Tools and Techniques in Biomolecular Science

Author: Aysha Divan,Janice Royds

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199695563

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 4960

Tools and Techniques in the Biomolecular Sciences reviews a broad range of modern technologies, explaining the theoretical principles of each technology, their applications and limitations, and how to understand and analyse the data a particular technique generates.

Molecular Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Aysha Divan,Janice Royds

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198723881

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 8918

Molecular Biology is the story of the molecules of life, their relationships, and how these interactions are controlled. It is an expanding field in life sciences, and its applications are wide and growing. We can now harness the power of molecular biology to treat diseases, solve crimes, map human history, and produce genetically modified organisms and crops, and these applications have sparked a multitude of fascinating legal and ethical debates. In this Very Short Introduction, Aysha Divan and Janice Royds examine the history, present, and future of Molecular Biology. Starting with the building blocks established by Darwin, Wallace and Mendel, and the discovery of the structure of DNA in 1953, they consider the wide range of applications for Molecular Biology today, including the development of new drugs, and forensic science. They also look forward to two key areas of evolving research such as personalised medicine and synthetic biology. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Biophysics

Tools and Techniques

Author: Mark C. Leake

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498702465

Category: Medical

Page: 410

View: 9370

An Up-to-Date Toolbox for Probing Biology Biophysics: Tools and Techniques covers the experimental and theoretical tools and techniques of biophysics. It addresses the purpose, science, and application of all physical science instrumentation and analysis methods used in current research labs. The book first presents the historical background, concepts, and motivation for using a physical science toolbox to understand biology. It then familiarizes students from the physical sciences with essential biological knowledge. The text subsequently focuses on experimental biophysical techniques that primarily detect biological components or measure/control biological forces. The author describes the science and application of key tools used in imaging, detection, general quantitation, and biomolecular interaction studies, which span multiple length and time scales of biological processes both in the test tube and in the living organism. Moving on to theoretical biophysics tools, the book presents computational and analytical mathematical methods for tackling challenging biological questions. It concludes with a discussion of the future of this exciting field. Future innovators will need to be trained in multidisciplinary science to be successful in industry, academia, and government support agencies. Addressing this challenge, this textbook educates future leaders on the development and application of novel physical science approaches to solve complex problems linked to biological questions.

Biomolecular Networks

Methods and Applications in Systems Biology

Author: Luonan Chen,Rui-Sheng Wang,Xiang-Sun Zhang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470488058

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 8114

Alternative techniques and tools for analyzing biomolecular networks With the recent rapid advances in molecular biology, high-throughput experimental methods have resulted in enormous amounts of data that can be used to study biomolecular networks in living organisms. With this development has come recognition of the fact that a complicated living organism cannot be fully understood by merely analyzing individual components. Rather, it is the interactions of components or biomolecular networks that are ultimately responsible for an organism's form and function. This book addresses the important need for a new set of computational tools to reveal essential biological mechanisms from a systems biology approach. Readers will get comprehensive coverage of analyzing biomolecular networks in cellular systems based on available experimental data with an emphasis on the aspects of network, system, integration, and engineering. Each topic is treated in depth with specific biological problems and novel computational methods: GENE NETWORKS—Transcriptional regulation; reconstruction of gene regulatory networks; and inference of transcriptional regulatory networks PROTEIN INTERACTION NETWORKS—Prediction of protein-protein interactions; topological structure of biomolecular networks; alignment of biomolecular networks; and network-based prediction of protein function METABOLIC NETWORKS AND SIGNALING NETWORKS—Analysis, reconstruction, and applications of metabolic networks; modeling and inference of signaling networks; and other topics and new trends In addition to theoretical results and methods, many computational software tools are referenced and available from the authors' Web sites. Biomolecular Networks is an indispensable reference for researchers and graduate students in bioinformatics, computational biology, systems biology, computer science, and applied mathematics.

Practical Skills in Biomolecular Science

Author: Rob Reed

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 9781292100739

Category:

Page: 576

View: 2776

If you are studying the biomolecular sciences - including biochemistry, biomedical sciences, biotechnology, genetics, microbiology and molecular biology - then this book will be an indispensable companion throughout the whole of your degree programme. It provides effective explanation and support for the development of a wide range of laboratory and data analysis skills that you will use time and again during the practical aspects of your studies. This book also gives you a solid grounding in the broader transferable skills, which are increasingly necessary to achieve a high level of academic success.

