The Tools of Empire

Technology and European Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century

Author: Daniel R. Headrick

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195028324

Category: History

Page: 221

View: 6799

Power Over Peoples

Technology, Environments, and Western Imperialism, 1400 to the Present

Author: Daniel R. Headrick

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691154325

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 3246

In this work, Daniel Headrick traces the evolution of Western technologies and sheds light on the environmental and social factors that have brought victory in some cases and unforeseen defeat in others.

The Tentacles of Progress

Technology Transfer in the Age of Imperialism, 1850-1940

Author: Daniel R. Headrick

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195051165

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 405

View: 5021

This penetrating examination of a paradox of colonial rule shows how the massive transfers of technology--including equipment, techniques, and experts--from the European imperial powers to their colonies in Asia and Africa resulted not in industrialization but in underdevelopment. Examiningthe most important technologies--shipping and railways, telegraphs and wireless, urban water supply and sewage disposal, economic botany and plantation agriculture, irrigation, and mining and metallurgy--Headrick provides a new perspective on colonial economic history and reopens the debate on theroots of Asian and African underdevelopment.

Gender and Empire

Author: Angela Woollacott

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 0230204856

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 4217

One of the first single-authored books to survey the role of sex and gender in the 'new imperial history', Gender and Empire covers the whole British Empire, demonstrating connections and comparisons between the white-settler colonies, and the colonies of exploitation and rule. Through key topics and episodes across a broad range of British Empire history, Angela Woollacott examines how gender ideologies and practices affected women and men, and structured imperial politics and culture. Woollacott integrates twenty years of scholarship, providing fresh insights and interpretation using feminist and postcolonial approaches. Fiction and other vivid primary sources present the voices of historical subjects, enlivening discussions of central topics and debates in imperial and colonial history. The circulation of imperial culture and colonial subjects along with conceptions of gender and race reveals the integrated nature of British colonialism from the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries. Authoritative and approachable, this is essential reading for students of world history, imperial history and gender relations.

Visualizing American Empire

Orientalism and Imperialism in the Philippines

Author: David Brody

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226075346

Category: History

Page: 213

View: 2768

Includes bibliographical references (p. 174-203) and index.

A Turn to Empire

The Rise of Imperial Liberalism in Britain and France

Author: Jennifer Pitts

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400826636

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 2349

A dramatic shift in British and French ideas about empire unfolded in the sixty years straddling the turn of the nineteenth century. As Jennifer Pitts shows in A Turn to Empire, Adam Smith, Edmund Burke, and Jeremy Bentham were among many at the start of this period to criticize European empires as unjust as well as politically and economically disastrous for the conquering nations. By the mid-nineteenth century, however, the most prominent British and French liberal thinkers, including John Stuart Mill and Alexis de Tocqueville, vigorously supported the conquest of non-European peoples. Pitts explains that this reflected a rise in civilizational self-confidence, as theories of human progress became more triumphalist, less nuanced, and less tolerant of cultural difference. At the same time, imperial expansion abroad came to be seen as a political project that might assist the emergence of stable liberal democracies within Europe. Pitts shows that liberal thinkers usually celebrated for respecting not only human equality and liberty but also pluralism supported an inegalitarian and decidedly nonhumanitarian international politics. Yet such moments represent not a necessary feature of liberal thought but a striking departure from views shared by precisely those late-eighteenth-century thinkers whom Mill and Tocqueville saw as their forebears. Fluently written, A Turn to Empire offers a novel assessment of modern political thought and international justice, and an illuminating perspective on continuing debates over empire, intervention, and liberal political commitments.

Barbed-Wire Imperialism

Britain's Empire of Camps, 1876-1903

Author: Aidan Forth

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520293975

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 1105

"Some of the world's first refugee camps and concentration camps appeared in the British Empire in the late 19th century. Famine camps detained emaciated refugees and billeted relief applicants on public works projects; plague camps segregated populations suspected of harboring disease and accommodated those evacuated from unsanitary locales; concentration camps during the Anglo-Boer War, meanwhile, adapted a technology of colonial welfare in the context of war. Wartime camps in South Africa were simultaneously instruments of military violence and humanitarian care. While providing food and shelter to destitute refugees and disciplining and reforming a population cast as uncivilized and unhygienic, British officials in South Africa applied a developing set of imperial attitudes and approaches that also governed the development of plague and famine camps in India. More than the outcomes of military counterinsurgency, Boer War camps were registers of cultural discourses about civilization, class, gender, racial purity and sanitary pollution. Although British spokesmen regarded camps as hygienic enclaves, epidemic diseases decimated inmate populations creating a damaging political scandal. In order to curb mortality and introduce order, the British government mobilized a wide variety of disciplinary and sanitary lessons assembled at Indian plague and famine camps and at other kindred institutions like metropolitan workhouses. Authorities imported officials from India with experience managing plague and famine camps to systematize and rationalize South Africa's wartime concentration camps. Ultimately, improvements to inmates' health and well-being served to legitimize camps as technologies of liberal empire and biopolitical security"--Provided by publisher.

