The Tools of Empire

Technology and European Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century

Author: Daniel R. Headrick

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195028324

Category: History

Page: 221

View: 4205

The Tools of Empire

Technology and European Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century

Author: Daniel R. Headrick

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195028324

Category: History

Page: 221

View: 2605

Die Geburt der modernen Welt

Eine Globalgeschichte 1780-1914

Author: Christopher A. Bayly

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593404885

Category: History

Page: 650

View: 2863

Christopher Baylys weltumspannender Blick auf das Agieren der Staaten, die vielfältigen Ausprägungen von Gesellschaftsordnungen, Religionen und Lebensweisen zeigt auf verblüffende Weise, wie eng schon im 19. Jahrhundert die Entwicklung Europas mit dem Geschehen in den anderen Erdteilen verknüpft war. »Ein mutiger Wurf, der geeignet ist, eingefahrene Sichtweisen aufzubrechen.« Johannes Willms, Süddeutsche Zeitung »Dieses Werk schafft ein neues Geschichtsbild; wie viele Bücher können das schon von sich behaupten?« Frankfurter Rundschau Ausgezeichnet als "Historisches Buch des Jahres" der Zeitschrift DAMALS Ausgezeichnet von H-Soz-u-Kult als "Das Historische Buch 2007" in der Kategorie "Entangled History"

Wohlstand und Armut der Nationen

Warum die einen reich und die anderen arm sind

Author: David Landes

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641051118

Category: History

Page: 688

View: 6505

Das Standardwerk zur Wirtschaftsgeschichte Kaum eine Frage ist umstrittener und stärker mit Ideologie befrachtet als die, warum manche Länder wirtschaftlich äußerst erfolgreich sind, während andere unfähig scheinen, aus ihrer Armut herauszufinden. Liegt es am Klima? An der Kultur? An der Politik? In seiner umfassenden Geschichte über die Weltwirtschaft der letzten sechshundert Jahre entwickelt David Landes Antworten auf diese Fragen und bietet zugleich ein Standardwerk zur Geschichte der Weltwirtschaft.

Die unbarmherzige Revolution

eine Geschichte des Kapitalismus

Author: Joyce Oldham Appleby

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783867741354

Category:

Page: 686

View: 8265

In ihrer großen Geschichte des Kapitalismus erzählt Joyce Appleby die Geschichte unseres Wirtschaftssystems: von den großen Entdeckungen der Portugiesen, vom Sklavenhandel über die industrielle Revolution bis zur Globalisierung der Gegenwart, und beschreibt schließlich unsere ökonomische und auch kulturelle Identität, die so sehr vom Kapitalismus geprägt ist. Messerscharf seziert sie die guten und die schlechten Seiten des Kapitalismus und beschreibt, was der Kapitalismus mit den Menschen macht. Eine mitreißende Lektüre für alle, die von der "unbarmherzigen Revolution" profitieren oder an ihr verzweifeln.

Combatants of Muslim Origin in European Armies in the Twentieth Century

Far From Jihad

Author: Xavier Bougarel,Raphaëlle Branche,Cloé Drieu

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474249434

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 8497

During the two World Wars that marked the 20th century, hundreds of thousands of non-European combatants fought in the ranks of various European armies. The majority of these soldiers were Muslims from North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia, or the Indian Subcontinent. How are these combatants considered in existing historiography? Over the past few decades, research on war has experienced a wide-reaching renewal, with increased emphasis on the social and cultural dimensions of war, and a desire to reconstruct the experience and viewpoint of the combatants themselves. This volume reintroduces the question of religious belonging and practice into the study of Muslim combatants in European armies in the 20th century, focusing on the combatants' viewpoint alongside that of the administrations and military hierarchy.

The Tentacles of Progress

Technology Transfer in the Age of Imperialism, 1850-1940

Author: Daniel R. Headrick

Publisher: New York : Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 405

View: 4982

In this trenchant examination of a paradox of colonial rule, Daniel Headrick, author of the widely acclaimed Tools of Empire, shows how the massive transfers of technology--including equipment, techniques, and experts--from the European imperial powers to their colonies in Asia and Africa led not to industrialization but to underdevelopment. He argues that colonial rulers dissociated the geographic transfer of technology from its cultural diffusion by allowing only Europeans access to technical educations and discouraging non-European entrepreneurs. Examining the most important technologies--shipping and railways, telegraphs and wireless, urban water supply and sewage disposal, economic botany and plantation agriculture, irrigation, and mining and metallurgy--Headrick provides a new perspective on colonial economic history and reopens the debate on the roots of Asian and African underdevelopment.

