This book will present the theory involved in wastewater treatment processes, define the important design parameters involved, and provide typical values of these parameters for ready reference; and also provide numerical applications and step-by-step calculation procedures in solved examples. These examples and solutions will help enhance the readers’ comprehension and deeper understanding of the basic concepts, and can be applied by plant designers to design various components of the treatment facilities. It will also examine the actual calculation steps in numerical examples, focusing on practical application of theory and principles into process and water treatment facility design.
This book introduces the 3R concept applied to wastewater treatment and resource recovery under a double perspective. Firstly, it deals with innovative technologies leading to: Reducing energy requirements, space and impacts; Reusing water and sludge of sufficient quality; and Recovering resources such as energy, nutrients, metals and chemicals, including biopolymers. Besides targeting effective C,N&P removal, other issues such as organic micropollutants, gases and odours emissions are considered. Most of the technologies analysed have been tested at pilot- or at full-scale. Tools and methods for their Economic, Environmental, Legal and Social impact assessment are described. The 3R concept is also applied to Innovative Processes design, considering different levels of innovation: Retrofitting, where novel units are included in more conventional processes; Re-Thinking, which implies a substantial flowsheet modification; and Re-Imagining, with completely new conceptions. Tools are presented for Modelling, Optimising and Selecting the most suitable plant layout for each particular scenario from a holistic technical, economic and environmental point of view.
Provides an excellent balance between theory and applications in the ever-evolving field of water and wastewater treatment Completely updated and expanded, this is the most current and comprehensive textbook available for the areas of water and wastewater treatment, covering the broad spectrum of technologies used in practice today—ranging from commonly used standards to the latest state of the art innovations. The book begins with the fundamentals—applied water chemistry and applied microbiology—and then goes on to cover physical, chemical, and biological unit processes. Both theory and design concepts are developed systematically, combined in a unified way, and are fully supported by comprehensive, illustrative examples. Theory and Practice of Water and Wastewater Treatment, 2nd Edition: Addresses physical/chemical treatment, as well as biological treatment, of water and wastewater Includes a discussion of new technologies, such as membrane processes for water and wastewater treatment, fixed-film biotreatment, and advanced oxidation Provides detailed coverage of the fundamentals: basic applied water chemistry and applied microbiology Fully updates chapters on analysis and constituents in water; microbiology; and disinfection Develops theory and design concepts methodically and combines them in a cohesive manner Includes a new chapter on life cycle analysis (LCA) Theory and Practice of Water and Wastewater Treatment, 2nd Edition is an important text for undergraduate and graduate level courses in water and/or wastewater treatment in Civil, Environmental, and Chemical Engineering.
Computer Modeling Applications for Environmental Engineers in its second edition incorporates changes and introduces new concepts using Visual Basic.NET, a programming language chosen for its ease of comprehensive usage. This book offers a complete understanding of the basic principles of environmental engineering and integrates new sections that address Noise Pollution and Abatement and municipal solid-waste problem solving, financing of waste facilities, and the engineering of treatment methods that address sanitary landfill, biochemical processes, and combustion and energy recovery. Its practical approach serves to aid in the teaching of environmental engineering unit operations and processes design and demonstrates effective problem-solving practices that facilitate self-teaching. A vital reference for students and professional sanitary and environmental engineers this work also serves as a stand-alone problem-solving text with well-defined, real-work examples and explanations.
