The Populist Explosion

How the Great Recession Transformed American and European Politics

Author: John B. Judis

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 182

View: 964

""Far and away the most incisive examination of the central development in contemporary politics: the rise of populism on both the right and the left. Superb.""--Thomas Edsall, New York Times columnistWhat's happening in global politics? As if overnight, many Democrats revolted and passionately backed a socialist named Bernie Sanders; the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union ; the vituperative billionaire Donald Trump became the presidential nominee of the Republican party; and a slew of rebellious parties continued to win elections in Switzerland, Norway, Italy, Austria, and Gre.

Political Satire, Postmodern Reality, and the Trump Presidency

Who Are We Laughing At?

Author: Mehnaaz Momen

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 358

View: 444

This book is an in-depth analysis of the phenomenon of the takeover of politics by entertainment. The author looks for answers in the parallel evolution of satire, the media, and politics, and how each has influenced the other and the implications of this interconnectedness for political discourse.

The End of Middle Class Politics?

Author: Sotiris Rizas

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 223

View: 711

The response of the middle classes to the financial crisis of 2008 is a central theme in the political systems of most developed, Western countries. This book approaches middle class politics from a historical perspective, looking at its progression since the early 1900s. The middle classes contributed significantly and in various ways to the evolution of mass politics in the West, with middle class intellectuals oriented to social and political reform, such as Leonard Hobhouse, Herbert Croly and Leon Bourgeois, influencing the setup of politics and the building of institutions in the early 20th century, and with lower-middle class disaffection fuelling protest politics in the 1890s and 1900s. The rise of Fascism in the interwar period owed much to the perception of liquidation permeating the middle classes in the 1920s and the 1930s as a result of post-World War I hardship and the Crash of 1929-31. Conversely, mass affluence during the “trente glorieuses” was the result of the post-World War II growth strategies adopted by conservatives and social democrats alike. The rise of Thatcherism led to the emergence of a more consumerist and market-oriented middle class that enjoyed a high living standard, but was subjected simultaneously to the turbulences of globalization and the fluctuations of the markets. Political realignments that are currently taking shape after the Crash of 2008 are related to the loss of status and purchasing power of the vast middle class formed during the postwar years. It is also of historical significance to compare various middle class responses in the 2010s to those to the Crash of the 1920s and 1930s. Although authoritarianism and Fascism were the ultimate outcomes of interwar politics, there were, and still are, viable democratic and socially inclusive alternatives.

Citizens and the Crisis

Experiences, Perceptions, and Responses to the Great Recession in Europe

Author: Marco Giugni

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 158

This volume presents evidence-based research on citizens’ experiences and reactions to the Great Recession in Europe. How did European citizen experience and react to the crisis? How are the experiences of crisis and political responses socially differentiated? Are some social classes and more deprived groups particularly hard hit? How did the crisis impact on political choices? What types of political action did citizens engage in and why? What were the drivers of populist attitudes and protest participation? This country-based book explores these important dynamics as expressed in diverse national contexts, namely France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Poland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and UK. Each chapter focuses on one of these countries and employs data from the same survey fielded in 2015. This volume is of particular relevance for scholars, students, and practitioners interested in political sociology, comparative politics and European politics.

American National Security

Author: Michael J. Meese

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 704

View: 748

American National Security remains the ideal foundational text for courses in national security, foreign policy, and security studies. Every chapter in this edition has been extensively revised, and the book includes discussion of recent security policy changes in the Trump administration. Highlights include: • An updated look at national security threats, military operations, and homeland security challenges • An analysis of the evolving roles of the president, Congress, the intelligence community, the military, and other institutions involved in national security • A revised consideration of the strengths, limitations, and employment of instruments of national power, including diplomacy, information, economic tools, and armed forces • An exploration of the economic and national security implications of globalization • An enhanced examination of the proliferation of transnational threats, including security challenges in space and in cyberspace • A new assessment of how international, political, and economic trends may change US leadership of the post–World War II international order • A comprehensive update on changing dynamics in key states and regions, including Russia, China, East Asia, the Middle East, South Asia, Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Latin America An authoritative book that explains US national security policy, actors, and processes in a wide-ranging yet understandable way, American National Security addresses key issues, including challenges to the free and open international order, the reemergence of strategic competition among great powers, terrorism, economic and fiscal constraints, and rapid advances in information and technology.

Populism and Civil Society

Author: Mr.Tito Boeri

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 42

View: 265

Populists claim to be the only legitimate representative of the people. Does it mean that there is no space for civil society? The issue is important because since Tocqueville (1835), associations and civil society have been recognized as a key factor in a healthy liberal democracy. We ask two questions: 1) do individuals who are members of civil associations vote less for populist parties? 2)does membership in associations decrease when populist parties are in power? We answer thesequestions looking at the experiences of Europe, which has a rich civil society tradition, as well as of Latin America, which already has a long history of populists in power. The main findings are that individuals belonging to associations are less likely by 2.4 to 4.2 percent to vote for populist parties, which is large considering that the average vote share for populist parties is from 10 to 15 percent. The effect is strong particularly after the global financial crisis, with the important caveat that membership in trade unions has unclear effects.

