Urban Youth and Photovoice

Visual Ethnography in Action

Author: Melvin Delgado

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199381321

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

View: 9316

The past decade brought forth a wave of excitement and promise for researchers and practitioners interested in community practice as an approach based on social justice principles and an embrace of community participatory actions. But, effective community practice is predicated on the availability and use of assessment methods that not only capture and report on conditions, but also simultaneously set the stage for social change efforts. This research, therefore, serves the dual purpose of generating knowledge and also being an integral part of social intervention. Research done in this way, however, requires new tools. Photovoice is one such tool - a form of visual ethnography that invites participants to represent their community or point of view through photographs, accompanied by narratives, to be shared with each other and with a broader community. Urban Youth and Photovoice focuses on the use of this method within urban settings and among adolescents and young adults - a group that is almost naturally drawn to the use of photography (especially digital and particularly in today's era of texting, facebook, and instagram) to showcase photovoice as an important qualitative research method for social workers and others in the social sciences, and providing readers with detailed theoretical and practical account of how to plan, implement, and evaluate the results of a photovoice project focused on urban youth.

Community Practice and Urban Youth

Social Justice Service-Learning and Civic Engagement

Author: Melvin Delgado

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317406311

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 2101

Community Practice and Urban Youth is for graduate level students in fields that offer youth studies and community practice courses. Practitioners in these fields, too, will find the book particularly useful in furthering the integration of social justice as a conceptual and philosophical foundation. The use of food, environmental justice, and immigrant-rights and the book’s focus on service-learning and civic engagement involving these three topics offers an innovative approach for courses.

Photovoice Methods in Social Work

Using Visual and Narrative Techniques in Participatory Research and Practice

Author: David P. Moxley, PhD, DPA, ACSW,Jeffrey Bishop, MSW,Julie Miller-Cribbs, PhD, MSW

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826198392

Category: Psychology

Page: 350

View: 8228

Photovoice is an established form of participatory action research that uses photography and narrative to empower communities and include the voices of marginalized individuals in the research process. It is recognized as a useful tool to illuminate important factors in impoverished environments that are frequently overlooked. Written for social work students, researchers, and professionals, this is the first volume to focus specifically on photovoice and its applications. In this comprehensive, "how-to" guide, the authors describe in detail how to use photovoice in the contexts of youth development, aging, homelessness, independent living among people with disabilities, environmental design and community development, health care, and professional education. Plentiful case studies highlight the use of photovoice in many situations and describe ways to overcome the challenges social workers may face in enacting its methods within their organizations and communities. The book illustrates how social workers can use photovoice to collaborate with marginalized individuals in documenting the poverty and difficulties of their lives and barriers to their well-being. A companion website for readers features interactive examples of photovoice projects and hyperlinks connecting the eBook and website. Key Features: Describes how photovoice can be used in a variety of settings to document often overlooked factors in impoverished environments Uses plentiful case studies to illustrate photovoice in action and describe ways to overcome challenges to using it Incorporates the writings of social workers, counselors, psychologists, nurses, architects, educators, and gerontologists Demonstrates how photovoice can assist social workers and other helping professionals in closing the divide between research and practice Addresses potential for collaboration between social workers and marginalized individuals in documenting difficult circumstances

