Author: International Trade Law Center,Arthur E. Appleton,Michael G. Plummer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The editors have succeeded in bringing together an excellent mix of leading scholars and practitioners. No book on the WTO has had this wide a scope before or covered the legal framework, economic and political issues, current and would-be countries and a outlook to the future like these three volumes do. 3000 pages, 80 chapters in 3 volumes cover a very interdiscplinary field that touches upon law, economics and politics.
This book establishes a framework for analysis of the institutional and normative character of the WTO by locating the organization in a broader theory of international institutional law and in determining the basis for the conferral and exercise of powers in relation to its executive, legislative and adjudicative functions. The WTO is also read as an international regime in order to go beyond its formal legal and constitutional bases and to observe the Members' practice in the context of the former semi-institutionalised GATT treaty regime with which it retains strong links. WTO decision-making, which underpins and informs its institutional and normative acts, is analysed in order to better understand the dynamics of the organization. Normative developments in the WTO are reviewed from the perspective of the creation, maintenance and revision of legally binding and non-binding or 'soft' law norms, in the sense of principles, rules and standards contained in primary treaty rules, which set out the rights and obligations of the Members, and subsidiary rule-making activity by WTO bodies.
Author: Amrita Narlikar,Martin Daunton,Robert M. Stern
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Category: Political Science
The Oxford Handbook on the World Trade Organization provides an authoritative and cutting-edge account of the World Trade Organization. Its purpose is to provide a holistic understanding of what the WTO does, how it goes about fulfilling its tasks, its achievements and problems, and how it might contend with some critical challenges. The Handbook benefits from an interdisciplinary approach. The editorial team comprises a transatlantic partnership between a political scientist, a historian, and an economist. The distinguished and international team of contributors to the volume includes leading political scientists, historians, economists, lawyers, and practitioners working in the area of multilateral trade. All the chapters present original and state-of-the-art research material. They critically engage with existing academic and policy debates, and also contribute to the evolution of the field by setting the agenda for current and future WTO studies.The Handbook is aimed at research institutions, university academics, post-graduate students, and final-year undergraduates working in the areas of international organization, trade policy and negotiations, global economic governance, and economic diplomacy. As such, it should find an enthusiastic readership amongst students and scholars in History, Economics, Political Science, International Relations, Public Policy, and Law. Equally important, the book should have direct relevance for diplomats, international bureaucrats, government officials, and other policy-makers and practitioners in the area of trade and economic governance.
United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Issues and Recommendations for Central Asian and Caucasian Economies in Transition : Proceedings and Papers Presented at the Subregional Workshop on Accession to the World Trade Organization, Economies in Transition, Tashkent, 25-27 July 2001
Author: United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Questions of power are central to understanding global trade politics and no account of the World Trade Organization (WTO) can afford to avoid at least an acknowledgment of the concept. A closer examination of power can help us to explain why the structures and rules of international commerce take their existing forms, how the actions of countries are either enabled or disabled, and what distributional outcomes are achieved. However, within conventional accounts, there has been a tendency to either view power according to a single reading - namely the direct, coercive sense - or to overlook the concept entirely, focusing instead on liberal cooperation and legalization. In this book, Matthew Eagleton-Pierce shows that each of these approaches betray certain limitations which, in turn, have cut short, or worked against, more critical appraisals of power in transnational capitalism. To expand the intellectual space, the book investigates the complex relationship between power and legitimation by drawing upon Pierre Bourdieu's notion of symbolic power. A focus on symbolic power aims to alert scholars to how the construction of certain knowledge claims are fundamental to, and entwined within, the material struggle for international trade. Empirically, the argument uncovers and plots the recent strategies adopted by Southern countries in their pursuit of a more equitable trading order. By bringing together insights from political economy, sociology, and law, Symbolic Power in the WTO not only enlivens and enriches the study of diplomatic practice within a major multilateral institution, it also advances the broader understanding of power in world politics.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is scarcely ten years old, but even in these early years of its existence it has generated debate, controversy and even outrage. This Very Short Introduction will provide a timely and carefully considered explanation of what the WTO is, what it does, and how it goes about executing its tasks. A clear understanding of the mandate, structure and functioning of the WTO is essential to appreciate the controversy behind the organization, and how far it deserves the reputation that it has come to acquire.
World Trade Organization,Edward McWhinney,World Trade Organization. Secretariat,WTO Secretariat
International trade is conducted mainly under the rules of the World Trade Organization. Its non-discrimination rules are of fundamental importance. In essence, they require WTO members not to discriminate amongst products of other WTO members in trade matters (the mostfavoured- nation rule) and, subject to permitted market-access limitations, not to discriminate against products of other WTO members in favour of domestic products (the national treatment rule). The interpretation of these rules is quite difficult. Their reach is potentially so broad that it has been felt that they should be limited by a number of exceptions, some of which also present interpretative difficulties. Indeed, one of the principal conundrums faced by WTO dispute settlement is how to strike the appropriate balance between the rules and exceptions. Davey explores the background and justification for the non-discrimination rules and examines how the rules and the exceptions have been interpreted in WTO dispute settlement. He gives considerable attention to whether the exceptions give sufficient discretion to WTO members to pursue their legitimate non-trade policy goals.
This is primarily a textbook for graduate and upper-level undergraduate students of law. However, practising lawyers and policy-makers who are looking for an introduction to WTO law will also find it invaluable. The book covers both the institutional and substantive law of the WTO. While the treatment of the law is often quite detailed, the main aim of this textbook is to make clear the basic principles and underlying logic of WTO law and the world trading system. Each section contains questions and assignments, to allow students to assess their understanding and develop useful practical skills. At the end of each chapter there is a helpful summary, as well as an exercise on specific, true-to-life international trade problems.
