The Routledge Handbook to Referendums and Direct Democracy

Author: Laurence Morel,Matt Qvortrup

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135136071X

Category: Political Science

Page: 530

View: 9725

Over the last 30 years referendums have played an increasingly important role in determining government policy. Recent high profile referendums in Scotland, Catalonia and Ukraine have continued the movement towards independence referendums following decolonization and the end of the Cold War. The Greek bailout referendum and Britain’s vote on membership of the EU reflect a tradition of European states giving their people a direct say in the transfer of sovereign powers to the European Union seen through the ratification of key treaties such as Maastricht, Amsterdam, Nice and Lisbon. This Routledge Handbook covers key aspects and issues of direct democracy and referendums throughout the world including: •their history; •when, why, where, how and on which issues referendums are held; •why some referendums are more democratic than others; •how referendums are won; •whether they produce good policies; •if referendums increase participation and improve the quality of representative democracies; •do referendums increase trust in democracy and the political actors; •the impact of new technology on the possibilities, methods and frequency of direct public political participation; •how they should be regulated. Covering other related areas such as recall, citizen juries and random selection, this compendium is an indispensable guide to referendums and the workings of modern democracy.

The Routledge Handbook of Elections, Voting Behavior and Public Opinion

Author: Justin Fisher,Edward Fieldhouse,Mark N. Franklin,Rachel Gibson,Marta Cantijoch,Christopher Wlezien

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317494806

Category: Political Science

Page: 550

View: 5080

The study of elections, voting behavior and public opinion are arguably among the most prominent and intensively researched sub-fields within Political Science. It is an evolving sub-field, both in terms of theoretical focus and in particular, technical developments and has made a considerable impact on popular understanding of the core components of liberal democracies in terms of electoral systems and outcomes, changes in public opinion and the aggregation of interests. This handbook details the key developments and state of the art research across elections, voting behavior and the public opinion by providing both an advanced overview of each core area and engaging in debate about the relative merits of differing approaches in a comprehensive and accessible way. Bringing geographical scope and depth, with comparative chapters that draw on material from across the globe, it will be a key reference point both for advanced level students and researchers developing knowledge and producing new material in these sub-fields and beyond. The Routledge Handbook of Elections, Voting Behavior and Public Opinion is an authoritative and key reference text for students, academics and researchers engaged in the study of electoral research, public opinion and voting behavior.

The Routledge Handbook of Euroscepticism

Author: Benjamin Leruth,Nicholas Startin,Simon Usherwood

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315463997

Category: Political Science

Page: 486

View: 3690

Since the advent of the 1992 Maastricht Treaty, a key turning point in terms of the crystallisation of opposition towards the European Union (EU), Euroscepticism has become a transnational phenomenon. The term ‘Euroscepticism’ has become common political language in all EU member states and, with the advent of the Eurozone, refugee and security crises have become increasingly ‘embedded’ within European nation states. Bringing together a collection of essays by established and up-and-coming authors in the field, this handbook paints a fuller, more holistic picture of the extent to which the Eurosceptic debate has influenced the EU and its member states. Crucially, it also focuses on what the consequences of this development are likely to be for the future direction of the European project. By adopting a broad-based, thematic approach, the volume centres on theory and conceptualisation, political parties, public opinion, non-party groups, the role of referendums – and the media – and of scepticism within the EU institutions. It also reflects on the future of Euroscepticism studies following the United Kingdom’s vote to leave the EU. Containing a full range of thematic contributions from eminent scholars in the field, The Routledge Handbook of Euroscepticism is a definitive frame of reference for academics, practitioners and those with an interest in the debate about the EU, and more broadly for students of European Studies, EU and European Politics.

Routledge Handbook of Internet Politics

Author: Philip N. Howard

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0415780586

Category: Law

Page: 512

View: 3273

The politics of the internet has entered the social science mainstream. From debates about its impact on parties and election campaigns following momentous presidential contests in the United States, to concerns over international security, privacy and surveillance in the post-9/11, post-7/7 environment; from the rise of blogging as a threat to the traditional model of journalism, to controversies at the international level over how and if the internet should be governed by an entity such as the United Nations; from the new repertoires of collective action open to citizens, to the massive programs of public management reform taking place in the name of e-government, internet politics and policy are continually in the headlines. The Routledge Handbook of Internet Politics is a collection of over thirty chapters dealing with the most significant scholarly debates in this rapidly growing field of study. Organized in four broad sections: Institutions, Behavior, Identities, and Law and Policy, the Handbook summarizes and criticizes contemporary debates while pointing out new departures. A comprehensive set of resources, it provides linkages to established theories of media and politics, political communication, governance, deliberative democracy and social movements, all within an interdisciplinary context. The contributors form a strong international cast of established and junior scholars. This is the first publication of its kind in this field; a helpful companion to students and scholars of politics, international relations, communication studies and sociology.

