The international relations of the Middle East have long been dominated by uncertainty and conflict. External intervention, interstate war, political upheaval and interethnic violence are compounded by the vagaries of oil prices and the claims of military, nationalist and religious movements. The purpose of this book is to set this region and its conflicts in context, providing on the one hand a historical introduction to its character and problems, and on the other a reasoned analysis of its politics. In an engagement with both the study of the Middle East and the theoretical analysis of international relations, the author, who is one of the best known and most authoritative scholars writing on the region today, offers a compelling and original interpretation. Written in a clear, accessible and interactive style, the book is designed for students, policymakers, and the general reader.
In the wake of 9/11, policy analysts, journalists, and academics have tried to make sense of the rise of militant Islam, particularly its role as a motivating and legitimating force for violence against the United States. The general perception is that Islam is more violence-prone than other religions and that scripture and beliefs within the faith, such as the doctrines of jihad and martyrdom, demonstrate the inherently violent nature of Islam. Here, however, Heather Selma Gregg draws comparisons across religious traditions to investigate common causes of religious violence. The author sets side-by-side examples of current and historic Islamic violence with similar acts by Christian, Jewish, Buddhist, and Hindu adherents. Based on her findings, Gregg challenges the assumption that religious violence stems from a faithÆs scriptures. Instead, Gregg argues that religious violence is the result of interpretations of a religionÆs beliefs and scriptures. Interpretations calling for violence in the name of a faith are the product of individuals, but it is important to understand the conditions under which these violent interpretations of a religion occur. These conditions must be considered by identifying who is interpreting the religion and by what authority; the social, political, and economic circumstances surrounding these violent interpretations; and the believability of these interpretations by members of religious communities.
The Gold Medallion Award-winning book that presents a persuasive case for Christ as the only way to God.Is Jesus the only way to God? This clear, critically-acclaimed, scholarly response to that question affirms the deep need for the Gospel’s exclusive message in today’s increasingly pluralistic global community. The Gagging of God offers an in-depth look at the big picture, shows how the many ramifications of pluralism are all parts of a whole, and then provides a systematic Christian response.
This popular text has been updated to ensure that it continues to provide a current and comprehensive overview of the main Christian theologies of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Each chapter is written by a leading theologian and gives a clear picture of a particular movement, topic or individual. New and updated treatments of topics covered in earlier editions, with over half the chapters new to this edition or revised by new authors. New section singling out six classic theologians of the twentieth century. Expanded treatment of the natural sciences, gender, Roman Catholic theology since Vatican II, and African, Asian and Evangelical theologies. Completely new chapters on spirituality, pastoral theology, philosophical theology, postcolonial biblical interpretation, Pentecostal theology, Islam and Christian theology, Buddhism and Christian theology, and theology and film. As in previous editions, the text opens with a full introduction to modern theology. Epilogue discussing the present situation and prospects of Christian theology in the twenty-first century.
With a religious re-emergence in international relations, this book provides an introduction to the role religions play within the global political arena. Culled from theoretical, practical, and real-world experiences, Ferrara explains the role religion now plays in global affairs on diplomatic and political levels.
This collection of essays presents groundbreaking work from an interdisciplinary group of leading theorists and scholars representing the fields of history, philosophy, political science, sociology, and anthropology. The volume will introduce readers to some of the most compelling new conceptual and theoretical understandings of secularism and the secular, while also examining socio-political trends involving the relationship between the religious and the secular from a variety of locations across the globe. In recent decades, the public has become increasingly aware of the important role religious commitments play in the cultural, social, and political dynamics of domestic and world affairs. This so called ''resurgence'' of religion in the public sphere has elicited a wide array of responses, including vehement opposition to the very idea that religious reasons should ever have a right to expression in public political debate. The current global landscape forces scholars to reconsider not only once predominant understandings of secularization, but also the definition and implications of secular assumptions and secularist positions. The notion that there is no singular secularism, but rather a range of multiple secularisms, is one of many emerging efforts to reconceptualize the meanings of religion and the secular. Rethinking Secularism surveys these efforts and helps to reframe discussions of religion in the social sciences by drawing attention to the central issue of how ''the secular'' is constituted and understood. It provides valuable insight into how new understandings of secularism and religion shape analytic perspectives in the social sciences, politics, and international affairs.
Robert Hutchison's Their Kingdom Come is an explosive expose of one of the most powerful and secretive sects operating within the Roman Catholic Church-Opus Dei. This book reveals that Opus Dei: -Has become the Catholic Church's paramount financial power -Influences its members through a combination of secret rites and insistence on absolute obedience -Uses a strategy of discretion to cloud its real intentions -Aims to prepare Christendom for the next crusade against Islam
John W. Fox,Nada Mourtada-Sabbah,Mohammed Al Mutawa
Author: John W. Fox,Nada Mourtada-Sabbah,Mohammed Al Mutawa
Category: Political Science
For centuries, the Arabian Gulf has been a crossroads where seafaring people and Bedouins alike travelled great distances transacting business. Events of the past few years, both good and bad, have directed the world’s attention to the Arabian Peninsula, where a rich cultural tradition is rapidly incorporating the latest innovations from around the world. This is the process of globalization. New economies create enormous potential, but it will require great care for the people of the region to steer through a period of profound change. Political and economic interests intent on maintaining the flow of petroleum products on one hand, and people in the Gulf region who assess their won interests from quite a different perspective, on the other, exert pressures from conflicting directions. Reconciling these interests in a time of rapid globalization poses enormous challenges. This timely volume brings together the work of scholars from both the Middle East and the West who have the expertise to evaluate the interaction of new ideas, new technologies and new economies. Brought together by the American University of Sharjah and the Sociological Association of the UAE, the contributors reflect on both the process of globalism and on the traditions of Gulf society and culture, offering views on how these trends interact within the global system.
