Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 1999 im Fachbereich Theaterwissenschaft, Tanz, Note: 3, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (Institut für Theaterwissenschaft), Veranstaltung: Proseminar: Inszenierungsanalyse (Film): Von der Schizophrenie zur Paranoia., Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: „Twenty-nine years ago, a baby boy was adopted by the OmniCam Corporation to become the subject of the most popular television show of all time. His name is Truman Burbank. (...) Every second of every day, from the moment he was born, for the last thirty years, Truman Burbank has been the unwitting star of the longest running, most popular documentary-soap opera in history. The picture-perfect town of Seahaven thar he calls home is actually a gigantic soundstage. Truman’s friends and family – everyone he meets, in fact – are actors. He lives every moment under the unblinking gaze of thousands of hidden TV cameras.“1 So ist zu Beginn des Filmes „The Truman Show“ die perfekt in Szene gesetzte Scheinwelt die Ausgangslage des unwissenden Gefangenen Truman Burbank. Als sich aber ein schlecht montierter Scheinwerfer vom künstlichen Firmament löst und direkt vor Trumens Füße kracht, kommt dessen Realitätsgefühl deutlich ins Wanken. Plötzlich aufgeschreckt, entwickelt Truman ein tiefes Mißtrauen gegen seine unwirkliche Umwelt, gegen das gekünstelte, schablonenhafte Verhalten seiner Mitmenschen. Von jeher eine neugierige und dynamische Natur, beginnt Truman zu insistieren und zu spionieren, um das unerklärliche Geheimnis seines Verfolgungsgefühls aufzudecken. Er versucht verzweifelt, aus seiner beengenden Existenz in dieser für ihn irrealen Welt zu flüchten, doch Christof, der Macher der „Truman Show“, läßt seinen Star nicht so einfach entwischen. Nachdem psychologische Tricks Truman nicht aufgeben lassen, nach der Freiheit zu streben, greift Christof zu drastischeren Mitteln. Es beginnt ein Kampf um Leben und Tod, den Christof mit gottähnlichen Mitteln zu lenken sucht, bereit, Truman einen dramatischen Abgang aus der Show - den realen Tod durch Ertrinken in einem inszenierten Sturm - zu bereiten. Der Showdown Trumans gegen seinen Erschaffer: der eine als mutiger Kapitän einer „Nußschale“ im tosenden Kunstmeer dem Nichts oder der Freiheit entgegen, der andere in der Kommandozentrale der Himmelskuppel über Trumans Welt, entschlossen, ein Menschenleben den Einschaltquoten zu opfern. Christof läßt (!) den roten Knopf zur Auslösung der gigantischen Flutwelle drücken, die promt einsetzt und Trumans Boot zum Kentern bringt. Doch Truman überlebt die Katastrophe – life on air – und berührt in der Endsequenz des Filmes schließlich mit seinen Händen den Pappmachéhorizont am Ende des auslaufenden Meeres. [...] 1 internet: www.trumanshow.com
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 1999 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Region: USA, Note: 1,0, Luftwaffe der Bundeswehr (Historisches Institut), Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Mit dieser Seminararbeit - die in chronologischer Reihenfolge der Ereignisse aufgebaut ist - wird die Entstehungsgeschichte der Truman-Doktrin erlautert und die Leistung Trumans herausgestellt, der im April 1945 in die Fussstapfen des langjahrigen US-Prasidenten Franklin Delano Roosevelts (1933-1945) trat, jedoch dessen Politik der Kooperation mit Stalin nicht mehr lange fortsetzen konnte. Als erstes werden die relativ guten amerikanisch-sowjetischen Beziehungen wahrend des zweiten Weltkrieges beschrieben, die besonders auf der Atlantik-Konferenz sowie bei den darauf folgenden Kriegskonferenzen erkennbar sind. Hohepunkte dieser interalliierten Kriegskonferenzen waren zweifelsohne die beiden einzigen Konferenzen aller drei Regierungsspitzen in Teheran und Jalta, wo sich Roosevelts Konzept uber den Umgang mit der Sowjetunion verdeutlichen lasst. Sehr hilfreich bei dieser Analyse sind die umfangreichen Memoiren des britischen Premierministers Churchill, die Studie von Gunter Moltmann uber Amerikas Deutschlandpolitik im zweiten Weltkrieg" sowie der Wegweiser durch die alliierten Kriegskonferenzen von Gerd Ressing mit dem provokativen Titel Versagte der Westen in Jalta und Potsdam?." Nach dem Tode F.D. Roosevelts kam Harry Spencer Truman an die Macht, die amerikanisch-sowjetischen Beziehungen verschlechterten sich und in den USA war eine Abkehr von der Kooperationspolitik erkennbar. Doch was waren die Ursachen fur diesen Wandel in der amerikanischen Politik? Zur Beantwortung dieser Fragen sind die Memoiren von Harry Truman und die seines stellvertretenden Botschafters in Moskau, George F. Kennan, lesenswert und auch die beiden Studien des habilitierten deutschen Politikwissenschaftlers Ernst-Otto Czempiel Weltpolitik der USA nach 1945, Einfuhrung und Dokumente" sowie Das amerikanische Sic"
Referat / Aufsatz (Schule) aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Geschichte Europa - and. Länder - Neueste Geschichte, Europäische Einigung, Note: 1 (14 Punkte), , Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Ein Quellenvergleich zwischen der Rede des amerikanischen Präsidenten Truman (12.03.1947) vor den Häusern des Kongresses und der am 22.09.1947 vom Parteisekretär der KPdSU Andrei Shdanow gehaltenen Rede, welche er auf der Konferenz der kommunistischen Parteien Europas hielt.