Science, Technology and Medicine in Colonial India

Author: David Arnold

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139429213

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 8295

Interest in the science, technology and medicine of India under British rule has grown in recent years and has played an ever-increasing part in the reinterpretation of modern South Asian history. Spanning the period from the establishment of East India Company rule through to Independence, David Arnold's wide-ranging and analytical survey demonstrates the importance of examining the role of science, technology and medicine in conjunction with the development of the British engagement in India and in the formation of Indian responses to western intervention. One of the first works to analyse the colonial era as a whole from the perspective of science, the book investigates the relationship between Indian and western science, the nature of science, technology and medicine under the Company, the creation of state-scientific services, 'imperial science' and the rise of an Indian scientific community, the impact of scientific and medical research and the dilemmas of nationalist science.

Disease and Empire

The Health of European Troops in the Conquest of Africa

Author: Philip D. Curtin,Philip DeArmond Curtin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521598354

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 4136

From 1815 to 1914, death rates of European soldiers, serving both at home and abroad, dropped by nearly ninety percent. But this drop applied mainly to soldiers in barracks. Soldiers on campaign, especially in the tropics, continued to die from disease at rates as high as ever. This book examines the practice of military medicine during the conquest of Africa, especially in the 1880s and 1890s. Curtin examines what was done, what was not done, and the impact of doctors' successes and failures on the willingness of Europeans to embark on imperial adventures.

The Invisible Weapon

Telecommunications and International Politics, 1851-1945

Author: Daniel R. Headrick

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199996326

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 4281

A vital instrument of power, telecommunications is and has always been a political technology. In this book, Headrick examines the political history of telecommunications from the mid-nineteenth century to the end of World War II. He argues that this technology gave society new options. In times of peace, the telegraph and radio were, as many predicted, instruments of peace; in times of tension, they became instruments of politics, tools for rival interests, and weapons of war. Writing in a lively, accessible style, Headrick illuminates the political aspects of information technology, showing how in both World Wars, the use of radio led to a shadowy war of disinformation, cryptography, and communications intelligence, with decisive consequences.

Empires and Colonies

Author: Jonathan Hart

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745655181

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 400

View: 9763

Empires and Colonies provides a thoroughgoing and lively exploration of the expansion of the seaborne empires of western Europe from the fifteenth century and how that process of expansion affected the world, including its successor, the United States. Whilst providing special attention to Europe, the book is careful to highlight the ambivalence and contradiction of that expansion. The book also illuminates connections between empires and colonies as a theme in history, concentrating on culture while also discussing the rich social, economic and political dimensions of the story. Furthermore, Empires and Colonies recognizes that whilst a study of the expansion of Europe is an important part of world history, it is not a history of the world per se. The focus on culture is used to assert that areas and peoples that lack great economic power at any given time also deserve attention. These alternative voices of slaves, indigenous peoples and critics of empire and colonization are an important and compelling element of the book. Empires and Colonies will be essential reading not only for students of imperial history, but also for anyone interested in the makings of our modern world.

Deutsche Medizin im Dritten Reich

Karrieren vor und nach 1945

Author: Ernst Klee

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Antisemitism

Page: 416

View: 6389

In seinem neuen Buch beschreibt Ernst Klee unbekannte Medizin-Verbrechen in der NS-Zeit, wie sie zustande kamen und nach 1945 vertuscht wurden. Im Zentrum stehen Mediziner, die zum größten Teil nach 1945 ihre Karrieren unbehindert hatten fortsetzen können. Es geht um die Geschichte der Rassenhygiene bis hin zu ihren letzten praktischen Konsequenzen in den Mordanstalten Hadamar, Auschwitz, Treblinka etc. In diesem "Lehrbuch" der NS-Vernichtungsmedizin mit Kapiteln über Psychiatrie, Hirnforschung, Röntgenverfolgung, Blutgruppenforschung usw. berichtet Ernst Klee von bisher unbekannten Medizinverbrechen und -verbrechern, einschließlich deren Nachkriegskarrieren. Er dokumentiert den Stand der genetischen Forschung im NS-Staat bis zu Mengeles Experimenten in Auschwitz. Nach 1945 ging die Geschichte weiter.

