The Search for Takrur

Archaeological Excavations and Reconnaissance Along the Middle Senegal Valley

Author: Roderick McIntosh,Susan Keech McIntosh,Hamady Bocoum

Publisher: Yale Peabody Museum

ISBN: 9780913516294


Page: 584

View: 8549

A summary of archaeological discoveries in the middle Senegal River valley, this authoritative volume presents new data on iron production, population settlement, and environmental change on the site of the ancient West African empire of Takrur, the first kingdom south of the Sahara mentioned by medieval Arab chroniclers. This authoritative volume should prove of great value to students of archaeology, anthropology, and African history, as well as to climatologists, geomorphologists, and ecologists.

Plants and People in the African Past

Progress in African Archaeobotany

Author: Anna Maria Mercuri,A. Catherine D'Andrea,Rita Fornaciari,Alexa Höhn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319898396

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 5656

There is an essential connection between humans and plants, cultures and environments, and this is especially evident looking at the long history of the African continent. This book, comprising current research in archaeobotany on Africa, elucidates human adaptation and innovation with respect to the exploitation of plant resources. In the long-term perspective climatic changes of the environment as well as human impact have posed constant challenges to the interaction between peoples and the plants growing in different countries and latitudes. This book provides an insight into/overview of the manifold routes people have taken in various parts Africa in order to make a decent living from the provisions of their environment by bringing together the analyses of macroscopic and microscopic plant remains with ethnographic, botanical, geographical and linguistic research. The numerous chapters cover almost all the continent countries, and were prepared by most of the scholars who study African archaeobotany, i.e. the complex and composite history of plant uses and environmental transformations during the Holocene.

Water and Society from Ancient Times to the Present

Resilience, Decline, and Revival

Author: Federica Sulas,Innocent Pikirayi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317197372

Category: Social Science

Page: 402

View: 7910

As water availability, management and conservation become global challenges, there is now wide consensus that historical knowledge can provide crucial information to address present crises, offering unique opportunities to appreciate the solutions and mechanisms societies have developed over time to deal with water in all its forms, from rainfall to groundwater. This unique collection explores how ancient water systems relate to present ideas of resilience and sustainability and can inform future strategy. Through an investigation of historic water management systems, along with the responses to, and impact of, various water-driven catastrophes, contributors to this volume present tenable solutions for the long-term use of water resources in different parts of the world. The discussion is not limited to issues of the past, seeking instead to address the resonance and legacy of water histories in the present and future. Water and Society from Ancient Times to the Present speaks to an archaeological and non-archaeological scholarly audience and will be a useful primary reference text for researchers and graduate students from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds including archaeology, anthropology, history, ecology, geography, geology, architecture and development studies.

Climate Cultures

Anthropological Perspectives on Climate Change

Author: Jessica Barnes,Michael R. Dove

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300198817

Category: Nature

Page: 328

View: 9027

Climate change is one of the most pressing issues of our times, yet global solutions have proved elusive. This book draws together cutting-edge anthropological research to uncover new ways of approaching the critical questions that surround climate change. Leading anthropologists engage in three major areas of inquiry: how climate change issues have been framed in previous times compared to present-day discourse, how knowledge about climate change and its impacts is produced and interpreted by different groups, and how imagination plays a role in shaping conceptions of climate change.

Archaeological Human Remains

Legacies of Imperialism, Communism and Colonialism

Author: Barra O'Donnabhain,Maria Cecilia Lozada

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319899848

Category: Social Science

Page: 163

View: 3159

This book expands on Archaeological Human Remains: Global Perspectives that was published in the Springer Briefs series in 2014 and which had a strong focus on post-colonial countries. In the current volume, the editors include papers that deal with non-Anglophone European traditions such as Portugal, Germany and France. In addition, authors continue the exploration of osteological trajectories that are not well-documented in the West, such as Senegal, China and Russia. The lasting legacies of imperialism, communism and colonialism are apparent as the authors of the individual country profiles examine the historical roots of the study of archaeological human remains and the challenges encountered while also considering the likely future directions likely of this multi-faceted discipline in different world areas.

The Archaeology of Ancient Israel

Author: Amnon Ben-Tor

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300059199

Category: Art

Page: 398

View: 5299

In this illustrated book, some of Israel's foremost archaeologists present a survey of early life in the land of the Bible, from the Neolithic era (eighth millenium BC) to the fall of Jerusalem and the destruction of the First Temple in 586 BC. Each chapter covers a particular era and includes a bibliography.