Truman Capotes neu editierte Werke in der achtbändigen Zürcher Ausgabe im Schmuckschuber Band 1: Sommerdiebe Band 2: Andere Stimmen, andere Räume Band 3: Baum der Nacht Band 4: Die Grasharfe Band 5: Frühstück bei Tiffany Band 6: Die Hunde bellen Band 7: Kaltblütig Band 8: Erhörte Gebete
The Pulitzer Prize–winning biography of Harry S. Truman, whose presidency included momentous events from the atomic bombing of Japan to the outbreak of the Cold War and the Korean War, told by America’s beloved and distinguished historian. The life of Harry S. Truman is one of the greatest of American stories, filled with vivid characters—Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin, Eleanor Roosevelt, Bess Wallace Truman, George Marshall, Joe McCarthy, and Dean Acheson—and dramatic events. In this riveting biography, acclaimed historian David McCullough not only captures the man—a more complex, informed, and determined man than ever before imagined—but also the turbulent times in which he rose, boldly, to meet unprecedented challenges. The last president to serve as a living link between the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries, Truman’s story spans the raw world of the Missouri frontier, World War I, the powerful Pendergast machine of Kansas City, the legendary Whistle-Stop Campaign of 1948, and the decisions to drop the atomic bomb, confront Stalin at Potsdam, send troops to Korea, and fire General MacArthur. Drawing on newly discovered archival material and extensive interviews with Truman’s own family, friends, and Washington colleagues, McCullough tells the deeply moving story of the seemingly ordinary “man from Missouri” who was perhaps the most courageous president in our history.
Based upon extensive research in the papers of President Harry S. Truman and in several journalistic collections, Harry S. Truman and the News Media recounts the story of a once unpopular chief executive who overcame the censure of the news media to ultimately win both the public's and the press's affirmation of his personal and presidential greatness. Franklin D. Mitchell traces the major contours of journalism during the lifetime and presidency of Truman. Although newspapers and newsmagazines are given the most emphasis, reporters and columnists of the Washington news corps also figure prominently for their role in the president's news conferences and their continuing coverage of Truman and his family. Broadcast journalism's expanding coverage of the president is also explored through chapters dealing with radio and television. President Truman's advocacy of a liberal Fair Deal for all Americans and a prudent and visible role for the nation in world affairs drew fire from the anti-administration news media, particularly the publishing empire of William Randolph Hearst, the McCormick-Patterson newspapers, the Scripps-Howard chain, and the Time-Life newsmagazines of Henry R. Luce. Despite press opposition and the almost universal prediction of defeat in the 1948 election, Truman was victorious in the greatest miscalled presidential election in journalistic history. During his full term, Truman's relations with the news media became contentious over such matters as national security in the Cold War, the conduct of the Korean War, and the continuing charges of communism and corruption in the administration. Although Truman's career in politics was based on honesty and the welfare of the people, his early political alliance with Thomas Pendergast, Kansas City's notorious political boss, provided the opportunity for a portion of the press to charge Truman with subservience to Pendergast's own agenda of corrupt government. The history and the dynamics of the Truman presidency and the American news media, combined with biographical and institutional sketches of key individuals and news organizations, make Harry S. Truman and the News Media a captivating and original investigation of an American president. Well written and researched, this book will be of great value to Truman scholars, journalists, and anyone interested in American history or presidential studies.
Author: Thomas G. Paterson Professor of History University of Connecticut
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Political Science
In this provocative new book, the distinguished diplomatic historian Thomas G. Paterson explores why and how Americans have perceived and exaggerated the Communist threat in the last half century. Telling the story through rich analysis and substantial research in private papers, government archieves, oral histories, contemporary writings, and scholarly works, Paterson explains the origins and evolution of United States global intervention. In penetrating essays on the ideas and programs of Harry S. Truman, George F. Kennan, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John Foster Dulles, John F. Kennedy, Richard M. Nixon, Henry A. Kissisnger, and Ronald Reagan, as well as on the views of dissenters from the prevailing Cold War mentality, Paterson reveals the tenacity and momentum of American thinking about threats from abroad. Paterson offers a thorough review of postwar American attitudes toward totalitariansim, the causes of international conflict, and foreign aid, and he then demonstrates how Truman acted upon these views, launched the containment doctrine, and exercised American power in both Europe and Asia. A fresh look at Eisenhower's policy in the Middle East explains how the United States became a major player in that volatile region. Paterson also presents an incisive critique of Kennedy's foreign policy, describing an administration propelled by lessons from Truman's era, an assertive, "can-do" style, and a grandiose notion of America's nation-building responsibilities in the Third World. Arrogance, ignorance, and impatience, Paterson argues, combined with familiar exaggerations of Soviet capabilities and intentions, to produce a rash of crises, from the Bay of Pigs and missile crisis in Cuba to the war in Vietnam. Other chapters study the flawed record of 1970s detente, CIA covert actions and the failure of congressional oversight from the 1940s to the present, and Reagan's rewriting of the history of the Vietnam War. In the last chapter, Paterson demolishes the argument that the Vietnam War could have been won and probes the analogy between Vietnam and Central America in the 1980s. Americans did not invent the Communist threat, Paterson contends, but they have certainly exaggerated it, nurturing a trenchant anti-communism that has had a devastating effect on international relations and American institutions. An important backdrop to recent foreign policy, Meeting the Communist Threat combines extensive scholarship and perceptive analysis to provide a vivid account of Cold War policy in America.