The Earth and Its Peoples: A Global History

Author: Richard Bulliet,Pamela Crossley,Daniel Headrick,Steven Hirsch,Lyman Johnson

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1439084785

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 1014

THE EARTH AND ITS PEOPLES presents world history in a balanced, global framework, shifting the focus away from political centers of power. This truly global text for the world history survey course employs a fundamental theme--the interaction of human beings and the environment--to compare different times, places, and societies. Special emphasis is given to technology (in its broadest sense) and how technological development underlies all human activity. Highly acclaimed in their fields of study, the authors bring a wide array of expertise to the program. A combination of strong scholarship and detailed pedagogy gives the book its reputation for rigor and student accessibility. The Fifth Edition features new pedagogy and a beautiful new design. Available in the following split options: THE EARTH AND ITS PEOPLES, Fifth Edition (Chapters 1-34), ISBN: 978-0-538-74438-6; Volume I: To 1550, Fifth Edition (Chapters 1-15), ISBN: 978-1-439-08474-8; Volume II: Since 1500, Fifth Edition (Chapters 16-34), ISBN: 978-1-439-08475-5; Volume A: To 1200, Fifth Edition (Chapters 1-12), ISBN: 978-1-439-08476-2; Volume B: From 1200 to 1870, Fifth Edition (Chapters 12-26), ISBN: 978-1-439-08477-9; Volume C: Since 1750, Fifth Edition (Chapters 22-34), ISBN: 978-1-439-08478-6. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Earth and Its Peoples

Author: Richard Bulliet,Pamela Crossley,Daniel Headrick,Steven Hirsch,Lyman Johnson

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0538744383

Category: History

Page: 1008

View: 1383

THE EARTH AND ITS PEOPLES, Fifth Edition, presents world history in a balanced, global framework, shifting the focus away from political centers of power. This truly global text for the world history survey course employs fundamental themes of environment and technology and diversity and dominance to explore patterns of human interaction with their surroundings and with each other. The authors’ approach reveals how humanity continues to shape and be shaped by the environment and how dominant structures and traditions are balanced and challenged by alternate beliefs. Special emphasis is given to technological development and how it underlies all human activity. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Power over Peoples

Technology, Environments, and Western Imperialism, 1400 to the Present

Author: Daniel R. Headrick

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400833590

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 6423

For six hundred years, the nations of Europe and North America have periodically attempted to coerce, invade, or conquer other societies. They have relied on their superior technology to do so, yet these technologies have not always guaranteed success. Power over Peoples examines Western imperialism's complex relationship with technology, from the first Portuguese ships that ventured down the coast of Africa in the 1430s to America's conflicts in the Middle East today. Why did the sailing vessels that gave the Portuguese a century-long advantage in the Indian Ocean fail to overcome Muslim galleys in the Red Sea? Why were the same weapons and methods that the Spanish used to conquer Mexico and Peru ineffective in Chile and Africa? Why didn't America's overwhelming air power assure success in Iraq and Afghanistan? In Power over Peoples, Daniel Headrick traces the evolution of Western technologies--from muskets and galleons to jet planes and smart bombs--and sheds light on the environmental and social factors that have brought victory in some cases and unforeseen defeat in others. He shows how superior technology translates into greater power over nature and sometimes even other peoples, yet how technological superiority is no guarantee of success in imperialist ventures--because the technology only delivers results in a specific environment, or because the society being attacked responds in unexpected ways. Breathtaking in scope, Power over Peoples is a revealing history of technological innovation, its promise and limitations, and its central role in the rise and fall of empire. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

The Earth and Its Peoples: A Global History, Brief Edition, Volume I: To 1550

A Global History

Author: Richard W. Bulliet,Pamela Kyle Crossley,Daniel R. Headrick,Steven Hirsch,Lyman Johnson

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0618992383

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 8380

[This edition] is a compact version of the complete fourth edition ... abbreviated to maintain the essential narrative ... balanced perspective on world history. The authors use their wide array of expertise to compare different times, places, and societies through two distinctive and fundamental global themes in the text: the interaction between human beings and their environment, and diversity and dominance. The text also gives special emphasis to technology and how technological development underlies all human activity--P. [4] of covers.