Youth Participation and Community Change

Author: Barry Checkoway

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136449310

Category: Medical

Page: 286

View: 2740

Empowered youth CAN and DO make a difference! Young people become empowered by their participation in the institutions and decisions that affect their lives—which in turn can lead to real positive change in the community. Youth Participation and Community Change presents leading authorities providing the latest research and effective approaches on how young people can be drawn to participate in organizations and communities. The diverse perspectives discuss youth participation in today’s society, the models and methods of its practice, the roles of youth and adults, and the future of youth participation and community in a diverse democracy. Approaches include those which promote participatory community-based research and evaluation, and involve youth groups in poor and racially segregated areas. The mainstream view of much of today’s youth is that of being victims of society rather than a being a possible positive influence on society as a whole. Youth Participation and Community Change seeks to shift the viewpoint from youth as being problems to empowering them to enact positive social change. The book explores community agency efforts to involve young people, and the process by which youth civic engagement promotes empowerment. Social work and public health approaches are examined, with cogent discussions on conceptual and theoretical issues. Empirically based case studies illustrate best practices and interdisciplinary work that draws upon psychology, sociology, social work, public health, education, and related academic disciplines and professional fields. Topics in Youth Participation and Community Change include: key dimensions of critical youth empowerment a case study of youth leadership development in Hawaii—the Sariling Gawa Youth Council the Lexington Youth Leadership Academy—a leadership development and community change program a new model for youth civic engagement in Hampton, Virginia three projects that engage urban youth in community change through participatory research youth engagement strategies and the benefits of youth participation in health research ten projects which used photovoice to represent, advocate, and enhance community health a participatory action research process with youth in Bosnia and Herzegovina the Growing Up in Cities project of UNESCO training students as facilitators for the Youth Empowerment Strategies (YES!) project four characteristics of engagement in the research literature and a school-community-university project differences in developmental outcomes among youth organizing, identity-support, and traditional youth development agencies Youth Participation and Community Change is thought-provoking, enlightening reading that is perfect for organizers, planners, policymakers, advocates, youth service workers, agency administrators, educators, students, and professionals in psychology, sociology, social work, urban planning, public policy, and public health.

Photovoice Research in Education and Beyond

A Practical Guide from Theory to Exhibition

Author: Amanda O. Latz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131752988X

Category: Education

Page: 194

View: 5117

Photovoice is a form of participatory action research, which has been gaining use and momentum since its inception in the mid-1990s. Within the enactment of this methodology, research participants are invited to document aspects of their lives through photography and then provide written or oral accounts of the images they create. Designed to situate participants as experts on their lives and their experiences, photovoice is a powerful and visceral approach to policy change efforts. In this book, the photovoice methodology is conceptualized as being comprised of eight steps: identification, invitation, education, documentation, narration, ideation, presentation, and confirmation. Each of the steps is explained and expanded upon, and insights are drawn from the extant photovoice literature and the author’s personal experience. In addition, attention is given to the history of photography and inquiry, theoretical underpinnings and aims of the methodology, ethical considerations, methods and procedures, approaches to data analysis, and photovoice exhibitions. Finally, the author has attended to some aspects of photovoice that have historically been left unattended, such as: building a conceptual framework for a photovoice study, viewing the photovoice exhibition as a site of inquiry, and thinking through the ways in which ever-evolving photography technologies can and should impact decision-making throughout the photovoice process. While many texts exist that touch on and/or address photovoice, this is the first book solely dedicated to the entirety of the photovoice methodology — from theory to exhibition. Built as a practical guide, readers will find a wealth of information, resources, and advice within this book. Educators, students, and academic researchers will find this an accessible and compassionate text, one that will be a trusted companion while on the photovoice project journey.

"We Live in the Shadow"

Inner-City Kids Tell Their Stories through Photographs

Author: Elaine Bell Kaplan

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781439907894

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 2139

Looking at their photo of railroad tracks, a group of preteen students in South Central Los Angeles see either "a way out of the ghetto," or a "dirty, bad environment." Such are the impressions expressed in the poignant "We Live in the Shadow": Inner-City Kids Tell Their Stories through Photographs. In Elaine Bell Kaplan's perceptive book, at-risk youth were given five-dollar cameras to tell stories about their world. Their photos and stories show us their response to negative inner-city teen images. We follow them into their schools, and we hear about their creative coping strategies. While these kids see South Central as dangerous, they also see themselves as confident enough to not let the inner city take them down. They refuse to be labeled as "ghetto thugs," as outsiders sometimes do. These outsiders include police, teachers, and other groups representing the institutional voices governing their daily lives. The kids in "We Live in the Shadow": Inner-City Kids Tell Their Stories through Photographs have developed a multilayered view of society. This impressive book gives voice to their resilience.

Participatory Visual and Digital Methods

Author: Aline Gubrium,Krista Harper

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1611327113

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 4511

Gubrium and Harper describe how visual and digital methodologies can contribute to a participatory, public-engaged ethnography. These methods can change the traditional relationship between academic researchers and the community, building one that is more accessible, inclusive, and visually appealing, and one that encourages community members to reflect and engage in issues in their own communities. The authors describe how to use photovoice, film and video, digital storytelling, GIS, digital archives and exhibits in participatory contexts, and include numerous case studies demonstrating their utility around the world.