Complete Coverage of the State-of-the-Art in Water Resource Recovery Facility Design Featuring contributions from hundreds of wastewater engineering experts, this fully updated guide presents the latest in facility planning, configuration, and design. Design of Water Resource Recovery Facilities: WEF Manual of Practice No. 8 and ASCE Manuals and Reports on Engineering Practice No. 76, Sixth Edition, covers key technical advances in wastewater treatment, including •Advances with membrane bioreactors applications •Advancements within integrated fixed-film/activated sludge (IFAS) systems and moving-bed biological-reactors systems •Biotrickling filtration for odor control •Increased use of ballasted flocculation •Enhanced nutrient-control systems •Sidestream nutrient removal to reduce the loading on the main nutrient-removal process •Use and application of wireless instrumentation •Use and application of modeling wastewater treatment processes for the basis of design and evaluations of alternatives •Process design and disinfection practices to minimize generation of TTHMs and other organics monitored for potable water quality •Approaches to minimizing biosolids production and advances in biosolids handling, including effective thermal hydrolysis, and improvements in sludge thickening and dewatering technologies •Increasing goals toward energy neutrality and driving net zero •Trend toward resource recovery
Numerical Methods for Engineers retains the instructional techniques that have made the text so successful. Chapra and Canale's unique approach opens each part of the text with sections called "Motivation" "Mathematical Background" and "Orientation". Each part closes with an "Epilogue" containing "Trade-Offs" "Important Relationships and Formulas" and "Advanced Methods and Additional References". Much more than a summary the Epilogue deepens understanding of what has been learned and provides a peek into more advanced methods. Numerous new or revised problems are drawn from actual engineering practice. The expanded breadth of engineering disciplines covered is especially evident in these exercises which now cover such areas as biotechnology and biomedical engineering. Excellent new examples and case studies span all areas of engineering giving students a broad exposure to various fields in engineering.McGraw-Hill Education's Connect is also available as an optional add on item. Connect is the only integrated learning system that empowers students by continuously adapting to deliver precisely what they need when they need it how they need it so that class time is more effective. Connect allows the professor to assign homework quizzes and tests easily and automatically grades and records the scores of the student's work. Problems are randomized to prevent sharing of answers an may also have a "multi-step solution" which helps move the students' learning along if they experience difficulty.
Die dritte Auflage des Klassikers Stahlbetonbrücken behandelt in umfassender Form die Grundlagen des konzeptionellen Entwurfs sowie der Projektierung, Ausführung und Erhaltung von Brücken aus Stahl- und Spannbeton. Diese Grundlagen sind entscheidend für die Ästhetik, Tragsicherheit, Dauerhaftigkeit und Wirtschaftlichkeit einer Brücke. Mit einfachen Modellen wird ein Höchstmaß an Klarheit und Verständlichkeit erreicht. Auf Detailberechnungen wird verzichtet, da sie meist von sekundärer Bedeutung sind und weder auf die Qualität noch auf die Wirtschaftlichkeit einer Brücke einen nennenswerten Einfluss haben. Für Qualität und Dauerhaftigkeit von Stahlbetonkonstruktionen spielen die Anordnung der Bewehrung und die konstruktive Ausbildung eine entscheidende Rolle, weshalb grundsätzliche Lösungsmöglichkeiten dargestellt werden. Die Themen Entwurf, Baustoffe, Einwirkungen, Ausrüstungsteile, Schrägkabelbrücken und Erhaltung wurden grundlegend überarbeitet und erweitert.
The last edition of this successful book dealt with disposal of wastewater for pollution control. The current edition, Wastewater Treatment for Pollution Control and Reuse has been thoroughly revised and extends the discussion to the many benefits and various methods for reusing wastewater. New chapters on reuse of wastewater and use of physico-chemical treatment methods, including membrane technologies that are critical for reuse, have been added. Besides the mechanized methods of wastewater treatment the authors have discussed other methods which are not only simple, natural and cost-effective, but also more dependable, especially in developing countries with warm weather.
Environmental Health and Safety for Municipal Infrastructure, Land Use and Planning, and Industry
Author: Nelson L. Nemerow,Franklin J. Agardy,Joseph A. Salvato
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
Public Land Survey System MAP REQUIREMENTS FOR PLANNING AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING Desirable Control Survey and Mapping System APPLICATIONS OF MAPPING SYSTEM Flood Hazard Area Mapping Wetland Area Mapping Public Works Management Information System SURVEY METHODS REFERENCES CHAPTER 6? PLANNING AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT Kurt Bauer Southeastern Wisconsin Regional Planning Commission INTRODUCTION DEFINITION OF TERMINOLOGY CRITERIA FOR GOOD PLANNING INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURE FOR URBAN PLANNING THE COMPREHENSIVE PLAN THE PLANNING PROCESS Inventory and Analysis Formulation of Objectives and Standards Identification of Development Requirements Design and Evaluation of Alternative Plans Plan Implementation and Policy Development PUBLIC WORKS DEVELOPMENT PROCESS Outline for a Sewerage Facilities Planning Report Outline for a Storm Water Management Facilities Planning Report Outline For A Water Supply Facilities Planning Report PUBLIC PARTICIPATION CONTINUING NATURE OF COMPREHENSIVE PLANNING PROCESS PROJECT PLANNING SITE PLANNING Site Selection Site Assessment Generally Desirable Site Features Site Inventory Improvements Needed Site Design LAND SUBDIVISION Subdivision Design Site Selection and Assessment Alternative Subdivision Design Types Utility Services Fiscal Analysis PROGRAM PLANNING OPERATIONAL PLANNING Public Health Element of Comprehensive Plan ROLE OF ENGINEERING ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT AND IMPACT STATEMENTS ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ANALYSIS National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Terminology Scoping Recommended Format for Environmental Impact Statement Content of an Environmental Impact Statement Selection and Analysis of Alternatives Comprehensive Assessment REFERENCES.
