programming and design, i.e. the stated intent of these policies. The book also presents an analysis of the fiscal space available in each of the six countries, thereby drawing conclusions about the financial feasibility of a ‘developmental welfare state’ model in the region. This comprehensive book uniquely explores critical aspects of policy debates on a possible move from welfare to ‘rights’. It introduces students and researchers in development studies, social policy and South Asian studies to innovative welfare programmes in South Asia and gives a new perspective on the nature and patterns of welfare in South Asia with the view of tackling inequality and promoting well-being.

Free Movement, Social Security and Gender in the EU

Author: Vicki Paskalia

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847313736

Category: Law

Page: 366

View: 9522

This work examines the system of co-ordination of national social security laws in the European Union from a gender perspective. The central question that it raises concerns the level of social security protection enjoyed by women moving throughout the Union in cases of work interruption or marriage dissolution. Women's social security protection has traditionally been based on two criteria, namely economic activity and family/marriage. Work interruptions, in particular for child-rearing, challenge the invocation of economic activity as an effective basis for social security rights. Changing social and family conditions, including the emergence of atypical relationships and increasing divorce rates, challenge the criterion of family/marriage. Efforts have been made within the framework of the national systems of the Member States to address these challenges, often unsuccessfully. So, how successful has the European system of co-ordination, the aim of which is to provide a sufficient level of protection to migrant workers and their families, been in addressing these challenges? The book contains comprehensive discussion of the phenomenon and legal institution of social security, as well as a thorough analysis of the current state of European Community law concerning co-ordination, with a particular focus on gender. It identifies several problematic areas where solutions must be worked out and action taken. The book fills a gap in the legal literature on the social security field and will appeal to those with an interest in social security, including academics, policy-makers and practitioners.

The Power of Citizens and Professionals in Welfare Encounters

The Influence of Bureaucracy, Market and Psychology

Author: Nanna Mik-Meyer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 1526110318

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 910

This book is about power in welfare encounters. Present-day citizens are no longer the passive clients of the bureaucracy and welfare workers are no longer automatically the powerful party of the encounter. Instead, citizens are expected to engage in active, responsible and coproducing relationships with welfare workers. However, other factors impact these interactions; factors which often pull in different directions. Welfare encounters are thus influenced by bureaucratic principles and market values as well. Consequently, this book engages with both Weberian (bureaucracy) and Foucauldian (market values/NPM) studies when investigating the powerful welfare encounter. The book is targeted Academics, post-graduates, and undergraduates within sociology, anthropology and political science.


With a New Postscript on the Financial Crisis and Its Aftermath

Author: Geoffrey Ingham

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745636489

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

View: 9855

Now with a substantial new postscript on the financial crisis This book provides a basic introduction to the ′nuts and bolts′ of capitalism. It starts by examining the classic accounts of capitalism found in the works of Adam Smith, Karl Marx, Max Weber, Joseph Schumpeter, and John Maynard Keynes. Each placed emphasis on different institutional elements of capitalism – Smith on the market′s ′invisible hand′; Marx on capital′s exploitation of labour; Weber on the foundations of economic rationality; and Schumpeter and Keynes on the instability that results from capitalism′s essentially monetary and financial character. Drawing on these classic accounts, Ingham then offers a succinct analysis of capitalism′s basic institutions and their interconnections. Market exchange, the monetary system, the enterprise, capital and financial markets, and the role of the state are dealt with in separate chapters which make use of contemporary material on the recent history of the capitalist system – including the great inflation of the 1970s and the neo–liberal backlash; the ′dot.com′ bubble of the late 1990s; and the collapse of Enron and other US corporations. This revised version includes a substantial new postscript on the financial crisis of 2007–8 and its aftermath. The result is a concise, masterly and up–to–date account of the world′s most powerful economic system, written in a way that is accessible to students and general readers alike.

Understanding the Policy Process (second Edition)

Analysing Welfare Policy and Practice

Author: Hudson, John,Lowe, Stuart

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781847422675

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 3248

The heart of the Beveridge welfare state is under severe pressure, as forces such as globalisation and technical progress call into question established beliefs about what governments can and should do. This title draws on the latest social science research to explain how and why such policy change occurs.