Urban Friendships and Community Youth Practice

Author: Melvin Delgado

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190467096

Category:

Page: 304

View: 8704

There is no denying that friendship, however narrow or broad the definition, is dynamic and highly responsive to socio-cultural and environmental factors. Urban Youth Friendships and Community Practice highlights the greater importance of friendships in circumstances where youth have been marginalized and have limited access to instrumental resources that restrict geographical mobility or curtail their movement to limited public spaces (in which they are validated, and even liked or admired). Youth friendships are not limited to peer-networks; they can cross other social divides and involve adults of all ages. Indeed, community practice and asset assessment approaches are increasingly focusing on the relevance of strong peer relationships and networks as strengths upon which to build. Friendships, therefore, are a community asset and as such could be included as a key aspect of community asset assessments and interventions. Community organizations, schools, religious institutions, and other less-formal groups provide practitioners with ample opportunities to foster urban youth friendships. This book seeks to accomplish four goals: (1) provide a state of knowledge on the definition, role, and importance of friendships in general and specifically on urban youth of color (African-American, Asia and Latinos); (2) draw implications for community practice scholarship and practice; (3) illustrate how friendships can be a focus of a community capacity enhancement assets paradigm through the use of case illustrations; and (4) provide a series of recommendations for how urban friendships can be addressed in graduate level social work curriculum but with implications for other helping professions. Urban Youth Friendships and Community Practice is a must-have for community practitioners, whether their focus be social work, recreation, education, planning, or out-of-school programming.

Engaging Youth in Activism, Research and Pedagogical Praxis

Transnational and Intersectional Perspectives on Gender, Sex, and Race

Author: Tamara Shefer,Jeff Hearn,Kopano Ratele,Floretta Boonzaier

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351982176

Category: Education

Page: 306

View: 2664

Engaging Youth in Activism, Research and Pedagogical Praxis: Transnational and Intersectional Perspectives on Gender, Sex, and Race offers critical perspectives on contemporary research and practice directed at young people across the global north and south. Drawing upon pedagogical, programmatic, and activist work with respect to challenging inequalities and injustices for young people, the authors interrogate the dominant discourses of sexuality, gender, race, class, age and other social categories. Emerging out of a Finnish-South African collaboration, this volume does not take a comparative approach but rather a transnational one by embracing the intersections of local and global knowledges. We draw on this transnational and transdisciplinary framework and these various contexts to generate a critique of mainstream theory and pedagogical practice, as well as to subvert and disrupt such research and practice so as to speak more directly to young people's agentic and activist engagements in social justice, specifically inequalities of class, race, gender, age, sexuality, ability, and health.

Participatory Visual and Digital Research in Action

Author: Aline Gubrium,Krista Harper,Marty Otañez

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315422956

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 6891

This collection of original articles, a companion to the authors’ Participatory Visual and Digital Methods, illustrates how innovative visual and digital research techniques are being used in various field projects in health care, environmental policy, urban planning, education and youth development, and heritage management settings. These methodologies produce rich visual and narrative data guided by participant interests and priorities, key tools for collaborative work. The 16 chapters-include digital storytelling, PhotoVoice, community-based filmmaking, participatory mapping and GIS, and participatory digital archival research;-provide a portfolio of model research projects for researchers who wish to collaborate on community-based studies;-will appeal to an audience across social science, heritage, health, education, and social service fields.An open-access companion website will allow readers to view the research products presented in each contributor's chapter.