Direkte Demokratie

eine Einführung

Author: Theo Schiller

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 9783593366142

Category: Democracy

Page: 202

View: 4908

Local Governance Reform in Global Perspective

Author: Norbert Kersting,Janice Caulfield,R. Andrew Nickson,Dele Olowu,Hellmut Wollmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531916866

Category: Political Science

Page: 197

View: 1457

"Good local governance" reflects the dual functions of local government. On the one hand, democratic regimes gain input legitimacy by responsiveness and by being inclusive towards the preferences of their citizens. On the other hand, they achieve output legitimacy by effectively delivering public goods and services. Their governance strategies follow three major paths - "decentralisation," "political administrative reforms" and "participatory reforms". But national contexts, actors, political culture and path dependency matter a lot. In this book continent-wide developments are compared by using relevant country studies. This comparative approach focuses on "developing countries" in Asia, Africa and Latin America, comparing and contrasting their experience with that of European countries

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government

Author: Donald P. Haider-Markel

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191611964

Category: Political Science

Page: 976

View: 5653

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government is an historic undertaking. It contains a wide range of essays that define the important questions in the field, evaluate where we are in answering them, and set the direction and terms of discourse for future work. The Handbook will have a substantial influence in defining the field for years to come. The chapters critically assess both the key works of state and local politics literature and the ways in which the sub-field has developed. It covers the main areas of study in subnational politics by exploring the central contributions to the comparative study of institutions, behavior, and policy in the American context. Each chapter outlines an agenda for future research.

Routledge Handbook of Regionalism & Federalism

Author: John Loughlin,John Kincaid,Wilfried Swenden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136727698

Category: Political Science

Page: 640

View: 7790

Almost all states are either federal or regionalized in some sense. It is difficult to find a state that is entirely unitary and the Routledge Handbook of Regionalism and Federalism necessarily takes in almost the entire world. Both federalism and regionalism have been subjects of a vast academic literature mainly from political science but sometimes also from history, economics, and geography. This cutting edge examination seeks to evaluate the two types of state organization from the perspective of political science producing a work that is analytical rather than simply descriptive. The Handbook presents some of the latest theoretical reflections on regionalism and federalism and then moves on to discuss cases of both regionalism and federalism in key countries chosen from the world’s macro-regions. Assembling this wide range of case studies allows the book to present a general picture of current trends in territorial governance. The final chapters then examine failed federations such as Czechoslovakia and examples of transnational regionalism - the EU, NAFTA and the African Union. Covering evolving forms of federalism and regionalism in all parts of the world and featuring a comprehensive range of case studies by leading international scholars this work will be an essential reference source for all students and scholars of international politics, comparative politics and international relations.

Die Legitimität direkter Demokratie

Wie demokratisch sind Volksabstimmungen?

Author: Wolfgang Merkel,Claudia Ritzi

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658162333

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 8270

Das sinkende Vertrauen der Bürger in ihre politischen Repräsentanten und die Entfremdung von den etablierten Parteien haben in den letzten Jahren zu einer Intensivierung der wissenschaftlichen Debatte um mehr direkte Demokratie geführt. Dieser Band fasst zentrale Argumente dieses Diskurses zusammen und untersucht anhand von theoretischen Reflexionen und empirischen Fallstudien die Legitimität direkter Demokratie. Es wird kritisch hinterfragt, ob Volksabstimmungen dazu in der Lage sind, zentrale Herausforderungen zeitgenössischer Demokratie erfolgreich zu bewältigen.

Betrachtungen über die Repräsentativregierung

Author: John Stuart Mill

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518735179

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 2126

Die anhaltende Diskussion um die »Krise des Parlamentarismus« zeigt, dass die normative Begründung und systematische Bestimmung von Parlamentsfunktionen und demokratischer Öffentlichkeit von entscheidender Bedeutung für die Zukunft der repräsentativen Demokratie ist. Das Problem ist aber nicht neu, wie John Stuart Mills klassischer Text zeigt. Er kreist um die Frage, wie sich die Gefahr einer »Tyrannei der Mehrheit« mit den Partizipationsanforderungen demokratischen Regierens versöhnen lässt. Mill begründet darin u. a. ein deliberatives Verständnis von Politik und erörtert die Gefahren einer bürokratischen Strangulierung politischer Freiheit. Ein Schlüsselwerk der Demokratietheorie und Parlamentarismusforschung.

Political Communication in Direct Democratic Campaigns

Enlightening or Manipulating?

Author: H. Kriesi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023034321X

Category: Political Science

Page: 265

View: 3204

Analyzes the communication processes in direct democratic campaigns and their effect on the opinion formation of the voters. Based on a detailed analysis of the politicians' strategies, media coverage and the opinion formation of the public in three campaigns, this book argues that the campaigns are more enlightening than manipulating.

