How do states distinguish friends from enemies, partners from competitors, and communities from outsiders? Community Under Anarchy shows how the development of common social identities among political elites can lead to deeper, more cohesive forms of cooperation than what has been previously envisioned by traditional theories of international relations. Drawing from recent advances in social theory and constructivist approaches, Bruce Cronin demonstrates how these cohesive structures evolve from a series of discrete events and processes that help to diminish the conceptual boundaries dividing societies. Community Under Anarchy supports this thesis through a new and original interpretation of the Concert of Europe, the Holy Alliance, and the political integration of Italy and Germany. In the wake of the upheavals created by the French Revolution and the revolutions of 1848, political elites helped to validate new forms of governance by creating transnational reference groups from which they could draw legitimacy. As a result, European states were able to overcome the polarizing effects of anarchy and create a concert system, a common security association, and two amalgamated security communities. The empirical cases demonstrate how socially derived identities can shape state preferences and create new roles for state leaders.
Richard Muir's guide to landscape exploration can be compared to investigating a crime. The detective analyses different kinds of evidence to construct what happened and why. In Landscape Detective the author investigates the Yorkshire Dales.
The rich and diverse visual heritage of Northern Yorkshire in the pre-Conquest period is revealed in this major addition to the much-admired Corpus series. This volume surveys the sculpture in the historic North Riding of Yorkshire (excluding those parts already covered in Volume III). The total of some 400 carvings include important pre-Viking Age monuments, such as the crosses at Croft, Easby and Masham. The excavated sculpture from Whitby Abbey include a range of inscriptions which form crucial epigraphical evidence for our understanding of the pre-Conquest monastery. But Anglo-Scandinavian monuments predominate, with major collections at Brompton, Kirklevington and Lythe. A number of workshops have been identified and it was in this area that the hogback recumbent memorial first appeared. Much of the Anglian sculpture has stylistic connections with western Yorkshire and Mercia, and the wider connections with Europe are manifest in the iconography and styles of the great crosses at Easby, Masham and Cundall/Aldborough. There are strong Irish links with the area in the Anglo-Scandinavian period. This catalogue is a crucial piece in the Corpus jigsaw linking Volumes I, II and III, and marks the culmination of the lifetime's work of a great Anglo-Saxon scholar.
South Yorkshire has some of the most varied countryside in England, ranging from the Pennine moors and the wooded hills and valleys in the west to the estate villages on the magnesian limestone escarpment and the lowlands in the east. Each of these different landscapes has been shaped by human activities over the centuries. This book tells the story of how the present landscape was created. It looks at buildings, fields, woods and moorland, navigable rivers and industrial remains, and the intriguing place-names that are associated with them.
The historic county of Yorkshire lasted for about 1,000 years. Its administrative structure was swept away in 1974, but its distinctive identity is still clearly recognised by its own people and by outsiders. Yorkshire was the largest English county. The three Ridings of Yorkshire covered about an eighth of the whole of the country, stretching from the river Tees in the north to the Humber in the south, and from the North Sea to the highest points of the Pennines. In such a large area there was a huge diversity of experience and history. Life on the Pennines or the North York Moors, for example, has always been very different from life in low-lying agricultural districts such as Holderness or the Humberhead Levels. And the fisherfolk of Staithes or Whitby might not readily recognise the accents, ways or customs of the cutlery makers of Hallamshire, still less perhaps of the farmers of Wensleydale or Craven. In some ways, this diversity makes Yorkshire the most interesting of England's historic counties, a microcosm of the country as a whole. Its variety and beauty also help to explain why Yorkshire is now such a popular tourist desination. Until quite recently people felt that they belonged to their own local area or 'country'. Few people travelled very far, and it was not until the late nineteenth century that the success of the Yorkshire County Cricket Club seems to have forged the idea of Yorkshire as a singular identity, and which gave its people a sense of their superiority. This single volume describes the broad sweep of Yorkshire's history from the end of the last Ice Age up to the present day. To do so Professor Hey has had to tell the story of each particular region and of each town. He talks about farming and mining, trade and industry, fishing and ways of life in all parts of the county. Having lived, worked, researched, taught and walked in the county for many years, he has amassed an enormously detailed knowledge and understanding of Yorkshire. The fruits of his work are presented here in what has been described as 'a bravura performance' by one of the Yorkshire's finest historians". With a particular emphasis on the richness of landscape, places and former ways of life, this important book is a readable, informative and fascinating overview of Yorkshire's past and its people.
