The Value of Things

Prehistoric to Contemporary Commodities in the Maya Region

Author: Jennifer P. Mathews,Thomas H. Guderjan

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816533520

Category: Social Science

Page: 309

View: 3571

L'éditeur indique : "This book explores how the Mayans gave value to commodities through the lens of anthropology and archaeology"

Stingless Bees of Mexico

The Biology, Management and Conservation of an Ancient Heritage

Author: José Javier G. Quezada-Euán

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319777858

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 9088

The stingless bees are the most diverse group of highly social bees and are key species in our planet’s tropical and subtropical regions, where they thrive. In Mexico, the management of stingless bees dates back centuries, and they were an essential part of the culture and cosmogony of native peoples like the Maya. In recent decades a vast amount of information has been gathered on stingless bees worldwide. This book summarizes various aspects of the biology and management of stingless bees, with special emphasis on the Mexican species and the traditions behind their cultivation. Much of the information presented here was produced by the author and the team of researchers at the Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán in the course of three decades of working with these insects. Given the breadth of its coverage, the book offers an equally valuable reference guide for academics, students and beekeepers alike.

Colonial and Postcolonial Change in Mesoamerica

Archaeology as Historical Anthropology

Author: Rani T. Alexander,Susan Kepecs

Publisher: University of New Mexico Press

ISBN: 0826359744

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 3302

This book offers a new account of human interaction and culture change for Mesoamerica that connects the present to the past. Social histories that assess the cultural upheavals between the Spanish invasion of Mesoamerica and the ethnographic present overlook the archaeological record, with its unique capacity to link local practices to global processes. To fill this gap, the authors weigh the material manifestations of the colonial and postcolonial trajectory in light of local, regional, and global historical processes that have unfolded over the last five hundred years. Research on a suite of issues—economic history, production of commodities, agrarian change, resistance, religious shifts, and sociocultural identity—demonstrates that the often shocking patterns observed today are historically contingent and culturally mediated, and therefore explainable. This book belongs to a new wave of scholarship that renders the past immediately relevant to the present, which Alexander and Kepecs see as one of archaeology’s most crucial goals.

Art and Myth of the Ancient Maya

Author: Oswaldo Chinchilla Mazariegos

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300224672

Category: Art

Page: 304

View: 3749

This nuanced account explores Maya mythology through the lens of art, text, and culture. It offers an important reexamination of the mid-16th-century Popol Vuh, long considered an authoritative text, which is better understood as one among many crucial sources for the interpretation of ancient Maya art and myth. Using materials gathered across Mesoamerica, Oswaldo Chinchilla Mazariegos bridges the gap between written texts and artistic representations, identifying key mythical subjects and uncovering their variations in narratives and visual depictions. Central characters—including a secluded young goddess, a malevolent grandmother, a dead father, and the young gods who became the sun and the moon—are identified in pottery, sculpture, mural painting, and hieroglyphic inscriptions. Highlighting such previously overlooked topics as sexuality and generational struggles, this beautifully illustrated book paves the way for a new understanding of Maya myths and their lavish expression in ancient art.

Archaeometallurgy in Mesoamerica

Current Approaches and New Perspectives

Author: Aaron N. Shugar,Scott E. Simmons

Publisher: University Press of Colorado

ISBN: 1607322102

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 4425

Presenting the latest in archaeometallurgical research in a Mesoamerican context, Archaeometallurgy in Mesoamerica brings together up-to-date research from the most notable scholars in the field. These contributors analyze data from a variety of sites, examining current approaches to the study of archaeometallurgy in the region as well as new perspectives on the significance metallurgy and metal objects had in the lives of its ancient peoples. The chapters are organized following the cyclical nature of metals--beginning with extracting and mining ore, moving to smelting and casting of finished objects, and ending with recycling and deterioration back to the original state once the object is no longer in use. Data obtained from archaeological investigations, ethnohistoric sources, ethnographic studies, along with materials science analyses, are brought to bear on questions related to the integration of metallurgy into local and regional economies, the sacred connotations of copper objects, metallurgy as specialized crafting, and the nature of mining, alloy technology, and metal fabrication.

