How They Invented the Airplane, 21 Activities Exploring the Science and History of Flight
Author: Mary Kay Carson
Publisher: Chicago Review Press
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
This activity book tells the amazing true story of how two bicycle-making brothers from Ohio, with no more than high-school educations, accomplished a feat that forever changed the world. At a time when most people still hadn’t ridden in an automobile, Wilbur and Orville Wright built the first powered, heavier-than-air flying machine. Woven throughout the heartwarming story of the two brothers are activities that highlight their ingenuity and problem-solving abilities as they overcame many obstacles to achieve controlled flight. The four forces of flight—lift, thrust, gravity, and drag—and how the Wright brothers mastered them are explained in clear, simple text. Activities include making a Chinese flying top, building a kite, bird watching, and designing a paper glider, and culminate with an activity in which readers build a rubber-band-powered flyer. Included are photographs just released from the Wright brothers’ personal collection, along with diagrams and illustrations. The history of human flight and its pioneers, a time line, and a complete resource section for students are also provided.
This fascinating firsthand account covers the Wright Brothers' early experiments, construction of planes and motors, first flights, and much more. Introduction and commentary by Fred C. Kelly. 76 photographs.
Beginning with Orville and Wilbur's childhood fascination with flight, brief, accessible chapters trace the work that the two Wright brothers did together to develop the first machine-powered aircraft.
This acclaimed book on the Wright Brothers takes the reader straight to the heart of their remarkable achievement, focusing on the technology and offering a clear, concise chronicle of precisely what they accomplished and how they did it. This book deals with the process of the invention of the airplane and how the brothers identified and resolved a range of technical puzzles that others had attempted to solve for a century. Step by step, the book details the path of invention (including the important wind tunnel experiments of 1901) which culminated in the momentous flight at Kitty Hawk in 1903, the first major milestone in aviation history. Enhanced by original photos, designs, drawings, notebooks, letters and diaries of the Wright Brothers, Visions of a Flying Machine is a fascinating book that will be of interest to engineers, historians, enthusiasts, or anyone interested in the process of invention.
Released on the eve of the hundredth anniversary of Kitty Hawk, this lively account of the historic Wright Brothers flight chronicles the race to the first to achieve powered flight. 75,000 first printing.
San Lee weiß, was es heißt, der Neue in der Klasse zu sein. Schließlich ist er oft genug umgezogen. "Immer mit den Wölfen heulen", hat ihm sein Vater eingebläut, bloß nicht auffallen. Aber welche Identität darf's diesmal sein: Sportskanone? Zu anstrengend. Skater? Dafür ist er nicht cool genug. In einer Geschichtsstunde wird ihm klar: Er wird den Zen-Buddhisten geben. Komischerweise nehmen ihm das alle ab. Aber als das süße Beatles-Mädchen sich für ihn zu interessieren beginnt, wird die Sache kompliziert.
„Wie ein Vogel zu fliegen“, das war der Traum von Otto Lilienthal und seines Bruders Georg. Nachdem die beiden Brüder jahrelang die physikalischen Grundlagen des Vogelfluges erforschten, veröffentlichte Lilienthal am 5. Dezember 1889 dieses Buch, das hier erstmals als E-Book erscheint. Auch wenn das zeitgenössische Interesse an diesem Buch eher gering war, da die breite Öffentlichkeit die Luftfahrt nach dem Prinzip „leichter als Luft“, die Weiterentwicklung des Ballons zum Luftschiff, favorisierte, stellt es dennoch die wichtigste flugtechnische Veröffentlichung des 19. Jahrhunderts dar. Die charakteristische Flügelform der Vögel war auch anderen Flugtechnikern nicht entgangen, doch die Gebrüder Lilienthal haben sie erstmals mit exakten Messungen verbunden und publiziert. Der heutige Reiz dieses Buch liegt weniger darin, ein modernes Lehrbuch der Aerodynamik zu ersetzen, sondern sich darin in die Frühzeit der Luftfahrt zu begeben. Otto Lilienthal betont in seinem Vorwort, dass das Buch für alle geschrieben wurde, die die Grundlagen des Vogelfluges und damit der Fliegerei kennenlernen wollen. Das Buch kommt mit sehr wenigen mathematischen Formeln aus und beschreibt detailliert die Experimente der beiden Brüder und ihre daraus gezogenen Schlussfolgerungen. Es enthält 80 Illustrationen zu ihren Experimenten und Gedankengängen. Dieses Buch ist für alle an der Geschichte der Luftfahrttechnik Interessierten eine äußerst spannende Lektüre, auch wenn sich Lilienthal in einigen Punkten über die Zukunft der Luftfahrt geirrt hat, wie das folgende Zitat aus dem Buch zeigt: „Die verschiedenartige Ausführung unserer Versuchskörper überzeugte uns, dass die Metalle überhaupt zum Flügelbau nicht zu gebrauchen sind, und dass die Zukunftsflügel wahrscheinlich aus Weidenruten mit leichter Stoffbespannung bestehen werden.“