Understanding the Finance of Welfare

What Welfare Costs and how to Pay for it

Author: Howard Glennerster

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781847421081

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 245

View: 7617

The second edition of this best-selling textbook assesses in detail the ways in which health care, personal social services, education, housing, pensions and social security are funded in the UK. In each case what happens in the UK is compared with the means used in other countries. The book considers how services are rationed and concludes by asking what future there is for the funding of Western welfare states.

Exclusion and Poverty in India and Central Asia

A Diversity and Development Perspective

Author: Chittaranjan Senapati

Publisher: Partridge Publishing

ISBN: 1482885204

Category: Social Science

Page: 270

View: 4087

The early years of 1990s economic reform and change has neglected social sectors both in India and Central Asia. As a result, poverty has also increased in India and Central Asian countries. The economic, political, and social situation has worsened in all Central Asian states due to transition from command economy to market economy. The early 1990s political decision has been dominated by a narrowly conceived version of economic policy for both India and Central Asia. As a result, the quality and the structure of social protection changed in a negative way. Indeed, in some cases, the pursuit of a strict economic orthodoxy has left various sections of the community marginalized and alienated. Both the societies confront a number of challenges that is as profound as the economic changes of the past. The process of globalization and technical change has influenced economy and society in complex ways, including raising expectations of consumption and remuneration for skilled knowledge workers, creating greater demand for some information skills and services, causing unemployment amongst those with few qualifications, and destabilizing some traditional ways of life and increasing social exclusion. It detaches groups and individuals from social relations and institutions and prevents them from full participation in the normal activities of the society. In India and Central Asia, communities face social exclusion on the basis of their identity as ethnic groups, socio-economic groups, religious community, and gender. Inclusive development, therefore, is essential, and it should be the top priority in development programs of India and Central Asia. Research in this area has not been touched upon so far. Since Central Asian countries are relatively new and trying to establish their democratic institutions, this piece of work will be helpful for their nation-building processes. So far as the mutual benefit for both the regions is concerned, India is an old democracy, and its inclusive policy can be lessons for Central Asian countries. On the other hand, the experience of Central Asias policy implementation can be a lesson for India. This piece of work has potential impulses to policy makers, academicians, and researchers of these five Central Asian countries and India. This work can make a distinction than the conventional researcher in India by focusing on development studies, social exclusion, inclusive policies, and comparative studies in international developments. Key words: social exclusion, poverty, deprivation, development, diversity, India, Central Asia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan


Author: Ben Bradley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1509500901

Category: Philosophy

Page: 136

View: 8665

The concept of well-being plays a central role in moral and political theory. Policies and actions are justified or criticized on the grounds that they make people better or worse off. But is there really such a thing as well-being, and if so, what is it? Is it pleasure, desire-satisfaction, knowledge, virtue, achievement, some combination of these, or something else entirely? How can we measure well-being, amongst individuals and society? And how can we use it to make moral judgements about people, policies and institutions? In this entertaining and accessible new book, Ben Bradley guides readers through the various philosophical theories of well-being, such as hedonism, perfectionism and pluralism, showing the benefits and drawbacks of each theory. He explores the role of well-being in moral and political theory, and the limitations of welfare-based approaches to ethics such as utilitarianism and welfare egalitarianism. Finally, he introduces puzzles about well-being that arise in moral and prudential deliberations about procreation and death. Well-Being is an ideal introduction to these topics for those with no philosophical background, or for philosophers looking for an overview of current thinking about the subject.

Exploring Data

An Introduction to Data Analysis for Social Scientists

Author: Catherine Marsh,Jane Elliott

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745622828

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 8831

The updated edition of this classic text introduces a range of techniques for exploring quantitative data. Beginning with an emphasis on descriptive statistics and graphical approaches, it moves on in later chapters to simple strategies for examining the associations between variables using inferential statistics such as chi squared. The book has been substantially revised to include the most recent approaches to data analysis, and includes step-by-step instructions on using SPSS. All these techniques are illustrated with intriguing real examples, drawn from important social research over the past three decades, designed to illuminate significant sociological and political debates. The book shows how students can use quantitative data to answer various questions: Is it true that the rich are getting richer and the poor are getting poorer? Are crime rates really going down, and how can we tell? How much alcohol do men and women really drink in an average week? Which country in Europe has the highest average working hours? Readers are encouraged to explore data for themselves, and are carefully guided through the opportunities and pitfalls of using statistical packages, as well as the numerous data sources readily available online. Suitable for those with no previous experience of quantitative data analysis, the second edition of Exploring Data will be invaluable to students across the social sciences. Visit the accompanying website at www.politybooks.com/exploringdata for more materials.

