The Social Construction of Reality

A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge

Author: Peter L. Berger,Thomas Luckmann

Publisher: Open Road Media

ISBN: 1453215468

Category: Social Science

Page: 219

View: 5157

The classic work that redefined the sociology of knowledge and has inspired a generation of philosophers and thinkers In this seminal book, Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann examine how knowledge forms and how it is preserved and altered within a society. Unlike earlier theorists and philosophers, Berger and Luckmann go beyond intellectual history and focus on commonsense, everyday knowledge—the proverbs, morals, values, and beliefs shared among ordinary people. When first published in 1966, this systematic, theoretical treatise introduced the term social construction,effectively creating a new thought and transforming Western philosophy.

The Social Construction of Reality

A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge

Author: Peter L. Berger,Thomas Luckmann

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141931639

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 5858

A general and systematic account of the role of knowledge in society aimed to stimulate both critical discussion and empirical investigations. This book is concerned with the sociology of ‘everything that passes for knowledge in society’. It focuses particularly on that ‘common-sense knowledge’ which constitutes the reality of everyday life for the ordinary member of society. The authors are concerned to present an analysis of knowledge in everyday life in the context of a theory of society as a dialectical process between objective and subjective reality. Their development of a theory of institutions, legitimations and socializations has implications beyond the discipline of sociology, and their ‘humanistic’ approach has considerable relevance for other social scientists, historians, philosophers and anthropologists.

The Social Construction of Reality

A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge

Author: Peter L. Berger,Thomas Luckmann

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0140135480

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 5724

A general and systematic account of the role of knowledge in society aimed to stimulate both critical discussion and empirical investigations. This book is concerned with the sociology of �everything that passes for knowledge in society�. It focuses particularly on that �common-sense knowledge� which constitutes the reality of everyday life for the ordinary member of society. The authors are concerned to present an analysis of knowledge in everyday life in the context of a theory of society as a dialectical process between objective and subjective reality. Their development of a theory of institutions, legitimations and socializations has implications beyond the discipline of sociology, and their �humanistic� approach has considerable relevance for other social scientists, historians, philosophers and anthropologists.

The Construction of Social Reality

Author: John R. Searle

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781439108369

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 2609

This short treatise looks at how we construct a social reality from our sense impressions; at how, for example, we construct a ‘five-pound note’ with all that implies in terms of value and social meaning, from the printed piece of paper we see and touch. In The Construction of Social Reality, eminent philosopher John Searle examines the structure of social reality (or those portions of the world that are facts only by human agreement, such as money, marriage, property, and government), and contrasts it to a brute reality that is independent of human agreement. Searle shows that brute reality provides the indisputable foundation for all social reality, and that social reality, while very real, is maintained by nothing more than custom and habit.

Culture and Cognition

Patterns in the Social Construction of Reality

Author: Wayne H. Brekhus

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745698220

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 8237

How does culture shape our thinking? In what ways do our social and cultural worlds enter into our mental worlds? How do the communities we belong to influence what we notice and what we ignore? What cultural variation do we see in cognition? What general patterns do we see across this diversity and variation? In this lively and engaging book, Wayne H. Brekhus shows us the many ways that culture influences our cognitive thought processes. Drawing on a wide range of fascinating examples, such as how members of different subcultures perceive danger and safety, how cultures variably classify and perceptually weight race, how social actors use and present identity as a strategic resource, and how people across different organizational settings experience time, Brekhus takes us on a creative, diverse, and insightful tour of the sociocultural character of cognition. Culture and Cognition: Patterns in the Social Construction of Reality offers an invaluable survey of a wide-ranging body of research in the sociology of culture and cognition that will be an inviting resource for upper-level undergraduates, graduate students, and established research scholars alike.

The Social Construction of What?

Author: Ian Hacking

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674812000

Category: Philosophy

Page: 261

View: 6490

Often lost in the debate over the validity of social construction is the question of what is being constructed. Particularly troublesome in this area is the status of the natural sciences, where there is conflict between biological and social approaches to mental illness, and in other areas. Ian Hacking looks at the issue of child abuse, and examines the ways in which advanced research on new weapons influences not the content but the form of science. In conclusion, Hacking comments on the "culture wars" in anthropology, in particular the spat between leading enthnographers over Hawaii and Captain Cook.

The Mediated Construction of Reality

Author: Nick Couldry,Andreas Hepp

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745686516

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 6294

Social theory needs to be completely rethought in a world of digital media and social media platforms driven by data processes. Fifty years after Berger and Luckmann published their classic text The Social Construction of Reality, two leading sociologists of media, Nick Couldry and Andreas Hepp, revisit the question of how social theory can understand the processes through which an everyday world is constructed in and through media. Drawing on Schï¿1⁄2tz, Elias and many other social and media theorists, they ask: what are the implications of digital mediaï¿1⁄2s profound involvement in those processes? Is the result a social world that is stable and liveable, or one that is increasingly unstable and unliveable?

The Social Construction of Diversity

Recasting the Master Narrative of Industrial Nations

Author: Christiane Harzig,Danielle Juteau,Irina Schmitt

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571813763

Category: Political Science

Page: 324

View: 4210

Though the composition of the populace of industrial nations has changed dramatically since the 1950s, public discourse and scholarship, however, often remain welded to traditional concepts of national cultures, ignoring the multicultural realities of most of today's western societies. Through detailed studies, this volume shows how the diversity affects the personal lives of individuals, how it shapes and changes private, national and international relations and to what extent institutions and legal systems are confronted with changing demands from a more culturally diverse clientele. Far from being an external factor of society, this volume shows, diversity has become an integral part of people's lives, affecting their personal, institutional, and economic interaction.