In Nov. 2001, the WTO launched a new set of multilateral negotiations. It laid out an ambitious agenda for a broad set of new multilateral trade negotiations, which calls for a continuation of discussions on liberalizing trade in ag. and services, which began in 2000. It also provides for new talks on market access for non-ag. products, trade and the environ., trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights, and other issues. This report: (1) analyzes the factors that contributed to the successful launch of new WTO negotiations, (2) analyzes the key interim deadlines for the most sensitive issues from the present time through the next ministerial conference in 2003, and (3) evaluates the most significant challenges facing the WTO in the overall negotiations.
This book examines, from the legal perspective, China's process of WTO accession, its commitments to the accession, the implications of such commitments for its trade and legal systems, and its efforts towards WTO compliance. It also discusses the issue of the capacity of the evolving Chinese legal system for ensuring compliance. In particular, the book probes into the trade and legal systems at the turn of the accession and evaluates selected trade and legal issues, including intellectual property, foreign investment law and settlement of trade disputes.
Status of China's Trade Commitments to the United States and Other Members
Author: Elizabeth Sirois
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Category: Business & Economics
China's World Trade Organization (WTO) membership negotiations take place on 2 tracks -- bilateral & multilateral negotiations. The bilateral negotiations, including those between China & the U.S., are designed to obtain China's commitment to remove market access barriers & open China's domestic market to more foreign goods & services. The focus of the multilateral negotiations between China & 44 members is to ensure that China will conform its trade to the rules, practices, & obligations required by the WTO agreement. This report examines: the results of the Nov. 1999 bilateral Agreement on Market Access between China & the U.S., & the status of China's ongoing multilateral negotiations in the WTO.
The WTO Secretariat reports that during the period from 1995 to June 30, 2007 WTO members initiated 3097 anti-dumping investigations. Of these, 474 were put forward by India, which made it the largest user of this measure among WTO Members. The traditional argument of developing countries was that loopholes or absence of clear definitions in the anti-dumping rules have increased the possibility of abuses and discretionary practices against them. Now, many developing countries like India have become frequent users of this measure. For a better understanding of the various provisions of the WTO's Anti-dumping Agreement (ADA) a critical investigation of the resulting jurisprudence is a necessity. To that end, this timely work has a fivefold aim: and• To explore the jurisprudence that has emerged around the anti-dumping regime and how it affected developing countries; and• To assess how effectively and to what extent the WTO's Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) is able to analyze the violations of ADA provisions; and• To examine domestic compliance with DSB decisions; and• To study the Indian cases which come before the nation's Customs, Excise andamp; Sales Tax Appellate Tribunal, various High Courts and the Supreme Court of India; and and• To offer recommendations for the improvement of the anti-dumping regime from a developing country perspective.
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich BWL - Wirtschaftspolitik, Note: A, Heriot-Watt University Edinburgh, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Nowadays, our economy is signed by the impacts of the globalization which has led to a closer integration of markets around the world. Countries and their companies are taking advantage of foreign markets and their availability of resources in order to improve their performance. However, the ability to do so is the result of multilateral trade negotiations after World War II. In 1947, negotiations of General Agreements on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) took place for the first time in order to promote and improve international trade. In particular it focused on reducing the three mayor barriers to trade, tariffs, exports subsidies and domestic support (Tantia 2009). After 1947 eight rounds of negotiations have been held. By the fact that developed and developing countries were frightened that GATT could benefit the other more than them, consequently each of the following rounds has failed. In 1995 GATT has been replaced by the World Trade Organisation (WTO) which highlighted that progress could be achieved through the enhanced integration of developing countries into the world economy (Busse 2003). This assignment is going to analyse the various trade rounds held after the formation of GATT and the Doha Round and why they have failed continuously. Furthermore, it will be discussed how the Doha Round could make consensus and what steps are needed to achieve consensus.
The World Trade Organization is one of the most important yet least understood organizations in the world. As a lynchpin of globalization, the WTO allows us to enjoy products and services from around the world, but it also lays bare the frailty of many industries, in some cases leading to unemployment and even threatening social cohesion. In this beginner’s guide, Dr. David Collins explores the goals of the WTO and how these have created difficulties for its member countries as they adapt to the pressures of globalization. With high-profile case studies straight from the headlines and textboxes that clearly outline complex issues such as regional trade agreements and currency manipulation, this engaging and highly-informative book explains what the WTO does and how it fits into the world we know. Anti-globalizationists say it should expand its mandate to cover social issues that matter to real people but, as Collins shows, to pursue these goals would likely involve taking steps back from liberalizing international trade — the primary objective of the WTO and why the organization was created in the first place.
A Guide to the New Framework for International Trade
Author: Bhagirath Lal Das
Publisher: Zed Books
Category: Business & Economics
This detailed and intelligible guide to the intricacies of the WTO Agreements which are rewriting wholesale the rules of economic intercourse between countries is for those negotiators, trade policy officials, executives in industry and students of international economic relations and commercial diplomacy who need to understand the new multilateral framework for world trade. The author explains the provisions stand in non-technical language while taking care not to detract from their legal precision. He explains technical terms, gives examples where appropriate and links widely scattered provisions in the Agreements where they are connected in their operation. Every effort has been made to make this seminal guide useful both to those not yet acquainted with the subject as well as those still needing some clarification of certain concepts, ideas and even general provisions. The intention is to foster a more thorough understanding of the WTO Agreements, helping countries to know their rights and obligations, and industry and trade bodies the parameters within which they can now operate.