Understanding How the Airplane Was Invented The Wright brothers achieved their earth-shattering first flight more than one hundred years ago and the story of their lives and airplane has been recounted in dozens of newspapers, magazine articles, and books. None, however, has explained to non-technical readers how they accomplished their epic invention that forever changed the world around us.Their success came about through a careful mix of focused vision, steadfast determination, careful testing, keen observation, astute interpretation, and engineering practical solutions to previously unknown technical problems. They were hard workers, putting in long days and applying themselves diligently to the complex task every day except for Sundays, respecting their father, who was a bishop.The Wrights were fortunate to sustain a sometimes rocky relationship with the acknowledged dean of aviation, Augustus Chanute. He provided the brothers practical advice, loaned them test equipment, and directed the industrious inventors to printed matter that was relevant to aeronautics. Most significantly, however, he was an important sounding board for Wilbur Wright to report successes, failures and frustrations, and in turn, Chanute provided a sympathetic ear and occasionally constructive feedback.Therefore, in Wilburs letters to Chanute, the Wrights diaries and family correspondence, and their many notes and sketches, the story of how they invented the airplane was preserved, only waiting to be told. Author Jack Shagena drew on his engineering background, experience with technical publications, and passion for history to convincingly weave together their account in an easy-to-understand book. Through the use of many illustrations and practical examples, the story of the Wrights invention comes alive.
The invention of flight craft heavier than air counts among humankind's defining achievements. In this book, aviation engineer and historian John D. Anderson, Jr., offers a concise and engaging account of the technical developments that anticipated the Wright brothers' successful first flight on December 17, 1903. While the accomplishments of the Wrights have become legendary, we do well to remember that they inherited a body of aerodynamics knowledge and flying machine technology. How much did they draw upon this legacy? Did it prove useful or lead to dead ends? Leonardo da Vinci first began to grasp the concepts of lift and drag which would be essential to the invention of powered flight. He describes the many failed efforts of the so-called tower jumpers, from Benedictine monk Oliver of Malmesbury in 1022 to the eighteenth-century Marquis de Bacqueville. He tells the fascinating story of aviation pioneers such as Sir George Cayley, who in a stroke of genius first proposed the modern design of a fixed-wing craft with a fuselage and horizontal and vertical tail surfaces in 1799, and William Samuel Henson, a lace-making engineer whose ambitious aerial steam carriage was patented in 1842 but never built. Anderson describes the groundbreaking nineteenth-century laboratory experiments in fluid dynamics, the building of the world's first wind tunnel in 1870, and the key contributions of various scientists and inventors in such areas as propulsion (propellers, not flapping wings) and wing design (curved, not flat). He also explains the crucial contributions to the science of aerodynamics by the German engineer Otto Lilienthal, later praised by the Wrights as their most im Kitty Hawk as they raced to become the first in flight, Anderson shows how the brothers succeeded where others failed by taking the best of early technology and building upon it using a carefully planned, step-by-step experimental approach. (They recognized, for example, that it was necessary to become a skilled glider pilot before attempting powered flight.) With vintage photographs and informative diagrams to enhance the text, Inventing Flight will interest anyone who has ever wondered what lies behind the miracle of flight. undergraduates, that would tell the connected prehistory of the airplane from Cayley to the Wrights. In light of the recognized excellence of his technical textbooks (with their stimulating historical vignettes), I can't think of a better person than Professor Anderson for the job. He has the rare combination of technical and historical knowledge that is essential for the necessary balance. Inventing Flight will be a welcome addition to undergraduate classrooms.--Walter G. Vincenti, Stanford University
Creative activities, games, action rhymes, songs, a skit and more involve students in discovering for themselves how the Wright Brothers dreamed of man in flight and worked diligently to bring their dreams to life
Der Erzähler, ein junger Fotograf, unternimmt eine Autofahrt durch Frankreich in Begleitung seines amerikanischen Freundes Phillip Dean, der sich in Dijon in die 18-jährige Anne- Marie verliebt. In einer Mischung aus Voyeurismus, Eifersucht und schriftstellerischer Neugier versetzt sich der Erzähler ganz in Phillip hinein, rekonstruiert die verzweifelte Affäre zweier ungleicher Menschen, schildert ihre erotische Intensität.
