Tropical rain forest ecology, diversity, and conservation

Author: Jaboury Ghazoul,Douglas Sheil

Publisher: Oxford Univ Pr

ISBN: 9780199285877

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 516

View: 3166

Rain forests represent the world's richest repository of terrestrial biodiversity, and play a major role in regulating the global climate. They support the livelihoods of a substantial proportion of the world's population and are the source of many internationally traded commodities. They remain (despite decades of conservation attention) increasingly vulnerable to degradation and clearance, with profound though often uncertain future costs to global society. Understanding the ecology of these diverse biomes, and peoples' dependencies on them, is fundamental to their future management and conservation. Tropical Rain Forest Ecology, Diversity, and Conservation introduces and explores what rain forests are, how they arose, what they contain, how they function, and how humans use and impact them. The book starts by introducing the variety of rain forest plants, fungi, microorganisms, and animals, emphasising the spectacular diversity that is the motivation for their conservation. The central chapters describe the origins of rain forest communities, the variety of rain forest formations, and their ecology and dynamics. The challenge of explaining the species richness of rain forest communities lies at the heart of ecological theory, and forms a common theme throughout. The book's final section considers historical and current interactions of humans and rain forests. It explores biodiversity conservation as well as livelihood security for the many communities that are dependent on rain forests - inextricable issues that represent urgent priorities for scientists, conservationists, and policy makers.

Diversity and the Tropical Rain Forest

Author: John Terborgh

Publisher: Times Books

ISBN: 9780716750307

Category: Science

Page: 242

View: 3357

Explains the importance of biodiversity and looks at what is being done to save the rain forests

Das sechste Sterben

Wie der Mensch Naturgeschichte schreibt

Author: Elizabeth Kolbert

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518740628

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 312

View: 9512

Sie haben noch nie etwas vom Stummelfußfrosch gehört? Oder vom Sumatra-Nashorn? Gut möglich, dass Sie auch nie von ihnen hören werden, denn sie sind dabei auszusterben. Wir erleben derzeit das sechste sogenannte Massenaussterben: In einem relativ kurzen Zeitraum verschwinden ungewöhnlich viele Arten. Experten gehen davon aus, dass es das verheerendste sein wird, seit vor etwa 65 Millionen Jahren ein Asteroid unter anderem die Dinosaurier auslöschte. Doch dieses Mal kommt die Bedrohung nicht aus dem All, sondern wir tragen die Verantwortung. Wie haben wir Menschen das Massenaussterben herbeigeführt? Wie können wir es beenden? Elizabeth Kolbert spricht mit Geologen, die verschwundene Ozeane erforschen, begleitet Botaniker in die Anden und begibt sich gemeinsam mit Tierschützern auf die Suche nach den letzten Exemplaren gefährdeter Arten. Sie zeigt, wie ernst die Lage ist, und macht uns zu Zeugen der dramatischen Ereignisse auf unserem Planeten.

Dipterocarp Biology, Ecology, and Conservation

Author: Jaboury Ghazoul

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199639655

Category:

Page: 320

View: 3921

Asian tropical forests are amongst the most diverse on the planet, a richness that belies the fact that they are dominated by a single family of trees, the Dipterocarpaceae. Many other families contribute to Asia's natural diversity, but few compare to the dipterocarps in terms of the number and variety of species that occupy the forest canopy. Understanding the ecology and dynamics of Asian forests is therefore, to a large extent, a study of the Dipterocarpaceae. This book synthesises our current knowledge concerning dipterocarps, exploring the family through taxonomic, evolutionary, and biogeographic perspectives. Dipterocarp Biology, Ecology, and Conservation describes the rich variety of dipterocarp forest formations in both the ever-wet and seasonal tropics, including the less well known African and South American species. Detailed coverage of dipterocarp reproductive ecology and population genetics reflects the considerable research devoted to this subject, and its particular importance in shaping the ecology of Asian lowland rain forests. Ecophysiological responses to light, water, and nutrients, which underlie mechanisms that maintain dipterocarp species richness, are also addressed. At broader scales, dipterocarp responses to variation in soil, topography, climate, and natural disturbance regimes are explored from both population and community perspectives. The book concludes with a consideration of the crucial economic values of dipterocarps, and their extensive exploitation, discussing future opportunities for conservation and restoration. This will be a useful resource for senior undergraduate and graduate courses in tropical forest ecology and management, as well as professional researchers in tropical plant ecology, forestry, geography, and conservation biology.