The Welfare State Reader

Author: Christopher Pierson,Francis G. Castles

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745635563

Category: Political Science

Page: 492

View: 7353

Includes 20 selections, reflecting the thinking and research in welfare state studies, these readings are organized around a series of debates - on welfare regimes, globalization, Europeanization, demographic change and political challenges.

Statistics for the Social Sciences

Author: Russell T. Warne

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107576970

Category: Mathematics

Page: 601

View: 8836

This introductory undergraduate textbook is the first statistics textbook built around the General Linear Model.

Social Deviance

Author: Stuart Henry

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745643035

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 9559

This engaging introduction explores the meaning of social deviance in contemporary society, from criminal activity to alternative lifestyle choices. Stuart Henry traces the path by which we create deviance: how we single out behavior and appearances that differ from the ‘norm’, label them as offensive or unacceptable, and condemn them. It explains what kinds of behaviors are banned and who bans them, as well as exposing the important political influences on the social codes that lead to some people’s behavior being sanctioned and others’ being celebrated. Ultimately Social Deviance reveals the underlying process by which some people get sucked into deviant lifestyles from which there appears to be no escape, highlighting the central role of social stigma on a person’s identity. At its core this book looks at who becomes deviant and why. It delves into the multiple motives that cause rule breakers to behave badly, at least in the eyes of those they offend, and it reveals the way deviants think about their actions, their moral identity and their fellow moral outcasts.

Europe in the Global Age

Author: Anthony Giddens

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745655246

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 783

Europe's social model – its system of welfare and social protection – is regarded by many as the jewel in the crown. It is what helps to give the European societies their distinctive qualities of social cohesion and care for the vulnerable. Over recent years, however, the social model has come under great strain in many states within the European Union – unemployment, for example, remains stubbornly high. The resulting tensions have fuelled dissatisfaction with the European project as a whole, culminating in the rejection of Europe's proposed new constitution. Reform of the social model is therefore a matter of urgency. It has to go hand in hand with the quest to regenerate economic growth. The weaker performers in Europe over the past few years can learn a good deal from states that have coped more effectively. But more radical changes need to be contemplated in the face of the impact of globalization, rapidly increasing cultural diversity and changing demography. The author argues that the traditional welfare state needs to be rethought. We have to bring lifestyle change into the heart of what welfare means. Moreover, environmental issues must be directly connected to other citizenship obligations. These innovations have to be made at the same time as Europes competitive position is upgraded. This original and path-breaking book will rank alongside Beyond Left and Right, The Third Way and other works by Anthony Giddens that have helped reshape social and political thinking over recent decades.

Crime, The Mystery of the Common-Sense Concept

Author: Robert Reiner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1509510761

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 672

Crime is a source of endless fascination and fear. Yet behind the apparent consensus that crime must be fought, there is considerable conflict about what should or should not be treated as criminal, and even the most shocking crimes can inspire divisive debate. This concise book explores the seemingly simple, common-sense concept of crime revealing the huge complexities, ambiguities and tensions that lie beneath it. Criminal law is often at odds with different moral perspectives and the practices of different cultures. The mass media distort the picture profoundly, as do politicians in pursuit of law and order votes. The criminal justice system tackles only a limited range of crimes ï¿1⁄2 almost entirely ones committed by the poor and relatively powerless ï¿1⁄2 while often neglecting the most dangerous and harmful activities of corporations and states, from the carnage of unjust wars to the tragedies engendered by austerity. It is only by examining the multiple and varied perspectives on crime that we can begin to understand and respond appropriately to this social phenomenon. Written by a world-leading criminologist, this insightful book will be an invaluable and captivating introduction for students and interested readers of criminology, law, sociology and politics.