On Architecture

Author: Vitruvius

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141931957

Category: Architecture

Page: 496

View: 6742

In De architectura (c.40 BC), Vitruvius discusses in ten encyclopedic chapters aspects of Roman architecture, engineering and city planning. Vitruvius also included a section on human proportions. Because it is the only antique treatise on architecture to have survived, De architectura has been an invaluable source of information for scholars. The rediscovery of Vitruvius during the Renaissance greatly fuelled the revival of classicism during that and subsequent periods. Numerous architectural treatises were based in part or inspired by Vitruvius, beginning with Leon Battista Alberti's De re aedificatoria (1485).

Vitruvius on architecture

Author: Vitruvius Pollio,Thomas Gordon Smith

Publisher: The Monacelli Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 232

View: 2535

In about 25 B.C. the Roman architect Marcus Vitruvius Pollio presented to the emperor Augustus ten scrolls that contained everything he knew about architecture. Synthesizing his studies of earlier Greek writings as well as lessons drawn from his own design career, the Ten Books on Architecture discussed architectural practice and education; building materials; the correct proportions and elements of the Ionic, Doric, and Corinthian; the design of temples, public buildings, and private houses; and engineering and military planning. More than two thousand years later his masterwork stands as both the most comprehensive architectural text of antiquity and one of the most important design treatises ever written. Just as Vitruvius set out to catalog the rules and ideals of ancient Greek architecture, Thomas Gordon Smith in Vitruvius on Architecture presents the rules and ideals of Vitruvius himself. This volume contains the five books most relevant to contemporary architecture along with a wealth of visual material: photographs of ancient structures from Greece, Italy, and Turkey; related sculptures, frescoes, and reliefs; hypothetical re-creations of Vitruvius's now-lost illustrations; and a series of exquisitely rendered watercolor plates based on his descriptions. Vitruvius on Architecture is an exceptional accomplishment: a study as relevant to the present as Vitruvius's was to his own day and to architecture since.

The Ten Books on Architecture

Author: Vitruvius

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486132056

Category: Architecture

Page: 368

View: 9439

The oldest and most influential book ever written on architecture, this volume describes the classic principles of symmetry, harmony, and proportion as well as the ancients' methods, materials, and aesthetics. Authoritative translation.