Social Work Practice in Nontraditional Urban Settings

Author: Melvin Delgado

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195112481

Category: Social Science

Page: 259

View: 4675

In an era of diminishing resources, communities that have historically been served by professionals in established social service settings can no longer rely on outside resources and assistance to meet their needs. Social Work Practice in Nontraditional Urban Settings focuses on the importance of developing models that are specific to urban areas, models which help facilitate and promote conversation and advice and reduce the stigma for those seeking assistance. Delgado suggests that communities can best be served through their own, already-established recreational, social, and cultural centers. He shows professional social workers how they can use these nontraditional settings -- beauty shops, bars, and grocery stores -- to reach out to the communities they are trying to help. This allows social work service to be based on the community's own strengths, while developing the community's capacity to help itself with assistance from professionals. These institutions play influential and very active roles in providing assistance to community residents in need, offering social workers the unique opportunity to identify, engage, and plan services with communities. Often these centers are staffed by people that have a similar ethnic, socio-economic, and racial background to the rest of the community, thereby maximizing their psychological, geographical, and cultural accessibility to the community. Delgado offers a dramatic paradigm shift for social workers, showing that service delivery can take place in any setting, formal or informal. He integrates a multicultural perspective which highlights and identifies a variety of innovative methods, stressing that there is no one way of providing assistance to a community in need. Social Work Practice in Nontraditional Urban Settings is ideal for graduate courses in social work as well as for any course in human behavior and the social environment.

Participatory Action Research Approaches and Methods

Connecting People, Participation and Place

Author: Sara Kindon,Rachel Pain,Mike Kesby

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134135556

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 8909

Participatory Action Research (PAR) approaches and methods have seen an explosion of recent interest in the social and environmental sciences. PAR involves collaborative research, education and action which is oriented towards social change, representing a major epistemological challenge to mainstream research traditions. It has recently been the subject of heated critique and debate and rapid theoretical and methodological development. This book captures these developments, exploring the justification, theorisation, practice and implications of PAR. It offers a critical introduction to understanding and working with PAR in different social, spatial and institutional contexts. The authors engage with PAR’s radical potential, while maintaining a critical awareness of its challenges and dangers. The book is divided into three parts. The first part explores the intellectual, ethical and pragmatic contexts of PAR; the development and diversity of approaches to PAR; recent poststructuralist perspectives on PAR as a form of power; the ethic of participation; and issues of safety and well-being. Part two is a critical exploration of the politics, places and practices of PAR. Contributors draw on diverse research experiences with differently situated groups and issues including environmentally sustainable practices, family livelihoods, sexual health, gendered experiences of employment, and specific communities such as people with disabilities, migrant groups, and young people. The principles, dilemmas and strategies associated with participatory approaches and methods including diagramming, cartographies, art, theatre, photovoice, video and geographical information systems are also discussed. Part three reflects on how effective PAR is, including the analysis of its products and processes, participatory learning, representation and dissemination, institutional benefits and challenges, and working between research, action, activism and change. The authors find that a spatial perspective and an attention to scale offer helpful means of negotiating the potentials and paradoxes of PAR. This approach responds to critiques of PAR by highlighting how the spatial politics of practising participation can be mobilised to create more effective and just research processes and outcomes. The book adds significant weight to the recent critical reappraisal of PAR, suggesting why, when, where and how we might take forward PAR’s commitment to enabling collaborative social transformation. It will be particularly useful to researchers and students of Human Geography, Development Studies and Sociology.

Community Social Work Practice in an Urban Context

The Potential of a Capacity-Enhancement Perspective

Author: Melvin Delgado

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198029021

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 7713

Community social work practice based on a capacity enhancement model offers tremendous potential for unifying communities consisting of groups from very different cultural backgrounds, and in the process of doing so, make physical changes in the community. Community Social Work Practice in An Urban Context aims to teach graduate students with an emphasis on community and urban social work how to create positive community environments in marginalized urban-based communities. The use of murals, gardens, playgrounds, and sculptures, for example provide social workers with an opportunity to identify, engage, and plan services with communities. These projects, in turn, are based upon a community's strengths and represent an effort at developing a community's capacity to help itself with assistance from professionals.

Understanding Youth in Late Modernity

Author: France

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335229743

Category: Education

Page: 215

View: 3100

This illuminating new book embeds our understanding of the youth question within a historical context. It shows how the ideas of past political action, in conjunction with the diverse paradigms of social science disciplines, have shaped modern conceptions of the youth question.

Breaking Rules: The Social and Situational Dynamics of Young People's Urban Crime

Author: Per-Olof H. Wikström

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199592845

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 479

View: 6182

Breaking new ground in the study of crime in urban environments, Breaking Rules examines the findings, theoretical basis, and new methodology of The Peterborough Adolescent and Young Adult Development Study (PADS+). This major longitudinal study investigates the role of the social environment on crime causation, involving a cohort of 700 young people from the age of 12. A particular aim of PADS+ is to employ a new theory, known as Situational ActionTheory, as well as the innovative methodology of ecometrics combined with space-time budgets to improve the study of young people's offending and its changes.

