The Political Psychology of War Rape

Studies from Bosnia and Herzegovina

Author: Inger Skjelsbæk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136620915

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 6909

This book provides a conceptual framework for understanding war rape and its impact, through empirical examination of the case of Bosnia. Providing a contextual understanding of sexual violence in war, and situating Bosnian war rape in relation to subsequent conflicts, the book offers a methodological outline of how sexual violence in war can be studied from a political-psychological perspective. It presents empirical findings from the field that show what war rape can entail in the aftermath of armed conflict for victims and their communities. Through its comprehensive approach to Bosnian experiences, the volume expands the conceptualization of victimhood and challenges the assumption that sexual violence is a particularly difficult theme to study because of victim silence. Rather, the author demonstrates there are many voices that can provide insight and understandings of war rape and its impact without having to compromise the safety and privacy of individual victims. Finally, the book shows the ways in which individual experiences of war rape are shaped by national and international discourses on gender, sexuality and politics. This book will be of interest to students of political psychology, war and conflict studies, European politics, ethnic conflict, politics and IR in general.

Gender Politics and Security Discourse

Personal-Political Imaginations and Feminism in 'Post-conflict' Serbia

Author: Laura McLeod

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317635620

Category: Political Science

Page: 174

View: 5345

This book investigates competing modes of thought about gender security and aims to understand the policy implications of personal-political imaginations. The work draws upon extensive research conducted by the author in Serbia to develop a comprehensive picture of how feminist and women’s organising relates to the broader national and international contexts surrounding gender security. Through an innovative analytical framework of personal-political imaginations, the book explores the role that memories, perceptions and hopes about conflict and post-conflict have upon the logics of gender security. It investigates how contrasting and competing modes of thought about ‘gender security’ are made, paying attention to how the dynamics of gender politics in Serbia shape the security discourse and narratives of activists. The volume explores in detail how feminist and women’s organisations have responded to UNSCR 1325 by analysing two policy debates and campaigns that seek to ‘achieve’ its goals and gender security in Serbia: (1) feminist antimilitarism and (2) connecting domestic violence to the abuse of small arms and light weapons. Ultimately, the book argues that the configuration of gender security discourse is intimately linked to personal-political imaginations of conflict and post-conflict. This book will be of much interest to students of gender politics, conflict studies, critical security studies, European politics and IR in general.

Die dunkle Seite der Demokratie

eine Theorie der ethnischen Säuberung

Author: Michael Mann

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783936096750

Category:

Page: 861

View: 9855

Mörderische ethnische Säuberungen sind, so die zentrale These Michael Manns in diesem Buch, die dunkle Seite der Demokratie. Ethnische Säuberungen haben sich nicht nur gemeinsam mit dem Prozess der Demokratisierung ausgebreitet, vielmehr haftet dem demokratischen Nationalstaat selbst ein organizistischer Nationalismus an, der danach strebt, demos und ethnos, Staatsvolk und Abstammungsgemeinschaft, deckungsgleich zu machen - wenn nötig mit Gewalt. Michael Mann, Professor für Soziologie an der University of California in Los Angeles, hat eine umfassende Studie des Phänomens der ethnischen Säuberung verfasst, die schon als dichte Beschreibung der wichtigsten Fälle - des Siedlerkolonialismus in Nordamerika, des Massenmordes an den Armeniern, der nationalsozialistischen Vernichtungspolitik, der kommunistischen Gewalt unter Stalin, Mao und Pol Pot, des ethnischen Bürgerkriegs in Jugoslawien, des Genozids in Ruanda - beeindruckt. Die historisch-soziologische Analyse zielt darauf ab, anhand dieser empirischen Daten systematische Erkenntnisse und theoretische Erklärungen herauszuarbeiten. So fragt Michael Mann, wann es zu einer mörderischen ethnischen Säuberung kommt und wann nicht. Wo und wann treten organizistische Vorstellungen von Demokratie auf und wo werden sie gefährlich? Wer sind die Täter und was lässt sie zu Tätern werden, wie normal und gewöhnlich sind sie? Michael Mann nutzt die in seiner Geschichte der Macht destillierte Theorie der Entstehung des modernen Nationalstaats, um ethnische Säuberungen als Entwicklungstendenz der Moderne zu deuten. Gegen eine naive Idealisierung der Demokratie stellt er fest, dass demokratisch verfasste Nationalstaaten auf den Gräbern ethnisch gesäuberter Gebiete errichtet worden sind, und prophezeit, dass zumindest auf der Südhalbkugel der Erde dieser Prozess der Errichtung ethnisch homogener Staaten noch nicht abgeschlossen ist. Seine Analyse bietet jedoch auch historische Gegenbeispiele, wie etwa.

War and Rape

Law, Memory, and Justice

Author: Nicola Henry

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415564727

Category: Law

Page: 169

View: 9022

Wartime rape has been virulent in wars of sovereignty, territory, conquest, religion, ideology and liberation, yet attention to this crime has been sporadic throughout history. Rape remains âe~unspeakableâe(tm), particularly within law. Moreover, rape has not featured prominently in post-conflict collective memory. And even when rape is âe~rememberedâe(tm), it is often the subject of political controversy and heated debate. In this book, Henry asks some critical questions about the relationship between mass rape, politics and law. In what ways does law contribute to the collective memory of wartime rape? How do âe~counter-memoriesâe(tm) of victims compete with the denialism of wartime rape? The text specifically analyses the historical silencing of rape throughout international legal history and the potential of law to restore these silenced histories, it also examines the violence of law and the obstacles to individual and collective redemption. Tracing the prosecution of rape crimes within contemporary courts, Henry seeks to argue that politics underscores the way rape is dealt with by the international community in the aftermath of armed conflict. Providing a comprehensive overview of the politics of wartime rape and the politics of prosecuting such crimes within international humanitarian law, this text will be of great interest to scholars of gender and security, war crimes and law and society.

