The Search for Takrur

Archaeological Excavations and Reconnaissance Along the Middle Senegal Valley

Author: Roderick McIntosh,Susan Keech McIntosh,Hamady Bocoum

Publisher: Yale Peabody Museum

ISBN: 9780913516294

Category:

Page: 584

View: 2535

A summary of archaeological discoveries in the middle Senegal River valley, this authoritative volume presents new data on iron production, population settlement, and environmental change on the site of the ancient West African empire of Takrur, the first kingdom south of the Sahara mentioned by medieval Arab chroniclers. This authoritative volume should prove of great value to students of archaeology, anthropology, and African history, as well as to climatologists, geomorphologists, and ecologists.

Plants and People in the African Past

Progress in African Archaeobotany

Author: Anna Maria Mercuri,A. Catherine D'Andrea,Rita Fornaciari,Alexa Höhn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319898396

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 7408

There is an essential connection between humans and plants, cultures and environments, and this is especially evident looking at the long history of the African continent. This book, comprising current research in archaeobotany on Africa, elucidates human adaptation and innovation with respect to the exploitation of plant resources. In the long-term perspective climatic changes of the environment as well as human impact have posed constant challenges to the interaction between peoples and the plants growing in different countries and latitudes. This book provides an insight into/overview of the manifold routes people have taken in various parts Africa in order to make a decent living from the provisions of their environment by bringing together the analyses of macroscopic and microscopic plant remains with ethnographic, botanical, geographical and linguistic research. The numerous chapters cover almost all the continent countries, and were prepared by most of the scholars who study African archaeobotany, i.e. the complex and composite history of plant uses and environmental transformations during the Holocene.

Africa from the Seventh to the Eleventh Century

Author: M. Elfasi,Ivan Hrbek,Unesco. International Scientific Committee for the Drafting of a General History of Africa

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9231017098

Category: Africa

Page: 869

View: 8063

One of UNESCO's most important publishing projects in the last thirty years, the General History of Africa marks a major breakthrough in the recognition of Africa's cultural heritage. Offering an internal perspective of Africa, the eight-volume work provides a comprehensive approach to the history of ideas, civilizations, societies and institutions of African history. The volumes also discuss historical relationships among Africans as well as multilateral interactions with other cultures and continents.

The Archaeology of Jerusalem

From the Origins to the Ottomans

Author: Katharina Galor,Hanswulf Bloedhorn

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030019899X

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 5921

In this sweeping and lavishly illustrated history, Katharina Galor and Hanswulf Bloedhorn survey nearly four thousand years of human settlement and building activity in Jerusalem, from prehistoric times through the Ottoman period. The study is structured chronologically, exploring the city’s material culture, including fortifications and water systems as well as key sacred, civic, and domestic architecture. Distinctive finds such as paintings, mosaics, pottery, and coins highlight each period. Their book provides a unique perspective on the emergence and development of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and the relationship among the three religions and their cultures into the modern period.

West African Slavery and Atlantic Commerce

The Senegal River Valley, 1700-1860

Author: James F. Searing

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521534529

Category: History

Page: 268

View: 984

West African societies were transformed by the slave trade, even in regions where few slaves were exported. While many books have been written on the import and export trade and on warrior predation, Dr Searing's concern is with the effects of the Atlantic slave trade on the societies of the Senegal river valley in the eighteenth century. He shows that the growth of the Atlantic trade stimulated the development of slavery within West Africa. Slaves worked as seamen in the river and coasting trades, produced surplus grain to feed slaves in transit, and sometimes came to hold pivotal positions in the political structure of the coastal kingdoms of Senegambia. This local slave system had far-reaching consequences, leading to religious protest and slave rebellions. The changes in agricultural production fostered an ecological crisis.

Empires of Medieval West Africa

Ghana, Mali, and Songhay

Author: David C. Conrad

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1604131640

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 152

View: 6854

Explores empires of medieval west Africa.