Timber Production and Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Rain Forests

Author: Andrew Grieser Johns

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521572828

Category: Nature

Page: 225

View: 8657

Timber production is often the most economic form of land use in areas of tropical forest; forest preservation is rarely so. This book attempts to bridge the current gap between conservation requirements and commercial interests, indicating the possibilities for integrated management of tropical forests. The aim is to create a practical approach for the management of production forest as a supplement to totally-protected forest in the conservation of tropical biodiversity.

Grundriss der Klimakunde

Author: Wladimir Peter Köppen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: N.A

Category: Climatology

Page: 388

View: 4448

Tropical Forest Ecology

The Basis for Conservation and Management

Author: Florencia Montagnini,Carl F. Jordan,Institute of Ecology Carl F Jordan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540237976

Category: Nature

Page: 295

View: 5874

Importance pf tropical forests; characteristics of tropical forests; classification of tropical forests; deforestation in the tropics; management of tropical forests; plantatios and agroforestry systems; approaches for implementing sustainable management techniques.

Tropical Rainforests

Past, Present, and Future

Author: Eldredge Bermingham,Christopher W. Dick,Craig Moritz

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226044688

Category: Nature

Page: 745

View: 7332

Synthesizing theoretical and empirical analyses of the processes that help shape these unique ecosystems, Tropical Rainforests looks at the effects of evolutionary histories, past climate change, and ecological dynamics on the origin and maintenance of tropical rainforest communities. Featuring recent advances in paleoecology, climatology, geology, molecular systematics, biogeography, and community ecology, the volume also offers insights from those fields into how rainforests will endure the impact of anthropogenic change. With more than sixty contributors, Tropical Rainforests will be of great interest to students and professionals in tropical ecology and conservation.

Das geheime Leben der Bäume

Was sie fühlen, wie sie kommunizieren - die Entdeckung einer verborgenen Welt

Author: Peter Wohlleben

Publisher: Ludwig

ISBN: 3641114004

Category: Nature

Page: 224

View: 3514

Ein neuer Blick auf alte Freunde Erstaunliche Dinge geschehen im Wald: Bäume, die miteinander kommunizieren. Bäume, die ihren Nachwuchs, aber auch alte und kranke Nachbarn liebevoll umsorgen und pflegen. Bäume, die Empfindungen haben, Gefühle, ein Gedächtnis. Unglaublich? Aber wahr! – Der Förster Peter Wohlleben erzählt faszinierende Geschichten über die ungeahnten und höchst erstaunlichen Fähigkeiten der Bäume. Dazu zieht er die neuesten wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse ebenso heran wie seine eigenen unmittelbaren Erfahrungen mit dem Wald und schafft so eine aufregend neue Begegnung für die Leser: Wir schließen Bekanntschaft mit einem Lebewesen, das uns vertraut schien, uns aber hier erstmals in seiner ganzen Lebendigkeit vor Augen tritt. Und wir betreten eine völlig neue Welt ...