Keiner war dabei

Kriegsverbrechen auf dem Balkan vor Gericht

Author: Slavenka Drakulic

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783552057227

Category:

Page: 200

View: 1963

Feminists Under Fire

Exchanges Across War Zones

Author: Wenona Mary Giles

Publisher: Between The Lines

ISBN: 1896357784

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 4190

Feminists Under Fire is about women living and working in conflict zones. Focusing on the civil wars in Sri Lanka and the former Yugoslavia, diverse authors face the problems of nationalism, ethnic conflict, and militarized violence. They explore commonalities and differences between the two regions, and consequences for women, their societies, and feminist politics.Women are neither simply victimized nor empowered by war; their experiences are more complicated. While they suffer from war-related violence and upheaval, some women living in traditional societies find that war releases them from constricting hierarchies. Others find it reinforces conventional gender roles. This ambivalence needs to be examined and understood.In addition to such concerns the collection addresses issues of domestic violence, rape, intermarriage, victimization, feminist organizing and anti-war activism, women's self-help organization, and political resistance.This vibrant collection emerges from The Women in Conflict Zones Network, an international collaboration of activists and scholars.

Der Cellist von Sarajevo

Roman

Author: Steven Galloway

Publisher: Luchterhand Literaturverlag

ISBN: 3641025273

Category: Fiction

Page: 240

View: 7060

Ein Musiker trotzt dem Irrsinn des Bürgerkriegs in Sarajevo: Inmitten der Ruinen, dem feindlichen Beschuss ausgesetzt, spielt er auf seinem Cello das Adagio von Albinoni, zweiundzwanzig Tage lang ... Zu Beginn der neunziger Jahre wird das belagerte Sarajevo aus den Bergen ringsum Tag und Nacht beschossen. Die Bürger der Stadt leben in Angst, Nahrung und Wasser werden knapp. Eines Tages muss ein Mann von seinem Fenster aus mit ansehen, wie eine Mörsergranate zweiundzwanzig Menschen tötet, die vor der Bäckerei unten Schlange stehen. Der Mann ist Cellist, und er trifft eine unglaublich mutige Entscheidung: Jeden Tag um vier Uhr nachmittags zieht er seinen Frack an, setzt sich mit seinem Cello auf die Geröllhalden vor seinem Haus und spielt das Adagio in G-Dur von Albinoni. Zweiundzwanzig Tage lang, zum Gedenken an die Toten. Die Bürger von Sarajevo hören ihm zu, darunter eine Scharfschützin, ein verängstigter Familienvater und ein einsamer, alter Mann. Sie alle sind verzweifelt, träumen vom alten oder einem neuen Sarajevo, wollen dem Hass und der Furcht entfliehen. Und sie alle werden vom Spiel des Cellisten berührt. Ein bewegender Roman, der auf einer wahren Begebenheit beruht und der inmitten von Krieg und Zerstörung Zeichen von Hoffnung und Menschlichkeit entdeckt.

Religion und kulturelles Gedächtnis

zehn Studien

Author: Jan Assmann

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406565908

Category: Memory

Page: 256

View: 1136

Through a commanding view extending over 5,000 years, Jan Assmann explores the connections between religion, culture and memory in ten essays.

Aufstieg und Niedergang von Nationen

ökonomisches Wachstum, Stagflation und soziale Starrheit

Author: Mancur Olson

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161485237

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 328

View: 3979

Die Vergewaltigung von Nanking

das Massaker in der chinesischen Hauptstadt am Vorabend des Zweiten Weltkriegs

Author: Iris Chang

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783858423450

Category: Nanjing (Jiangsu Sheng, China)

Page: 283

View: 3573

Health and Healing in Comparative Perspective

Author: Elizabeth Dixon Whitaker

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780131273832

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 589

View: 6745

This reader provides both fascinating comparative ethnographic detail and a theoretical framework for organizing and interpreting information about health. While there are many health-related fields represented in this book, its core discipline is medical anthropology and its main focus is the comparative approach. Cross-cultural comparison gives anthropological analysis breadth while the evolutionary time scale gives it depth. These two features have always been fundamental to anthropology and continue to distinguish it among the social sciences. A third feature is the in-depth knowledge of culture produced by anthropological methods such as participant-observation, involving long-term presence in and research among a study population. The first part of the book explores healing systems in different cultures; the second and third provide a strong grounding in evolutionary and culture-oriented analysis, making clear the connections between biology and culture as they affect health; the final part emphasizes case studies that apply the theoretical principles presented earlier to particular health topics. For medical anthropology, medical sociology, public health, nursing, and medical training professionals.

Feministische Wissenschaftstheorie

zum Verhältnis von Wissenschaft und sozialem Geschlecht

Author: Sandra G. Harding

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783886193844

Category: Feminism

Page: 299

View: 7602

Handschlag mit dem Teufel

die Mitschuld der Weltgemeinschaft am Völkermord in Ruanda

Author: Roméo Dallaire

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783866740235

Category: Genocide

Page: 650

View: 3666

Krieg der Welt

Was ging schief im 20. Jahrhundert?

Author: Niall Ferguson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783548607795

Category:

Page: 987

View: 9091