African Kingdoms: An Encyclopedia of Empires and Civilizations

Author: Saheed Aderinto

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610695801

Category: History

Page: 363

View: 2411

This history-rich volume details the sociopolitical, economic, and artistic aspects of African kingdoms from the earliest times to the second half of the 19th century. • Provides relevant perspective on globalization in the pre-modern era, documenting how humans across time and places have shared various components of custom ranging from food, language, and music to religion and spirituality • Supports Common Core standards • Includes primary documents for enhancing critical thinking and research skills • Features cross references and suggestions for further reading • Highlights key facts and interesting trivia through illuminating sidebars

African Pottery Roulettes Past and Present

Techniques, Identification and Distribution

Author: Anne Haour,K. Manning,N. Arazi,O. Gosselain

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1842178733

Category: Social Science

Page: 180

View: 4583

African Pottery Roulettes Past and Present considers ethnographic, museological and archaeological approaches to pottery-decorating tools called roulettes, that is to say, short lengths of fibre or wood that are rolled over the surface of a vessel for decoration. This book sets out, for the first time, a solid typology for the classification of African pottery decorated with such tools, and forges a consensus on common methodology and standards. It gives an overview of history of research into roulette decoration in Africa and elsewhere Jomon Japan, Neolithic Europe, Siberia, and New York among others; outlines the contemporary distribution of roulette usage in sub-Saharan African today, a 'success story' from Senegal to Tanzania; and proposes methodologies for the identification of selected roulette decoration types in the archaeological record. By achieving standardisation in pottery analysis, this book will help researchers make meaningful comparisons between different sites of West Africa, and thus guide further research on the West African past. As roulette decoration has been such a global phenomenon in the past, the book will also be of interest to all researchers with an interest in ceramics from different parts of the world.

Social History of Timbuktu

The Role of Muslim Scholars and Notables 1400-1900

Author: Elias N. Saad

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521246032

Category: History

Page: 324

View: 9930

Originally published in 1983, this book deals with the precolonial history of the Islamic West African city of Timbuktu. The book traces the fortunes of this fabled city from its origins in the twelfth century, and more especially from around 1400 onwards, to the French conquest in the late nineteenth century. The study rests upon a comprehensive utilisation of the Timbuktu sources, including the well-known chronicles or tarikhs of Timbuktu. The author focuses on the role of scholars and, in so doing, he provides a fresh study of a learned community in sub-Saharan Africa. Additionally, the study shows that the scholars occupied a position of leadership and authority in the social structure of the city. Hence, in providing fuller understanding of the role of scholars and their status as 'notables', the work makes it possible to understand the enigma which has surrounded this extraordinary city throughout its history. It contributes an important perspective for historians of Africa, the Middle East and Islam.

Little History of Archaeology

Author: Brian Fagan

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300235283

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 7042

The thrilling history of archaeological adventure, with tales of danger, debate, audacious explorers, and astonishing discoveries around the globe What is archaeology? The word may bring to mind images of golden pharaohs and lost civilizations, or Neanderthal skulls and Ice Age cave art. Archaeology is all of these, but also far more: the only science to encompass the entire span of human history—more than three million years! This Little History tells the riveting stories of some of the great archaeologists and their amazing discoveries around the globe: ancient Egyptian tombs, Mayan ruins, the first colonial settlements at Jamestown, mysterious Stonehenge, the incredibly preserved Pompeii, and many, many more. In forty brief, exciting chapters, the book recounts archaeology’s development from its eighteenth-century origins to its twenty-first-century technological advances, including remote sensing capabilities and satellite imagery techniques that have revolutionized the field. Shining light on the most intriguing events in the history of the field, this absolutely up-to-date book illuminates archaeology’s controversies, discoveries, heroes and scoundrels, global sites, and newest methods for curious readers of every age.

Africa from the Twelfth to the Sixteenth Century

Author: Djibril Tamsir Niane,Unesco. International Scientific Committee for the Drafting of a General History of Africa

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9231017101

Category: Africa

Page: 751

View: 6949

One of UNESCO's most important publishing projects in the last thirty years, the General History of Africa marks a major breakthrough in the recognition of Africa's cultural heritage. Offering an internal perspective of Africa, the eight-volume work provides a comprehensive approach to the history of ideas, civilizations, societies and institutions of African history. The volumes also discuss historical relationships among Africans as well as multilateral interactions with other cultures and continents.

Artistic Relations

Literature and the Visual Arts in Nineteenth-century France

Author: Peter Collier

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300060096

Category: Art

Page: 352

View: 5025

In this innovative volume, literary critics and art historians explore the relationship between literature and the visual arts in 19th-century France. Eighteen leading scholars, including Pierre Bourdieu, Germaine Greer, Segolene Le Men, Roger Cardinal and Mary Ann Caws analyse contemporary forms of representation to reveal the rich variety of factors that link image and text.