Forests

A Very Short Introduction

Author: Jaboury Ghazoul

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198706170

Category: Nature

Page: 150

View: 5907

Since the dawn of human civilization, forests have provided us with food, resources, and energy. The history of human development is also one of forest loss and transformation, and yet even in our increasingly urbanized societies we remain surprisingly dependent on forests for a wide range of goods and services. Moreover, forests still retain a remarkable hold on our environmental values. In an era of continuing tropical deforestation and temperate forest resurgence, and in the midst of uncertainties of climate and land use changes, it is more important than ever to understand what forests are, how they contribute to our livelihoods, and how they underpin our cultural histories and futures. In this Very Short Introduction Jaboury Ghazoul explores our contrasting interactions with forests, as well as their origins, dynamics, and the range of goods and services they provide to human society. Ghazoul concludes with an examination of the recent history of deforestation, transitions to reforestation, and the future outlook for forests particularly in the context of expected climate change. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Die Entwicklung der biologischen Gedankenwelt

Vielfalt, Evolution und Vererbung

Author: Ernst Mayr

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540132592

Category: Science

Page: 766

View: 1456

"Ein einzigartiges Buch, das nur von einem Mann wie Ernst Mayr geschrieben werden konnte, der nicht nur einer der bedeutendsten Evolutionsbiologen dieses Jahrhunderts, sondern auch ein groAer Philosoph, Biologiehistoriker und auAergewAhnlicher Schriftsteller ist. Kein anderes Buch erzAhlt so klar und kritisch die Evolution der Ideen, die zur modernen Biologie fA1/4hrten." ("NobelpreistrAger FranAois Jacob")

Tropical Ecology

Author: John Kricher

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400838950

Category: Science

Page: 704

View: 3269

This full-color illustrated textbook offers the first comprehensive introduction to all major aspects of tropical ecology. It explains why the world's tropical rain forests are so universally rich in species, what factors may contribute to high species richness, how nutrient cycles affect rain forest ecology, and how ecologists investigate the complex interrelationships among flora and fauna. It covers tropical montane ecology, riverine ecosystems, savanna, dry forest--and more. Tropical Ecology begins with a historical overview followed by a sweeping discussion of biogeography and evolution, and then introduces students to the unique and complex structure of tropical rain forests. Other topics include the processes that influence everything from species richness to rates of photosynthesis: how global climate change may affect rain forest characteristics and function; how fragmentation of ecosystems affects species richness and ecological processes; human ecology in the tropics; biodiversity; and conservation of tropical ecosystems and species. Drawing on real-world examples taken from actual research, Tropical Ecology is the best textbook on the subject for advanced undergraduates and graduate students. Offers the first comprehensive introduction to tropical ecology Describes all the major kinds of tropical terrestrial ecosystems Explains species diversity, evolutionary processes, and coevolutionary interactions Features numerous color illustrations and examples from actual research Covers global warming, deforestation, reforestation, fragmentation, and conservation The essential textbook for advanced undergraduates and graduate students Suitable for courses with a field component Leading universities that have adopted this book include: Biola University Bucknell University California State University, Fullerton Colorado State University - Fort Collins Francis Marion University Michigan State University Middlebury College Northern Kentucky University Ohio Wesleyan University St. Mary's College of Maryland Syracuse University Tulane University University of California, Santa Cruz University of Central Florida University of Cincinnati University of Florida University of Missouri University of New Mexico University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of the West Indies Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

Breakfast Of Biodiversity

The Political Ecology of Rain Forest Destruction

Author: John Vandermeer,Ivette Perfecto

Publisher: Food First Books

ISBN: 0935028455

Category: Nature

Page: 207

View: 3265

The continuing devastation of the world’s tropical rain forest affects us all—spurring climate change, decimating biodiversity, and wrecking our environment’s resiliency. Millions of worried people around the world want to do whatever it takes to save the forest that is left. But halting rain forest destruction means understanding what is driving it. In Breakfast of Biodiversity, John Vandermeer and Ivette Perfecto insightfully describe the ways in which such disparate factors as the international banking system, modern agricultural techniques, rain forest ecology, and the struggles of the poor interact to bring down the forest. They weave an alternative vision in which democracy, sustainable agriculture, and land security for the poor are at the center of the movement to save the tropical environment.