The Three Peaks of Yorkshire Ingleborough, Pen-y-ghent and Whernside hold a unique fascination and focal point for all who head to the Dales. They dominate the landscape, shape those who work with and around them, and together offer one of the toughest challenges in England. Using the famous Three Peaks Walk as a road map, Mike Appleton takes a tour around this most popular of areas and finds the real story of the picturesque Dales: away from the trudging boots, the farmers who fight on with little or no help; the tourist villages still picking up the pieces following foot-and-mouth; the locals struggling to find affordable housing. But in a time when the countryside is facing a crisis from cuts and reduced spending, he also finds beauty in the labyrinth of passages hidden beneath the earth, countless species continuing to thrive and the character of the Dales carrying on regardless. He speaks to those who are charged with making sure this boundless natural wonder continues to serve its people and the rest of the country for generations to come.
Wharfedale, Littondale, Malhamdale, Dentdale and Ribblesdale
Author: Dennis Kelsall,Jan Kelsall
Publisher: Cicerone Press Limited
The Yorkshire Dales need little introduction: their picturesque scenery and hundreds of miles of footpaths, tracks and bridleways have been attracting walkers for decades. Part of a two-volume set, this guidebook presents over 40 routes in the south and west of the National Park, with bases including Sedburgh, Malham, Grassington, Skipton, Settle and Kirkby Lonsdale. The walks cover the valleys of Wharfedale, Littondale, Malhamdale, Ribblesdale and Dentdale - each with its own distinctive landscape and character. Also included is the Yorkshire Three Peaks, a 23 mile (37km) challenge to bag three iconic summits - Pen-y-ghent, Whernside and Ingleborough. Mostly circular and ranging from 3.5 to 13 miles (6-21km), the routes showcase Yorkshire's diverse landscapes, beautiful views and rich heritage and celebrate the 'ups, downs and endless in-betweens' of the Dales. With the exception of the Three Peaks walk, they are designed to suit most abilities: steeper sections are rare and usually short-lived. Detailed route description and 1:50,000 OS mapping are provided for each route, along with information on nearby points of interest and facilities. In addition, an introduction presents an overview of the region's plants and wildlife, geology and history and offers an insight into iconic local industries such as farming and quarrying. From bucolic pastureland to wild moors, the Dales have it all. Highlights include delightful riverside walking in Wharfedale, spectacular views of the distant Howgills and Lake District Fells, and the arresting limestone cliffs of Malham Cove. Charming villages and cosy pubs offer a warm welcome, but it is also possible to find tranquility and seclusion. The walks in this guide take in rolling hills, sweeping valleys and dancing streams, providing a wonderful introduction to this magnificent area.
A Student’s Guide to Approaching Alternative Sources
Author: Sarah Barber,Corinna Peniston-Bird
Historians are increasingly looking beyond the traditional, and turning to visual, oral, aural, and virtual sources to inform their work. The challenges these sources pose require new skills of interpretation and require historians to consider alternative theoretical and practical approaches. In order to help historians successfully move beyond traditional text, Sarah Barber and Corinna Peniston-Bird bring together chapters from historical specialists in the fields of fine art, photography, film, oral history, architecture, virtual sources, music, cartoons, landscape and material culture to explain why, when and how these less traditional sources can be used. Each chapter introduces the reader to the source, suggests the methodological and theoretical questions historians should keep in mind when using it, and provides case studies to illustrate best practice in analysis and interpretation. Pulling these disparate sources together, the introduction discusses the nature of historical sources and those factors which are unique to, and shared by, the sources covered throughout the book. Taking examples from around the globe, this collection of essays aims to inspire practitioners of history to expand their horizons, and incorporate a wide variety of primary sources in their work.