Southern Africa

Old Treacheries and New Deceits

Author: Stephen Chan

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300172214

Category: Political Science

Page: 319

View: 3342

In this timely and essential book, Stephen Chan explores the political landscape of southern Africa, examining how it's poised to change over the next years and what the repercussions are likely to be across the continent. He focuses on three countries in particular: South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Zambia, all of which have remained interconnected since the end of colonial rule and the overthrow of apartheid. One of the key themes in the book is the relationship between South Africa and Zimbabwe, and Chan sheds new light on the shared intellectual capacities and interests of the two countries' respective presidents, Jacob Zuma and Robert Mugabe. Along the way, the personalities and abilities of key players, such as Morgan Tsvangirai, the prime minister of Zimbabwe, and former South African president Thabo Mbeki, emerge in honest and sometimes surprising detail. In "Southern Africa," Chan draws on three decades of experience to provide the definitive inside guide to this complex region and offer insight on how the near future is likely to be a litmus test not just for this trio of countries but for all of Africa.

Black Crescent

The Experience and Legacy of African Muslims in the Americas

Author: Michael A. Gomez

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521840958

Category: History

Page: 385

View: 8391

Beginning with Latin America in the fifteenth century, this book, first published in 2005, is a social history of the experiences of African Muslims and their descendants throughout the Americas, including the Caribbean. The record under slavery is examined, as is the post-slavery period into the twentieth century. The experiences vary, arguably due to some extent to the Old World context. Muslim revolts in Brazil are also discussed, especially in 1835, by way of a nuanced analysis. The second part of the book looks at the emergence of Islam among the African-descended in the United States in the twentieth century, with successive chapters on Noble Drew Ali, Elijah Muhammad, and Malcolm X, with a view to explaining how orthodoxy arose from varied unorthodox roots.

Recarving China's Past

Art, Archaeology, and Architecture of the "Wu Family Shrines"

Author: Cary Yee-Wei Liu,Michael Nylan,Anthony Jerome Barbieri-Low,Naomi Noble Richard,Michael Loewe,Susan L. Beningson

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300107975

Category: Architecture

Page: 617

View: 2649

The Wu Family shrines, one of the most important cultural monuments of early China, comprise approximately 50 stone slabs from the so-called Wu cemetery in Shandong province. This illustrated book examines the stone slabs and their rubbings, as artifactswith a complex cultural history from the second century to the present.

A History of South Africa

Author: Leonard Monteath Thompson

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300087765

Category: History

Page: 358

View: 8313

Presents a comprehensive history of the country, from its earliest human settlements, to events prior to European colonisation, to the Dutch occupation and the years of apartheid, to its success in becoming an independent nation.

The Treasures of Darkness

A History of Mesopotamian Religion

Author: Thorkild Jacobsen

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300022919

Category: Social Science

Page: 273

View: 3114

" ... No one can plausibly deny that the religious development of the peoples of Canaan (and indeed of all the ancient world around the eastern Mediterranean to the Indus river) were affected by the cultural and religious developments in Mesopotamia, the centre of the region, and a fertile region second to none known in the world, on a par with the Nile, around which another major civilization arose. This is a text of history of Mesopotamia in its own right. By the time history gets back this far, the lines become very blurred, rather like parallel lines intersecting on the horizon. Literature, religion, archaeology, sociology, psychology -- all of these disciplines become intertwined in Jacobsen's text as he looks at Sumerian society. The book is organized with an introduction, then according to time divisions of fourth, third, and second millennia, then concludes with an epilogue into the first millennium, during which the Bible as we know it (and most ancient history such as is commonly known occurred) came to be"--Amazon.com.

Kenya

Between Hope and Despair, 1963-2011

Author: Daniel Branch

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300148763

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 8043

On December 12, 1963, people across Kenya joyfully celebrated independence from British colonial rule, anticipating a bright future of prosperity and social justice. As the nation approaches the fiftieth anniversary of its independence, however, the people's dream remains elusive. During its first five decades Kenya has experienced assassinations, riots, coup attempts, ethnic violence, and political corruption. The ranks of the disaffected, the unemployed, and the poor have multiplied. In this authoritative and insightful account of Kenya's history from 1963 to the present day, Daniel Branch sheds new light on the nation's struggles and the complicated causes behind them. Branch describes how Kenya constructed itself as a state and how ethnicity has proved a powerful force in national politics from the start, as have disorder and violence. He explores such divisive political issues as the needs of the landless poor, international relations with Britain and with the Cold War superpowers, and the direction of economic development. Tracing an escalation of government corruption over time, the author brings his discussion to the present, paying particular attention to the rigged election of 2007, the subsequent compromise government, and Kenya's prospects as a still-evolving independent state.