This text provides an introduction to the history and institutions of the Ottoman Empire and presents a claim for its inclusion in Europe, as opposed to being apart from it due to its many cultural differences.
Debates on the world historical place of the Ottoman Empire in the last few decades have been conducted mainly in Turkey, but increasingly concepts have been introduced into the conversation from the study of European, Chinese and Central Asian history. This book, first published in 1992, examines the nature of the Ottoman state from a variety of perspectives, economic, political and social.
Revisiting the Turkish Ceremony in Le Bourgeois gentilhomme (1670)
Author: Hanna Walsdorf
Publisher: Frank & Timme GmbH
The Turkish ceremony in Le Bourgeois gentilhomme has been popular with audiences for almost 350 years and remains one of the bestknown scenes of early modern French theatre. This newly researched volume spotlights the Turkish ceremony in its original technicolor, presenting numerous important discoveries that have never before been published. It shows that even in a field as thoroughly investigated as the collaboration between Molière and Lully at the court of Louis XIV, there is still much new source material to be discovered, and many new connections to be made. As the multidisciplinary essays examine the burlesque Turkish scene from a social, political, textual and iconographic view point they unearth, time and again, flaws, omissions and errors transmitted in earlier scholarship. Ritual Design is a must-have volume that sets the record straight.
Die wissenschaftliche Beschäftigung mit dem Osmanischen Staat reicht in Europa bis in das 18. Jahrhundert zurück. Die Öffnung der Archive in der Türkei und den anderen Nachfolgestaaten hat seit Jahrzehnten zu einer fast explosiven Ausdehnung der Forschungsliteratur geführt. Klaus Kreiser stellt die 600-jährige Geschichte des Osmanenstaats vor und bespricht eine große Auswahl von wichtigen Monographien. Besonderer Wert wurde auf eine gleichmäßige Berücksichtigung von "innerer" und "äußerer" Geschichte gelegt.
The Ottoman Empire had reached the peak of its power, presenting a very real threat to Western Christendom when in 1683 it suffered its first major defeat, at the Siege of Vienna. Tracing the empire’s conflicts of the next two centuries, The Ottoman Wars: An Empire Besieged examines the social transformation of the Ottoman military system in an era of global imperialism Spanning more than a century of conflict, the book considers challenges the Ottoman government faced from both neighbouring Catholic Habsburg Austria and Orthodox Romanov Russia, as well as - arguably more importantly – from military, intellectual and religious groups within the empire. Using close analysis of select campaigns, Virginia Aksan first discusses the Ottoman Empire’s changing internal military context, before addressing the modernized regimental organisation under Sultan Mahmud II after 1826. Featuring illustrations and maps, many of which have never been published before, The Ottoman Wars draws on previously untapped source material to provide an original and compelling account of an empire near financial and societal collapse, and the successes and failures of a military system under siege. The book is a fascinating study of the decline of an international power, raising questions about the influence of culture on warfare.
Possible Lives uses the saints'lives written by humanists of the Italian Renaissance to explore the intertwining of classical and religious cultures on the eve of the European Reformation. The lives of saints were among the most reproduced and widely distributed literatures of medieval and early modern Europe. During the century before the Reformation, these narratives of impossible goodness fell into the hands of classicizing intellectuals known as humanists. This study examines how the humanist authors received, criticized, and rewrote the traditional stories of exemplary virtue for patrons and audiences who were surprisingly open to their textual experiments. Drawn from a newly constructed catalog of primary sources in manuscript and print, the cases in this book range from the lure of martyrdom as the West confronted Islam to the use of saints'lives in local politics and the rhetorician's classroom. Frazier discusses the writers'perceptions of historical sanctity, the commanding place of the mendicant friars, and one unique account of a contemporary holy woman. Possible Lives shows that the classical Renaissance was also a saintly Renaissance, as humanists deployed their rhetorical and philological skills to "renew the persuasive force of Christian virtue" and "save the cult of the saints." Combining quantitative and anecdotal approaches in a highly readable series of case studies, Frazier reveals the contextual richness of this little-known and unexpectedly large body of Latin hagiography.