Vitruvius on Architecture

Author: Frank Granger

Publisher: Bakhsh Press

ISBN: 1443731730

Category: Architecture

Page: 384

View: 1851

VITRUVIUS ON ARCHITECTURE EDITED FROM THE HARLEIAN MANUSCRIPT 2767 AI TRANSLATED INTO ENGLISH BY FRANK GRANGER, D. Lrr., AJLLB. A. PROFESSOR IN UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, NOTTINGHAM IN TWO VOLUMES I CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS LONDON WILLIAM HEINEMANN LTD MCMLV CONTENTS PAQK PREFACE vii INTRODUCTION VITRUVIUS AND THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE WEST ...... ix HISTORY OF THE MSS. OF VITRUVIUS . X i THE EARLIEST EDITIONS OF VITRUVIUS . XXi THE SCHOLIA OF THE MSS. . . . XXV - THE ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE MSS. . . XXVli THE LANGUAGE OF VITRUVIUS . . . XXViii BIBLIOGRAPHY THE MSS. . . . . . . XXXli EDITIONS ...... xxxiii TRANSLATIONS XXXiii THE CHIEF CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE STUDY OF VITRUVIUS ..... xxxiv BOOKS OF GENERAL REFERENCE . . XXXVi TEXT AND ENGLISH TRANSLATION BOOK I. ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES . 1 BOOK II. EVOLUTION OF BUILDING USE OF MATERIALS . . . . 71 BOOK III. IONIC TEMPLES . . . 151 BOOK IV. DORIC AND CORINTHIAN TEMPLES 199 BOOK V. PUBLIC BUILDINGS I THEATRES AND MUSIC, BATHS, HARBOURS . 249 INDEX OF ARCHITECTURAL TERMS 319 CONTENTS ILLUSTRATIONS THE CAPITOL DOUGGA . Frontispiece PLATE A. WINDS AND DIRECTION OF STREETS at end PLATE B. PLANS OF TEMPLES . . . PLATE C. IONIC ORDER . . . . PLATE 0. CORINTHIAN ORDER see Frontispiece PLATE E. DORIC ORDER . . . at end PLATE F. MUSICAL SCALES ., ., PLATE O. THEATRE . . . . . PLATE H. PLAN OF STABIAN BATHS, POMPEII . vi PREFACE THIS edition has been based upon the oldest MS. of Vitruvius, the Harleian 2767 of the British Museum, probably of the eighth century, and from the Saxon scriptorium of Northumbria in which the Codex Amiatinus was written. The Latin closely resembles that of the workshop and the street. In my translation I havesought to retain the vividness and accuracy of the original, and have not sought a smoothness of rendering which would become a more polished style. The reader, it is possible, may discern the genial figure of Vitruvius through his utterances. In a technical treatise the risks of the translator are many. The help of Dr. House has rendered them less formidable, but he is not responsible for the errors which have survived revision. The introduction has been limited to such con siderations as may enable the layman to enter into the mysteries of the craft, and the general reader to follow the stages by which the successive accretions to the text have been removed. The section upon language indicates some of the relations of Vitruvius to Old Latin generally. My examination of fourteen MSS. has been rendered possible by the courtesy of the Directors of the MSS. Libraries at the British Museum, the Vatican, the Escorial, the Bibliotheque Nationale vii PREFACE at Paris, the Bodleian, St. Johns College, Oxford, and Eton College. A word of special thanks is due to his Excellency the Spanish Ambassador to London, his Eminence the Cardinal Merry del Val and the Secretary of the British Embassy at Paris, for their assistance. Mr. Paul Gray, M. A., of this College, has given me valuable help in preparing the MS. for the press. FRANK GRANGER. UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, NOTTINGHAM, September, 1929. viii INTRODUCTION VlTRUVIUS AND THE ARCHITECTURE OP THE WEST THE history of architectural literature is taken by Vitruvius to begin with the theatre of Dionysus at Athens. 1 In earlier times the spectators were accommodated upon wooden benches. According to one account, 2 in the year 500 B. C. or thereabouts, thescaffolding collapsed, and in consequence a beginning was made towards a permanent stone structure. The elaborate stage settings of Aeschylus reached their culmination at the performance of the Agamemnon and its associated plays in 458. According to Suidas, 3 the collapse of the scaffolding, which occurred at a performance of one of Aeschylus dramas, led to the exile of the poet in Sicily, where he died in 456. In that case the permanent con struction of the theatre would begin in the Periclean age some time between 458 and 456...

Vitruvius: 'Ten Books on Architecture'

Author: Vitruvius

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107717337

Category: Architecture

Page: 352

View: 6173

The only full treatise on architecture and its related arts to survive from classical antiquity, the De Architectura libri decem (Ten Books on Architecture) is the single most important work of architectural history in the Western world, having shaped humanist architecture and the image of the architect from the Renaissance to the present. This new, critical edition of Vitruvius' Ten Books of Architecture is the first to be published for an English-language audience in more than half a century. Expressing the range of Vitruvius' style, the translation, along with the critical commentary and illustrations, aims to shape a new image of the Vitruvius who emerges as an inventive and creative thinker, rather than the normative summarizer, as he was characterized in the Middle Ages and Renaissance.

On Architecture

Author: Pollio Vitruvius

Publisher: Loeb Classical Library

ISBN: 9780674993099

Category: Architecture

Page: 384

View: 9552

Vitruvius (Marcus V. Pollio), Roman architect and engineer, studied Greek philosophy and science and gained experience in the course of professional work. He was one of those appointed to be overseers of imperial artillery or military engines, and was architect of at least one unit of buildings for Augustus in the reconstruction of Rome. Late in life and in ill health he completed, sometime before 27 BCE, De Architectura which, after its rediscovery in the fifteenth century, was influential enough to be studied by architects from the early Renaissance to recent times. In On Architecture Vitruvius adds to the tradition of Greek theory and practice the results of his own experience. The contents of this treatise in ten books are as follows. Book 1: Requirements for an architect; town planning; design, cities, aspects; temples. 2: Materials and their treatment. Greek systems. 3: Styles. Forms of Greek temples. Ionic. 4: Styles. Corinthian, Ionic, Doric; Tuscan; altars. 5: Other public buildings (fora, basilicae, theatres, colonnades, baths, harbours). 6: Sites and planning, especially of houses. 7: Construction of pavements, roads, mosaic floors, vaults. Decoration (stucco, wall painting, colours). 8: Hydraulic engineering; water supply; aqueducts. 9: Astronomy. Greek and Roman discoveries; signs of the zodiac, planets, moon phases, constellations, astrology, gnomon, sundials. 10: Machines for war and other purposes.