African Pottery Roulettes Past and Present

Techniques, Identification and Distribution

Author: Anne Haour,K. Manning,N. Arazi,O. Gosselain

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1842178733

Category: Social Science

Page: 180

View: 3478

African Pottery Roulettes Past and Present considers ethnographic, museological and archaeological approaches to pottery-decorating tools called roulettes, that is to say, short lengths of fibre or wood that are rolled over the surface of a vessel for decoration. This book sets out, for the first time, a solid typology for the classification of African pottery decorated with such tools, and forges a consensus on common methodology and standards. It gives an overview of history of research into roulette decoration in Africa and elsewhere Jomon Japan, Neolithic Europe, Siberia, and New York among others; outlines the contemporary distribution of roulette usage in sub-Saharan African today, a 'success story' from Senegal to Tanzania; and proposes methodologies for the identification of selected roulette decoration types in the archaeological record. By achieving standardisation in pottery analysis, this book will help researchers make meaningful comparisons between different sites of West Africa, and thus guide further research on the West African past. As roulette decoration has been such a global phenomenon in the past, the book will also be of interest to all researchers with an interest in ceramics from different parts of the world.

Archaeology of African Plant Use

Author: Chris J Stevens,Sam Nixon,Mary Anne Murray,Dorian Q Fuller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315433990

Category: Social Science

Page: 293

View: 6763

The first major synthesis of African archaeobotany in decades, this book focuses on Paleolithic archaeobotany and the relationship between agriculture and social complexity. It explores the effects that plant life has had on humans as they evolved from primates through the complex societies of Africa, including Egypt, the Buganda Kingdom, southern African polities, and other regions. With over 30 contributing scholars from 12 countries and extensive illustrations, this volume is an essential addition to our knowledge of humanity’s relationship with plants.

Islamic Nationhood and Colonial Indonesia

The Umma Below the Winds

Author: Michael Francis Laffan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134430817

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 9722

Drawing on previously unavailable archival material, this book argues that Indonesian nationalism rested on Islamic ecumenism heightened by colonial rule and the pilgrimage. The award winning author Laffan contrasts the latter experience with life in Cairo, where some Southeast Asians were drawn to both reformism and nationalism. After demonstrating the close linkage between Cairene ideology and Indonesian nationalism, Laffan shows how developments in the Middle East continued to play a role in shaping Islamic politics in colonial Indonesia.

Asian Art at the Norton Simon Museum: Art from Sri Lanka & Southeast Asia

Author: Pratapaditya Pal

Publisher: Asian Art at the Norton Simon Museum

ISBN: 9780300101485

Category: Art

Page: 255

View: 804

Drawn from the Asian art collection at the Norton Simon Museum, an art volume includes approximately 180 religious artworks from Sri Lanka, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Burma and Laos, as well as Ban Chiang pottery and rain drums, with stone and metal sculptures from Cambodia and Thailand prominently featured. An introduction provides information about the cultural milieu that inspired the creation of these artworks.

Ancient Churches of Ethiopia

Fourth-fourteenth Centuries

Author: D. W. Phillipson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780300141566

Category: History

Page: 230

View: 8464

The kings of Aksum formally became Christian during the second quarter of the 4th century, making Ethiopia the second country in the world (after Armenia) officially to adopt the new faith. This landmark book is the first to integrate historical, archaeological, and art-historical evidence to provide a comprehensive account of Ethiopian Christian civilization and its churches—both built and rock-hewn—from the Aksumite period to the 13th century. David W. Phillipson, a foremost authority on Ethiopia’s archaeology, situates these churches within the development of Ethiopian society, illuminating the exceptional continuity of the country’s Christian civilization. He offers a fresh view of the processes which gave rise to this unique African culture as well as the most detailed treatment of the rock-hewn churches at Lalibela World Heritage Site ever published. Abundantly illustrated, filled with original insights, and incorporating new chronological findings, this book will be of enormous interest to a wide international circle of students, scholars, and travelers.

The Quito Manuscript

An Inca History Preserved by Fernando de Montesinos

Author: Sabine Hyland

Publisher: Yale Univ Peabody Museum

ISBN: 9780913516249

Category: History

Page: 171

View: 1379

Inner Asia and the Spatial Politics of Empire

Archaeology, Mobility, and Culture Contact

Author: William Honeychurch

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 149391815X

Category: Social Science

Page: 321

View: 4302

This monograph uses the latest archaeological results from Mongolia and the surrounding areas of Inner Asia to propose a novel understanding of nomadic statehood, political economy, and the nature of interaction with ancient China. In contrast to the common view of the Eurasian steppe as a dependent periphery of Old World centers, this work views Inner Asia as a locus of enormous influence on neighboring civilizations, primarily through the development and transmission of diverse organizational models, technologies, and socio-political traditions. This work explores the spatial management of political relationships within the pastoral nomadic setting during the first millennium BCE and argues that a culture of mobility, horse-based transport, and long-distance networking promoted a unique variant of statehood. Although states of the eastern steppe were geographically large and hierarchical, these polities also relied on techniques of distributed authority, multiple centers, flexible structures, and ceremonialism to accommodate a largely mobile and dispersed populace. This expertise in “spatial politics” set the stage early on for the expansionistic success of later Asian empires under the Mongols and Manchus. Inner Asia and the Spatial Politics of Empire brings a distinctly anthropological treatment to the prehistory of Mongolia and is the first major work to explore key issues in the archaeology of eastern Eurasia using a comparative framework. The monograph adds significantly to anthropological theory on interaction between states and outlying regions, the emergence of secondary complexity, and the growth of imperial traditions. Based on this approach, the window of Inner Asian prehistory offers a novel opportunity to investigate the varied ways that complex societies grow and the processes articulating adjacent societies in networks of mutual transformation.

