Welfare

Author: Mary Daly

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745644716

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 9568

Short introductory overview of the diverse theories and applications of the concept of ‘welfare' across the social sciences. Defines ‘welfare' in a broad sense, taking in issues such as well-being, social rights, etc. , rather than just looking at the welfare state or economic welfare.

Youth

Author: Gill Jones

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745640958

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 5548

This accessible book takes a fresh and original approach to the concept of youth, placing changes in the social construction of ‘youth’ within a more general story of the rise and fall of grand theory in social science. Gill Jones evaluates the current relevance of these wider social theories to understanding youth in late modernity in the light of key examples of empirical work on young people. Individual chapters are organized around the themes of action, identity, transition, inequality and dependence – conceptual themes which cross-cut young people’s lives. The book considers the validity of youth as a social concept and examines ways of identifying what is specific to young people without resorting to seeing them as a homogeneous group defined by their age; in so doing, it uncovers notions which are erroneously attributed to young people. Youth represents a thought-provoking challenge to a new generation of social science students, youth researchers and practitioners to distance themselves from the politically- and emotively-charged issue of youth in contemporary society and move further towards re-theorizing the concept of youth in ways which are relevant to young people’s lives today.

Poverty

Author: Ruth Lister

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745625649

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 5538

Poverty remains one of the most urgent issues of our time. This text provides an introduction to the meaning and experience of poverty in the contemporary world.

Development and Welfare Policy in South Asia

Author: Gabriele Koehler,Deepta Chopra

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136731059

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 248

View: 4855

This book sheds light on social policies in six South Asian countries introduced between 2003 and 2013, examining the ways in which these policies have come about, and what this reflects about the nature of the state in each of these countries. It offers a detailed analysis of the nature of these policies introduced in recent years in Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, and illustrates the similarities and differences in policy approaches amongst the six countries. Through this analysis, the book explores the thesis of whether there is a particular type of ‘developmental welfare state’ that can be observed across South Asia. The focus is on social policies or policies designed to address poverty and deliver welfare at the level of programming and design, i.e. the stated intent of these policies. The book also presents an analysis of the fiscal space available in each of the six countries, thereby drawing conclusions about the financial feasibility of a ‘developmental welfare state’ model in the region. This comprehensive book uniquely explores critical aspects of policy debates on a possible move from welfare to ‘rights’. It introduces students and researchers in development studies, social policy and South Asian studies to innovative welfare programmes in South Asia and gives a new perspective on the nature and patterns of welfare in South Asia with the view of tackling inequality and promoting well-being.

Care

Author: Judith Phillips

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745629776

Category: Medical

Page: 213

View: 4107

This highly accessible introduction to the concept of care maps out and unravels the complex debates that surround the theory and practice of care in today's world. Practice scenarios and case studies appear throughout to encourage the reader to reflect on professional issues.

Free Movement, Social Security and Gender in the EU

Author: Vicki Paskalia

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847313736

Category: Law

Page: 366

View: 8996

This work examines the system of co-ordination of national social security laws in the European Union from a gender perspective. The central question that it raises concerns the level of social security protection enjoyed by women moving throughout the Union in cases of work interruption or marriage dissolution. Women's social security protection has traditionally been based on two criteria, namely economic activity and family/marriage. Work interruptions, in particular for child-rearing, challenge the invocation of economic activity as an effective basis for social security rights. Changing social and family conditions, including the emergence of atypical relationships and increasing divorce rates, challenge the criterion of family/marriage. Efforts have been made within the framework of the national systems of the Member States to address these challenges, often unsuccessfully. So, how successful has the European system of co-ordination, the aim of which is to provide a sufficient level of protection to migrant workers and their families, been in addressing these challenges? The book contains comprehensive discussion of the phenomenon and legal institution of social security, as well as a thorough analysis of the current state of European Community law concerning co-ordination, with a particular focus on gender. It identifies several problematic areas where solutions must be worked out and action taken. The book fills a gap in the legal literature on the social security field and will appeal to those with an interest in social security, including academics, policy-makers and practitioners.

