The Pulitzer Prize–winning biography of Harry S. Truman, whose presidency included momentous events from the atomic bombing of Japan to the outbreak of the Cold War and the Korean War, told by America’s beloved and distinguished historian. The life of Harry S. Truman is one of the greatest of American stories, filled with vivid characters—Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin, Eleanor Roosevelt, Bess Wallace Truman, George Marshall, Joe McCarthy, and Dean Acheson—and dramatic events. In this riveting biography, acclaimed historian David McCullough not only captures the man—a more complex, informed, and determined man than ever before imagined—but also the turbulent times in which he rose, boldly, to meet unprecedented challenges. The last president to serve as a living link between the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries, Truman’s story spans the raw world of the Missouri frontier, World War I, the powerful Pendergast machine of Kansas City, the legendary Whistle-Stop Campaign of 1948, and the decisions to drop the atomic bomb, confront Stalin at Potsdam, send troops to Korea, and fire General MacArthur. Drawing on newly discovered archival material and extensive interviews with Truman’s own family, friends, and Washington colleagues, McCullough tells the deeply moving story of the seemingly ordinary “man from Missouri” who was perhaps the most courageous president in our history.
Gathered for the first time, Truman's private papers--diaries, letters, and memoranda--cover the period from his occupancy of the White House in 1945 to shortly before his death in 1972. Students and scholars will find valuable material on major events of the Truman years, from the Potsdam Conference to the Korean War.
Harry S. Truman sensed something profound and meaningful in the Jewish restoration to Palestine, something which transcended other considerations. As the president recorded in his Memoirs, the Palestine question was "a basic human problem." In the end, Truman was willing to go against the current of his most trusted foreign policy advisers, who were absolutely opposed to the establishment of a Jewish state in the Middle East. These advisers argued that however humanitarian a Jewish homeland might seem, such a proposition posed a real risk to American interests in the Near East and to United States national security in the late 1940s. Despite their continued opposition, Truman stood his ground and maintained that he would decide the entire issue based on what he thought was right. Of interest to historians, and students of Israel and of the U.S. presidency.
Am Morgen des 16. Juli 1945 explodierte auf einem Testgelände der US-Army in New Mexico die erste Atombombe. Mit diesem erfolgreichen Test begann das Atomzeitalter und die USA waren die erste Atommacht. Vorausgegangen war der Explosion eine mehrjährige, unter strengster Geheimhaltung liegende, Forschungsarbeit von zahlreichen Physikern und Wissenschaftlern verwandter Disziplinen. Im Rahmen des so genannten „Manhattan-Projekt“ wurde seit 1943, unter Präsident Roosevelt die Entwicklung von Atomwaffen forciert. Ausschlaggebend für das Projekt war die Vermutung, dass das nationalsozialistische Deutschland ebenfalls an Atomwaffen forschen könnte. Noch am 16. Juli wurde Präsident Truman, der sich in Potsdam auf der Dreimächtekonferenz befand, von dem geglückten Test unterrichtet. Einen Tag später wurden ihm alle Einzelheiten und der massive Zerstörungsfaktor der neuen Waffe mitgeteilt. Ob die Atombombe eingesetzt werden soll oder nicht wurde schon seit Monaten im „Interim Committee“ von Spitzen der Truman-Administration und führenden Wissenschaftler diskutiert. Letztlich lag die Entscheidung zum Abwurf aber bei Truman selbst. Warum Präsident Truman die Atombomben einsetzte und welche Beweggründe für den Einsatzbefehl ausschlaggebend waren, sind Gegenstand dieser Arbeit. Es soll untersucht werden, welche Faktoren ihn in seiner Entscheidung beeinflusst haben.