Stability of Tropical Rainforest Margins

Linking Ecological, Economic and Social Constraints of Land Use and Conservation

Author: Teja Tscharntke,Christoph Leuschner,Manfred Zeller,Edi Guhardja,Arifuddin Bidin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540302905

Category: Science

Page: 516

View: 3215

Tropical rainforests are disappearing at an alarming rate, causing unprecedented losses in biodiversity and ecosystem services. This book contributes to an improved understanding of the processes that have destabilizing effects on ecological and socio-economic systems of tropical rain forest margins, as well as striving to integrate environmental, technological and socio-economic issues in their solution.

An Introduction to Tropical Rain Forests

Author: T. C. Whitmore

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780198501473

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 2474

This new edition of Whitmore's classic introduction to tropical rain forests has been comprehensively revised and updated, reflecting the changes which have taken place since it was first published in 1990. The sections on human impact have been extended, including a new global assessment of deforestation, and details of new research on biodiversity and conservation. The book remains unique in linking rain forest biology and ecology with silviculture, and with concerns over sustainable resource utilization and the future of the tropical rain forests. Accessibly written and illustrated throughout, it is a must for biology and geography students, and anyone who seeks to know more about the nature and importance of the world's tropical rain forests.

An Introduction to Primate Conservation

Author: Serge A. Wich,Andrew J. Marshall

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191008508

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 5179

The number of primates on the brink of extinction continues to grow, and the need to respond with effective conservation measures has never been greater. This book provides a comprehensive and state-of-the-art synthesis of research principles and applied management practices for primate conservation. It begins with a consideration of the biological, intellectual, economic, and ecological importance of primates and a summary of the threats that they face, before going on to consider these threats in more detail with chapters on habitat change, trade, hunting, infectious diseases, and climate change. Potential solutions in the form of management practice are examined in detail, including chapters on conservation genetics, protected areas, and translocation. An Introduction to Primate Conservation brings together an international team of specialists with wide-ranging expertise across primate taxa. This is an essential textbook for advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and established researchers in the fields of primate ecology and conservation biology. It will also be a valuable reference for conservation practitioners, land managers, and professional primatologists worldwide.

Weltatlas der Korallenriffe

Author: Mark D. Spalding,Corinna Ravilious,Edward P. Green

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783768815871

Category:

Page: 423

View: 7666

Erster und einziger Weltatlas der Korallenriffe, der durch internationale Zusammenarbeit im Rahmen weltumspannender Forschungsarbeiten mithilfe modernster Techniken entstanden ist. Er enthält die neuesten und größtenteils auch neu erstellten Riffkarten sowie 85 von Astronauten aus dem All aufgenommene Rifffotografien. Dieses großformatige Buch bietet auf nahezu 300 Seiten jüngste Forschungsergebnisse über tropische Riffe, ihre Verbreitung und Ausdehnung, ihren Zustand und ihre ökologischen Besonderheiten. Neben den durch spezifische Karten und zahlreiche Abbildungen unterlegten Detailinformationen zu allen bekannten Korallenriffen der Welt wird ausführlich die ökologische und ökonomische Bedeutung dieser Riffe diskutiert. Über 2000 Tauchschulen in diesen Riffen sind erfasst und in den Riffkarten eingezeichnet. Ausführlich werden die Forschungs-, Mess- und Kartierungsmethoden erklärt, die zu diesem Kompendium führten. Dieses Buch stellt mit seinen einzigartigen und neu erarbeiteten Karten, Fakten und Daten die wichtigste und attraktivste Informations-sammlung über tropische Korallenriffe dar. Es beinhaltet alle in diesen Ökosystemen bekannten Schutzgebiete bzw. die bereits eingeleiteten oder geplanten Schutzmaßnahmen. Auch werden in diesem Atlas die Auswirkungen der weltumspannenden klimatischen Veränderungen und deren Einfluss auf diese Ökosysteme aufgezeigt