Third party policing represents a major shift in contemporary crime control practices. As the lines blur between criminal and civil law, responsibility for crime control no longer rests with state agencies but is shared between a wide range of organisations, institutions or individuals. The first comprehensive book of its kind, Third Party Policing examines this growing phenomenon, arguing that it is the legal basis of third party policing that defines it as a unique strategy. Opening up the debate surrounding this controversial topic, the authors examine civil and regulatory controls necessary to this strategy and explore the historical, legal, political and organizational environment that shape its adoption. This innovative book combines original research with a theoretical framework that reaches far beyond criminology into politics and economics. It offers an important addition to the world-wide debate about the nature and future of policing and will prove invaluable to scholars and policy makers.
Over the last three decades American policing has gone through a period of significant change and innovation. In what is a relatively short historical time frame the police began to reconsider their fundamental mission, the nature of the core strategies of policing, and the character of their relationships with the communities that they serve. This volume brings together leading police scholars to examine eight major innovations which emerged during this period: community policing, broken windows policing, problem oriented policing, pulling levers policing, third party policing, hot spots policing, Compstat and evidence-based policing. Including advocates and critics of each of the eight police innovations, this comprehensive book assesses the evidence on impacts of police innovation on crime and public safety, the extent of the implementation of these new approaches in police departments, and the dilemmas these approaches have created for police management. This book will appeal to students, scholars and researchers.
The enclosed papers are the culmination of a project Dr. John Crank and Dr. Colleen Kadleck carried out assessing issues facing the police into the early 21st century. The papers are future oriented, in the sense that they anticipate trends visible today. Everywhere, the contributing scholars found that the organizational concept, practice, and function of the police were undergoing transition. Yet, the seeming state-level hardening of the police function was ubiquitous. Two themes were noteworthy. On the one hand, in developing or ‘second world’ countries, police face endemic problems of corruption, organized crime, and drugs. Police, in response, are undergoing centralization and intensification of law enforcement activities. In countries with first world economies – Canada, the United States, and Australia – contributors discovered trends toward expansion of the police function, a trend described by Brodeur as toward 'high policing'. It reflects the growing reliance on surveillance for crime control and for the tracking of minority, indigenous, and immigrant populations in crime prevention efforts. The results suggest that governments, sometimes encouraged by their citizenry, seem increasingly to rely on the police to deal with a broad array of social as well as criminal problems. This book was originally published as a special issue of Police Practice and Research.
The challenges for police leaders and managers worldwide are surprisingly consistent. This volume presents fresh and unusual perspectives from Australia on the new contexts and challenges of contemporary police leadership and management. It provides practitioners, researchers and students with a breadth and depth of background that enables them to understand the often politically complex environment of crime and disorder management faced by those in leadership roles. The contributors to the volume recognise that modern operational policing must embrace partnership models in order to manage crime and disorder, and that, while command and control models are still an essential of many aspects of policing, managing police officers and staff increasingly depends on their professional development and encouraging enthusiasm and innovation. The authors also write against a background of intense political, media and community scrutiny of police work. The wide range of topics explores what is changing, what is known about the impact of these changes and what leaders and managers now need to be able to do or anticipate as a consequence.
Sentencing Policies and Practices in Western Countries: Comparative and Cross-National Perspectives
Author: Michael Tonry
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Category: Social Science
Sentencing Policies and Practices in Western Countries: Comparative and Cross-national Perspectives is the forty-fifth addition to the Crime and Justice series. Contributors include Thomas Weigend on criminal sentencing in Germany since 2000; Julian V. Roberts and Andrew Ashworth on the evolution of sentencing policy and practice in England and Wales from 2003 to 2015; Jacqueline Hodgson and Laurène Soubise on understanding the sentencing process in France; Anthony N. Doob and Cheryl Marie Webster on Canadian sentencing policy in the twenty-first century; Arie Freiberg on Australian sentencing policies and practices; Krzysztof Krajewski on sentencing in Poland; Alessandro Corda on Italian policies; Michael Tonry on American sentencing; and Tapio Lappi-Seppälä on penal policy and sentencing in the Nordic countries.