Metabolomics, Metabonomics and Metabolite Profiling

Author: William J. Griffiths

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 0854042997

Category: Medical

Page: 323

View: 9949

In this comprehensive resource the Editor draws together experts from the field and provides an insightful introduction into the technology and methodology.

Principles and Techniques of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Author: Keith Wilson,John Walker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107393493

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6915

This best-selling undergraduate textbook provides an introduction to key experimental techniques from across the biosciences. It uniquely integrates the theories and practices that drive the fields of biology and medicine, comprehensively covering both the methods students will encounter in lab classes and those that underpin recent advances and discoveries. Its problem-solving approach continues with worked examples that set a challenge and then show students how the challenge is met. New to this edition are case studies, for example, that illustrate the relevance of the principles and techniques to the diagnosis and treatment of individual patients. Coverage is expanded to include a section on stem cells, chapters on immunochemical techniques and spectroscopy techniques, and additional chapters on drug discovery and development, and clinical biochemistry. Experimental design and the statistical analysis of data are emphasised throughout to ensure students are equipped to successfully plan their own experiments and examine the results obtained.

An Introduction to Biomedical Science in Professional and Clinical Practice

Author: Sarah Jane Pitt,Jim Cunningham

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111868771X

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 9310

Biomedical Science in Professional and Clinical Practice is essential reading for all trainee biomedical scientists looking for an introduction to the biomedical science profession whether they are undergraduates following an accredited biomedical sciences BSc, graduate trainees or experienced staff with overseas qualifications. This book guides trainees through the subjects, which they need to understand to meet the standards required by the Health Professions Council for state registration. These include professional topics, laws and guidelines governing clinical pathology, basic laboratory techniques and an overview of each pathology discipline. It helps trainees at any stage of training and in any pathology discipline(s) to think creatively about how to gather evidence of their understanding and professional competence. By referring to specialist sources of information in each area, it helps students to explore particular topics in more depth and to keep up to date with professional and legal changes. It is also of value to any Training Officers who are looking for ideas while planning a programme of training for a trainee biomedical scientist. The book includes basic principles of working in the pathology laboratory including laws and regulations, which must be observed, such as health and safety, data protection and equal opportunities laws and guidelines. Practical exercises are included throughout the book with examples of coursework, suggestions for further exercises and self -assessment. Summary boxes of key facts are clearly set out in each chapter and ideas for group/tutorial discussions are also provided to enhance student understanding.

Biophysical Techniques

Author: Iain Campbell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199642141

Category: Medical

Page: 353

View: 1387

Biophysical Techniques explains in a readily-accessible way the basics of the various biophysical methods available so students can understand the principles behind the different methods used, and begin to appreciate which tools can be used to probe different biological questions, and the pros and cons of each.

Sequence Comparison

Theory and Methods

Author: Kun-Mao Chao,Louxin Zhang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 184800320X

Category: Computers

Page: 209

View: 3195

Biomolecular sequence comparison is the origin of bioinformatics. This book gives a complete in-depth treatment of the study of sequence comparison. A comprehensive introduction is followed by a focus on alignment algorithms and techniques, proceeded by a discussion of the theory. The book examines alignment methods and techniques, features a new issue of sequence comparison - the spaced seed technique, addresses several new flexible strategies for coping with various scoring schemes, and covers the theory on the significance of high-scoring segment pairs between two unalignment sequences. Useful appendices on basic concepts in molecular biology, primer in statistics and software for sequence alignment are included in this reader-friendly text, as well as chapter-ending exercise and research questions A state-of-the-art study of sequence alignment and homology search, this is an ideal reference for advanced students studying bioinformatics and will appeal to biologists who wish to know how to use homology search tools.

Data Mining Techniques for the Life Sciences

Author: Oliviero Carugo,Frank Eisenhaber

Publisher: Methods in Molecular Biology

ISBN: 9781493980819

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 9203

This volume details several important databases and data mining tools. Data Mining Techniques for the Life Sciences, Second Edition guides readers through archives of macromolecular three-dimensional structures, databases of protein-protein interactions, thermodynamics information on protein and mutant stability, "Kbdock" protein domain structure database, PDB_REDO databank, erroneous sequences, substitution matrices, tools to align RNA sequences, interesting procedures for kinase family/subfamily classifications, new tools to predict protein crystallizability, metabolomics data, drug-target interaction predictions, and a recipe for protein-sequence-based function prediction and its implementation in the latest version of the ANNOTATOR software suite. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Data Mining Techniques for the Life Sciences, Second Edition aims to ensure successful results in the further study of this vital field.