Die Probleme der islamischen Welt sind unübersehbar, ebenso deren Folgen für den Westen. Mit dieser provokanten Feststellung analysiert Beranard Lewis die historische Entwicklung des Orients - insbesondere des Osmanischen Reiches und seine Nachfolgestaaten: Die einstige Drehscheibe der Kultur, des Fortschritts und der Kunst verlor im Laufe der Geschichte ihre zivilisatorische Vormachtrolle gegenüber dem Westen und geriet in einen konfliktträchtigen Dualismus zwischen Tradition und Moderne. Das E-Book wendet sich an Leser und Leserinnen, die sich für Lösungsansätze der Krise zwischen der islamischen und der westlichen Welt interessieren: Themenfelder wie Wohlstand und Macht, soziale und kulturelle Schranken, Modernisierung und soziale Gleichheit, Säkularismus und Zivilgesellschaft. Zeit, Raum und Modernität sind die Leitfäden der Darstellung. Die Originalausgabe des Bandes aus der Feder des Princeton-Emeritus Lewis erschien unter dem Titel "What went wrong?".
Plädoyer für eine demokratische Weltordnung Robert Kagan bringt die weltpolitische Situation seit dem Ende des Kalten Krieges auf den Punkt. Den demokratischen Staaten steht mit Russland, China und Iran eine wachsende Zahl nach Macht und Einfluss strebender autokratischer Regime gegenüber. Gleichzeitig werden die Werte des Westens vom Herrschaftsanspruch radikaler Islamisten bedroht. Leidenschaftlich und pointiert stellt uns Kagan vor die Alternative, entweder die Welt im Sinne unserer freiheitlich-demokratischen Vorstellungen zu formen oder uns in einer neuen Weltordnung einzurichten, die andere gestaltet haben. Nach dem Ende des Kalten Krieges keimte die Hoffnung, das Ende der Geschichte sei gekommen, eine friedvolle Zukunft liege vor uns. Diese Hoffnung war trügerisch. Die Jugoslawienkriege, der Kosovo-Konflikt und der 11. September zeigten auf brutale Weise, dass Nationalismen, ethnische Zugehörigkeiten und Religion die Völker nach wie vor trennen und in blutige Konflikte stürzen. Auch Großmachtansprüche gehören keineswegs der Vergangenheit an. Russland, China und Iran lassen ihre Muskeln spielen. Eindringlich ruft Robert Kagan die demokratischen Staaten dazu auf, sich zusammenzuschließen und gemeinsam für Demokratie und liberale Werte einzustehen. Die Geschichte ist zurückgekehrt, die hochfliegenden optimistischen Träume, die man nach dem Mauerfall und dem Zusammenbruch des Ostblocks gehegt hatte, sind ausgeträumt. Die Demokraten dürfen die Welt nicht den Despoten und Autokraten überlassen, sondern müssen aktiv an der Gestaltung einer neuen Weltordnung mitwirken. Kagan ist einer der scharfsinnigsten politischen Denker in den USA.
This is the first major study of the enigmatic religious society. By examining the Jehovah's Witnesses' dramatic recent expansion, Andrew Holden reveals the dependency of their quasi-totalitarian movement on the physical and cultural resources have brought about the privatization of religion, the erosion of community, and the separation of 'fact' from faith.
A global debate has emerged within Islam about how to coexist with democracy. Even in Asia, where such ideas have always been marginal, radical groups are taking the view that scriptural authority requires either Islamic rule (Dar-ul-Islam) or a state of war with the essentially illegitimate authority of non-Muslims or secularists. This book places the debate in a specifically Asian context. It draws attention to Asia (east of Afghanistan), as not only the home of the majority of the world’s Muslims but also Islam’s historic laboratory in dealing with religious pluralism. In Asia, pluralism is not simply a contemporary development of secular democracies, but a long-tested pattern based on both principle and pragmatism. For many centuries, Muslims in Asia have argued about the legitimacy of non-Islamic government over Muslims, and the legitimacy of non-Muslim peoples, polities and rights under Islamic governance. This book analyses such debates and the ways they have been reconciled, in South and Southeast Asia, up to the present. The evidence presented here suggests that Muslims have adapted flexibly and creatively to the pluralism with which they have lived, and are likely to continue to do so.
Troy analyses how the understanding of religion in Realism and the English School helps in working towards the greater good in international relations, studying religion within the overall framework of international affairs and the field of peace studies.