The Meanings of Timbuktu

Author: Shamil Jeppie,Souleymane Bachir Diagne

Publisher: Human Sciences Research Council

ISBN: 9780796922045

Category: History

Page: 376

View: 5138

"Salt comes from the north, gold from the south, but the word of God and the treasures of wisdom are only to be found in Timbuktu." 15th-century Malian proverb. In a joint project between South Africa and Mali, a library to preserve more than 200 000 Arabic and West African manuscripts dating from the 13th to the 19th centuries is currently under construction. It is the first official cultural project of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (Nepad), the socio-economic development plan of the African Union, and when the library is built, the cultural role of Timbuktu will be revived, as it becomes the safehaven for the treasured manuscripts. The manuscripts prove that Africa had a rich legacy of written history, long before western colonisers set foot on the continent. This volume, authored by leading international scholars, begins to sketch the 'meaning' of Timbuktu within the context of the intellectual history of West Africa, in particular, and of the African continent, in general. The book covers four broad areas: Part I provides an introduction to the region; outlines what archaeology can tell us of its history, examines the paper and various calligraphic styles used in the manuscripts; and explains how ancient institutions of scholarship functioned. Part II begins to analyse what the manuscripts can tell us of African history. Part III offers insight into the lives and works of just a few of the many scholars who achieved renown in the region and beyond. Part IV provides a glimpse into Timbuktu's libraries and private collections. Part V looks at the written legacy of the eastern half of Africa, which like that of the western region, is often ignored. A fascinating read for anyone who wishes to gain an understanding of the aura of mystique and legend that surrounds Timbuktu. The Meanings of Timbuktu strives to contextualise and clarify the importance of efforts to preserve Timbuktu's manuscripts for Mali, for Africa and for the intellectual world."--Abstract.

The Archaeology of Jerusalem

From the Origins to the Ottomans

Author: Katharina Galor,Hanswulf Bloedhorn

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030019899X

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 3610

In this sweeping and lavishly illustrated history, Katharina Galor and Hanswulf Bloedhorn survey nearly four thousand years of human settlement and building activity in Jerusalem, from prehistoric times through the Ottoman period. The study is structured chronologically, exploring the city’s material culture, including fortifications and water systems as well as key sacred, civic, and domestic architecture. Distinctive finds such as paintings, mosaics, pottery, and coins highlight each period. Their book provides a unique perspective on the emergence and development of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and the relationship among the three religions and their cultures into the modern period.

Trade in the Ancient Sahara and Beyond

Author: D. J. Mattingly,V. Leitch,C. N. Duckworth,A. Cuénod,F. Cole,M. Sterry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110719699X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 420

View: 3220

Demonstrates that the pre-Islamic Sahara was a more connected region than previously thought, with trade an essential linking element.

Golden Age of the Moor

Author: Ivan Van Sertima

Publisher: Transaction Pub

ISBN: 9781560005810

Category: Social Science

Page: 462

View: 1490

This work examines the debt owed by Europe to the Moors for the Renaissance and the significant role played by the African in the Muslim invasions of the Iberian peninsula. While it focuses mainly on Spain and Portugal, it also examines the races and roots of the original North African before the later ethnic mix of the blackamoors and tawny Moors in the medieval period. The study ranges from the Moor in the literature of Cervantes and Shakespeare to his profound influence upon Europe's university system and the diffusion via this system of the ancient and medieval sciences. The Moors are shown to affect not only European mathematics and map-making, agriculture and architecture, but their markets, their music and their machines. The ethnicity of the Moor is re-examined, as is his unique contribution, both as creator and conduit, to the first seminal phase of the industrial revolution.

Being and Becoming Hausa

Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Author: Anne Haour,Benedetta Rossi

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004185429

Category: History

Page: 307

View: 7925

Drawing on anthropology, linguistics, economic history, and archaeology, this book offers a compelling portrait of the emergence and evolution of Hausa identity in West Africa.

The Treasures of Darkness

A History of Mesopotamian Religion

Author: Thorkild Jacobsen

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300022919

Category: Social Science

Page: 273

View: 9267

" ... No one can plausibly deny that the religious development of the peoples of Canaan (and indeed of all the ancient world around the eastern Mediterranean to the Indus river) were affected by the cultural and religious developments in Mesopotamia, the centre of the region, and a fertile region second to none known in the world, on a par with the Nile, around which another major civilization arose. This is a text of history of Mesopotamia in its own right. By the time history gets back this far, the lines become very blurred, rather like parallel lines intersecting on the horizon. Literature, religion, archaeology, sociology, psychology -- all of these disciplines become intertwined in Jacobsen's text as he looks at Sumerian society. The book is organized with an introduction, then according to time divisions of fourth, third, and second millennia, then concludes with an epilogue into the first millennium, during which the Bible as we know it (and most ancient history such as is commonly known occurred) came to be"