Die Vierte Industrielle Revolution

Author: Klaus Schwab

Publisher: Pantheon Verlag

ISBN: 3641203171

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 9317

Die größte Herausforderung unserer Zeit Ob selbstfahrende Autos, 3-D-Drucker oder Künstliche Intelligenz: Aktuelle technische Entwicklungen werden unsere Art zu leben und zu arbeiten grundlegend verändern. Die Vierte Industrielle Revolution hat bereits begonnen. Ihr Merkmal ist die ungeheuer schnelle und systematische Verschmelzung von Technologien, die die Grenzen zwischen der physischen, der digitalen und der biologischen Welt immer stärker durchbrechen. Wie kein anderer ist Klaus Schwab, der Vorsitzende des Weltwirtschaftsforums, in der Lage aufzuzeigen, welche politischen, wirtschaftlichen, sozialen und kulturellen Herausforderungen diese Revolution für uns alle mit sich bringt.

Direkte Demokratie

Ein Vergleich in Westeuropa

Author: Wolfgang Luthardt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Democracy

Page: 207

View: 1940

Direct Democracy

The International IDEA Handbook

Author: Virginia Beramendi

Publisher: International Idea

ISBN: 9789185724505

Category: Political Science

Page: 241

View: 7536

Direct Democracy mechanisms are tools that can be used to enhance citizen participation in democratic governance. In order to further explore the ways in which such tools can be used, International IDEA is publishing the International IDEA Handbook on Direct Democracy. This Handbook offers readers a non-prescriptive look at direct democracy in order to assist practitioners in implementing the mechanisms of their choice. While many other books on direct democracy have a regional or national approach, or simply focus on one of the many mechanisms associated with direct democracy, the International IDEA Handbook on Direct Democracy delves into a global comparison of direct democracy mechanisms, including referendums, citizens' initiatives, agenda initiatives and recall. A detailed look into each of these instruments is discussed in a chapter by chapter analysis of each tool, with measures for best practices of implementation included in a comprehensive chapter of its own. To complement the best practices, a

Zwischen Stillstand, Politikwandel und Krisenmanagement

Eine Bilanz der Regierung Merkel 2013-2017

Author: Reimut Zohlnhöfer,Thomas Saalfeld

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658226633

Category: Political Science

Page: 664

View: 9873

Dieses Buch zieht eine umfassende politikwissenschaftliche Bilanz der Bundesregierung aus CDU/CSU und SPD von 2013 bis 2017. In Beiträgen ausgewiesener Expertinnen und Experten werden zunächst die Rahmenbedingungen des Regierens analysiert, so etwa die strategische Positionierung von Regierungs- und Oppositionsparteien, das Abstimmungsverhalten im Bundestag, die Rolle des Bundesverfassungsgerichts, das Koalitionsmanagement, der Einfluss von Verbänden oder der Medientenor. In einem zweiten Abschnitt werden zum einen die größten Herausforderungen der insgesamt dritten Großen Koalition in Deutschland diskutiert, insbesondere die Flüchtlingsproblematik, aber auch beispielsweise die Reaktionen auf die verschiedenen Krisen auf europäischer Ebene. Zum anderen werden die wichtigsten Entscheidungen in allen relevanten Politikfeldern, von der Finanz- und der Sozial- bis zur Umwelt- und Außenpolitik systematisch beschrieben, erklärt und bewertet. Dabei wird die Frage beantwortet, wo die Regierung weitreichende Reformen durchsetzte, wo Stillstand vorherrschte und mit welchen Einflussfaktoren beides zu erklären ist.

Verfassungsfragmente

Gesellschaftlicher Konstitutionalismus in der Globalisierung

Author: Gunther Teubner

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518772805

Category: Law

Page: 291

View: 6624

Nicht zuletzt durch eine Reihe von öffentlichen Skandalen wurde in den letzten Jahren die »Neue Verfassungsfrage« aufgeworfen. Menschenrechtsverletzungen durch multinationale Unternehmen, Korruption im Medizin- und Wissenschaftsbetrieb, Bedrohung der Meinungsfreiheit durch private Intermediäre im Internet, massive Eingriffe in die Privatsphäre durch Datensammlung privater Organisationen und mit besonderer Wucht die Entfesselung katastrophaler Risiken auf den weltweiten Kapitalmärkten – sie alle werfen Verfassungsprobleme im strengen Sinne auf. Ging es früher um die Freisetzung der politischen Machtenergien des Nationalstaats und zugleich um ihre wirksame rechtsstaatliche Begrenzung, so geht es nun darum, ganz andere gesellschaftliche Energien zu diskutieren und in ihren destruktiven Konsequenzen wirksam zu beschränken. Konstitutionalismus jenseits des Nationalstaats – das heißt zweierlei: Die Verfassungsprobleme stellen sich außerhalb der Grenzen des Nationalstaats in transnationalen Politikprozessen und zugleich außerhalb des institutionalisierten Politiksektors in den »privaten« Sektoren der Weltgesellschaft.

Föderalismus als Verfassungsrealität

Deutschland und Kanada im Vergleich

Author: Alain-G. Gagnon,Roland Sturm

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783832967604

Category: European federation

Page: 249

View: 1624