An Introduction to Molecular Biotechnology

Fundamentals, Methods and Applications

Author: Michael Wink

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527672036

Category: Science

Page: 636

View: 6913

Molecular biotechnology continues to triumph, as this textbook testifies - edited by one of the academic pioneers in the field and written by experienced professionals. This completely revised second edition covers the entire spectrum, from the fundamentals of molecular and cell biology, via an overview of standard methods and technologies, the application of the various "-omics", and the development of novel drug targets, right up to the significance of system biology in biotechnology. The whole is rounded off by an introduction to industrial biotechnology as well as chapters on company foundation, patent law and marketing. The new edition features: - Large format and full color throughout - Proven structure according to basics, methods, main topics and economic perspectives - New sections on system biology, RNA interference, microscopic techniques, high throughput sequencing, laser applications, biocatalysis, current biomedical applications and drug approval - Optimized teaching with learning targets, a glossary containing around 800 entries, over 500 important abbreviations and further reading. The only resource for those who are seriously interested in the topic. Bonus material available online free of charge: www.wiley-vch.de/home/molecbiotech

Protein-ligand Interactions

Methods and Applications

Author: Gerd Ulrich Nienhaus

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1592599125

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 1349

A readily reproducible collection of established and emerging techniques for studying the interaction between proteins and ligands, including biochemical/bulk techniques, structure analysis, spectroscopy, single-molecule studies, and theoretical/computational tools. Among the highlights are surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and reflectometric biosensor approaches, high-throughput screening with confocal optics microscopy, single molecule fluorescence and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS), atomic force microscopy (AFM), crystallography of reaction intermediates, and time-resolved x-ray crystallography. The protocols follow the successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, each offering step-by-step laboratory instructions, an introduction outlining the principle behind the technique, lists of the necessary equipment and reagents, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls.

Biomolecular Kinetics

A Step-by-Step Guide

Author: Clive R. Bagshaw

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351646664

Category: Medical

Page: 446

View: 671

"a gem of a textbook which manages to produce a genuinely fresh, concise yet comprehensive guide" –Mark Leake, University of York "destined to become a standard reference.... Not just a ‘how to’ handbook but also an accessible primer in the essentials of kinetic theory and practice." –Michael Geeves, University of Kent "covers the entire spectrum of approaches, from the traditional steady state methods to a thorough account of transient kinetics and rapid reaction techniques, and then on to the new single molecule techniques" –Stephen Halford, University of Bristol This illustrated treatment explains the methods used for measuring how much a reaction gets speeded up, as well as the framework for solving problems such as ligand binding and macromolecular folding, using the step-by-step approach of numerical integration. It is a thoroughly modern text, reflecting the recent ability to observe reactions at the single-molecule level, as well as advances in microfluidics which have given rise to femtoscale studies. Kinetics is more important now than ever, and this book is a vibrant and approachable entry for anyone who wants to understand mechanism using transient or single molecule kinetics without getting bogged down in advanced mathematics. Clive R. Bagshaw is Emeritus Professor at the University of Leicester, U.K., and Research Associate at the University of California at Santa Cruz, U.S.A.

Molecular Modeling and Simulation

An Interdisciplinary Guide

Author: Tamar Schlick

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387224645

Category: Science

Page: 635

View: 6210

Very broad overview of the field intended for an interdisciplinary audience; Lively discussion of current challenges written in a colloquial style; Author is a rising star in this discipline; Suitably accessible for beginners and suitably rigorous for experts; Features extensive four-color illustrations; Appendices featuring homework assignments and reading lists complement the material in the main text

Surface Analysis and Techniques in Biology

Author: Vincent S. Smentkowski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319013602

Category: Science

Page: 326

View: 4627

This book summarizes the main surface analysis techniques that are being used to study biological specimens/systems. The compilation of chapters in this book highlight the benefits that surface analysis provides. The outer layer of bulk solid or liquid samples is referred to as the surface of the sample/material. At the surface, the composition, microstructure, phase, chemical bonding, electronic states, and/or texture is often different than that of the bulk material. The outer surface is where many material interactions/reactions take place. This is especially true biomaterials which may be fabricated into bio-devices and in turn implanted into tissues and organs. Surfaces of biomaterials (synthetic or modified natural materials) are of critical importance since the surface is typically the only part of the biomaterial/bio-device that comes in contact with the biological system. Analytical techniques are required to characterize the surface of biomaterials and quantify their impact in real-world biological systems. Surface analysis of biological materials started in the 1960’s and the number of researchers working in this area have increased very rapidly since then, a number of advances have been made to standard surface analytical instrumentation, and a number of new instruments have been introduced.