A Popular Guide to the History of the County's Countryside and Townscapes
Author: Melvyn Jones
Publisher: Virago Press
Category: Land use
The physical nature of the South Yorkshire landscape varies between high plateaus and low lying wetlands which are only just above sea level. Against this canvas, the activities of countless generations who have exploited the wealth of natural resources to be found in the area, have left a many layered record of human activity extending from the stone, bronze and iron ages, through to the Industrial Revolution and down to the present day. This copiously illustrated book guides the reader to an understanding of how this complex landscape has developed. Subjects covered include prehistoric landscapes, place names, hamlets, villages and towns, the farmed countryside, woodlands, forts and castles, ecclesiastical buildings, parks, gardens and industrial landscapes. This book is an indespensible guide for those wishing to investigate South Yorkshire's landscape heritage. Key Selling Points: * No similar publication available. * Local and well respected author on South Yorkshire history. * Numereous unique illustrations. Promotion: * Numerous interviews on radio and television. * Reviews and competitions in the local press. * Author readily available for signings etc. * Liberal supply of showcards and flyers pre and post publication sales support. About the author: Melvyn Jones is Visiting Professor at Sheffield Hallam University and the author of several books on the history of Sheffield and South Yorkshire. He is also the editor of the much acclaimed Aspects series titles covering Sheffield and Rotherham, published by Wharncliffe Books.
North Yorkshire boasts some of the most stunning countryside and amazing seaside anywhere in England, and its history is equally dramatic. Whitby Museum holds evidence of the great sea creatures that formerly populated this region millions of years ago. The soft shale rocks reveal and release fossils of remarkable sealife from small ammonites to giant plesiosaurs. This is truly the 'Dinosaur Coast'. From the southern areas around Filey to the far north of our story at Saltburn-by-the-Sea, each area has its own tales to tell. Within these pages, we take a journey in words and full-colour pictures along Yorkshire's Dinosaur Coast. Discover the twentieth-century seaside resorts of Filey and Scarborough and the secret cliffs of Robin Hood's Bay. Visit the home of Dracula, the fishing villages of Staithes and Runswick Bay, and stand on the pier at Saltburn to watch the great ships that still service the area's industry. Wildlife, history, heritage and landscape combine to make the northern coastline of Yorkshire a fascinating place to visit. This is Yorkshire at its best.
Howgills, Mallerstang, Swaledale, Wensleydale, Coverdale and Nidderdale
Author: Dennis Kelsall
Publisher: Cicerone Press Limited
Category: Sports & Recreation
Walking in the Yorkshire Dales describes 43 day walks ranging from 3-mile strolls to full-day adventures in the northern and eastern Yorkshire Dales. Step by step route directions include lots of information about the area, and each walk is illustrated with clear OS mapping and vibrant photographs. Few areas in England are as appealing as the Yorkshire Dales and this volume provides you with a comprehensive walking guide to the region. From Pateley Bridge and Aysgarth in the East to Kirkby Stephen and Richmond in the north, including the Howgills, Ninnerdale, Swaledale and Mallerstang, the north and eastern regions of the Yorkshire Dales are full of wild, rugged fell tops carved by limestone crags, deep scooped-out dales with lonely farms far from villages, the ruins of medieval castles as well as the warm bustle of Dales villages and good pubs. The Howgills north of Sedburgh have a different look, with their wide domes, steep sides and long miles of grassy ridges.
Ian Gordon Simmons,Great Britain. Countryside Commission
As well as covering villages, woodlands and roads, this text explores how landscape features are human ideas made manifest - boundary walls and hedges reflect territoriality, churches reflect belief and castles reflect the need for defence.
Over the last 25 years, archaeologists and historians have been increasingly aware of the importance of woodland in the developing British landscape - in particular, how trees have been a vital component of the living cultural landscape. Ancient Trees, Living Landscapes begins by questioning the myth that in prehistoric times Britain was swathed in a virtually impenetrable wildwood. In fact, from the earliest times woodland has been manipulated and transformed. The author then looks at Britain's great 'landmark trees', before examining the function of ancient trees and hedgerows in the landscape. The Middle Ages saw the multiplication of deer parks, with the special management needed to feed and shelter deer and to give cover to stalkers. These, with their lawns, groves and pollard-studded pastures, greatly influenced the great landscape parks of the eighteenth century, developed by Repton and Lancelot Brown. There are, too, important chapters on the life and work of the Men of the Forest, and on Woodlands of the Mind - the all-important symbolism of trees as well as their utilitarian function in Britain's landscape. Throughout the book Richard Muir, who describes himself as 'a Dalesman by birth, a Scot by inclination', gives equal weight to the evidence from the north of Britain, whereas earlier writers have concentrated on the south. In an age when institutional interests are increasingly pervasive, he stresses the importance of the work of the individual researcher and amateur enthusiast.