Upgrading Water Treatment Plants is a comprehensive and practical guide providing the technical detail required to upgrade existing water treatment plants to increase processing efficiency and improve overall quality without the need for substantial investment into new physical plant installation. Based on practical experience and field tested methodology, this book is an invaluable reference for civil engineers, treatment plant managers and water scientists in consultancies, water utilities, government agencies and international organisations concerned with public health and water quality.
Pollution Control and Resource Recovery: Industrial Construction and Demolition Wastes provides engineers with the techniques and technologies to cope with the common pollutants that are persistent in C&D waste. Dedicated to pollution control and resource reuse of C&D wastes, this book fully describes sampling methods and equipment, pre-treatment and analysis, and the generation and pollution characteristics of hazardous C&D wastes. Migration potential and patterns of pollutants during random stacking, landfilling, and pollution controlling approaches are also included. Other topics included in this reference include source identification, classified separation and enrichment, site monitoring and evaluation, heavy metal stabilization and solidification, organic matter degradation, dust controlling, clean and high value utilization of recycled aggregate, and reuse and risk assessment. Covers industrial C&D waste contaminated by heavy metals, organic pollutants, and those generated in earthquakes and explosion accidents Includes treatment process for persistent organic pollutants, such as heavy metals Provides sampling methods and equipment, pre-treatment and analysis, generation, and pollution characteristics of common hazardous C&D waste materials
Ronald W. Crites,E. Joe Middlebrooks,Robert K. Bastian
Author: Ronald W. Crites,E. Joe Middlebrooks,Robert K. Bastian
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Calling for ecologically and economically sound wastewater treatment systems, the authors of Natural Wastewater Treatment Systems explore the use of wetlands, sprinkler or deep irrigation, groundwater recharge, and other natural systems as sustainable methods for the treatment and management of wastewater. Based on work by prominent experts in natural waste treatment, this text provides a thorough explanation on how soil and plants can successfully sustain microbial populations in the treatment of wastewater. Determining that natural systems cost less to construct and operate, and require less energy than mechanical treatment alternatives, this book also explains how these processes produce lower amounts of residual solids, and use little or no chemicals. What’s New in the Second Edition: This revised edition includes current design and regulatory and operational developments in the natural wastewater treatment field. It provides detailed examples and analyses along with significant operational data in each chapter. It also considers how processes provide passive treatment with a minimum of mechanical elements, and describes new approaches to partially mixed ponds, including dual-powered aeration ponds. Introduces the planning procedures and treatment mechanisms responsible for treatment in ponds, wetlands, land application, and soil absorption systems Provides new case studies of constructed wetlands and water reuse systems Presents design criteria and methods of pond treatment and pond effluent upgrading Describes constructed wetlands design procedures, process applications, treatment performance data, and land treatment concepts and design equations Includes information on constituents of emerging concern (CEC) and their fate in natural systems The text discusses wastewater pond systems, free water surface constructed wetlands, subsurface and vertical flow constructed wetlands, land treatment, sludge management, and onsite wastewater systems. It describes residuals and biosolids management, including nitrogen removal pretreatment methods, and uses U.S. customary and metric units in all chapters. It presents case studies of new applications of natural systems and includes worked examples of design equations for ponds and land treatment. It also provides a biosolids regulatory update from a top EPA scientist, and algae reduction technologies for ponds and wetlands. Designed for practicing wastewater engineers and scientists involved in the planning, design, and operation of ponds, wetlands, land treatment, biosolids, and onsite soil-based treatment systems, the book integrates many natural treatment systems into one single source.