Orville and Wilbur Wright are two Americans credited with designing and constructing the world’s first successful airplane, as well as making the first controlled, motor-powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight. While their first flight in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina on December 17, 1912 was short (only 12 seconds) their impact on history would be long-lasting. Their breakthrough was not flight itself but control of flight. That control allowed for flight for mankind, and what they received a patent for (three-axis control, or left-right, forward-back and up-down) has become the standard on all fixed-wing aircrafts. Their inquisitive minds led them to build their own wind tunnel, which allowed them to study such sciences as lift and wind currents. Despite their breakthrough, they did not enjoy the revelry that may be expected from their monumental invention. They faced skepticism in Europe, problems with their patent and lawsuits. Their business ventures faced issues, and the friendships that the brothers had forged with others in the industry suffered. Even today, their status as inventors of the airplane has come under scrutiny, being subject to counter-claims by various parties. While questions may persist as to who invented what first, the contribution of the Wright brothers to the field of aviation cannot be understated. It was after their invention (and their various demonstrations of it) that the aviation field truly got off the ground. Author Don Harris, gives the reader a brief introduction to the brothers who gave birth to flight in this eBook.
How Wilbur Wright Solved the Problem of Manned Flight
Author: William Hazelgrove
Publisher: Prometheus Books
Category: Biography & Autobiography
This book is the first deconstruction of the Wright brothers myth. They were not -- as we have all come to believe--two halves of the same apple. Each had a distinctive role in creating the first "flying machine." How could two misanthropic brothers who never left home, were high-school dropouts, and made a living as bicycle mechanics have figured out the secret of manned flight? This new history of the Wright brothers' monumental accomplishment focuses on their early years of trial and error at Kitty Hawk (1900-1903) and Orville Wright's epic fight with the Smithsonian Institute and Glenn Curtis. William Hazelgrove makes a convincing case that it was Wilbur Wright who designed the first successful airplane, not Orville. He shows that, while Orville's role was important, he generally followed his brother's lead and assisted with the mechanical details to make Wilbur's vision a reality. Combing through original archives and family letters, Hazelgrove reveals the differences in the brothers' personalities and abilities. He examines how the Wright brothers myth was born when Wilbur Wright died early and left his brother to write their history with personal friend John Kelly. The author notes the peculiar inwardness of their family life, business and family problems, bouts of depression, serious illnesses, and yet, rising above it all, was Wilbur's obsessive zeal to test out his flying ideas. When he found Kitty Hawk, this desolate location on North Carolina's Outer Banks became his laboratory. By carefully studying bird flight and the Rubik's Cube of control, Wilbur cracked the secret of aerodynamics and achieved liftoff on December 17, 1903. Hazelgrove's richly researched and well-told tale of the Wright brothers' landmark achievement, illustrated with rare historical photos, captures the excitement of the times at the start of the "American century."
Have you ever wondered what it would be like to fly? Have you dreamt of having wings and taking off to soar, glide, and dip with the birds? You are not the only one. Many people have wanted to leave the ground behind and join the clouds and the stars. Two such people were brothers named Orville and Wilbur Wright. These men were alway looking for an idea to explore. Thinking as one, they would put their heads together and figure out how to create something new. They invented a printing press out of scrap. They designed bicycles when they were still a new fad. Finally, they turned their minds towards flight. Through lots of determination and endless experimentation, Orville and Wilbur created The Flyer. For a few glorious seconds, they left gravity behind and took to the skies at Kitty Hawk. It was a moment that changed their lives and the course of the world.
The Wright Brothers and the Invention of the Airplane
Author: T. A. Heppenheimer
Category: Biography & Autobiography
An aviation expert uncovers the brilliance behind the first successful flight of an engine-powered plane In the centennial year of the Wright Brothers' first successful flight, acclaimed aviation writer T. A. Heppenheimer reexamines what Wilbur and Orville Wright achieved. In First Flight, he debunks the popular assumption that the Wrights were simple mechanics who succeeded by trial and error, demonstrating instead that they were true engineering geniuses. Heppenheimer presents the background that made possible the work of the Wrights and examines the work of Samuel P. Langley, a serious rival. He places their work within a broad historical context, emphasizing their contributions after 1903 and their convergence with ongoing aeronautical work in France. T. A. Heppenheimer (Fountain Valley, CA) has written extensively on aerospace, business, and the history of technology. His many books include Turbulent Skies: The History of Commercial Aviation (0-471-10961-4), Countdown: A History of Space Flight (0-471-14439-8), and A Brief History of Flight: From Balloons to Mach 3 and Beyond (0-471-34637-3), all from Wiley.