Recasting French literary history in terms of the cultures and peoples that interacted within and outside of France's national boundaries, this volume offers a new way of looking at the history of a national literature, along with a truly global and contemporary understanding of language, literature, and culture. The relationship between France's national territory and other regions of the world where French is spoken and written (most of them former colonies) has long been central to discussions of "Francophonie." Boldly expanding such discussions to the whole range of French literature, the essays in this volume explore spaces, mobilities, and multiplicities from the Middle Ages to today. They rethink literary history not in terms of national boundaries, as traditional literary histories have done, but in terms of a global paradigm that emphasizes border crossings and encounters with "others." Contributors offer new ways of reading canonical texts and considering other texts that are not part of the traditional canon. By emphasizing diverse conceptions of language, text, space, and nation, these essays establish a model approach that remains sensitive to the specificities of time and place and to the theoretical concerns informing the study of national literatures in the twenty-first century.
Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2010 in the subject Law - Public Law / Miscellaneous, , language: English, abstract: This Study concerns itself with the Turkish constitutional developments from Ottoman times to the present state of the modern Turkish Republic.In this way, the historical constitutional experience of the Turkish society will be presented compactly. To this end, first a general overview of Turkish history of law is to be given. The constitutional developments are hereby pointed out from the Ottoman State to the today's Turkish Republic, whereby the respective constitution laws are presented content together. A comparative method will be pursued at this point. Then an introduction is given into the Turkish constitutional amendments in the frame of the EU full membership of Turkey whereby the meaning of these constitutional amendments is shown under the 1982 Constitution of Turkey. Finally, it will be shown that the Turkish people can entirely make a new constitution with only their own natural inner dynamics. The Turkish society, with its rich constitutional experience and its advanced level of development is in a position to do so easily.
Charitable uses, trusts, and foundations (Islamic law)
Der Balkan - das war von den europäischen Zentren aus betrachtet immer das Fremde, Exotische und Rückständige. Marie-Janine Calic schreibt die Geschichte Südosteuropas als Weltgeschichte und hinterfragt dabei die gängigen Stereotype über die Region. Die Bewohner Südosteuropas teilen viele gemeinsame Erfahrungen, und bis heute sind ihre Schicksale wechselseitig eng miteinander verknüpft. Eine gemeinsame Identität sucht man dennoch vergeblich. Stattdessen hat sich hier eine einzigartige Vielfalt herausgebildet, die sich nicht zuletzt überregionalen Bezügen verdankt. Werden und Wandel Südosteuropas von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart werden daher in diesem Buch nicht bloß aus der Region selbst erklärt, sondern aus einer globalgeschichtlichen Perspektive neu betrachtet. Dabei zeigt sich, dass der Austausch mit dem Rest der Welt eine viel größere Rolle gespielt hat, als es in den gängigen historischen Darstellungen zum Ausdruck kommt.
In terms of resource mobilization and devastation the wars between Russia, the Crimean Khanate and the Ottoman Empire were some of the largest of the 18th century, and had enormous consequences for the balance of power in Eastern Europe. Brian Davies examines how these conflicts characterized the course of Russian military development in response to Ottoman and Crimean Tatar threats and to determine under what circumstances and in what ways Russian military power experienced a "revolution" awarding it clear preponderance over the Ottoman-Crimean system. A central part of Davies' argument is that identifying and explaining a Military Revolution must involve examining the role of factors not purely military. One must look not only at new military technology, new force and command structure, new tactical thinking, and new recruitment and military finance practices but also consider the impact of larger demographic, economic, and sociopolitical changes.
Istituto internazionale di storia economica F. Datini. Settimana di studio,Simonetta Cavaciocchi