Biophysical Approaches Determining Ligand Binding to Biomolecular Targets

Detection, Measurement and Modelling

Author: Alberto Podjarny,Annick P Dejaegere,Bruno Kieffer

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849732663

Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 5266

The binding of small ligands to biological molecules is central to most aspects of biological function. The past twenty years has seen the development of an increasing armoury of biophysical methods that not only detect such binding, but also provide varying degrees of information about the kinetics, thermodynamics and structural aspects of the process. These methods have received increasing attention with the growth in more rational approaches to drug discovery and design. This book reviews the latest advances in the application of biophysics to the study of ligand binding. It provides a complete overview of current techniques to identify ligands, characterise their binding sites and understand their binding mechanisms. Particular emphasis is given to the combined use of different techniques and their relative strengths and weaknesses. Consistency in the way each technique is described makes it easy for readers to select the most suitable protocol for their research. The introduction explains why some techniques are more suitable than others and emphasizes the possible synergies between them. The following chapters, all written by a specialist in the particular technique, focus on each method individually. The book finishes by describing how several complimentary techniques can be used together for maximum effectiveness. This book is suitable for biomolecular scientists at graduate or post-doctoral level in academia and industry. Biologists and chemists will also find it a useful introduction to the techniques available.

Molecular Biology Techniques

A Classroom Laboratory Manual

Author: Heather Miller,D. Scott Witherow,Sue Carson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123855454

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 1234

This manual is an indispensable tool for introducing advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students to the techniques of recombinant DNA technology, or gene cloning and expression. The techniques used in basic research and biotechnology laboratories are covered in detail. Students gain hands-on experience from start to finish in subcloning a gene into an expression vector, through purification of the recombinant protein. The third edition has been completely re-written, with new laboratory exercises and all new illustrations and text, designed for a typical 15-week semester, rather than a 4-week intensive course. The “project approach to experiments was maintained: students still follow a cloning project through to completion, culminating in the purification of recombinant protein. It takes advantage of the enhanced green fluorescent protein - students can actually visualize positive clones following IPTG induction. Cover basic concepts and techniques used in molecular biology research labs Student-tested labs proven successful in a real classroom laboratories Exercises simulate a cloning project that would be performed in a real research lab "Project" approach to experiments gives students an overview of the entire process Prep-list appendix contains necessary recipes and catalog numbers, providing staff with detailed instructions

Data Handling and Analysis

Author: Andrew Blann

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199667918

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 7238

Biomedical scientists are the foundation of modern healthcare, from cancer screening to diagnosing HIV, from blood transfusion for surgery to food poisoning and infection control. Without biomedical scientists, the diagnosis of disease, the evaluation of the effectiveness of treatment, andresearch into the causes and cures of disease would not be possible. The Fundamentals of Biomedical Science series is written to reflect the challenges of practicing biomedical science today. It draws together essential basic science with insights into laboratory practice to show how an understanding of the biology of disease is coupled to the analytical approachesthat lead to diagnosis. The series* Understands the complex roles of Biomedical Scientists in the modern practice of medicine* Understands the development needs of employers and the Profession* Addresses the need for understanding of a range of fundamental sciences in the context of Biomedicine* Places the theoretical aspects of Biomedical Science in their practical context The series is developed in partnership with and endorsed by the Institute of Biomedical Science. See a href="https://www.ibms.org/"ibms.org/a for more information. Data Handling and Analysis provides a broad review of the quantitative skills needed to be an effective biomedical scientist. Spanning the collection, presentation, and analysis of data - and drawing on relevant examples throughout - Data Handling and Analysis is the ideal introduction to thesubject for any student of biomedical science. Online Resource Centre The Online Resource Centre to accompany Data Handling and Analysis features: For registered adopters of the book:* Figures from the book, available to download

Introduction to Bioinformatics

Author: Arthur Lesk

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199651566

Category: Science

Page: 371

View: 9803

Lesk provides an accessible and thorough introduction to a subject which is becoming a fundamental part of biological science today. The text generates an understanding of the biological background of bioinformatics.