The Water Industry’s Cornerstone Text – Updated to Reflect the Latest Trends, Technologies, and Regulations Operation of Water Resource Recovery Facilities (MOP 11), Seventh Edition delivers state-of-the-art coverage of the operation, management, and maintenance of water resource recovery facilities. Now conveniently presented in one volume, this authoritative resource reflects the 21st Century facility's role in recovering valuable resources, including water, nutrients, and energy, and also features updated information on activated sludge, anaerobic digestion, biological nutrient removal, chemical handling, dissolved air flotation, fixed-film processes, maintenance, odor management, and safety and security. Changes can be found throughout to keep pace with technological advances, including instrumentation and control systems, and reporting requirements. Operation of Water Resource Recovery Facilities (MOP 11), Seventh Edition represents the most complete and up-to-date reference available to the wastewater treatment industry. Coverage includes: • Liquid Treatment • Solids Treatment • Process Performance Improvements • Fundamentals of Management • Permit Compliance and Wastewater Treatment Systems • Industrial Wastes and Pretreatment • Safety • Management Information Systems – Reports and Records • Process Instrumentation • Pumping of Wastewater and Sludge • Chemical Storage, Handling, and Feeding • Utilities • Maintenance • Odor Control • Integrated Process Management • Training • Outsourced Operations Services and Public/Private Partnerships
Die Überarbeitung für die 10. deutschsprachige Auflage von Hermann Schlichtings Standardwerk wurde wiederum von Klaus Gersten geleitet, der schon die umfassende Neuformulierung der 9. Auflage vorgenommen hatte. Es wurden durchgängig Aktualisierungen vorgenommen, aber auch das Kapitel 15 von Herbert Oertel jr. neu bearbeitet. Das Buch gibt einen umfassenden Überblick über den Einsatz der Grenzschicht-Theorie in allen Bereichen der Strömungsmechanik. Dabei liegt der Schwerpunkt bei den Umströmungen von Körpern (z.B. Flugzeugaerodynamik). Das Buch wird wieder den Studenten der Strömungsmechanik wie auch Industrie-Ingenieuren ein unverzichtbarer Partner unerschöpflicher Informationen sein.
Fernando Pacheco Torgal,J. A. Labrincha,M. V. Diamanti,C.-P. Yu,H. K. Lee
Author: Fernando Pacheco Torgal,J. A. Labrincha,M. V. Diamanti,C.-P. Yu,H. K. Lee
Category: Technology & Engineering
Putting forward an innovative approach to solving current technological problems faced by human society, this book encompasses a holistic way of perceiving the potential of natural systems. Nature has developed several materials and processes which both maintain an optimal performance and are also totally biodegradable, properties which can be used in civil engineering. Delivering the latest research findings to building industry professionals and other practitioners, as well as containing information useful to the public, ‘Biotechnologies and Biomimetics for Civil Engineering’ serves as an important tool to tackle the challenges of a more sustainable construction industry and the future of buildings.
Following on from the successful first edition of WasteTreatment & Disposal, this second edition has beencompletely updated, and provides comprehensive coverage ofwaste process engineering and disposal methodologies. Concentratingon the range of technologies available for household and commercialwaste, it also presents readers with relevant legislativebackground material as boxed features. NEW to this edition: Increased coverage of re-use and recycling Updating of the usage of different waste treatmenttechnologies Increased coverage of new and emerging technologies for wastetreatment and disposal A broader global perspective with a focus on comparativeinternational material on waste treatment uptake and wastemanagement policies
The book guides specialists and non-specialists from around the world on how or whether anaerobic processes can be part of solutions for the management of municipal and industrial solid, semi-solid, and liquid residues. The simple self-learning presentation style is designed to encourage deep understanding of the process principles, plant types and system configurations, performance capabilities, operational and maintenance requirements, post-treatment needs, and management options for coproducts without complex biochemical terminologies and equations. It describes key aerobic biological treatment processes used in conjunction with anaerobic biological treatment in feedstock pre-treatment and in post-treatment of by-products. Practical pre-treatment processes, techniques and operations are described alongside additional treatment techniques of biogas, digestates and treated effluents for various end use options. Effective applications in developing countries are also considered, enabling practitioners and plant operators to effectively apply technology in temperate and warm climatic conditions.