The Ten Books on Architecture

Author: Vitruvius Pollio

Publisher: Prabhat Prakashan

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2294

Ten Books on Architecture' is a treatise on architecture by the Roman architect and military engineer Marcus Vitruvius Pollio. As the only treatise on architecture to survive from antiquity, it has been regarded as the first book on architectural theory as well as a major source on the canon of Classical Architecture, since Renaissance. It contains a variety of information on Greek and Roman buildings, as well as prescriptions for the planning and design of military camps, cities, and structures both large and small.

Vitruvius

The Ten Books on Architecture

Author: Vitruvius Pollio

Publisher: Courier Dover Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 331

View: 2549

The oldest and most influential book ever written on architecture, this volume describes the classic principles of symmetry, harmony, and proportion as well as the ancients' methods, materials, and aesthetics. Authoritative translation.

Komplexität und Widerspruch in der Architektur

Author: Robert Venturi

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 231

View: 4523

Robert Venturi gehört zu den Architekten, die die Debatte über die Ästhetik der Architektur durch Schriften und eigene Projekte wieder in Gang gebracht haben. Sein Buch ist ein Plädoyer zur Wiederaneignung des mannigfaltigen Reichtums der Baukunst, ein Damm gegen die Sintflut von Funktionalität und Purismus.

Vitruvius, the Ten Books on Architecture - Scholar's Choice Edition

Author: Morris Hicky Morgan,Vitruvius Pollio,Herbert Langford Warren

Publisher: Scholar's Choice

ISBN: 9781294958154

Category:

Page: 368

View: 7120

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

History of Architectural Theory

Author: Hanno-Walter Kruft

Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press

ISBN: 9781568980102

Category: Architecture

Page: 706

View: 3565

As the first comprehensive encyclopedic survey of Western architectural theory from Vitruvius to the present, this book is an essential resource for architects, students, teachers, historians, and theorists. Using only original sources, Kruft has undertaken the monumental task of researching, organizing, and analyzing the significant statements put forth by architectural theorists over the last two thousand years. The result is a text that is authoritative and complete, easy to read without being reductive.

Wissen, Kommunikation und Selbstdarstellung

Zur Struktur und Charakteristik römischer Fachtexte der frühen Kaiserzeit

Author: Thorsten Fögen

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 2821846398

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 340

View: 4285

Thorsten Fögen behandelt in dieser Studie vorrangig römische Fachtexte des ersten vor- und nachchristlichen Jahrhunderts und nähert sich der Frage nach dem Autorenbewußtsein und der Selbstdarstellung antiker Fachschriftsteller auf zwei Ebenen: Im ersten Teil liegt der Schwerpunkt auf einer synoptischen Diskussion antiker Zeugnisse zu den Charakteristika von Fachtexten und Fachsprachen. Dabei stehen sprachliche Mittel im engeren Sinne im Vordergrund, also lexikalische, morphologische und syntaktische, aber auch pragmatische Phänomene, die antike Autoren mit fachlichen Diskursen assoziieren. Im zweiten Teil folgen exemplarische Untersuchungen zu vier Fachtexten der frühen Kaiserzeit: Vitruvs „De architectura“, Columellas „De re rustica“, Plinius’ „Naturalis historia“ und Frontins „De aquaeductu urbis Romae“. Im Zentrum stehen die Formen der Selbstpräsentation der jeweiligen Verfasser gegenüber ihrem Lesepublikum und die dazu von ihnen verwendeten rhetorischen Strategien. Im einzelnen wird herausgearbeitet, wie sie sich von ihren Vorgängern abzusetzen versuchen und als Autorität inszenieren. In diesem Rahmen geht es nicht zuletzt um soziale und ethische Aspekte von Wissenschaft, wie z. B. Offenheit im Umgang mit Wissensbeständen, Erkenntnisfortschritt, den praktischen und politischen Nutzen von Fachwissen sowie den damit verbundenen materiellen Gewinn. Die Arbeit ist an der Schnittstelle von Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft, Wissenschaftsgeschichte und Kultursoziologie angesiedelt. Thorsten Fögen analysiert antike Fachtexte als Zeugnisse soziokultureller Strukturen und damit die politisch-ideologischen Implikationen von Fachschriftstellerei, die sich aus der von ihnen entworfenen Weltanschauung, ihrem Verhältnis zur Tradition und dem von ihnen vertretenen Wertesystem identifizieren lassen.