The Earth and Its Peoples, Brief Edition

Author: Richard Bulliet,Pamela Crossley,Daniel Headrick,Steven Hirsch,Lyman Johnson

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495913138

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 7855

Readable and concise, this Brief Edition of THE EARTH AND ITS PEOPLES: A GLOBAL HISTORY VOLUME II provides the essential narrative of world history in an abbreviated format. This global text employs the fundamental themes of environment and technology and diversity and dominance to explore patterns of human interaction with their surroundings and with each other. The authors approach shifts the focus away from political centers and power, reveals how humanity continues to shape and be shaped by our environments, and how dominant structures and traditions are balanced and challenged by alternate beliefs. Special emphasis is given to technological development and how it underlies all human activity. Available in the following split options: THE EARTH AND ITS PEOPLES, BRIEF Fifth Edition (Chapters 1-30), ISBN: 978-0-495-91310-8; Volume I: To 1550 (Chapters 1-15), ISBN: 978-0-495-91311-5; Volume II: Since 1500 (Chapters 15-30), ISBN: 978-0-495-91313-9. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Cengage Advantage Books: The Earth and Its Peoples

Author: Richard Bulliet,Pamela Crossley,Daniel Headrick,Steven Hirsch,Lyman Johnson

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495902888

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 497

Developed to meet the demand for a low-cost, high-quality history book, CENGAGE ADVANTAGE BOOKS: THE EARTH AND ITS PEOPLES, Fifth Edition, offers readers the complete THE EARTH AND ITS PEOPLES, Fifth Edition, text in an affordable format. This two-color version of the text includes the complete core text, but with fewer maps, photos, and boxed features for a manageable length in a new smaller trim size for easy portability. THE EARTH AND ITS PEOPLES, Fifth Edition, presents world history in a balanced, global framework, shifting the focus away from political centers of power. This truly global text for the world history survey course employs fundamental themes of environment and technology and diversity and dominance to explore patterns of human interaction with their surroundings and with each other. The authors' approach reveals how humanity continues to shape and be shaped by the environment and how dominant structures and traditions are balanced and challenged by alternate beliefs. Special emphasis is given to technological development and how it underlies all human activity. Available in the following split options: CENGAGE ADVANTAGE BOOKS: THE EARTH AND ITS PEOPLES, Fifth Edition (Chapters 1-34), ISBN: 978-0-495-90226-3; Volume I: To 1550, Fifth Edition (Chapters 1-16), ISBN: 978-0-495-90370-3; Volume II: Since 1500, Fifth Edition (Chapters 16-34), ISBN: 978-0-495-90288-1. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Earth and Its Peoples, Brief Edition, Complete

Author: Richard Bulliet,Pamela Crossley,Daniel Headrick,Steven Hirsch,Lyman Johnson

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495913103

Category: History

Page: 864

View: 3953

Readable and concise, this Brief Edition of THE EARTH AND ITS PEOPLES: A GLOBAL HISTORY provides the essential narrative of world history in an abbreviated format. This global text employs the fundamental themes of environment and technology and diversity and dominance to explore patterns of human interaction with their surroundings and with each other. The authors approach shifts the focus away from political centers and power, reveals how humanity continues to shape and be shaped by our environments, and how dominant structures and traditions are balanced and challenged by alternate beliefs. Special emphasis is given to technological development and how it underlies all human activity. Available in the following split options: THE EARTH AND ITS PEOPLES, BRIEF Fifth Edition (Chapters 1-30), ISBN: 978-0-495-91310-8; Volume I: To 1550 (Chapters 1-15), ISBN: 978-0-495-91311-5; Volume II: Since 1500 (Chapters 15-30), ISBN: 978-0-495-91313-9. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.