Maritime Empires

British Imperial Maritime Trade in the Nineteenth Century

Author: David Killingray,Margarette Lincoln,Nigel Rigby,National Maritime Museum (Great Britain)

Publisher: Boydell Press

ISBN: 9781843830764

Category: History

Page: 229

View: 7421

Britain's empire was sustained by shipping. These studies are concerned with a range of enterprises, both home and colonial, in which shipping was involved, relating to goods, people, ideas.

Ecology and Power in the Age of Empire

Europe and the Transformation of the Tropical World

Author: Corey Ross

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199590419

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 9915

Ecology and Power in the Age of Empire provides the first wide-ranging environmental history of the heyday of European imperialism, from the late nineteenth century to the end of the colonial era. It focuses on the ecological dimensions of the explosive growth of tropical commodity production, global trade, and modern resource management-transformations that still visibly shape our world today-and how they were related to broader social, cultural, and political developments in Europe's colonies. Covering the overseas empires of all the major European powers, Corey Ross argues that tropical environments were not merely a stage on which conquest and subjugation took place, but were an essential part of the colonial project, profoundly shaping the imperial enterprise even as they were shaped by it. The story he tells is not only about the complexities of human experience, but also about people's relationship with the ecosystems in which they were themselves embedded: the soil, water, plants, and animals that were likewise a part of Europe's empire. Although it shows that imperial conquest rarely represented a sudden bout of ecological devastation, it nonetheless demonstrates that modern imperialism marked a decisive and largely negative milestone for the natural environment. By relating the expansion of modern empire, global trade, and mass consumption to the momentous ecological shifts that they entailed, this book provides a historical perspective on the vital nexus of social, political, and environmental issues that we face in the twenty-first-century world.

Machines as the Measure of Men

Science, Technology, and Ideologies of Western Dominance

Author: Michael Adas

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801497605

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 9657

This new edition of what has become a standard account of Western expansion and technological dominance includes a new preface by the author that discusses how subsequent developments in gender and race studies, as well as global technology and politics, enter into conversation with his original arguments.

Possessing the World

Taking the Measurements of Colonisation from the 18th to the 20th Century

Author: Bouda Etemad

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845453387

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 4189

Based on an impressive body of information and data, this volume recounts the history of five continents over a long stretch of time and in a comparative approach. From the beginning of European expansion the question was posed: what were the "empire tools" that gave Europe its military superiority, even before the industrial revolution? What was it that enabled Europeans to withstand life-threatening tropical diseases and to control indigenous populations? This book gives a fresh and wide-ranging view of the construction and collapse of the modern colonial empires of Europe, the United States of America and Japan.

The Risorgimento and the Unification of Italy

Author: Derek Beales,Eugenio F. Biagini

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317878566

Category: History

Page: 314

View: 6976

This book introduces the reader to the relationship between the Italian national movement, achieved by the Risorgimento, and the Italian unification in 1860. These themes are discussed in detail and related to the broader European theatre. Covering the literary, cultural, religious and political history of the period, Beales and Biagini show Italy struggled towards nation state status on all fronts. The new edition has been thoroughly rewritten. It also contains a number of new documents. In addition, all the most up to date research of the last 20 years has been incorporated. The Risorgimento and the Unification of Italy remains the major text on nineteenth century Italy. The long introduction and useful footnotes will be of real assistance to those interested in Italian unification.