Understanding the Finance of Welfare

What Welfare Costs and how to Pay for it

Author: Howard Glennerster

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781847421081

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 245

View: 6634

The second edition of this best-selling textbook assesses in detail the ways in which health care, personal social services, education, housing, pensions and social security are funded in the UK. In each case what happens in the UK is compared with the means used in other countries. The book considers how services are rationed and concludes by asking what future there is for the funding of Western welfare states.

Capitalism

With a New Postscript on the Financial Crisis and Its Aftermath

Author: Geoffrey Ingham

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745636489

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

View: 6195

Now with a substantial new postscript on the financial crisis This book provides a basic introduction to the ′nuts and bolts′ of capitalism. It starts by examining the classic accounts of capitalism found in the works of Adam Smith, Karl Marx, Max Weber, Joseph Schumpeter, and John Maynard Keynes. Each placed emphasis on different institutional elements of capitalism – Smith on the market′s ′invisible hand′; Marx on capital′s exploitation of labour; Weber on the foundations of economic rationality; and Schumpeter and Keynes on the instability that results from capitalism′s essentially monetary and financial character. Drawing on these classic accounts, Ingham then offers a succinct analysis of capitalism′s basic institutions and their interconnections. Market exchange, the monetary system, the enterprise, capital and financial markets, and the role of the state are dealt with in separate chapters which make use of contemporary material on the recent history of the capitalist system – including the great inflation of the 1970s and the neo–liberal backlash; the ′dot.com′ bubble of the late 1990s; and the collapse of Enron and other US corporations. This revised version includes a substantial new postscript on the financial crisis of 2007–8 and its aftermath. The result is a concise, masterly and up–to–date account of the world′s most powerful economic system, written in a way that is accessible to students and general readers alike.

Basic concepts, theories and problems: alternative approaches

Author: Joshua A. Fishman

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3111417506

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 418

View: 7198

CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE SOCIOLOGY OF LANGUAGE brings to students, researchers and practitioners in all of the social and language-related sciences carefully selected book-length publications dealing with sociolinguistic theory, methods, findings and applications. It approaches the study of language in society in its broadest sense, as a truly international and interdisciplinary field in which various approaches, theoretical and empirical, supplement and complement each other. The series invites the attention of linguists, language teachers of all interests, sociologists, political scientists, anthropologists, historians etc. to the development of the sociology of language.

The Welfare State Reader

Author: Christopher Pierson,Francis G. Castles,Francis Geoffrey Castles

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745635555

Category: Political Science

Page: 492

View: 7712

Includes 20 selections, reflecting the thinking and research in welfare state studies, these readings are organized around a series of debates - on welfare regimes, globalization, Europeanization, demographic change and political challenges.

The Oxford Handbook of Political Science

Author: Robert E. Goodin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191619795

Category: Political Science

Page: 1312

View: 9348

Drawing on the rich resources of the ten-volume series of The Oxford Handbooks of Political Science, this one-volume distillation provides a comprehensive overview of all the main branches of contemporary political science: political theory; political institutions; political behavior; comparative politics; international relations; political economy; law and politics; public policy; contextual political analysis; and political methodology. Sixty-seven of the top political scientists worldwide survey recent developments in those fields and provide penetrating introductions to exciting new fields of study. Following in the footsteps of the New Handbook of Political Science edited by Robert Goodin and Hans-Dieter Klingemann a decade before, this Oxford Handbook will become an indispensable guide to the scope and methods of political science as a whole. It will serve as the reference book of record for political scientists and for those following their work for years to come.