The Construction of Value in the Ancient World

Author: John K. Papadopoulos,Gary Urton

Publisher: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology

ISBN: 9781931745901

Category: History

Page: 612

View: 9988

Winner of the Jo Anne Stolaroff Cotsen Prize. The questions are central to archaeologists studying ancient civilizations: how to understand the value that might have been accorded to materials, objects, people, places, and patterns of action by those who produced or used them

The Desert Fayum Reinvestigated

The Early to Mid-Holocene Landscape Archaeology of the Fayum North Shore, Egypt

Author: Simon J. Holdaway,Willeke Wendrich

Publisher: Monumenta Archaeologica

ISBN: 9781938770098

Category: History

Page: 262

View: 9038

The Neolithic in Egypt is thought to have arrived via diffusion from an origin in southwest Asia. In this volume, the authors advocate an alternative approach to understanding the development of food production in Egypt based on the results of new fieldwork in the Fayum. They present a detailed study of the Fayum archaeological landscape using an expanded version of low-level food production to organize observations concerning paleoenvironment, socioeconomy, settlement, and mobility. While domestic plants and animals were indeed introduced to the Fayum from elsewhere, when a number of aspects of the archaeological record are compared, a settlement system is suggested that has no obvious analogues with the Neolithic in southwest Asia. The results obtained from the Fayum are used to assess other contemporary sites in Egypt.

Cultures of Commodity Branding

Author: Andrew Bevan,David Wengrow

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1598745417

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 267

View: 5533

The concept of commodity branding did not emerge with contemporary global capitalism. In fact, the authors of this volume show that this concept stretches back to the beginnings of Ancient Egypt and can be found in various permutations in places as diverse as the Bronze Age Mediterranean, Early Modern Europe, classic Mesoamerica, and highland kingdoms of Cameroon. Bringing together the work of cultural anthropologists and archaeologists, this volume forces contemporary business and economics thinkers to reassess the linkage between branding and capitalism as well as adding an important new concept to the work of economic anthropologists and archaeologists.

Thirst

For Water and Power in the Ancient World

Author: Steven Mithen

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674072197

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

View: 3157

Freshwater shortages will affect 75% of the world’s population by 2050. Mithen puts this crisis into context by exploring 10,000 years of water management. Thirst tells of civilizations defeated by the water challenge, and of technological ingenuity that sustained communities in hostile environments. Work with nature, not against it, he advises.

Quintana Roo Archaeology

Author: Justine M. Shaw,Jennifer P. Mathews

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816524419

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 4376

MexicoÕs southern state of Quintana Roo is often perceived by archaeologists as a blank spot on the map of the Maya world, a region generally assumed to hold little of interest thanks to its relative isolation from the rest of Mexico. But salvage archaeology required by recent development along the ÒMaya Riviera,Ó along with a suite of other ongoing and recent research projects, have shown that the region was critical in connecting coastal and inland zones, and it is now viewed as an important area in its own right from Preclassic through post-contact times. The first volume devoted to the archaeology of Quintana Roo, this book reveals a long tradition of exploration and discovery in the region and an increasingly rich recent history of study. Covering a time span from the Formative period through the early twentieth century, it offers a sampling of recent and ongoing research by Mexican, North American, and European archaeologists. Each of the chapters helps to integrate sites within and beyond the borders of the modern state, inviting readers to consider Quintana Roo as part of an interacting Maya world whose boundaries were entirely different from todayÕs. In taking in the range of the region, the authors consider studies in the northern part of the state resulting from modern development around Cancœn; the mid-state sites of Muyil and YoÕokop, both of which witnessed continual occupations from the Middle Preclassic through the Postclassic; and new data from such southern sites as Cerros, Lagartera, and Chichmuul. The contributions consider such subjects as ceramic controversies, settlement shifts, site planning strategies, epigraphic and iconographic materials, the impact of recent coastal development, and the interplay between ancient, historic, and modern use of the region. Many of the chapters confirm the region as a cultural corridor between Cob‡ and the southern lowland centers and address demographic shifts of the Terminal Classic through Postclassic periods, while others help elucidate some of Peter HarrisonÕs Uaymil Survey work of the 1970s. Quintana Roo Archaeology unfolds a rich archaeological record spanning 2,500 years, depicting the depth and breadth of modern archaeological studies within the state. It is an important touchstone for Maya and Mesoamerican archaeologists, demonstrating the shifting web of connections between Quintanarooense sites and their neighbors, and confirming the need to integrate this region into a broader understanding of the ancient Maya.

Encyclopedia of Society and Culture in the Ancient World

Author: Peter I. Bogucki

Publisher: Facts on File

ISBN: 9780816069415

Category: History

Page: 1600

View: 4349

Presents sixty-nine articles devoted to coverage of social and cultural considerations in the ancient world from prehistory through the fall of Rome in 476 C.E.

Merchants, Markets, and Exchange in the Pre-Columbian World

Author: Kenn Hirth,Joanne Pillsbury

Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks Pub Service

ISBN: 9780884023869

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 472

View: 8119

Merchants, Markets, and Exchange in the Pre-Columbian World investigates the complex structure of economic systems in the pre-Hispanic Americas, with a focus on the central highlands of Mexico, the Maya Lowlands, and the central Andes. Essays examine the use of marketplaces, the role of merchants and artisans, and the operation of trade networks.