The Reality of Social Construction

Author: Dave Elder-Vass

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107024374

Category: Philosophy

Page: 283

View: 1305

Argues that versions of realist and social constructionist ways of thinking about the social world are compatible with each other.

Social Referencing and the Social Construction of Reality in Infancy

Author: S. Feinman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489924620

Category: Psychology

Page: 424

View: 8601

Integrating the perspectives of a number of disciplines, this work examines social referencing in infants within the broader contexts of cognition, social relations, and human society as a whole.

Representing Reality

Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction

Author: Jonathan Potter

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803984110

Category: Psychology

Page: 253

View: 9929

`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions. Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with

The Construction of Reality

Author: Michael A. Arbib,Mary B. Hesse

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521326896

Category: Philosophy

Page: 286

View: 2586

This book presents an integrated account of how humans 'construct' reality through interaction with the social and physical world around them.

Images of Japanese Society

A Study in the Social Construction of Reality

Author: Ross E. Mouer,Yoshio Sugimoto

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780710308092

Category: Social Science

Page: 552

View: 4527

First published in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Territorial Development and Action Research

Innovation Through Dialogue

Author: Dr Miren Larrea,Mr James Karlsen

Publisher: Gower Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472409256

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 218

View: 4731

Territorial Development and Action Research examines the role of action research within fields such as territorial development and innovation. Most researchers analyse these fields from the outside, developing a theoretical understanding of what should be done, but not of how to do it. Based on their own experience of territorial development processes from the inside out, James Karlsen and Miren Larrea argue that filling the gap regarding social relations in the innovation process makes it possible for researchers to engage in the processes taking place in the territory, thereby revealing how to make things work. This book will help researchers face the pressure to engage and play a useful role in the development of their host regions. It will help policy makers to continuously learn and redefine policy approaches and bring about collaboration through networks, programs and projects where researchers and practitioners in regional, local and urban development work together to construct territorial development. Readers will acquire a better understanding of micro-territorial development processes and the roles played by individuals and coalitions in endogenous development processes.

Blind to Sameness

Sexpectations and the Social Construction of Male and Female Bodies

Author: Asia Friedman

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022602377X

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 728

What is the role of the senses in how we understand the world? Cognitive sociology has long addressed the way we perceive or imagine boundaries in our ordinary lives, but Asia Friedman pushes this question further still. How, she asks, did we come to blind ourselves to sex sameness? Drawing on more than sixty interviews with two decidedly different populations—the blind and the transgendered—Blind to Sameness answers provocative questions about the relationships between sex differences, biology, and visual perception. Both groups speak from unique perspectives that magnify the social construction of dominant visual conceptions of sex, allowing Friedman to examine the visual construction of the sexed body and highlighting the processes of social perception underlying our everyday experience of male and female bodies. The result is a notable contribution to the sociologies of gender, culture, and cognition that will revolutionize the way we think about sex.

A Rumor of Angels

Modern Society and the Rediscovery of the Supernatural

Author: Peter L. Berger

Publisher: Open Road Media

ISBN: 1453215433

Category: Social Science

Page: 129

View: 5418

Influential scholar Peter L. Berger reveals five signs that point to the supernatural and its place in a modern secular society Acclaimed scholar and sociologist Peter L. Berger examines religion in twentieth-century Western society, exploring the social nature of knowledge and its effect on religious belief. Using five signs evident in ordinary life—order, play, hope, damnation, and humor—Berger calls for a rediscovery of the supernatural as a crucial, rich dimension of humanity. Conceived as a response to his influential book The Sacred Canopy, Berger eschews technical jargon and speaks directly and systematically to those, like himself, who wish to explore religious questions.

The Social Construction of Corruption in Europe

Author: Dirk Tänzler,Konstadinos Maras

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317015819

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 8033

The volume demonstrates the suitability of the theory of social constructivism in portraying and analyzing the diversity of the phenomenon of corruption. The approach of social constructivism taken in this volume is able to reconstruct the 'construction of corruption' both from a societal perspective, by assessing it as generally accepted or tolerated behaviour in more or less standardized rule-governed social situations, and from the perspective of actors who perceive corrupt behaviour as problem solving in everyday life. The volume proves the usefulness of a social construction perspective for empirical research. It contains case studies of social definitions of corruption in eleven European countries that contribute in different ways to establishing a grounded theory of the phenomenon of corruption.

Making Societies

The Historical Construction of Our World

Author: William G. Roy

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 9780761986621

Category: Social Science

Page: 219

View: 8208

This book shows how the social constructions of time, space, race, gender and class intersect with each other to produce particular social phenomena that are enduring and significant for our society. Leading the reader through examples drawn from around the world, the author shows how these categories are social constructions; historically formed, ideologically loaded, and subject to change.

The Social Construction of Sexuality and Perversion

Deconstructing Sadomasochism

Author: A. Beckmann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230244920

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 5293

This book deconstructs the pathologizing category of 'sadomasochism' in order to account for the 'lived realities' of consensual 'SM' play, emphasizing the connection between the corporeal and the political in contemporary consumer cultures. It discusses the homogenization of desire and ownership and use of 'body' and 'sexual ethics'.