Technology of Empire

Telecommunications and Japanese Expansion in Asia, 1883-1945

Author: Daqing Yang

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674010918

Category: History

Page: 446

View: 8541

Nearly half a century ago, the economic historian Harold Innis pointed out that the geographical limits of empires were determined by communications and that, historically, advances in the technologies of transport and communications have enabled empires to grow. This power of communications was demonstrated when Japanese Emperor Hirohitoâe(tm)s radio speech announcing Japanâe(tm)s surrender and the dissolution of its empire was broadcast simultaneously throughout not only the Japanese home islands but also all the territories under its control over the telecommunications system that had, in part, made that empire possible. In the extension of the Japanese empire in the 1930s and 1940s, technology, geo-strategy, and institutions were closely intertwined in empire building. The central argument of this study of the development of a communications network linking the far-flung parts of the Japanese imperium is that modern telecommunications not only served to connect these territories but, more important, made it possible for the Japanese to envision an integrated empire in Asia. Even as the imperial communications network served to foster integration and strengthened Japanese leadership and control, its creation and operation exacerbated long-standing tensions and created new conflicts within the government, the military, and society in general.

Historical Dictionary of European Imperialism

Author: James Stuart Olson,Robert Shadle

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313262579

Category: History

Page: 782

View: 1939

This unique reference work on the history of European imperialism is designed to provide a ready reference tool for students and scholars. Its major focus is the Spanish, Portuguese, British, Dutch, French, German, Belgian, and Italian empires during the past 500 years. The dictionary offers brief descriptive essays on a variety of topics--colonies, prominent individuals, legislation, treaties, conferences, wars, revolutions, and technologies. References at the end of each entry provide sources of additional information for those interested in further research. Cross-references within the text help the reader to find related items.

A History of European Socialism

Author: Albert S. Lindemann

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300032468

Category: History

Page: 386

View: 2366

This is a serious and accomplished synthesis...Biographical vignettes enliven the presentation of ideas, and references to studies of regional diversities...give the narrative and uncommonly rich texture...Lucid and illuminating...It is the best book on the subject to put into the hands of our students. -Helmut Gruber, International Labor and Working Class History A synthetic narrative by a young academic scholar...who has independent ideas on an important subject...This book is worth reading if for no other reason than its modest, but nonpatronizing rehabilitation from generations of Marxist caricature of a host of deeply democratic European socialists. -James H. Billington, Washington Post Book World

Liberalism and Empire

A Study in Nineteenth-Century British Liberal Thought

Author: Uday Singh Mehta

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022651918X

Category: Political Science

Page: 245

View: 4166

We take liberalism to be a set of ideas committed to political rights and self-determination, yet it also served to justify an empire built on political domination. Uday Mehta argues that imperialism, far from contradicting liberal tenets, in fact stemmed from liberal assumptions about reason and historical progress. Confronted with unfamiliar cultures such as India, British liberals could only see them as backward or infantile. In this, liberals manifested a narrow conception of human experience and ways of being in the world. Ironically, it is in the conservative Edmund Burke—a severe critic of Britain's arrogant, paternalistic colonial expansion—that Mehta finds an alternative and more capacious liberal vision. Shedding light on a fundamental tension in liberal theory, Liberalism and Empire reaches beyond post-colonial studies to revise our conception of the grand liberal tradition and the conception of experience with which it is associated.

The Invisible Weapon

Telecommunications and International Politics, 1851-1945

Author: Daniel R. Headrick

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199996326

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 1128

A vital instrument of power, telecommunications is and has always been a political technology. In this book, Headrick examines the political history of telecommunications from the mid-nineteenth century to the end of World War II. He argues that this technology gave society new options. In times of peace, the telegraph and radio were, as many predicted, instruments of peace; in times of tension, they became instruments of politics, tools for rival interests, and weapons of war. Writing in a lively, accessible style, Headrick illuminates the political aspects of information technology, showing how in both World Wars, the use of radio led to a shadowy war of disinformation, cryptography, and communications intelligence, with decisive consequences.

Scientist of Empire

Sir Roderick Murchison, Scientific Exploration and Victorian Imperialism

Author: Robert A. Stafford

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521528672

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 308

View: 2585

Sir Roderick Murchison was an eminent Victorian, as notable for his idenfication of the Silurican system in geology as for his patronage of David Livingstone and other Victorian exploration. This study of Murchison emerged as the eminent Victorian who 'sold' science to the imperial government.

Peoples on Parade

Exhibitions, Empire, and Anthropology in Nineteenth-Century Britain

Author: Sadiah Qureshi

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226700968

Category: History

Page: 382

View: 7107

Examines the phenomenon of human exhibitions in nineteenth-century Britain and considers how this legacy informs understandings of race and empire today.