Harry S. Truman sensed something profound and meaningful in the Jewish restoration to Palestine, something which transcended other considerations. As the president recorded in his Memoirs, the Palestine question was "a basic human problem." In the end, Truman was willing to go against the current of his most trusted foreign policy advisers, who were absolutely opposed to the establishment of a Jewish state in the Middle East. These advisers argued that however humanitarian a Jewish homeland might seem, such a proposition posed a real risk to American interests in the Near East and to United States national security in the late 1940s. Despite their continued opposition, Truman stood his ground and maintained that he would decide the entire issue based on what he thought was right. Of interest to historians, and students of Israel and of the U.S. presidency.
Written by leading authorities in the fields of the contemporary social, political, and diplomatic history of the United States, the essays in this volume provide a wide-ranging overview of the intentions, achievements, and failures of the Truman administration. Divided into sections on domestic politics and issues, and foreign policy and national defence, the volume gives an authoritative appraisal of some of the major events and problems of the time in the light of recent scholarship. The essays make clear the overriding importance of the wartime experience for the Truman era.
In this work, Denise M. Bostdorff considers President Truman’s address to a joint session of Congress on March 12, 1947. She focuses on the public and private language that influenced administration perceptions about the precipitating events in Greece and Turkey and explores the news management campaign that set the stage for Truman’s speech. Bostdorff even examines how the president’s health may have influenced his policy decision and how it affected his delivery of the address and campaign for congressional approval. After a rhetorical analysis of the Truman Doctrine speech, the book ends with Bostdorff’s conclusions on its short- and long-term impact. She identifies themes announced by Truman that resound in U.S. foreign policy down to the present day, when George W. Bush has compared his policies in the war on terror to those of Truman and members of his administration have compared Bush to Truman. This important work is a major contribution to scholarship on the presidency, political science, and public rhetoric.
Truman Nelson (1911-1987) was a self-educated novelist, essayist, lecturer, and social activist. He never finished high school and supported himself in his early years as a factory worker, labor organizer, actor, and playwright. Encouraged by F. O. Matthiessen, he turned to writing and in 1952 published his first historical novel, The Sin of the Prophet, a study of Theodore Parker and the Anthony Burns case. That book earned him his picture on the cover of Saturday Review and designation as the magazine's "Writer of the Year." Two novels soon followed: The Passion by the Brook (1953), on George Ripley and the communal movement at Brook Farm, and The Surveyor (1960), on John Brown's abolition efforts in Kansas. These three novels established Nelson as a major writer on the history of American radical thought. His later essays and polemical writings were influential in the civil rights movement of the 1960s, when Nelson traveled, taught, lectured, and acted in the front lines of the struggle for racial equality. In recent years, Nelson has been neglected by scholars, critics, and the general public, and many of his writings have been allowed to go out of print. The Truman Nelson Reader is intended to restore his voice and to prompt a reevaluation of his work. The collection brings together excerpts from Nelson's published novels, selected essays, and a portion of his last, as yet unpublished, novel on John Humphrey Noyes, founder of the Oneida Colony. Also included are essays on William Lloyd Garrison, Henry David Thoreau, John Brown, and W.E.B. Du Bois, as well as selections from the 1960s: "The Torture of Mothers," written after the first Harlem riots; "The Right of Revolution," reportedly found on Ho Chi Minh's desk at the time of his death; and "The Conscience of the North," a meditation on Theodore Parker's meaning for the civil rights movement.
Author: Robert P. Watson,Michael J. Devine,Robert J. Wolz
Publisher: Truman State Univ Press
Category: Political Science
Harry S Truman's national security legacy, as documented here by Truman scholars and political leaders on the 50th anniversary of the end of his presidency, is marked by a series of noteworthy foreign policy initiatives. Credited with establishing post-World War II order, Truman's political heritage also includes the creation of NATO and the United Nations, food and foreign aid programs, the Marshall Plan and the integration of the US armed forces. Contributions from distinguished former aides to President Truman and recognised national security experts make this book an especially important and unique read. Highlights include a conclusion by General Brent Scowcroft, National Security Advisor to Presidents Ford and Bush and a foreword by Clifton Truman Daniel, President Truman's grandson.