The Lost Meaning of Classical Architecture

Speculations on Ornament from Vitruvius to Venturi

Author: George L. Hersey

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262580892

Category: Architecture

Page: 201

View: 4130

Why do architects still use the classical orders? Why use forms derived from ancientGreek temples when ancient Greek religion has been dead for centuries and when the way of life theyexpressed is extinct? And why decorate a contemporary courthouse with the bones, eggs, darts, claws,and garlands that an ancient Greek would recognize as the trappings of animal sacrifice?With theseprovocative questions George Hersey begins his recovery of the meaning of classical architecture.For the last four centuries, he shows, philology and formalism have drained architecture of itspoetry. By analyzing this poetry - the tropes founded on the Greek terms for ornamental detail - hereconstructs a classical theory about the origin and meaning of the orders, one that links them toancient sacrificial ritual and myth.In doing so, Hersey reinterprets key tales and taboos that werepart of the cultural memory of the ancient Greeks. His touchstone is Vitruvius, author of the onlysurviving classical treatise on architecture, whose stories about Dorus, Ion, and the Corinthianmaiden, and about the Caryaean women and Persian soldiers, describe the orders as records orremembrances of sacrifice.Hersey finds revivals of this consciousness in the Italian Renaissance andthrows new light on the works of the architectural theorists Francesco di Giorgio and CeasareCesariano, and also on Raphael's Disputá, Michelangelo's tomb of Julius 11 and Medici Chapel, andHugues Sambin's handbook on termini.George Hersey is Professor of Art History at Yale University andthe author of many books, including Architecture, Poetry, and Number in the Royal Palace at Caserta(MIT Press 1983).

Vitruvius

Writing the Body of Architecture

Author: Indra Kagis McEwen

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262633062

Category: Architecture

Page: 493

View: 936

A historical study of Vitruvius's De architectura, showing that his purpose in writing "the whole body of architecture" was shaped by the imperial Roman project of world domination. Vitruvius's De architectura is the only major work on architecture to survive from classical antiquity, and until the eighteenth century it was the text to which all other architectural treatises referred. While European classicists have focused on the factual truth of the text itself, English-speaking architects and architectural theorists have viewed it as a timeless source of valuable metaphors. Departing from both perspectives, Indra Kagis McEwen examines the work's meaning and significance in its own time. Vitruvius dedicated De architectura to his patron Augustus Caesar, the first Roman emperor, whose rise to power inspired its composition near the end of the first century B.C. McEwen argues that the imperial project of world dominion shaped Vitruvius's purpose in writing what he calls "the whole body of architecture." Specifically, Vitruvius's aim was to present his discipline as the means for making the emperor's body congruent with the imagined body of the world he would rule. Each of the book's four chapters treats a different Vitruvian "body." Chapter 1, "The Angelic Body," deals with the book as a book, in terms of contemporary events and thought, particularly Stoicism and Stoic theories of language. Chapter 2, "The Herculean Body," addresses the book's and its author's relation to Augustus, whose double Vitruvius means the architect to be. Chapter 3, "The Body Beautiful," discusses the relation of proportion and geometry to architectural beauty and the role of beauty in forging the new world order. Finally, Chapter 4, "The Body of the King," explores the nature and unprecedented extent of Augustan building programs. Included is an examination of the famous statue of Augustus from Prima Porta, sculpted soon after the appearance of De architectura.