How They Invented the Airplane, 21 Activities Exploring the Science and History of Flight
Author: Mary Kay Carson
Publisher: Chicago Review Press
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
This activity book tells the amazing true story of how two bicycle-making brothers from Ohio, with no more than high-school educations, accomplished a feat that forever changed the world. At a time when most people still hadn’t ridden in an automobile, Wilbur and Orville Wright built the first powered, heavier-than-air flying machine. Woven throughout the heartwarming story of the two brothers are activities that highlight their ingenuity and problem-solving abilities as they overcame many obstacles to achieve controlled flight. The four forces of flight—lift, thrust, gravity, and drag—and how the Wright brothers mastered them are explained in clear, simple text. Activities include making a Chinese flying top, building a kite, bird watching, and designing a paper glider, and culminate with an activity in which readers build a rubber-band-powered flyer. Included are photographs just released from the Wright brothers’ personal collection, along with diagrams and illustrations. The history of human flight and its pioneers, a time line, and a complete resource section for students are also provided.
This fascinating firsthand account covers the Wright Brothers' early experiments, construction of planes and motors, first flights, and much more. Introduction and commentary by Fred C. Kelly. 76 photographs.
Beginning with Orville and Wilbur's childhood fascination with flight, brief, accessible chapters trace the work that the two Wright brothers did together to develop the first machine-powered aircraft.
This acclaimed book on the Wright Brothers takes the reader straight to the heart of their remarkable achievement, focusing on the technology and offering a clear, concise chronicle of precisely what they accomplished and how they did it. This book deals with the process of the invention of the airplane and how the brothers identified and resolved a range of technical puzzles that others had attempted to solve for a century. Step by step, the book details the path of invention (including the important wind tunnel experiments of 1901) which culminated in the momentous flight at Kitty Hawk in 1903, the first major milestone in aviation history. Enhanced by original photos, designs, drawings, notebooks, letters and diaries of the Wright Brothers, Visions of a Flying Machine is a fascinating book that will be of interest to engineers, historians, enthusiasts, or anyone interested in the process of invention.
Understanding How the Airplane Was Invented The Wright brothers achieved their earth-shattering first flight more than one hundred years ago and the story of their lives and airplane has been recounted in dozens of newspapers, magazine articles, and books. None, however, has explained to non-technical readers how they accomplished their epic invention that forever changed the world around us.Their success came about through a careful mix of focused vision, steadfast determination, careful testing, keen observation, astute interpretation, and engineering practical solutions to previously unknown technical problems. They were hard workers, putting in long days and applying themselves diligently to the complex task every day except for Sundays, respecting their father, who was a bishop.The Wrights were fortunate to sustain a sometimes rocky relationship with the acknowledged dean of aviation, Augustus Chanute. He provided the brothers practical advice, loaned them test equipment, and directed the industrious inventors to printed matter that was relevant to aeronautics. Most significantly, however, he was an important sounding board for Wilbur Wright to report successes, failures and frustrations, and in turn, Chanute provided a sympathetic ear and occasionally constructive feedback.Therefore, in Wilburs letters to Chanute, the Wrights diaries and family correspondence, and their many notes and sketches, the story of how they invented the airplane was preserved, only waiting to be told. Author Jack Shagena drew on his engineering background, experience with technical publications, and passion for history to convincingly weave together their account in an easy-to-understand book. Through the use of many illustrations and practical examples, the story of the Wrights invention comes alive.
Creative activities, games, action rhymes, songs, a skit and more involve students in discovering for themselves how the Wright Brothers dreamed of man in flight and worked diligently to bring their dreams to life
Have you ever wondered what it would be like to fly? Have you dreamt of having wings and taking off to soar, glide, and dip with the birds? You are not the only one. Many people have wanted to leave the ground behind and join the clouds and the stars. Two such people were brothers named Orville and Wilbur Wright. These men were alway looking for an idea to explore. Thinking as one, they would put their heads together and figure out how to create something new. They invented a printing press out of scrap. They designed bicycles when they were still a new fad. Finally, they turned their minds towards flight. Through lots of determination and endless experimentation, Orville and Wilbur created The Flyer. For a few glorious seconds, they left gravity behind and took to the skies at Kitty Hawk. It was a moment that changed their lives and the course of the world.
The invention of flight craft heavier than air counts among humankind's defining achievements. In this book, aviation engineer and historian John D. Anderson, Jr., offers a concise and engaging account of the technical developments that anticipated the Wright brothers' successful first flight on December 17, 1903. While the accomplishments of the Wrights have become legendary, we do well to remember that they inherited a body of aerodynamics knowledge and flying machine technology. How much did they draw upon this legacy? Did it prove useful or lead to dead ends? Leonardo da Vinci first began to grasp the concepts of lift and drag which would be essential to the invention of powered flight. He describes the many failed efforts of the so-called tower jumpers, from Benedictine monk Oliver of Malmesbury in 1022 to the eighteenth-century Marquis de Bacqueville. He tells the fascinating story of aviation pioneers such as Sir George Cayley, who in a stroke of genius first proposed the modern design of a fixed-wing craft with a fuselage and horizontal and vertical tail surfaces in 1799, and William Samuel Henson, a lace-making engineer whose ambitious aerial steam carriage was patented in 1842 but never built. Anderson describes the groundbreaking nineteenth-century laboratory experiments in fluid dynamics, the building of the world's first wind tunnel in 1870, and the key contributions of various scientists and inventors in such areas as propulsion (propellers, not flapping wings) and wing design (curved, not flat). He also explains the crucial contributions to the science of aerodynamics by the German engineer Otto Lilienthal, later praised by the Wrights as their most im Kitty Hawk as they raced to become the first in flight, Anderson shows how the brothers succeeded where others failed by taking the best of early technology and building upon it using a carefully planned, step-by-step experimental approach. (They recognized, for example, that it was necessary to become a skilled glider pilot before attempting powered flight.) With vintage photographs and informative diagrams to enhance the text, Inventing Flight will interest anyone who has ever wondered what lies behind the miracle of flight. undergraduates, that would tell the connected prehistory of the airplane from Cayley to the Wrights. In light of the recognized excellence of his technical textbooks (with their stimulating historical vignettes), I can't think of a better person than Professor Anderson for the job. He has the rare combination of technical and historical knowledge that is essential for the necessary balance. Inventing Flight will be a welcome addition to undergraduate classrooms.--Walter G. Vincenti, Stanford University
Released on the eve of the hundredth anniversary of Kitty Hawk, this lively account of the historic Wright Brothers flight chronicles the race to the first to achieve powered flight. 75,000 first printing.