"Written in a clear and accessible style that would suit the needs of journalists and scholars alike, this encyclopedia is highly recommended for large news organizations and all schools of journalism." —Starred Review, Library Journal Journalism permeates our lives and shapes our thoughts in ways we've long taken for granted. Whether we listen to National Public Radio in the morning, view the lead story on the Today show, read the morning newspaper headlines, stay up-to-the-minute with Internet news, browse grocery store tabloids, receive Time magazine in our mailbox, or watch the nightly news on television, journalism pervades our daily activities. The six-volume Encyclopedia of Journalism covers all significant dimensions of journalism, including print, broadcast, and Internet journalism; U.S. and international perspectives; history; technology; legal issues and court cases; ownership; and economics. The set contains more than 350 signed entries under the direction of leading journalism scholar Christopher H. Sterling of The George Washington University. In the A-to-Z volumes 1 through 4, both scholars and journalists contribute articles that span the field's wide spectrum of topics, from design, editing, advertising, and marketing to libel, censorship, First Amendment rights, and bias to digital manipulation, media hoaxes, political cartoonists, and secrecy and leaks. Also covered are recently emerging media such as podcasting, blogs, and chat rooms. The last two volumes contain a thorough listing of journalism awards and prizes, a lengthy section on journalism freedom around the world, an annotated bibliography, and key documents. The latter, edited by Glenn Lewis of CUNY Graduate School of Journalism and York College/CUNY, comprises dozens of primary documents involving codes of ethics, media and the law, and future changes in store for journalism education. Key Themes Consumers and Audiences Criticism and Education Economics Ethnic and Minority Journalism Issues and Controversies Journalist Organizations Journalists Law and Policy Magazine Types Motion Pictures Networks News Agencies and Services News Categories News Media: U.S. News Media: World Newspaper Types News Program Types Online Journalism Political Communications Processes and Routines of Journalism Radio and Television Technology
Due to its ability to freeze a moment in time, the photo is a uniquely powerful device for ordering and understanding the world. But when an image depicts complex, ambiguous, or controversial events--terrorist attacks, wars, political assassinations--its ability to influence perception can prove deeply unsettling. Are we really seeing the world "as it is" or is the image a fabrication or projection? How do a photo's content and form shape a viewer's impressions? What do such images contribute to historical memory? About to Die focuses on one emotionally charged category of news photograph--depictions of individuals who are facing imminent death--as a prism for addressing such vital questions. Tracking events as wide-ranging as the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake, the Holocaust, the Vietnam War, and 9/11, Barbie Zelizer demonstrates that modes of journalistic depiction and the power of the image are immense cultural forces that are still far from understood. Through a survey of a century of photojournalism, including close analysis of over sixty photos, About to Die provides a framework and vocabulary for understanding the news imagery that so profoundly shapes our view of the world.
Rhetorics of Display is a pathbreaking volume that brings together adistinguished group of scholars to assess an increasingly pervasiveform of rhetorical activity. Editor Lawrence J. Prelli notes in hisintroduction that twenty-first century citizens continually confrontdisplays of information and images, from the verbal images ofspeeches and literature to visual images of film and photography toexhibits in museums to the arrangement of our homes to themerchandising of consumer goods.
The traditional approach to studying American photojournalism explains the what and who of photojournalism — what events and developments occurred, what notable images were taken, and who took them. Without neglecting those concerns, American Photojournalism emphasizes the why. It explains how contemporary photojournalism is grounded in three large ideas: the desire to witness and record historical events and important people, the belief in photography's power to advance social justice, and the embrace of a universal humanism. Cookman argues that contemporary photojournalists are strongly influenced by these three ideas, and that these ideas have become the central tenets of the profession.
"Photojournalism and Today's News" provides an intelligent and practical look at photojournalism and the newsroom. Remarkable in its breadth and clarity, Langton's book is an essential guide for aspiring photojournalists and young professionals to newsroom culture and how that culture influences photographic assignments, production, and editing. It also explores the relationships formed between photographers and their subjects, and it considers ethical issues, changes brought about by on-line publications, and visual reportage from Iraq. In a field all too often dominated by strictly "how-to" books, Langton provides an inviting mix of practical issues supported by in-depth examples from the field and critical thinking. Written by an award-winning photo editor and director of photography, and based on interviews with more than seventy high-profile journalists, the book will appeal to undergraduates and young professionals alike.
United States, Britain, and Canada in World Wars I and II
Author: James Ciment,Thaddeus Russell
Publisher: Abc-Clio Incorporated
An encyclopedia of life on the home front during the two world wars provides biographical profiles, articles on all aspects of life during the era, chronologies of important events, and primary source documents.
Written at a time when disasters both natural - drought, famine - and manmade - the war in Yugoslavia, civil strike in South Africa - fill our TV screens and newspapers, and when politicians are arguing over how many refugees Britain should accept, this book examines the way in which relief agencies and the media interact, and illustrates many of the organizational, moral and political problems facing them. Dr Benthall considers the different styles and "marketing techniques" of the different agencies, with particular attention paid to the power of television. There are also accounts of two modern calamities: the Nigerian civil war of the late 1960s and the Armenian earthquake of 1988.
Christopher Somerville,Louise McGrath,Manfred Wöbcke