Ritual, Play and Belief, in Evolution and Early Human Societies

Author: Colin Renfrew,Iain Morley,Michael Boyd

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110854861X

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 5383

The origins of religion and ritual in humans have been the focus of centuries of thought in archaeology, anthropology, theology, evolutionary psychology and more. Play and ritual have many aspects in common, and ritual is a key component of the early cult practices that underlie the religious systems of societies in all parts of the world. This book examines the formative cults and the roots of religious practice from the earliest times until the development of early religion in the Near East, in China, in Peru, in Mesoamerica and beyond. Here, leading prehistorians, biologists, and other specialists bring a fresh approach to the early practices that underlie the faiths and religions of the world. They demonstrate the profound role of play ritual and belief systems and offer powerful new insights into the emergence of early societies.

Chicle

The Chewing Gum of the Americas, from the Ancient Maya to William Wrigley

Author: Jennifer P. Mathews

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816528219

Category: History

Page: 142

View: 8919

Chicle is a history in four acts, all of them focused on the sticky white substance that seeps from the sapodilla tree when its bark is cut. First, Jennifer Mathews recounts the story of chicle and its earliest-known adherents, the Maya and Aztecs. Second, with the assistance of botanist Gillian Schultz, Mathews examines the sapodilla tree itself, an extraordinarily hardy plant that is native only to Mesoamerica and the Caribbean. Third, Mathews presents the fascinating story of the chicle and chewing gum industry over the last hundred plus years, a tale (like so many twentieth-century tales) of greed, growth, and collapse. In closing, Mathews considers the plight of the chicleros, the "extractors" who often work by themselves tapping trees deep in the forests, and how they have emerged as icons of local pop culture -- portrayed as fearless, hard-drinking brawlers, people to be respected as well as feared. --publisher description.

Lowland Maya Civilization in the Eighth Century A.D.

A Symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 7th and 8th October 1989

Author: Jeremy A. Sabloff

Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks Pub Service

ISBN: N.A

Category: CONFERENCE. Lowland Maya civilization in the eighth century A.D.

Page: 482

View: 4862

Understanding economic process

Author: Sutti Ortíz,Susan Lees,Society for Economic Anthropology (U.S.). Meeting

Publisher: Univ Pr of Amer

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 211

View: 2683

Tikal

Paleoecology of an Ancient Maya City

Author: David L. Lentz,Nicholas P. Dunning,Vernon L. Scarborough

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107027934

Category: Social Science

Page: 370

View: 9915

The primary question addressed in this book focuses on how the ancient Maya in the northern Petén Basin sustained large populations during the Late Classic period.

Precolumbian jade

new geological and cultural interpretations

Author: Frederick W. Lange

Publisher: Univ of Utah Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Art

Page: 378

View: 6148

"Monumental work that includes detailed studies of jade from across Central and South America is divided into three parts. Pt. 1 includes eight chapters on geology and minerology; Pt. 2, eight chapters on cultural contexts; and Pt. 3, six chapters on arti

Maya Stone Tools

Selected Papers from the Second Maya Lithic Conference

Author: Thomas R. Hester,Harry J. Shafer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Central America

Page: 293

View: 616

Lifeways in the Northern Maya Lowlands

New Approaches to Archaeology in the Yucat‡n Peninsula

Author: Jennifer P. Mathews,Bethany A. Morrison

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816524167

Category: Science

Page: 274

View: 9350

The flat, dry reaches of the northern Yucat‡n Peninsula have been largely ignored by archaeologists drawn to the more illustrious sites of the south. This book is the first volume to focus entirely on the northern Maya lowlands, presenting a broad cross-section of current research projects in the region by both established and up-and-coming scholars. To address the heretofore unrecognized importance of the northern lowlands in Maya prehistory, the contributors cover key topics relevant to Maya studies: the environmental and historical significance of the region, the archaeology of both large and small sites, the development of agriculture, resource management, ancient politics, and long-distance interaction among sites. As a volume in the series Native Peoples of the Americas, it adds a human dimension to archaeological findings by incorporating modern ethnographic data. By exploring various social and political levels of Maya society through a broad expanse of time, Lifeways in the Northern Maya Lowlands not only reconstructs a little-known past, it also suggests the broad implications of archaeology for related studies of tourism, household economies, and ethno-archaeology. It is a benchmark work that pointedly demonstrates the need for researchers in both north and south to ignore modern geographic boundaries in their search for new ideas to further their understanding of the ancient Maya.