الاقتصاد العجيب: اقتصادي مارق يبحث في الجانب الخفي من كل شي

Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything

Author: Steven D. Levitt

Publisher: العبيكان للنشر

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 153

أيهما أشد خطراً، المسدس أم حوض السباحة؟ ما هي الأشياء المشتركة بين معلمي المدارس ومصارعي السومو؟ لماذا ما يزال تجار المخدرات يعيشون مع أمهاتهم؟ ما هو مقدار اهتمام الوالدين حقاً؟ ما هو تأثير قضية «رو» و«ويد» في جرائم العنف؟ قد لا تبدو هذه الأسئلة مثل الأسئلة النمطية التي يسألها الاقتصادي، لكن ستيفن د. ليفيت ليس اقتصادياً نمطياً؛ إنه عالم شجاع أكثر من أي شيء آخر، يدرس المادة والأحاجي في الحياة اليومية ــ من الغش والجريمة إلى الرياضة وتربية الأطفال ــ وتقوم استنتاجاته عادة على قلب الحكمة التقليدية رأساً على عقب. وغالباً ما يبدأ بتل كبير من المعطيات وبسؤال بسيط لم يطرح من قبل. إنه يهتم ببعض هذه الأسئلة مثل قضايا الحياة والموت، وبعضها الآخر ذو ميزات استثنائية دون شك. وهكذا يحتوي هذا الكتاب على حقل جديد من الدراسة، وهو (الاقتصاد العجيب). ومن خلال سرده للقصص الآسرة ومن النظرة العميقة غير المباشرة، يبين ليفيت وزميله ستيفن ج. دوبنر أن الاقتصاد -في جذوره- دراسة للحوافز ـــ كيف يحصل الناس على ما يريدون أو يحتاجون، لاسيما عندما يريد الناس الآخرون الشيء ذاته أو يحتاجونه. في كتابهما (الاقتصاد العجيب)، يشرع المؤلفان في استكشاف الجانب الخفي ـــ من كل شيء؛ الأعمال الداخلية لعصابة مخدرات، وحقيقة الوسطاء العقاريين، وأساطير تمويل الحملات. وقصص الغش لدى معلمي المدارس. وأسرار جمعية كوكلوكس كلان (العرقية). ومن هنا فإذا كانت الأخلاق تمثل كيف نريد للعالم أن يسير، فإن الاقتصاد يمثل كيف يعمل العالم فعلاً. صحيح إن قراء هذا الكتاب سيتسلحون بقصص وأحاجٍ تكفي لتروى في آلاف الحفلات، لكن كتاب (الاقتصاد العجيب) يستطيع أن يقدم أكثر من ذلك، إنه يعيد تعريف الطريقة التي ننظر بها إلى العالم الحديث تعريفاً حرفياً. العبيكان للنشر

العقب الحديدية

Author: جاك لندن

Publisher: ktab INC.

ISBN:

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 290

View: 863

العقب الحديدية هي رواية ديستوبية للكاتب الأمريكي جاك لندن، نشرت لأول مرة في عام 1908. تعتبر الرواية من أولى روايات الديستوبيا الحديثة، وتروي قصة صعود طبقة طاغية في الولايات المتحدة. ويمكن القول بإن الرواية تعتبر أكثر الروايات صراحة فيما يتعلق بأفكار جاك لندن الاشتراكية. وهي من الأعمال السباقة في مجال أدب الخيال العلمي السهل، حيث يركز الكتاب على التغيرات المستقبلية في المجتمع والسياسة مع إعطاء اهتمام أقل للتغيرات التكنولوجية. لا يعتبر الكتاب عاديا بين كتابات لندن (وأدب ذاك الزمن بشكل عام (في كونه يروى من منظور الشخص الأول من امرأة في قصة كتبها رجل. تقع الكثير من الأحداث في منطقة خليج سان فرانسيسكو، بما في ذلك الأحداث في سان فرانسيسكو ومقاطعة سونوما.

The Nationalist Revival

Trade, Immigration, and the Revolt Against Globalization

Author: John B. Judis

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 451

Why has nationalism suddenly returned with a vengeance? From the Trump administration in the United States to rightwing populist parties and leftwing parties in France, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Belgium, and Austria, and authoritarian parties in Hungary, Poland and Russia, nativism and xenophobia have been allowed to revive. Is it an understandable response to the failure of the post-World War II institutions to live up to their promise? Or are today's nationalists blind to the ills that beset these nations? Are Europe and the United States -- and China, Japan and other Asian countries -- headed back to the fractious conflicts on the late 19th and early twentieth century that led to world wars and depression? The writer who explained populism and the rise of Trump in his acclaimed 2016 book,The Populist Explosion, travels the United States, Europe and Japan to look at nationalism from its origins in the 1800s to today to find answers.