The Oxford Handbook of Public Accountability

Author: Mark Bovens,Robert E. Goodin,Thomas Schillemans

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191002577

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 2917

Over the past two decades public accountability has become not only an icon in political, managerial, and administrative discourse but also the object of much scholarly analysis across a broad range of social and administrative sciences. This handbook provides a state of the art overview of recent scholarship on public accountability. It collects, consolidates, and integrates an upsurge of inquiry currently scattered across many disciplines and subdisciplines. It provides a one-stop-shop on the subject, not only for academics who study accountability, but also for practitioners who are designing, adjusting, or struggling with mechanisms for accountable governance. Drawing on the best scholars in the field from around the world, The Oxford Handbook of Public Accountability showcases conceptual and normative as well as the empirical approaches in public accountability studies. In addition to giving an overview of scholarly research in a variety of disciplines, it takes stock of a wide range of accountability mechanisms and practices across the public, private and non-profit sectors, making this volume a must-have for both practitioners and scholars, both established and new to the field.

European Access

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: European communities

Page: N.A

View: 6097

What is Social Policy

Author: Daniel Beland

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745645844

Category: Political Science

Page: 199

View: 2428

From housing, pensions and family benefits, to health care, unemployment insurance and social assistance, the welfare state is a key aspect of our lives. But social programs are contested political realities that we can′t hope to understand without locating them within the "big picture." This book provides a concise political and sociological introduction to social policy, helping readers to grasp the nature of social programs and the political struggles surrounding them. It takes a broad comparative and historical viewpoint on the United States, using an international perspective to contextualize American social policy within the developed world. Provocative and engaging, it offers insight into a wide range of social policy issues such as: welfare regimes, welfare state development, the politics of retrenchment and restructuring; the relationship between social programs and various forms of inequality; changing family and economic relations; the role of private social benefits; the potential impact of globalization; and debates about the future of the welfare state. What is Social Policy? will be stimulating reading for upper–level students of sociology, political science, public policy, and social work.

World at Risk

Author: Ulrich Beck

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745642004

Category: Social Science

Page: 269

View: 343

Twenty years ago Ulrich Beck published Risk Society, a book that called our attention to the dangers of environmental catastrophes and changed the way we think about contemporary societies. During the last two decades, the dangers highlighted by Beck have taken on new forms and assumed ever greater significance. Terrorism has shifted to a global arena, financial crises have produced worldwide consequences that are difficult to control and politicians have been forced to accept that climate change is not idle speculation. In short, we have come to see that today we live in a world at risk. A new feature of our world risk society is that risk is produced for political gain. This political use of risk means that fear creeps into modern life. A need for security encroaches on our liberty and our view of equality. However, Beck is anything but an alarmist and believes that the anticipation of catastrophe can fundamentally change global politics. We have the opportunity today to reconfigure power in terms of what Beck calls a ′cosmopolitan material politics . World at Risk is a timely and far–reaching analysis of the structural dynamics of the modern world, the global nature of risk and the future of global politics by one of the most original and exciting social thinkers writing today.

The Foundations of the Welfare State

Author: Robert E. Goodin,Dr. Deborah Mitchell

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 469

View: 2604

'. . . with The Foundations of the Welfare State, the editors have compounded a grand, magisterial collection that will become the standard reference for researchers and teachers.' - Pieter Vanhuysse, Political Studies 'At last a reference collection that does justice to the enormously rich literature on the development of social policy and the major issues involved. These volumes are sensitive to the many contributing disciplines and the editors have a shrewd eye for competing approaches. This collection is lively and comprehensive, it will be indispensable for teaching.' - Jane Lewis, London School of Economics, UK This three-volume compendium reproduces all the key texts on the welfare state - its rise and fall, its varying rationales and instrumentalities, its different forms in different periods and different places. Political history and social theory are interspersed with sociology and economics, and neo-liberal analyses sit alongside socialist and feminist ones, making for an invigorating blend of opposing perspectives. Anglo-American experiences are contrasted not just with those of Germany and Scandinavia but also with Japan and Taiwan, Italy and Hungary, Australia and South Asia, thus highlighting the many distinct styles of welfare states and the distinctive social, economic, political and cultural forces driving them. The juxtaposition of all the standard texts alongside many others which are deeply revealing but virtually unknown makes this an indispensable reference source for all serious students of the welfare state.