This handbook engages key debates in Australian and New Zealand criminology over the last 50 years. In six sections, containing 56 original chapters, leading researchers and practitioners investigate topics such as the history of criminology; crime and justice data; law reform; gangs; youth crime; violent, white collar and rural crime; cybercrime; terrorism; sentencing; Indigenous courts; child witnesses and children of prisoners; police complaints processes; gun laws; alcohol policies; and criminal profiling. Key sections highlight criminological theory and, crucially, Indigenous issues and perspectives on criminal justice. Contributors examine the implications of past and current trends in official data collection, crime policy, and academic investigation to build up an understanding of under-researched and emerging problem areas for future research. An authoritative and comprehensive text, this handbook constitutes a long-awaited and necessary resource for dedicated academics, public policy analysts, and university students.
The book applies a model of municipal policing to compare a number of police systems in the European Union suggesting that in the future local communities will have some form of police enforcement mechanism that will not always include the sworn police officer.
This study is a further contribution of the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) to the Promotion of international comparative research in criminal justice. This is central to the Institute's research mandate.Minimally it is geared towards the collection and presentation of policy experiences from different developmental environments, in particular those from the developing countries, and advancement of comparative thinking and analysis of policy immanence.This comparative perspective is attested by papers presented by national experts describing and analyzing alternative policing experiences from eleven countries: Alaska (USA), Brazil, China, Indonesia, Italy, Northern Ireland, Peru, Philippines, South Africa, Tanzania and former Yugoslavia.
Dieses Buch ist ein bedeutender Beitrag zur Standortbestimmung der täterorientierten Forschung in der Kriminologie. Die Beiträge befassen sich mit der Frage, wie Kriminalität als Erscheinung im Leben von Individuen auftritt, sich ausprägt und gegebenenfalls strukturiert, welche typischen Verlaufsgestalten sich formen, wie Rückfälligkeit sich entwickelt bis hin zu einer sog. kriminellen Karriere. Vorformen der Kriminalität (wie Frühdelinquenz) und Randbereiche (wie Alkohol-, Drogenkonsum, psychiatrisch relevante Auffälligkeiten) werden mit einbezogen. Die Beiträge erstrecken sich auch auf methodologische und methodische Grundsatzfragen des empirischen Zugangs zur Verbrechenswirklichkeit, der erfahrungswissenschaftlichen Erfassung des Täters in seinen sozialen Bezügen, der forensischen Begutachtung und der (therapeutischen) Behandlung.
Author: Jean-Paul Brodeur,Police Executive Research Forum
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
Category: Political Science
The emergence of community and problem-oriented policing is at the top of the policing reform agenda. How to Recognize Good Policing focuses on the obstacles, problems, and concerns impacting police reform, and it offers direction for formulating an easy-to-understand evaluation method. This tightly edited volume pulls together research findings with practical experience, offering a comprehensive study of policing. Co-published with the Police Executive Research Forum (PERF), this book is divided into four parts. Part I provides a general overview of community and problem-oriented policing. Part II is comprised of five chapters that specifically address issues in the assessment of police performance that include: assessment of individual police performance; the problems raised by making an evaluation; the role of the public in community policing through participation in beat meetings, neighborhood watch schemes, and public surveys to determine the satisfaction level. Part III of this book addresses organizational change and its assessment, including an assessment of the consequences expected when implementing some basic elements: delayerization, professionalism, democratization, and service integration. How to Recognize Good Policing also includes a portion devoted to a summary of exchanges that occurred between chapter authors, police professionals, and other persons involved in the areas of security. This book concludes with future perspectives on increasing roles for private security agencies, hybrid agencies, and community involvement in civil policing. With its focus on practical problems and gaining results, How to Recognize Good Policing is a must-read for academics, researchers, practitioners, and policy makers, as well as advanced students in related fields of study.
Unrivaled in its current coverage of topics, the twelfth edition of best-selling JUVENILE DELINQUENCY: THEORY, PRACTICE, AND LAW provides you with timely coverage of theory, policy, and the latest research. Praised for its balanced approach and for the authors' engaging writing style, this book will help you understand the nature of delinquency and its causes, as well as current strategies being used to control or eliminate its occurrence. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
x The second volume considers the particular problems of criminology and is divided into seven sections. Section 1 examines international problems. Political and community problems are dealt with in the second section. This is followed by social and personal issues as well as theory and method problems. The fifth section focuses on issues of violence. Section 6 deals with sexual and violence problems. Issues relating to gang delinquency are taking into account in section 7. The second volume concludes with an article on prison terms.