United States. President (1945-1953 : Truman),Harry S. Truman
The United States dropped atomic bombs on Japan in 1945 to end World War II as quickly and with as few casualties as possible. That is the compelling and elegantly simple argument Newman puts forward in his new study of World War II's end, Truman and the Hiroshima Cult. According to Newman: (1) The U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey conclusions that Japan was ready to surrender without "the Bomb" are fraudulent; (2) America’s "unconditional surrender" doctrine did not significantly prolong the war; and (3) President Harry S. Truman’s decision to use atomic weapons on Japanese cities was not a "racist act," nor was it a calculated political maneuver to threaten Joseph Stalin’s Eastern hegemony. Simply stated, Newman argues that Truman made a sensible military decision. As commander in chief, he was concerned with ending a devastating and costly war as quickly as possible and with saving millions of lives. Yet, Newman goes further in his discussion, seeking the reasons why so much hostility has been generated by what happened in the skies over Hiroshima and Nagasaki in early August, 1945. The source of discontent, he concludes, is a "cult" that has grown up in the United States since the 1960s. It was weaned on the disillusionment spawned by concerns about a military industrial complex, American duplicity and failure in the Vietnam War, and a mistrust of government following Watergate. The cult has a shrine, a holy day, a distinctive rhetoric of victimization, various items of scripture, and, in Japan, support from a powerful Marxist constituency. "As with other cults, it is ahistorical," Newman declares. "Its devotees elevate fugitive and unrepresentative events to cosmic status. And most of all, they believe." Newman’s analysis goes to the heart of the process by which scholars interpret historical events and raises disturbing issues about the way historians select and distort evidence about the past to suit special political agendas.
Containing the Public Messages, Speeches, and Statements of the President, January 1 to December 31, 1949
Author: United States Government Printing Office
Publisher: Government Printing Office
Spine title reads: Public Papers of the Presidents, Harry S. Truman, 1949. Contains public messages and statements of the President of the United States released by the White House from January 1-December 31, 1949. Also includes appendices and an index. Item 574-A. Related items: Public Papers of the Presidents collection can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/catalog/public-papers-presidents
Truman Capotes neu editierte Werke in der achtbändigen Zürcher Ausgabe im Schmuckschuber Band 1: Sommerdiebe Band 2: Andere Stimmen, andere Räume Band 3: Baum der Nacht Band 4: Die Grasharfe Band 5: Frühstück bei Tiffany Band 6: Die Hunde bellen Band 7: Kaltblütig Band 8: Erhörte Gebete
In his time, Harry S. Truman was one of the most under-rated presidents of the twentieth century. Succeeding the charismatic Roosevelt, he was often seen as an uninspiring leader, a poor diplomat and a fumbling politician. He was the first man to authorise the use of nuclear weapons, and was in office at the time when the multiplicity of hopes which arose at the end of the Second World War were inevitably disappointed. Nothing could be further from Roy Jenkins' view of him. This is the first biography of Truman to be written by an author with anything approaching the subject's own range of political experience, and Roy Jenkins brings to this book a quality of appreciation of Truman's political skills which has not been seen before. It is also the first biography to be written by a British author, giving it a new objectivity on the international affairs which occupied so much of Truman's presidency and by which he must be judged.
With startling revelations, Tsuyoshi Hasegawa rewrites the standard history of the end of World War II in the Pacific. By fully integrating the three key actors in the story--the United States, the Soviet Union, and Japan--Hasegawa for the first time puts the last months of the war into international perspective. From April 1945, when Stalin broke the Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact and Harry Truman assumed the presidency, to the final Soviet military actions against Japan, Hasegawa brings to light the real reasons Japan surrendered. From Washington to Moscow to Tokyo and back again, he shows us a high-stakes diplomatic game as Truman and Stalin sought to outmaneuver each other in forcing Japan's surrender; as Stalin dangled mediation offers to Japan while secretly preparing to fight in the Pacific; as Tokyo peace advocates desperately tried to stave off a war party determined to mount a last-ditch defense; and as the Americans struggled to balance their competing interests of ending the war with Japan and preventing the Soviets from expanding into the Pacific. Authoritative and engrossing, Racing the Enemy puts the final days of World War II into a whole new light.
In this concise account of why America used atomic bombs against Japan in 1945, Walker analyzes the reasons behind President Truman's most controversial decision and evaluates the roles of U.S.-Soviet relations and of American domestic politics.