Sharing Qualitative Research

Showing Lived Experience and Community Narratives

Author: Susan Gair,Ariella van Luyn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317338413

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 5620

In an era of rapid technological change, are qualitative researchers taking advantage of new and innovative ways to gather, analyse and share community narratives? Sharing Qualitative Research presents innovative methods for harnessing creative storytelling methodologies and technologies that help to inspire and transform readers and future research. In exploring a range of collaborative and original social research approaches to addressing social problems, this text grapples with the difficulties of working with communities. It also offers strategies for working ethically with narratives, while also challenging traditional, narrower definitions of what constitutes communities. The book is unique in its cross-disciplinary spectrum, community narratives focus and showcase of arts-based and emerging digital technologies for working with communities. A timely collection, it will be of interest to interdisciplinary researchers, undergraduate and postgraduate students and practitioners in fields including anthropology, ethnography, cultural studies, community arts, literary studies, social work, health and education.

Street Life under a Roof

Youth Homelessness in South Africa

Author: Emily Margaretten

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252097696

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 3427

Point Place stands near the city center of Durban, South Africa. Condemned and off the grid, the five-story apartment building is nonetheless home to a hundred-plus teenagers and young adults marginalized by poverty and chronic unemployment. In Street Life under a Roof , Emily Margaretten draws on ten years of up-close fieldwork to explore the distinct cultural universe of the Point Place community. Margaretten's sensitive investigations reveal how young men and women draw on customary notions of respect and support to forge an ethos of connection and care that allows them to live far richer lives than ordinarily assumed. Her discussion of gender dynamics highlights terms like nakana --to care about or take notice of another--that young women and men use to construct "outside" and "inside" boyfriends and girlfriends and to communicate notions of trust. Margaretten exposes the structures of inequality at a local, regional, and global level that contribute to socioeconomic and political dislocation. But she also challenges the idea that Point Place's marginalized residents need "rehabilitation." As she argues, these young men and women want love, secure homes, and the means to provide for their dependents--in short, the same hopes and aspirations mirrored across South African society.

The Clergy Sex Abuse Crisis and the Legal Responses

Author: James T. O'Reilly,Margaret S. P. Chalmers

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199937931

Category: Law

Page: 472

View: 5125

Legal disputes over worldwide and U.S. sexual abuse by Catholic priests, and over efforts by Catholic bishops to conceal clerical misconduct, have produced many headlines and public discussion. However, the precise legal issues involved remain a mystery to most observers. In this study, James O'Reilly and Margaret Chalmers examine the role of canon law in these cases and the interplay between the global church-based law and the laws of individual jurisdictions where criminal actions and lawsuits are brought.

The Power of Resistance

Culture, Ideology and Social Reproduction in Global Contexts

Author: Rowhea M. Elmesky,Carol Camp Yeakey,Olivia C. Marcucci

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787148874

Category: Education

Page: 400

View: 5805

This book is guided through the powerful ideological frameworks of culture and social reproduction and looks specifically to the role of schooling as a vehicle for catalysing change.

What They Don't Learn in School

Literacy in the Lives of Urban Youth

Author: Jabari Mahiri

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9780820450360

Category: Education

Page: 284

View: 3693

Contributors to this book have illuminated the practices of literacy and learning in the lives of urban youth. Their descriptions and assessments of these practices are anchored in perspectives of �New Literacy Studies�. The ten studies explore a number of urban scenes in order to engage, understand, and present multiple youth identities, attitudes, activities, representations, and stories connected to a range of situated, adaptive, and voluntary uses of literacy. The authors use a variety of conceptual and methodological approaches to explicate the various skills, the distinct methods of production or composition, the subjective and collective meanings, the mutable and variegated texts, and the dynamic contexts that urban youth utilize for expression, affirmation, and pleasure. There is a response to each chapter by a major scholar in its area of focus. Together, these studies and responses contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of the pedagogies, politics, and possibilities of literacy and learning in and out of school.